Horst P. Horst, born Horst Paul Albert Bohrmann, and most often known as just Horst (August 14, 1906 – November 18, 1999) was a photographer best known for his photographs of women and fashion taken while working for Vogue. Events 1183 - Taira no Munemori and the Taira clan take the young Emperor Antoku and the three sacred treasures Year 1906 ( MCMVI) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year starting Events 326 - The old St Peter's Basilica is consecrated 1302 - Pope Boniface VIII issues the Papal bull Year 1999 ( MCMXCIX) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1999 Gregorian calendar) Vogue is a Fashion and lifestyle Magazine published in eighteen countries by Condé Nast Publications.
Horst was born in Weißenfels-an-der-Saale, Germany, to Klara (Schönbrodt) and Max Bohrmann. Weißenfels is the largest town of the Burgenlandkreis district in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany. Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany ( ˈbʊndəsʁepuˌbliːk ˈdɔʏtʃlant is a Country in Central Europe. His father was a successful merchant. In his teens, he met dancer Eva Weidemann at the home of his aunt's, and this aroused his interest in avant-garde art. Avant-garde (avɑ̃gaʁd in French) means "advance guard" or "vanguard Art refers to a diverse range of Human activities creations and expressions that are appealing to the Senses or Emotions of a human individual In the late 1920s, Horst studied at Hamburg Kunstgewerbeschule, leaving there to go to Paris to study under the architect Le Corbusier. The 1920s is sometimes referred to as the " Jazz Age " or the " Roaring Twenties " when speaking about the United States and Canada Paris (ˈpærɨs in English; in French) is the Capital of France and the country's largest city An architect is a licensed individual who leads a design team in the Planning and Design of buildings and participates in oversight of Building Construction Charles-Édouard Jeanneret-Gris, who chose to be known as Le Corbusier ( October 6, 1887 – August 27, 1965) was a Swiss
While in Paris, he befriended many people in the art community and attended many galleries. In 1930 he met Vogue photographer Baron George Hoyningen-Huene, a half-Baltic, half-American nobleman, and became his lover. Baron George Hoyningen-Huene (1900 - 1968 was a seminal Fashion photographer of the 1920s and 1930s He traveled to England with him that winter. England is a Country which is part of the United Kingdom. Its inhabitants account for more than 83% of the total UK population whilst its mainland While there, they visited photographer Cecil Beaton, who was working for the British edition of Vogue. Sir Cecil Walter Hardy Beaton ( 14 January 1904 &ndash 18 January 1980) was an English fashion and portrait Photographer In 1931, Horst began his association with Vogue, publishing his first photograph in the French edition of Vogue in November of that year. Year 1931 ( MCMXXXI) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1931 calendar of the Gregorian calendar.
His first exhibition was hung in La Plume d'Or in Paris in 1932. It was reviewed by Janet Flanner in The New Yorker, and this review, which appeared after his exhibit was over, made Horst instantly famous. Janet Flanner (13 March 1892 - 7 November 1978 was an American Writer and Journalist who served as the Paris correspondent of The The New Yorker is an American Magazine that publishes reportage commentary criticism essays fiction satire cartoons and poetry Horst made a portrait of Bette Davis the same year, the first in a series of celebrities he would photograph during his life. Ruth Elizabeth "Bette" Davis (April 5 1908 – October 6 1989 was an American actress of Film, Television and Theatre. Within two years, he had photographed Noel Coward, Yvonne Printemps, Lisa Fonssagrives, Natasha Paley, Cole Porter, Elsa Schiaparelli, and others. Sir Noël Peirce Coward ( 16 December 1899 26 March 1973) was an English Actor, Playwright Yvonne Printemps ( Ermont, July 25, 1894 &ndash January 19, 1977 in Paris) was a French singer and actress Lisa Fonssagrives ( May 17, 1911 – February 4, 1992) born Lisa Bernstone in Sweden, was a fashion model Cole Albert Porter (June 9 1891 &ndash October 15 1964 was an American Composer and songwriter from Peru, Indiana. Elsa Schiaparelli (10 September 1890 – 13 November 1973 was an influential Italian Fashion designer.
Horst rented an apartment in New York in 1937, and while residing there met Coco Chanel, whom Horst called 'the queen of the whole thing. New York ( is a state in the Mid-Atlantic and Northeastern regions of the United States and is the nation's third most populous Gabrielle Bonheur "Coco" Chanel ( August 19, 1883 &ndash January 10, 1971) was a pioneering French Fashion designer ' He would photograph her fashions for three decades.
He met Valentine Lawford, British diplomat in 1938 and they would live together as a couple until Horst's death. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located Diplomacy is the art and practice of conducting Negotiations between representatives of groups or states They adopted and raised a son, Richard J. Horst, together. 
In 1940, Horst applied for United States citizenship. Year 1940 ( MCMXL) was a Leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full 1940 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the In 1942 he passed an Army physical, and joined the Army on July 2, 1943. Year 1942 ( MCMXLII) was a Common year starting on Thursday (the link will display the full 1942 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Events 310 - Pope Miltiades is elected 626 - In fear of assassination Li Shimin ambushes and kills his rival Year 1943 ( MCMXLIII) was a Common year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1943 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. On October 21 he received his United States citizenship as Horst P. Events 1512 - Martin Luther joins the theological faculty of the University of Wittenberg. Horst. He became an Army photographer, with much of his work printed in the forces' magazine Belvoir Castle. In 1945 he photographed United States President Harry S. Year 1945 ( MCMXLV) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar Truman, with whom he became friends, and he photographed every First Lady in the post-war period at the invitation of the White House. First Lady is a term used in the United States to describe the wife of an elected male Head of state. See also Executive Office of the President of the United States The White House, formerly known as the Executive Mansion, is the Official residence In 1947, Horst moved into his house in Oyster Bay, New York. Year 1947 ( MCMXLVII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1947 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. This article refers to the hamlet. For the town in Nassau County, New York, see Town of Oyster Bay New York. He designed the white stucco-clad building himself, the design inspired by the houses that he had seen in Tunisia during his relationship with Hoyningen-Huene.
Horst is best known for his photographs of women and fashion, but is also recognized for his photographs of interior architecture, still lifes, especially ones including plants, and environmental portraits. This article is about Still Life (or still lifes as plural the art form Plants are living Organisms belonging to the kingdom Plantae. An environmental portrait is a Portrait executed in the subject's usual environment such as in their home or workplace and typically illuminates the subject's life and surroundings One of the great iconic photos of the Twentieth-Century is "The Mainbocher Corset" with its erotically charged mystery, captured by Horst in VOGUE’s Paris studio in 1939. Mainbocher (1891–1976 (born Main Rousseau Bocher) was an American couturier who operated Fashion houses in Paris and later Designers like Donna Karan continue to use the timeless beauty of "The Mainbocher Corset" as an inspiration for their outerwear collections today. His work frequently reflects his interest in Surrealism and his regard of the ancient Greek ideal of physical beauty. Surrealism is a cultural movement that began in the early-1920s and is best known for the visual artworks and writings of the group members NOTICE TO WOULD-BE-ROMEOS***************
His method of work typically entailed careful preparation for the shoot, with the lighting and studio props (of which he used many) arranged in advance. His instructions to models are remembered as being brief and to the point. His published work uses lighting to pick out the subject; he frequently used four spotlights, often one of them pointing down from the ceiling. Only rarely do his photos include shadows falling on the background of the set. Horst rarely, if ever, used filters. While most of his work is in black & white, much of his color photography includes largely monochromatic settings to set off a colorful fashion. Horst's color photography did include documentation of society interior design, well noted in the volume "Horst Interiors. " He photographed a number of interiors designed by Robert Denning and Vincent Fourcade of Denning & Fourcade and often visited their homes on Manhattan and Long Island. Robert Denning ( March 13, 1927 &ndash August 26, 2005) was an American Interior designer whose lush interpretations of French Vincent Gabriel Fourcade ( February 27 1934 &ndash December 23 1992) was a French Interior designer and the business Robert Denning & Vincent Fourcade Inc (1960 &ndash 2006 was an Interior design firm which for over forty years was a leader in opulent interiors with offices in Manhattan Island, in New York Harbor, is much the largest part of the Borough of Manhattan, one of the Five Boroughs which form the City of New York Long Island is an island located in southeastern New York, USA, its western shores directly across from Manhattan, from which the island stretches After making the photograph, Horst generally left it up to others to develop, print, crop, and edit his work.
One of his most famous portraits is of Marlene Dietrich, taken in 1942. Marlene Dietrich maɐˈleːnə ˈdiːtrɪç (December 27 &ndashMay 6) was a German -born American Actress, Singer and Entertainer She protested the lighting that he had selected and arranged, but he used it anyway. Dietrich liked the results and subsequently used a photo from the session in her own publicity.
In the 1960s, encouraged by Vogue editor Diana Vreeland, Horst began a series of photos illustrating the lifestyle of international high society. The 1960s decade refers to the years from the beginning of 1960 to the end of 1969 Diana Vreeland ( July 29, 1903 in Paris, France &ndash August 22, 1989) was a noted columnist and editor in the field of High Society ( 1956) is Musical film made by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer in VistaVision and Technicolor with music and lyrics The articles were written by the photographer's longtime companion, Valentine Lawford, a former English diplomat. From this point until nearly the time of his death, Horst spent most of his time traveling and photographing. In the mid 1970s, he began working for House & Garden magazine as well as for Vogue. This article is about the Decade 1970-1979 For the Year 1970 see 1970. House & Garden was an American shelter Magazine published by Condé Nast Publications that focuses on Interior design, entertaining and gardening
He died at his home in Palm Beach Gardens, Florida, at 93 years of age. Palm Beach Gardens is a city in Palm Beach County in the US state of Florida.
Books featuring Horst's photography: