Hodierna of Tripoli (c. 1110 – c. 1164) was the daughter of Baldwin II of Jerusalem and the Armenian noblewoman Morphia. Baldwin II of Jerusalem, formerly Baldwin II of Edessa, also called Baldwin of Bourcq, born Baldwin of Rethel (died August 21, 1131 Armenia (Հայաստան transliterated: Hayastan,) officially the Republic of Armenia (Հայաստանի Հանրապետություն Hayastani Morphia of Melitene, or Morfia, or Moraphia (died c 1126 or 1129 was the wife of Baldwin II, king of the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem She was countess of Tripoli through her marriage to Raymond II of Tripoli. The County of Tripoli (1109–1289 was the last Crusader state founded in the Levant, located in what today is known as northern Lebanon Raymond II of Tripoli (c 1115 &ndash 1152 was count of Tripoli from 1137 to 1152
Hodierna was the third of four daughters; her older sisters were Melisende (wife of Fulk of Jerusalem) and Alice (wife of Bohemund II of Antioch), and her younger sister was Ioveta (abbess of Bethany). Melisende of Jerusalem (1105 &ndash September 11, 1161) was Queen of Jerusalem from 1131 to 1153 Fulk V (1089/1092 &ndash November 13, 1143) also known as Fulk the Younger, was Count of Anjou from 1109 to 1129 and Alice of Antioch (also Haalis Halis or Adelicia was Princess of Antioch through her marriage to Bohemund II. Bohemond II (1108 &ndash 1131 was the Prince of Taranto and Prince of Antioch from 1111 Ioveta (1120-c 1170s was the fourth and youngest daughter of Baldwin II of Jerusalem and Morphia of Melitene. Bethany (בֵּית עַנְיָה or ביתניה is recorded in the New Testament as the home of Mary, Martha and Lazarus, as well The four sisters were close; Hodierna may have asked Melisende to arrange for the assassination of Alphonse I of Toulouse, son of Raymond IV of Toulouse, in 1148, when Alphonse came to claim the County of Tripoli. AssassiNation is the sixth album by Krisiun, released in 2006 on Century Media. Alfonso Jordan ( French: Alphonse Jourdain; 1103 &ndash 1148 was the Count of Tripoli from 1105 until 1109 and thereafter Count of Toulouse Raymond IV of Toulouse sometimes called Raymond of St Gilles (c The County of Tripoli (1109–1289 was the last Crusader state founded in the Levant, located in what today is known as northern Lebanon Hodierna supported Melisende in her struggle with her son (Hodierna's nephew) Baldwin III. Baldwin III of Jerusalem (1130 &ndash February 10, 1162) was king of Jerusalem from 1143&ndash1162 Melisende ended up on the losing side by 1152, but she was given a small fief to rule in Nablus, where she and Hodierna were able to influence the election of the Latin Patriarch. Nablus ( sometimes Nābulus; Arabic:; næːblʊs is a Palestinian city in the northern West Bank, approximately north of Jerusalem The Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem is the title given to the Latin Rite Catholic Archbishop of Jerusalem
Around the same time, Hodierna was in the midst of a dispute with her husband Raymond II of Tripoli, whom she had married around 1135. Raymond II of Tripoli (c 1115 &ndash 1152 was count of Tripoli from 1137 to 1152 Hodierna, like her sisters, was very independent, but Raymond was a jealous man and kept her in seclusion. There were even rumours that their daughter Melisende (named for the queen) was fathered by a different man. Melisende of Tripoli was the daughter of Hodierna of Tripoli and Raymond II, count of Tripoli. Her sister Melisende and her nephew Baldwin came north to intervene in 1152. Hodierna and Raymond agreed to reconcile, but it was also decided that Hodierna should return to Jerusalem with Melisende for a short time. Almost as soon as they had left Tripoli, Raymond was killed by the Hashshashin. Tripoli ( Lebanese Arabic: طرابلس Ṭrāblos or Ṭrēblos locally Ṭrōbles Standard Arabic: Ṭarābulus Τρίπολις Tripolis is the second-largest The Hashshashin (also Hashishin, Hashashiyyin, Hashasheen or Assassins) were an offshoot of the Ismā'īlī sect of Shia Hodierna immediately returned to assume the regency of the county for her son Raymond III, who was still a child. Raymond III of Tripoli (1140 &ndash 1187 was Count of Tripoli from 1152 to 1187 and Prince of Galilee and Tiberias in right of his wife Eschiva Baldwin ensured the support of the nobles of the county, and Hodierna allowed him to give the castle of Tortosa to the Knights Templar, in order to defend from an attack by Nur ad-Din, who invaded when he heard of Raymond's death. Tortosa ( Latin: Dertusa or Dertosa, Arabic: طرطوشة Ṭurṭūšah) is the capital of the comarca The Poor Fellow-Soldiers of Christ and of the Temple of Solomon (Pauperes commilitones Christi Templique Solomonici commonly known as the Knights Templar or the Order
Hodierna remained by Melisende's side when Melisende lay dying in 1161. Now rid of the influence of his mother, Baldwin III took personal control of Nablus, exchanging it with Philip of Milly who received the lordship of Oultrejordain in return. Philip of Milly, also known as Philip of Nablus (c 1120 - April 3, 1171) was the seventh Grand Master of the Knights Templar Oultrejordain or Oultrejourdain ( Old French for "beyond the Jordan" was the name used during the Crusades for an extensive and partly undefined Hodierna gave her assent to this transaction on behalf of Melisende.
Her daughter Melisende was supposed to marry Byzantine emperor Manuel I Comnenus; the deal seemed to be confirmed and the young Melisende was even referred to as "the future empress. This is a list of the Emperors of the Eastern Roman Empire, commonly known as the Byzantine Empire by modern historians For the eldest son of Andronikos I Komnenos and father of Alexios I of Trebizond, see Manuel Komnenos (born 1145. " However, Manuel learned of her supposed illegitimacy, and instead married Maria of Antioch. Maria of Antioch (1145 &ndash 1182 was the daughter of Constance of Antioch and her first husband Raymond of Poitiers.
Hodierna died at an unknown date, probably in the 1160s.
According to the legendary Vida of the troubadour Jaufré Rudel of Blaye, the legend of her beauty, brought back to France by pilgrims, inspired Rudel's songs of amor de lonh — "distant love". A troubadour ( IPA:, originally) was a composer and performer of Occitan Lyric poetry during the High Middle Ages (1100&ndash1350 Jaufre Rudel ( Jaufré in Modern Occitan) was the Prince of Blaye ( Princes de Blaia) and a Troubadour of the early&ndashmid 12th century Blaye is a commune and sub-prefecture in the Gironde department in Aquitaine in southwestern France. The story claims that he took part in the Second Crusade in order to see her, but fell sick and was brought ashore dying. The Second Crusade (1147&ndash1149 was the second major Crusade launched from Europe, called in 1145 in response to the fall of the County of Edessa the Hodierna is said to have come down from her castle on hearing the news, and Rudel died in her arms. This romantic but unlikely story seems to have been derived from the enigmatic nature of Rudel's verse and his presumed death on the Crusade. Edmond Rostand took it as the basis for his 1895 verse drama La Princesse lointaine, but reassigned the female lead from Hodierna to her jilted daughter Melisende. Edmond Eugène Alexis Rostand ( April 1, 1868 &ndash December 2, 1918) was a French Poet and Dramatist.