In sports, home is a term referring to both the city and stadium, arena, or field where an athletic team plays games at their venue, whilst when the team plays elsewhere then they are considered the away team. A city is an Urban area with a large Population and a particular Administrative, Legal, or Historical status A modern stadium (plural stadiums or stadia in English is a place or venue for (mostly outdoor Sports Concerts or other events consisting An arena is an enclosed area often circular or oval-shaped designed to showcase Theater, musical performances or sporting events The home term can refer to either the sponsoring institution or the place where it is franchised.  Most professional teams represent cities and amateur sports teams often represent cities or academic institutions. Each team has a location where it practices during the season and where it hosts games. This is referred to has the home court, home field, home stadium, or home arena.  When a team is serving as host of a contest, it is designated as the "home team". The event is described as a "home game" for that team and the venue that the game is being played is described as the "home field. " In most sports, there is a home field advantage whereby the home team wins more frequently because it has a greater familiarity with the nuances of the venue and because it has more fans cheering for it, which supposedly give the players adrenaline and an advantage. Home advantage (also called home field advantage) is an athletic competition phenomenon The opposing team is said to be the visiting team, the away team, or the road team. Road game (short for on the road) more commonly known as an away game, is a reference to all cities and stadia / Arenas Fields
In baseball, sometimes, when teams are playing a makeup game from an earlier game postponed by rain, the game may have to be made up in the other team's stadium. An example of this occurred on September 26th, 2007, with a game between the Cleveland Indians, who were the "home" team, but the game was played vs. the Seattle Mariners in Safeco Field, with their fans, etc. 
A spectator can often tell which team is home by looking at the field of play. Often a home team logo, insignia or name is in the middle of the field at center ice, midfield, or center court. A logo ( Greek el λογότυπος = el-Latn logotypos is a graphical element ( Ideogram, Symbol, Emblem, Icon, Sign) Insignia (the plural of Latin insigne: emblem symbol is a Symbol or Token of personal power, Status or Office Also, the logo, insignia or name may be found atop a dugout in baseball or in the end zone in American football. In Baseball, the dugout is a team's bench area and is located in foul territory between home plate and either first or third base Baseball is a Bat-and-ball Sport played between two teams of nine players each The end zone is a term used in both Canadian football and American football. American football, known in the United States and Canada simply as football, is a competitive Team sport known for mixing strategy with
Additionally, in baseball and basketball, the home team will typically choose to wear the lighter colored version of its uniform. A uniform is a set of standard Clothing worn by members of an organization while participating in that organization's activity In fact, many teams have a home uniform which is mostly white and referred to as the "home whites". The road team will generally wear a version of its uniform with one of the darker of its official colors as the main color, or in baseball with a grey main color referred to as the "road greys". In American football and hockey, the home team tends to wear uniforms that feature their team colors, whereas the visiting team will wear white or a lighter color.
A television viewer will also have the aid of the team positions in the screen where the visiting team is listed first, either to the left of or above the name of the home team on the score display during the telecast. In the United States, the same positional indication is standard convention in sports broadcasting such as SportsCenter and sports reporting ESPN BottomLine and general box scores (especially the line score portion of the box score), such as those found in newspapers. SportsCenter is a daily Sports news Television show and the flagship program of American Cable network ESPN since the network In competitive Sports, games or matches are often summarized in a box score In Baseball, the statistical summary of a game is reported in a box score. In baseball the scorekeeping/reporting convention is so prevalent that innings are divided into top and bottom halves to distinguish the team's offensive output throughout the game.
Typically, the home team not only hosts its opponent, but also the media and the officials (referees, umpires, etc. A reporter is a type of Journalist who Researches and presents information in certain types of Mass media. A referee is a person who has authority to make decisions about play in many Sports Officials in various sports are known by a variety of titles including referee A referee is a person who has authority to make decisions about play in many Sports Officials in various sports are known by a variety of titles including referee ).