In baseball, a home run (abbreviated HR) is scored when the ball is hit in such a way that the batter is able to circle all the bases, ending at home plate and scoring runs for himself and each runner who was already on base, with no errors by the defensive team on the play. Baseball is a Bat-and-ball Sport played between two teams of nine players each In Baseball statistics, a hit (denoted by H) sometimes called a base hit, is credited to a batter when the batter safely reaches In Baseball, batting is the act of facing the opposing Pitcher and trying to produce offense for one's team In Baseball, a run is scored when a player advances safely around first second and third base and returns safely to Home plate, touching In Baseball, baserunning is the act of running around the bases performed by members of the team at bat In Baseball statistics|statistics]] an error is the act in the judgment of the Official scorer, of a fielder misplaying a ball in a manner Today, the feat is typically achieved by hitting the ball over the outfield fence between the foul poles (or making contact with either foul pole) without first touching the ground or outfield fence, resulting in an automatic home run. The outfield is a Sporting term used in Cricket and Baseball to refer to the area of the Field of play further from the Batsman
When a home run is scored, the batter is also credited with a hit and a run scored, and an RBI for each runner that scores, including himself. Likewise, the pitcher is recorded as having given up a hit, a run for each runner that scores including the batter, and an earned run each for the batter and for all baserunners who did not initially reach base on error. In Baseball, an earned run is any run for which the pitcher is held accountable (i In Baseball statistics|statistics]] an error is the act in the judgment of the Official scorer, of a fielder misplaying a ball in a manner
Home runs are among the most popular aspects of baseball and, as a result, prolific home run hitters are usually the most popular among fans and consequently the highest paid by teams, hence the old saying, variously attributed to slugger Ralph Kiner, or to a teammate talking about Kiner, "Home run hitters drive Cadillacs, and singles hitters drive Fords. Ralph McPherran Kiner (born October 27, 1922) is an American former Major League Baseball player and current Announcer. "
The most common type of home run involves hitting the ball over the outfield fence, in flight, in fair territory, i. In Baseball, the rules state that a batted ball is considered In flight when it has not yet touched any object other than a fielder or his equipment In Baseball, a fair ball is a batted ball that has not yet become a Foul ball, and that e. , out of the playing field, without it being caught or deflected back by an outfielder into the playing field. This is sometimes called a home run "out of the ballpark", although that term is frequently used to indicate a blow that completely clears any outfield seating.
A batted ball is also considered a home run if the ball touches any of the following while in flight, regardless of whether the ball subsequently rebounds back onto the playing field:
A home run accomplished in any of the above manners is an automatic home run. The ball is considered dead, and the batter and any preceding runners cannot be put out at any time while running the bases. However, if one or more runners fail to touch a base or one runner passes another before reaching home plate, that runner or runners can be called out on appeal per MLB Rule 7. In Baseball, an appeal play occurs when a member of the defensive team calls the attention of an umpire to an infraction which he would otherwise ignore 10(b).
An inside-the-park home run occurs when a batter hits the ball into play and is able to circle the bases before the fielders can put him out. In Baseball parlance an inside-the-park home run or "leg home run" is a play where a hitter scores a Home run without hitting the ball out of play In Baseball parlance an inside-the-park home run or "leg home run" is a play where a hitter scores a Home run without hitting the ball out of play Unlike with an outside-the-park home run, the batter-runner and all preceding runners are liable to be put out by the defensive team at any time while running the bases.
In the early days of baseball, outfields were relatively much more spacious, reducing the likelihood of an over-the-fence home run, while increasing the likelihood of an inside-the-park home run, as a ball getting past an outfielder typically had more distance that it could roll before a fielder could track it down.
With outfields much less spacious and more uniformly designed than in the game's early days, inside-the-park home runs are now a rarity. They are usually the result of a ball being hit by a fast runner, coupled with an outfielder either misjudging the flight of the ball (e. g. , diving and missing) or the ball taking an unexpected bounce, either way sending the ball into open space in the outfield and thereby allowing the batter-runner to circle the bases before the defensive team can put him out.
If any defensive play on an inside-the-park home run is labeled an error by the official scorer, a home run is not scored; instead, it is scored as a single, double, etc. In Baseball statistics|statistics]] an error is the act in the judgment of the Official scorer, of a fielder misplaying a ball in a manner In Baseball, a single is the most common type of base hit, accomplished through the act of a batter safely reaching First base by hitting In Baseball, a double is the act of a batter striking the pitched ball and safely reaching Second base without being called out by the Umpire , and the batter-runner and any applicable preceding runners are said to have taken all additional bases on error. In Baseball, baserunning is the act of running around the bases performed by members of the team at bat All runs scored on such a play, however, still count.
An example of a diving miss was committed by Torii Hunter of the Minnesota Twins in Game 2 of the 2006 ALDS vs. Torii Kedar Hunter (ˈtɔɹi born July 18, 1975 in Pine Bluff Arkansas) is a Major League Baseball Outfielder for the Los The Minnesota Twins are a professional baseball team based in Minneapolis, Minnesota. The American League Division Series ( ALDS) the opening round of the 2006 American League playoffs began on Tuesday October 3, and ended on the Oakland Athletics at the Metrodome. The Oakland Athletics are a professional baseball team based in Oakland, California. The Hubert H Humphrey Metrodome, often simply called The Metrodome, is a domed sports Stadium in downtown Minneapolis Minnesota. He came in on a fly ball hit by Mark Kotsay, dove and completely missed the ball. Mark Steven Kotsay (born December 2, 1975 in Whittier California) is a Major League Baseball Outfielder for the Boston Red Sox It rolled behind him toward the center field area, with a fence 408 feet from home plate, while Kotsay dashed around the bases.
An example of an unexpected bounce occurred during the 2007 Major League Baseball All-Star Game on July 10, 2007. The 2007 Major League Baseball All-Star Game was the 78th midseason exhibition between the all-stars of the American League (AL and the National League Ichiro Suzuki of the American League team hit a fly ball off the right-center field wall, which caromed in the opposite direction from where National League right fielder Ken Griffey, Jr. was expecting it to go. often known simply as, (born October 22 1973 in Toyoyama, Nishikasugai, Aichi Prefecture, Japan) is an Outfielder for the Seattle Mariners The American League of Professional Baseball Clubs, or simply the American League ( AL) is one of two leagues that make up Major League Baseball in The National League of Professional Baseball Clubs, or simply the National League ( NL) is the older of two leagues constituting Major League Baseball George Kenneth "Ken" Griffey Jr (born November 21 1969 in Donora Pennsylvania) is a Major League Baseball Center fielder for the Chicago By the time the ball was relayed, Ichiro had already crossed the plate standing up. This was the first inside-the-park home run in All-Star Game history, and led to Ichiro being named the game's MVP. The Major League Baseball All-Star Game, also popularly known as the "Midsummer Classic" is an annual Baseball game between players from the National League
The most famous post-season inside the park home run was probably the one hit by Mule Haas of the Philadelphia Athletics in Game 4 of the 1929 World Series at Shibe Park in Philadelphia. George William (Mule Haas ( October 15, 1903 - June 30, 1974) was a Center fielder in Major League Baseball. The Oakland Athletics are a professional baseball team based in Oakland, California. In the 1929 World Series, the Philadelphia Athletics beat the Chicago Cubs in 5 games Shibe Park, known for the last one-third of its existence as Connie Mack Stadium, was a Major League Baseball park in Philadelphia, In the eighth inning, the Cubs led 8-0 and were six outs away from bringing the Series to a 2-2 tie, until disaster struck. The late afternoon, autumn sun angle at Shibe tended to be almost directly in the eyes of the center fielder. This fact, along with a center field corner that was about 470 feet (143 m) from home plate, caught up to Chicago Cubs center fielder Hack Wilson, who lost Haas' fly ball in the sun. The Chicago Cubs are a Professional Baseball franchise based in Chicago, Illinois. Lewis Robert "Hack" Wilson ( April 26, 1900 – November 23, 1948) was an American Center fielder in Major It sailed past Wilson, allowing Haas to round the bases while the short and chunky Wilson futilely chased after it. This punctuated a 10-run inning that effectively doomed the Cubs in that Series.
These types of home runs are characterized by the specific game situation in which they occur, and can theoretically occur on either an outside-the-park or inside-the-park home run.
Home runs are often characterized by the number of runners on base at the time, if any. In the Sport of Baseball, a grand slam (or just slam for short is a Home run hit with all the bases occupied by baserunners, thereby A home run hit with the bases empty is seldom called a "one-run homer", but rather a "solo" homer. With one or two runners on base, the home runs are usually called "two-run homers" or "three-run homers". The term "four-run homer" is seldom used. Instead, it is nearly always called a "grand slam".
A grand slam occurs when the bases are "loaded" (that is, there are base runners standing at first, second, and third base) and the batter hits a home run. According to The Dickson Baseball Dictionary, the term originated in the card game of contract bridge. Contract bridge, usually known simply as bridge, is a trick-taking Card game of skill and chance (the relative proportions depending An inside-the-park grand slam is a grand slam without the ball leaving the field, and it is very rare.
An ultimate grand slam is a grand slam that is hit by a member of the home team in the bottom of the ninth inning, extra inning, or other scheduled final inning when his team is behind by exactly 3 runs. For the baseball procedure see Extra innings. For the TV subscription package see MLB Extra Innings. The four runs scored by hitting the grand slam end the game (see also walk-off home run below).
A walk-off home run is a home run hit by the home team in the bottom of the ninth inning, any extra inning, or other scheduled final inning, which gives the home team the lead and thereby ends the game. In Baseball, a walk-off home run is a Home run that ends the game In sports home is a term referring to both the City and Stadium, Arena, or Field where an athletic team plays games at their venue whilst For the baseball procedure see Extra innings. For the TV subscription package see MLB Extra Innings. The term is attributed to Hall of Fame relief pitcher Dennis Eckersley, so named because after the run is scored, the players can "walk off" the field. A relief pitcher or reliever is a Baseball or Softball Pitcher who enters the game after the Starting pitcher is removed due to injury Dennis Lee Eckersley (born October 3 1954 nicknamed "Eck" is a former American Major League Baseball player The name initially meant that the pitcher walked off the field with his head hung in shame, but changed over time to mean that the batter, by necessity of the home team, would walk off the field to the cheers of the crowd. An ultimate grand slam is a specific type of walk-off home run (see grand slam above). This type of home run is also called "sayonara home run," "sayonara" meaning "good-bye" in Japanese. is a language spoken by over 130 million people in Japan and in Japanese emigrant communities
Two World Series have ended via the "walk-off" home run. For other events named "World Series" see World Series (disambiguation. The first was the 1960 World Series when Bill Mazeroski of the Pittsburgh Pirates hit a 9th inning solo home run in the 7th game of the series off New York Yankees pitcher Ralph Terry to give the Pirates the World Championship. The 1960 World Series was played between the Pittsburgh Pirates (NL and New York Yankees (AL from October 5 to October 13, 1960 William Stanley Mazeroski (born September 5 1936 in Wheeling West Virginia) nicknamed "Maz" is a former Major League Baseball player who spent his entire The Pittsburgh Pirates are a Major League Baseball club based in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. The New York Yankees are a professional baseball team based in the borough of The Bronx, in New York City, New York. Ralph Willard Terry (born on January 9, 1936 in Big Cabin Oklahoma) is a former right-handed Pitcher in Major League Baseball who The second time was the 1993 World Series when Joe Carter of the Toronto Blue Jays hit a 9th inning 3-run home run off Philadelphia Phillies pitcher Mitch Williams in Game 6 of the series. The 1993 World Series was the second Series in a row played outside the United States of America and the second to be won outside the USA Joseph Christopher Carter (born March 7 1960 in Oklahoma City Oklahoma) is a former Right fielder in Major League Baseball who played The Toronto Blue Jays are a professional baseball team based in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. The Philadelphia Phillies are a Major League Baseball team based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in the United States. Mitch Williams redirects here For the fictional character please see Mitch Williams (General Hospital.
On July 25, 1956, Roberto Clemente hit a walk-off inside-the-park grand slam in the ninth inning to defeat the Chicago Cubs, 9-8, at Forbes Field. Events 285 - Diocletian appoints Maximian as Caesar, co-ruler Year 1956 ( MCMLVI) was a Leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Roberto Clemente Walker (August 18 1934 &ndash December 31 1972 was a professional baseball player and a Major League Baseball Right fielder. The Chicago Cubs are a Professional Baseball franchise based in Chicago, Illinois. Forbes Field was a Baseball park in Pittsburgh Pennsylvania from 1909 to 1971 This is an example of an ultimate grand slam. Forbes had very spacious left and center fields, deep left-center being posted at 457 feet (139 m).
On October 14, 2006, Magglio Ordóñez hit a walk-off home run in the last inning of the American League Championship Series, Game 4, breaking a 3-3 tie against the Oakland Athletics and securing the Detroit Tigers' World Series berth with a 6-3 win. Events 1066 - Norman Conquest: Battle of Hastings - In England on Senlac Hill seven miles from Hastings, the forces Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. Magglio Jose Ordóñez (ɔrˈdoʊnjɛz "or-DOH-nyez" in English is a Major League Baseball Right fielder and right-handed batter born on January 28 The Oakland Athletics are a professional baseball team based in Oakland, California. The Detroit Tigers are a professional baseball team based in Detroit, Michigan, USA
In addition to the two World Series walk-offs, plus Ordonez's 2006 ALCS walk-off, five other postseason series have ended likewise: 1976 ALCS (Yankee Chris Chambliss beats Royals), 1999 NLDS (Met Todd Pratt beats Diamondbacks), 2003 ALCS (Yankee Aaron Boone beats Red Sox), 2004 ALDS (Red Sox David Ortiz beats Angels), and 2005 NLDS (Astro Chris Burke beats Braves in postseason-record 18 innings). For other events named "World Series" see World Series (disambiguation. From 1960 to 1999, 4 postseason series ended via the walk-off, whereas a series in each of the last 4 postseasons (through 2006) ended likewise. The only type of postseason series still to never conclude with a home run is the NLCS.
Such a home run can also be called a "sudden death" or "sudden victory" home run. Sudden death (or a sudden death round) is a way of providing a winner for a Contest or Game (typically a Sport) which would otherwise That usage has lessened as "walk-off home run" has gained favor. Along with Mazeroski's 1960 shot, the most famous walk-off or sudden-death homer would probably be the "Shot Heard 'Round the World" hit by Bobby Thomson to win the 1951 National League pennant for the New York Giants. In Baseball, the " Shot Heard 'Round the World " is the term given to the Walk-off home run hit by New York Giants Robert Brown Thomson (born October 25, 1923 in Glasgow, Scotland) nicknamed The Staten Island Scot, is a Scottish The San Francisco Giants are a Major League Baseball team based in, that currently play in the National League West Division.
When two consecutive batters each hit a home run, this is described as back-to-back home runs. It is still considered back-to-back even if both batters hit their home runs off of different pitchers. A third batter hitting a home run is commonly referred to as back-to-back-to-back, although at that point the anatomical analogy no longer works. Four home runs in a row by consecutive batters has only occurred five times in the history of Major League Baseball. Following convention, this is called back-to-back-to-back-to-back. Twice it has happened against one pitcher, most recently by the Boston Red Sox against the New York Yankees on April 22, 2007 in Fenway Park. The Boston Red Sox are a Professional baseball team based in Boston Massachusetts, and are the reigning (2007 World Series Champions. The New York Yankees are a professional baseball team based in the borough of The Bronx, in New York City, New York. Events 1500 - Portuguese Navigator Pedro Álvares Cabral becomes the first European to sight Brazil. Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. Manny Ramírez, J.D. Drew, Mike Lowell and Jason Varitek all hit home runs against Chase Wright consecutively. Manuel "Manny" Aristides Ramírez Onelcida (born May 30 1972 in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic) is a Dominican-American professional David Jonathan "J D" Drew (born November 20 1975 in Valdosta Georgia) is a Major League Baseball Right fielder for the Boston Red Sox Michael Averett Lowell (born February 24, 1974 in San Juan Puerto Rico) is a Puerto Rican Major League Baseball Third baseman Jason Andrew Varitek (ˈvɛɹɨˌtɛk born April 11 1972 in) is an American Baseball player Sebern Chase Wright (born February 8, 1983 in Wichita Falls Texas) is an American Baseball player with the New York Yankees 
Simple back-to-back home runs are a relatively frequent occurrence. If a pitcher gives up a homer, he might have his concentration broken, and might alter his normal approach in an attempt to "make up for it" by striking out the next batter with some fastballs. Sometimes the next batter will be expecting that, and will capitalize on it. A notable back-to-back home run of that type in World Series play involved "Babe Ruth's called shot" in 1932, which was accompanied by various Ruthian theatrics, yet the pitcher, Charlie Root, was allowed to stay in the game. For other events named "World Series" see World Series (disambiguation. Babe Ruth's called shot was the Home run hit by Babe Ruth in the fifth Inning of Game 3 of the 1932 World Series, held on 1 October Charles Henry Root ( March 17, 1899 - November 5, 1970) was an American right-handed Pitcher in Major League Baseball He delivered just one more pitch, which Lou Gehrig drilled out of the park for a back-to-back shot, after which Root was removed from the game. Henry Louis "Lou" Gehrig ( June 19 1903  – June 2 1941) born Ludwig Heinrich Gehrig, was an American
In Game 3 of the 1976 NLCS, George Foster and Johnny Bench hit back-to-back homers in the last of the ninth off Ron Reed to tie the game. The National League Championship Series faced off the Cincinnati Reds (known for their nickname at the time The Big Red Machine) and the Philadelphia George Foster may refer to George Foster (American football (born 1980 American football player George Foster (baseball (born 1948 Johnny Lee Bench (born December 7, 1947) is a former American Baseball player for the Cincinnati Reds from 1967 to Ronald Lee Reed (born November 2, 1942 in LaPorte Indiana) is a retired American starting / Relief pitcher in Major League Baseball The Series-winning run was scored later in the inning.
Another notable pair of back-to-back home runs occurred on September 14, 1990, when Ken Griffey, Sr. and Ken Griffey, Jr. hit back-to-back home runs, off Kirk McCaskill, the only father-and-son duo to do so in Major League history. Champions Major League Baseball World Series: Cincinnati Reds over Oakland Athletics (4-0 José Rijo, MVP George Kenneth Griffey (born April 10, 1950 in Donora Pennsylvania) is a former Major League Baseball star George Kenneth "Ken" Griffey Jr (born November 21 1969 in Donora Pennsylvania) is a Major League Baseball Center fielder for the Chicago Kirk Edward McCaskill (b April 9 1961, Kapuskasing Ontario, Canada) is a retired Major League Baseball Pitcher and
An offshoot of hitting for the cycle, a "home run cycle" is where a player hits a 1-run, 2-run, 3-run, and grand slam home run all in one game. In Baseball, a player hits for the cycle when he hits a single, a double, a triple and a Home run in the same game though not necessarily In Baseball, a player hits for the cycle when he hits a single, a double, a triple and a Home run in the same game though not necessarily This is an extremely rare feat, as it requires the batter to not only hit four home runs in a game (which itself has only occurred 15 times in the Major Leagues), but also to hit those home runs with the specific number of runners already on base. Although it is a rare accomplishment, it is largely dependent on circumstances outside the player's control, such as his preceding teammates' ability to get on base, as well as the order in which he comes to bat in any particular inning.
Though multiple home run cycles have been recorded in collegiate baseball, the only home run cycle in a professional baseball game belongs to Tyrone Horne, who stroked four long balls for the minor league, Double-A Arkansas Travelers in a game against the San Antonio Missions on July 27, 1998. Minor leagues are professional Sports leagues which are not regarded as the premier leagues in those sports For other uses see Arkansas Traveler. The Arkansas Travelers, also known informally as The Travs, are a Minor League Baseball For the historic churches see San Antonio Missions National Historical Park The San Antonio Missions are a Minor league baseball Events 1214 - Battle of Bouvines: In France, Philip II of France defeats John of England. Year 1998 ( MCMXCVIII) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar)  A major league player has come close to hitting for the home run cycle twice. The first was on April 26, 2005 when Alex Rodriguez of the New York Yankees hit 3 home runs off Los Angeles Angels pitcher Bartolo Colón. Events 1467 - The miraculous image in Our Lady of Good Counsel appear in Genazzano, Italy. Year 2005 ( MMV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Alexander Emmanuel Rodriguez (born July 27 1975 in New York New York) commonly nicknamed A-Rod, is an American Third baseman for the The New York Yankees are a professional baseball team based in the borough of The Bronx, in New York City, New York. The Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim are a professional baseball team based in Anaheim, California. Bartolo Colón (born May 24 1973 in Altamira, Dominican Republic) is a Major League Baseball Starting pitcher for the Boston Red Sox  Rodriguez hit a 3-run home run, 2-run home run, and a grand slam in the first, third, and fourth innings, respectively. He later, in the bottom of the eighth inning, just missed a solo home run, lining out to Jeff DaVanon in deep center field. Jeffrey Graham DaVanon (born December 8, 1973 in San Diego, California) is a Major League Baseball Outfielder in the . The second was on May 16, 2008 when Jayson Werth of the Philadelphia Phillies hit 3 home runs off Toronto Blue Jays pitchers David Purcey and Jesse Litsch. Events 1204 - Baldwin IX Count of Flanders is crowned as the first Emperor of the Latin Empire. 2008 ( MMVIII) is the current year in accordance with the Gregorian calendar, a Leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Jayson Richard Werth (born May 20, 1979 in Springfield Illinois) is an Outfielder in Major League Baseball who currently plays for The Philadelphia Phillies are a Major League Baseball team based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in the United States. The Toronto Blue Jays are a professional baseball team based in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. David Purcey (born April 22, 1982 in St Charles Illinois) is a left-handed Pitcher for the Toronto Blue Jays. Jesse Allen Litsch (born March 9, 1985, in Pinellas Park FL) is an American Pitcher for the Toronto Blue Jays of Werth hit a 3-run home run, a grand slam, and a solo home run in the second, third, and fifth innings, respectively.
In the early days of the game, when the ball was less lively and the ballparks generally had very large outfields, most home runs were of the inside-the-park variety. The History of baseball in the United States can be traced to the 18th century when amateurs played a baseball-like game by their own informal rules using improvised equipment The first home run ever hit in the National League was by Ross Barnes of the Chicago White Stockings (now known as the Chicago Cubs), in 1876. The National League of Professional Baseball Clubs, or simply the National League ( NL) is the older of two leagues constituting Major League Baseball The Chicago Cubs are a Professional Baseball franchise based in Chicago, Illinois. The home "run" was literally descriptive. Home runs over the fence were rare, and only in ballparks where a fence was fairly close. Hitters were discouraged from trying to hit home runs, with the conventional wisdom being that if they tried to do so they would simply fly out. This was a serious concern in the 19th century, because in baseball's early days a ball caught after one bounce was still an out. The emphasis was on place-hitting and what is now called "manufacturing runs" or "small ball".
The home run's place in baseball changed dramatically when the live-ball era began after World War I. The live-ball era, also referred to as the lively ball era, is the period in Major League Baseball beginning in, following the Dead-ball era. World War I (abbreviated WWI; also known as the First World War, the Great War, and the War to End All First, the materials and manufacturing processes improved significantly, making the ball somewhat more lively. Batters such as Babe Ruth and Rogers Hornsby took full advantage of rules changes that were instituted during the 1920s, particularly prohibition of the spitball, and the requirement that balls be replaced when worn or dirty. George Herman Ruth Jr (February 6 1895 &ndash August 16 1948 also popularly known as " Babe " " The Bambino " and " The Sultan of Rogers Hornsby ( April 27, 1896 in Winters Texas - January 5, 1963 in Chicago Illinois) nicknamed "The Rajah" A spitball is an illegal baseball pitch in which the ball has been altered by the application of Saliva, Petroleum jelly, or some other foreign substance Along with the baseball being easier to see and capable of being hit farther, as the game's popularity boomed more outfield seating was built, shrinking the size of the outfield and increasing the chances of a long fly ball resulting in a home run. The teams with the sluggers, typified by the New York Yankees, became the championship teams, and other teams had to change their focus from the "inside game" to the "power game" in order to keep up. The New York Yankees are a professional baseball team based in the borough of The Bronx, in New York City, New York.
Prior to 1931, a ball that bounced over an outfield fence during a major league game was considered a home run. The rule was changed to require the ball to clear the fence on the fly, and balls that reached the seats on a bounce became ground rule doubles in most parks. In Baseball, a ground rule double is any award of two bases from the Time of pitch to the batter the base runners are pushed by the previous runner A carryover of the old rule is that if a player deflects a ball over the outfield fence without it touching the ground, it is a home run.
Also, until approximately that time, the ball had to not only go over the fence in fair territory, but to land in the bleachers in fair territory or to still be visibly fair when disappearing behind a wall. Bleachers redirects here For the novel see Bleachers (novel. Bleachers is a term used to describe the raised tiered stands found The rule stipulated "fair when last seen" by the umpires. In Baseball, the umpire is the person charged with officiating the game including beginning and ending the game enforcing the rules of the game and the grounds making Photos from that era in ballparks, such as the Polo Grounds and Yankee Stadium, show ropes strung from the foul poles to the back of the bleachers, or a second "foul pole" at the back of the bleachers, in a straight line with the foul line, as a visual aid for the umpire. The Polo Grounds was the name given to four different Stadiums in Upper Manhattan, New York City used by Baseball 's New York Giants The original Yankee Stadium is a Stadium located in The Bronx in New York City. Ballparks still use a visual aid much like the ropes; a net or screen attached to the foul poles on the fair side has replaced ropes. As with American football, where a touchdown once required a literal "touch down" of the ball in the end zone but now only requires the "breaking of the [vertical] plane" of the goal line, in baseball the ball need only "break the plane" of the fence in fair territory (unless the balls is caught by a player who is in play, in which case the batter is called out).
Babe Ruth's 60th home run in 1927 was somewhat controversial, because it landed barely in fair territory in the stands down the right field line. George Herman Ruth Jr (February 6 1895 &ndash August 16 1948 also popularly known as " Babe " " The Bambino " and " The Sultan of Position description Outfielders must cover large distances so speed instincts and quickness to react to the ball are key Ruth lost a number of home runs in his career due to the when-last-seen rule. Bill Jenkinson, in The Year Babe Ruth Hit 104 Home Runs, estimates that Ruth lost at least 50 and as many as 78 in his career due to this rule.
Further, the rules once stipulated that an over-the-fence home run in a sudden-victory situation would only count for as many bases as was necessary to "force" the winning run home. For example, if a team trailed by two runs with the bases loaded, and the batter hit a fair ball over the fence, it only counted as a triple, because the runner immediately ahead of him had technically already scored the game-winning run. That rule was changed in the 1920s as home runs became increasingly frequent and popular. Babe Ruth's career total of 714 would have been one higher had that rule not been in effect in the early part of his career.
The all-time, verified professional baseball record for home runs is held by Sadaharu Oh, a former player and manager of the Yomiuri Giants and current manager of the Fukuoka Softbank Hawks in Japan's league which is called Nippon Professional Baseball. Sadaharu Oh or officially Wang Chenchih ( Hepburn: Ō Sadaharu, born May 20 1940) is a former baseball player and manager of the The is a Nippon Professional Baseball team based at the Tokyo Dome in Bunkyo, Tokyo, Japan. The are a Japanese baseball team based in Fukuoka, Fukuoka Prefecture. Nippon Professional Baseball or NPB is the highest level of Baseball in Japan. Oh holds the all-time home run world record, having hit 868 home runs in his career.
In Major League Baseball, the record is 762, held by Barry Bonds, who broke Hank Aaron's record on August 7, 2007, when he hit his 756th home run at AT&T Park. Barry Lamar Bonds (born July 24 1964 is a Major League Baseball Outfielder who is currently a Free agent. AT&T Park is an open-air ballpark, home to the San Francisco Giants of Major League Baseball. Only five other major league players have hit as many as 600: Hank Aaron (755), Babe Ruth (714), Willie Mays (660), Sammy Sosa (609), and Ken Griffey, Jr. (600 and counting). Henry Louis "Hank" Aaron (born February 5 1934 in Mobile Alabama) nicknamed "Hammer" "Hammerin' Hank” or "Bad Henry” is a retired George Herman Ruth Jr (February 6 1895 &ndash August 16 1948 also popularly known as " Babe " " The Bambino " and " The Sultan of Willie Howard Mays Jr (born May 6 1931 is a retired American Baseball player who played the majority of his career with the New York and San Francisco Giants Samuel Peralta Sosa (born November 12, 1968 in San Pedro de Macorís, Dominican Republic) is a Right fielder who is currently George Kenneth "Ken" Griffey Jr (born November 21 1969 in Donora Pennsylvania) is a Major League Baseball Center fielder for the Chicago The single season record is 73, set by Barry Bonds in 2001.
Negro League slugger Josh Gibson's Baseball Hall of Fame plaque says he hit "almost 800" home runs in his career. Part of the History of baseball in the United States series The Negro leagues were American professional Baseball leagues Joshua Gibson ( December 21, 1911 - January 20, 1947) was an American Catcher in The Guinness Book of World Records lists Gibson's lifetime home run total at 800. Guinness World Records, known until 2000 as The Guinness Book of Records (and in previous U Gibson's true total is not known, in part due to inconsistent record keeping in the Negro Leagues. The 1993 edition of the MacMillan Baseball Encyclopedia attempted to compile a set of Negro League records, and subsequent work has expanded on that effort. Those records demonstrate that Gibson and Ruth were of comparable power. The 1993 book had Gibson hitting 146 home runs in the 501 "official" Negro League games they were able to account for in his 17-year career, about 1 homer every 3. 4 games. Babe Ruth, in 22 seasons (several of them in the dead-ball era), hit 714 in 2503 games, or 1 homer every 3. 5 games. The large gap in the numbers for Gibson reflect the fact that Negro League clubs played relatively far fewer league games and many more "barnstorming" or exhibition games during the course of a season, than did the major league clubs of that era.
Other legendary home run hitters include Jimmie Foxx, Mel Ott, Ted Williams, Mickey Mantle (who on September 10, 1960, mythically hit "the longest home run ever" at an estimated distance of 643 feet (196 m), although this was measured after the ball stopped rolling ), Reggie Jackson, Harmon Killebrew, Ernie Banks, Mike Schmidt, Dave Kingman, Sammy Sosa, Mark McGwire, Ken Griffey, Jr. and Eddie Mathews. James Emory "Jimmie" Foxx ( October 22 - July 21) ( nicknamed Double X and The Beast) was an American First Melvin Thomas "Mel" Ott ( March 2, 1909 – November 21, 1958) nicknamed "Master Melvin" was a Major League Baseball Theodore Samuel "Ted" Williams ( August 30, 1918 – July 5, 2002) also nicknamed The Kid, the Splendid Splinter Mickey Charles Mantle ( October 20, 1931 &ndash August 13, 1995) was an American Baseball player who was inducted Events 506 - The Bishops of Visigothic Gaul meet in the Council of Agde. Year 1960 ( MCMLX) was a Leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Reginald Martinez Jackson (born May 18 1946) nicknamed " Mr Harmon Clayton Killebrew (ˈkɪləˌbɹuː born June 29 1936 is a former Major League Baseball player and member of the National Baseball Hall of Fame. Ernest "Ernie" Banks (born January 31, 1931 in Dallas Texas) is an American former Major League Baseball player Michael Jack Schmidt (born September 27, 1949 in Dayton Ohio) is a former professional Baseball player who played his entire Career David Arthur Kingman (born December 21, 1948, in Pendleton Oregon) nicknamed "Kong" and "Sky King" is a former Major League Samuel Peralta Sosa (born November 12, 1968 in San Pedro de Macorís, Dominican Republic) is a Right fielder who is currently Mark David McGwire (born October 1 1963 in Pomona California) is a former professional baseball player who played the majority of his Major League career with the George Kenneth "Ken" Griffey Jr (born November 21 1969 in Donora Pennsylvania) is a Major League Baseball Center fielder for the Chicago Edwin Lee "Eddie" Mathews ( October 13 1931 – February 18 2001) was a Hall of Fame Third baseman in Major The longest verifiable home run distance is about 575 feet (175 m), by Babe Ruth, to straightaway center field at Tiger Stadium (then called Navin Field and prior to the double-deck), which landed nearly across the intersection of Trumbull and Cherry. Tiger Stadium (formerly Navin Field then Briggs Stadium is a Stadium located in the Corktown neighborhood of Detroit, Michigan.
The location of where Hank Aaron's record 755th home run landed has been monumented in Milwaukee.  The hallowed spot sits outside Miller Park, where the Milwaukee Brewers currently play. Similarly, the point where Aaron's 715th homer landed, upon breaking Ruth's career record in 1974, is marked in the Turner Field parking lot. Turner Field is a ballpark in Atlanta Georgia, home to Major League Baseball 's Atlanta Braves since 1997
Slang terms for home runs include: big fly, blast, bomb, circuit clout, dinger, ding-dong, dong, four-bagger, four-base knock, goner, gopher ball, homer, jack, long ball, moonshot, quadruple, round-tripper, shot, slam, swat, tape-measure shot, tater, and wallop. This is an alphabetical list of selected unofficial and specialized terms phrases and other Jargon used in Baseball, and their definitions including illustrative The act of hitting a home run can be called going deep or going yard or going home; additionally, with men on base, it can be called clearing the table. A comparatively long home run can be described as Ruthian, named after Babe Ruth's legendary drives. George Herman Ruth Jr (February 6 1895 &ndash August 16 1948 also popularly known as " Babe " " The Bambino " and " The Sultan of The act of attempting to hit a home run, whether successful or not, can also be termed swinging for the fences. A game with many home runs in it can be referred to as a slugfest or home run derby. A player who hits a home run is said to have "dialed 8", from the practice of having to dial 8 from a hotel room telephone to dial long distance. A hotel is an establishment that provides paid lodging usually on a short-term basis Basic principle A traditional landline telephone system also known as "plain old telephone service" (POTS, commonly handles both signaling and audio information A grand slam is often referred to as a grand salami or simply, a salami. For other uses see Salama and Salameh. Salami is cured Sausage, fermented and air-dried
Player nicknames that describe home run-hitting prowess include:
Past single-season home run record holders by average home runs per game:
Number of home runs in the season divided by number of games in schedule (not games played)
Selected list of pitchers giving up record-breaking home runs:
This includes only the home runs that broke a record set in a previous year, not home runs that extended a record within the same year. Jonathan Thompson Walton Zachary ( May 7 1896 Graham North Carolina - January 24 1969 Burlington North Carolina) was a Evan Tracy Stallard (born August 31 1937) in Coeburn VA, was a Major League Baseball pitcher from 1960-1966 Alphonso Erwin "Al" Downing (born June 28, 1941, in Trenton New Jersey) is a former Major League Baseball pitcher who played for 17 Stephen Christopher Trachsel (born October 31, 1970 in Oxnard California) is a Major League Baseball Pitcher who is currently Chan Ho Park (born June 30, 1973 in Gongju, South Korea) is a Major League Baseball Pitcher who currently pitches for the Mike Bacsik may refer to Mike Bacsik (left-handed pitcher, (1977 -) current Major League Baseball pitcher Mike Bacsik (right-handed pitcher
In November 2007, the general managers of Major League Baseball voted in favor of implementing instant replay reviews on boundary home run calls. In Major League Baseball, the General Manager or GM of a team typically controls player transactions and bears the primary responsibility on behalf of the ballclub For other uses of the term "Instant replay" see Instant replay (disambiguation. The proposal limited the use of instant replay to determining whether a boundary home run call is:
Though the proposal had been mulled for some time, the vote came on the heels of two boundary calls in key games during the 2007 season:
In both cases, television replays were inconclusive, and there would have been no guarantee that the calls would have been overturned with instant replay review. Ultimately, the arguments in both cases became irrelevant, as Colorado and Boston went on to win their respective games; however, they did serve to re-ignite the debate over whether to introduce instant replay review in baseball.
Despite the general managers' vote, and despite some boundary calls in the 2008 season where television replays showed the umpires' ruling was incorrect (including two at Yankee Stadium less than a week apart), the proposal so far remains merely a proposal. The original Yankee Stadium is a Stadium located in The Bronx in New York City. It would require the approval of the MLB Players Association, World Umpires Association, the Commissioner of Baseball, and possibly the team owners, before such a measure could be implemented. The Major League Baseball Players Association (or MLBPA) is the union of professional major-league baseball players The World Umpires Association (WUA is an organization of Major League Baseball umpires It was certified by the National Labor Relations Board on February The Commissioner of Baseball is the chief executive of Major League Baseball.
Such a move could also require extra cameras, especially for ballparks (such as Wrigley Field) which lack structures behind the foul poles that can aid in judging high flies that approach the foul poles. Wrigley Field is a Baseball Stadium in Chicago, Illinois, United States that has served as the home ballpark of the Chicago
Batters hitting two home runs in one inning: Accomplished close to 50 times in the course of major league history. 61* is an American Baseball movie, made for HBO, directed by Billy Crystal and written by Hank Steinberg. This list of sports films is a compilation of Films in the genre covering Sports activities The Home run is considered by many Baseball fans to be one of the most dramatic plays in the sport The Home Run Derby is an event played prior to the Major League Baseball All-Star Game. The following is a chronology of the top ten leaders in lifetime Home runs in Major League Baseball. In Major League Baseball, the 500 Home Run Club is an informal term applied to the group of players who have hit 500 or more career Home runs The first member of the In Major League Baseball, the 500 Home Run Club is an informal term applied to the group of players who have hit 500 or more career Home runs The first member of the See also List of lifetime home run leaders through history This is a list of the top 500 Major League Baseball home run hitters. This is a list of the all-time leaders in Home runs hit by Major League Baseball Pitchers, with the pitcher being defined as a player who pitches Home run in first at-bat Facts Twenty-five of these players hit their Home run on the first major league pitch they ever saw A Home run is a play in the sport of Baseball. Of the many thousands of Major league baseball players over 130 years a small number have accomplished this feat The following is a list of the Major League Baseball players with the highest career total of Home runs by birth location Special mention for Nomar Garciaparra, who hit two in the third inning and one in the fourth inning, in the first game on July 23, 2002 -- the only player (through 2007) to hit three homers over two consecutive innings. Anthony Nomar Garciaparra (ˈnoʊ̪mɑɹ ɡɑɹˈsiəˌpɑɹə born July 23 1973 in) is an American Baseball player who currently plays shortstop for the Los Angeles Also notable was Fernando Tatis, who hit two grand slams off of Chan Ho Park in a single inning
Most home runs in a doubleheader: Stan Musial hit 5 on May 2, 1954. Fernando Tatís Jr (born January 1, 1975 in San Pedro de Macorís, Dominican Republic) is a Major League Baseball utility Chan Ho Park (born June 30, 1973 in Gongju, South Korea) is a Major League Baseball Pitcher who currently pitches for the Stanley Frank Musial (born November 21, 1920) originally Stanisław Franciszek Musiał, (ˈmjuːziəl nicknamed "Stan the Man" and Nate Colbert equalled the feat on August 1, 1972. Nathan Colbert Jr (born April 9, 1946 in St Louis Missouri) was a first baseman with the Houston Astros (1966 1968 San Diego Padres