|Name:||Ahmad Ibn Muhammad Miskawayh Razi|
|Main interests:||History, ethics and philosophy|
|Works:||Tadhib al-akhlaq (Ethical Instruction) and Al-Fawz al-Asghar|
Abu 'Ali Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Ya'qub Ibn Miskawayh, (Persian: ابن مسكوويه) also known as Ibn Miskawayh (932-1030) was a prominent Persian philosopher, scientist, poet and historian from Ray, Iran. Scholars in Islamic studies are both Muslim and non-Muslim scholars who work in one or more fields of Islamic studies. layout and formatting it should ensure no clashes with the top of the infobox For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Iran topics. History is the study of the past particularly the written record Those who study history as a Profession are called Historians Etymology Ethics is a major branch of Philosophy, encompassing right conduct and good life Philosophy is the study of general problems concerning matters such as existence knowledge truth beauty justice validity mind and language Events By Place Europe St Ursenstift is founded by the Burgundian Queen Bertha in Solothurn. For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Iran topics. Early Islamic philosophy or classical Islamic philosophy is a period of intense philosophical development beginning in the 2nd century AH of the Islamic calendar Islamic poetry is poetry written by Muslims on the topic of Islam. The Historiography of early Islam refers to the study of the early origins of Islam based on a critical analysis evaluation and examination of authentic Primary See Rayshahr for the Sassanid center of learning in Fars province He was active politically during the Buwayhid era. The Buyids (آل بویه Āl-e Buye, Caspian: Bowyiyün also known as Buwaihids or Buyyids, were a Shī‘ah Iranian
His effect on Islamic philosophy is mainly concerned with ethical issues. He was the author of the first major Islamic work on philosophical ethics, entitled Tadhib al-akhlaq (Ethical Instruction), focusing on practical ethics, conduct, and refinement of character. For other meanings including people named 'Islam' see Islam (disambiguation. Ethics is a major branch of Philosophy, encompassing right conduct and good life He separated personal ethics from the public realm, and contrasted the liberating nature of reason with the deception and temptation of nature.
Ibn Miskawayh was one of the first to clearly describe the idea of evolution. eVolution is the third Album by eLDee, it was due to be released in 2008 Muhammad Hamidullah describes the evolutionary ideas found in Ibn Miskawayh's al-Fawz al-Asghar as follows:
"[These books] state that God first created matter and invested it with energy for development. Prof. Dr. Muhammad Hamidullah or Muhammad Hameedullah, D Phil, D God is the principal or sole Deity in Religions and other belief systems that worship one deity. Matter is commonly defined as being anything that has mass and that takes up space. In Physics and other Sciences energy (from the Greek grc ἐνέργεια - Energeia, "activity operation" from grc ἐνεργός Matter, therefore, adopted the form of vapour which assumed the shape of water in due time. A vapor or vapour (see Spelling differences) is a substance in the Gas phase at a Temperature lower than its Critical temperature Water is a common Chemical substance that is essential for the survival of all known forms of Life. The next stage of development was mineral life. A mineral is a naturally occurring substance formed through geological processes that has a characteristic chemical composition a highly ordered atomic structure and specific Different kinds of stones developed in course of time. In Geology, rock is a naturally occurring aggregate of Minerals and/or Mineraloids The Earth's outer solid layer the ‘ Lithosphere Their highest form being mirjan (coral). Corals are Marine organisms from the class Anthozoa and exist as small Sea anemone –like Polyps typically in colonies of many It is a stone which has in it branches like those of a tree. A tree is a perennial Woody plant. It is most often defined as a woody plant that has many secondary branches supported clear of the ground on a single main stem or After mineral life evolves vegetation. Vegetation is a general term for the plant life of a region it refers to the Ground cover provided by plants The evolution of vegetation culminates with a tree which bears the qualities of an animal. A tree is a perennial Woody plant. It is most often defined as a woody plant that has many secondary branches supported clear of the ground on a single main stem or This is the date-palm. The Date Palm ( Phoenix dactylifera) is a palm in the genus Phoenix, extensively cultivated for its edible Fruit. It has male and female genders. Male (♂ refers to the sex of an organism or part of an organism which produces small mobile Gametes called spermatozoa. Female (♀ is the Sex of an Organism, or a part of an organism which produces ova (egg cells It does not wither if all its branches are chopped but it dies when the head is cut off. The date-palm is therefore considered the highest among the trees and resembles the lowest among animals. Then is born the lowest of animals. It evolves into an ape. This is not the statement of Darwin. This is what Ibn Maskawayh states and this is precisely what is written in the Epistles of Ikhwan al-Safa. The Encyclopedia of the Brethren of Purity (also variously known as the Epistles of the Brethren of Sincerity, the Epistles of the Brethren of Purity or Epistles The Muslim thinkers state that ape then evolved into a lower kind of a barbarian man. "Barbarian" is a pejorative term for an uncivilized person either in a general reference to a member of a nation or Ethnos perceived A man is a Male Human. The term man (irregular plural He then became a superior human being. Human beings, humans or man (Origin 1590–1600 L homō man OL hemō the earthly one (see Humus Man becomes a saint, a prophet. A saint (from the Latin sanctus) is a human being to whom has been attributed (and who has generally demonstrated a high level of Holiness and Sanctity In Religion, a prophet (or prophetess) is a person who has encountered the Supernatural or the divine and serves as an intermediary He evolves into a higher stage and becomes an angel. An angel is a Spiritual Supernatural being found in many Religions Although the nature of angels and the tasks given to them vary from tradition to tradition The one higher to angels is indeed none but God. Everything begins from Him and everything returns to Him. "
Arabic manuscripts of the al-Fawz al-Asghar were available in European universities by the 19th century. Arabic (ar الْعَرَبيّة (informally ar عَرَبيْ) in terms of the number of speakers is the largest living member of the Semitic language A manuscript is any Document that is Written by hand as opposed to being printed or reproduced in some other way This work is believed to have been studied by Charles Darwin, who was a student of Arabic, and it is thought to have had an influence on his inception of Darwinism. Charles Robert Darwin (February 12 1809 &ndash April 19 1882 was an English naturalist, who realised and demonstrated that all Species of life Darwinism is a term used for various different movements or concepts related to a greater or lesser extent to Charles Darwin 's work on Evolution.