The International Federation of the Phonographic Industry (IFPI) is the organization that represents the interests of the recording industry worldwide. The record industry is the part of the Music industry that sells Sound recordings of Music. Its secretariat is based in London, UK. London ( ˈlʌndən is the capital and largest urban area in the United Kingdom.
It represents more than 1,450 record companies, large and small, in 75 different countries. Its stated policies are to fight copyright infringement; promote industry-friendly copyright laws; and lobby for legal conditions believed to be in the interest of recording companies, including DRM. 'Copyright infringement' (or copyright violation) is the unauthorized use of material that is covered by Copyright law in a manner that violates Copyright is a legal concept enacted by Governments, giving the creator of an original work of authorship Exclusive rights to control its distribution usually for Digital rights management ( DRM) is a generic term that refers to Access control technologies used by hardware manufacturers publishers and Copyright holders
The chief executive and chairman of IFPI is John Kennedy OBE, who has worked in the industry for more than 30 years and was one of the co-producers of Live Aid and Live8. John Kennedy (born in London UK in 1953) is a British Entertainment Lawyer whose career has been largely in the record Live Aid was a multi-venue rock music concert held on. The event was organized by Bob Geldof and Midge Ure to raise funds for famine relief in Ethiopia Live 8 was a string of Benefit concerts that took place on 2 July, 2005, in the G8 states and in South Africa.
In addition to its international secretariat, IFPI has regional offices in Brussels, Hong Kong, Miami, Athens and Moscow. Brussels (Bruxelles pronounced; Brussel pronounced) officially the Brussels Capital-Region, is Hong Kong ( officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, is a territory located on China 's south coast on the Pearl River Delta, and borders Athens (ˈæθənz Αθήνα Athina,) the Capital and largest city of Greece, dominates the Attica periphery as one of the world's Moscow (Москва́ romanised: Moskvá, IPA: see also other names) is the Capital and the largest city of
IFPI recognises 48 affiliate groups, including BPI (British Phonographic Industry), RIAA (Recording Industry Association of America), ARIA (Australian Recording Industry Association), and CAPIF (Argentine Chamber of Phonograms and Videograms Producers). The British Phonographic Industry (BPI is the British record industry's trade association. The Australian Recording Industry Association (ARIA is a Trade group representing the Australian recording industry The Argentine Chamber of Phonograms and Videograms Producers ( Spanish: Cámara Argentina de Productores de Fonogramas y Videogramas, CAPIF is an Argentine member
Any company, firm or person producing sound recordings or music videos which are made available to the public in reasonable quantities is eligible for membership of IFPI. In those countries where there is a national group of IFPI or an affiliated organisation, potential members should first join the national body before seeking membership of IFPI.
The IFPI was formed in Rome in November 1933 to represent "the interests of the recording industry worldwide in all fora"  by promoting legislation and copyrights "to protect the largely British-based recording industry" by promoting a global performance right in gramophone sound recordings. Rome ( Roma ˈroma Roma is the capital city of Italy and Lazio, and is Italy's largest and most populous city with more than 2 
The IFPI heavily lobbied at the Rome Convention for the Protection of Performers, Producers of Phonograms and Broadcasting Organisations of 1961, which established an international standard for the protection of sound recordings. For the Rome Convention on the Law Applicable to Contractual Obligations opened for signature in Rome on 19th June 1980 see Rome Convention (contract This Convention was opposed by trade groups representing authors and composers, who were concerned that establishing such "neighbouring rights" would undermine their own control over how their works were used and would result in prohibitively expensive licensing. Related rights is a term in Copyright law used in opposition to the term " Authors' rights "  Pressure from broadcasters who didn't want to license the records they broadcast, among other factors, kept the U. S. from signing the Convention; the U. S. did not recognize a separate sound recording copyright until 1971. 
The IFPI then began a campaign against piracy. In 1971 it succeeded in advocating and obtaining the Convention for the Protection of Producers of Phonograms Against Unauthorized Duplication of Their Phonograms (the Geneva Phonograms Convention), which 72 countries signed. 
In 1994, in an effort to combat piracy, the IFPI and the compact disc manufacturing industry introduced Source Identification (SID) codes, which are markings on CD parts that identify the manufacturers, equipment, and master discs that were used to create each disc. SID codes are formatted as the letters "IFPI" followed by 4 or 5 hexadecimal digits.
In mid-October 2007, after the IFPI let the ifpi. com domain registration lapse, ownership of the ifpi.com domain was transferred to The Pirate Bay, a pro-piracy group which claimed it received the domain from an anonymous donor. The Pirate Bay is a Swedish Website that indexes and tracks BitTorrent ("torrent" files  The group set up a Web site under the domain titled "International Federation of Pirates Interests," a replacement backronym for IFPI. A backronym (or bacronym) is a Phrase that is constructed "after the fact" from a previously existing word or Abbreviation, the abbreviation Ownership of the domain was returned to the IFPI in late November, when a WIPO arbitration panel concluded that "the Disputed Domain Name is identical or confusingly similar to a trademark in which the [IFPI] has rights" and that the Pirate Bay's representative "registered and [was] using the Disputed Domain Name in bad faith" and failed to adequately rebut the IFPI's contention that he "has no rights or a legitimate interest in the Disputed Domain Name. The World Intellectual Property Organization ( WIPO) is one of the 16 specialized agencies of the United Nations. "
On October 23, 2007, the torrent website OiNK.cd was shut down. Oink's Pink Palace (frequently written as OiNK) was a prominent BitTorrent tracker located at Oink The website showed a message telling of an investigation of OiNK. cd by the IFPI, BPI, Cleveland Police, and the FIOD ECD into "suspected illegal music distribution".