Highway is a term commonly used to designate major roads intended for travel by the public between important destinations, such as cities. Public is of or pertaining to the people relating to or affecting a nation state or community opposed to private; as the public treasury a road or lake A city is an Urban area with a large Population and a particular Administrative, Legal, or Historical status The term highway can also be varied country-to-country, and can be referred to as a road, freeway, superhighway, autoroute, autobahn, parkway, expressway, autostrasse, autostrada, byway, auto-estrada, kōsokudōro, or motorway. A road is an identifiable route, way or path between two or more places. (German ˈaʊtoːbaːn plural Autobahnen; English /ˈɔːtəʊbɑːn/ is the German word for a major high- Speed Road restricted to motor In the United States, Parkways are defined as follows A type of road A broad landscaped thoroughfare especially: one from which trucks and An expressway is a Divided highway for high-speed traffic with at least partial Control of access. The Autostrasse literally means motorroad in English and exists in some European countries noticeably Austria, and Switzerland, and some others Autostrada (plural Autostrade) is the Italian word for Motorways Freeways but is also used in several countries including Romania See also the disambiguation page Byway A byway in the United Kingdom is a minor secondary or tertiary road Auto-estrada is the Portuguese word for Motorways Freeways Portugal has 2100 km of motorways/freeways crossing all the coast and connecting the main The expressways (高速道路 kōsokudōro, lit high-speed road) of Japan make up a large network of Freeway -standard toll roads. Motorway is a term for both a type of Road and a classification or designation The first road of this type was opened on September 21, 1924, in Italy, and connected Milan with Como and Lake Como; it was 42. Events 1217 - The Estonian tribal leader Lembitu of Lehola was killed in a battle against Teutonic Knights. Year 1924 ( MCMXXIV) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Italy (Italia officially the Italian Republic, (Repubblica Italiana is located on the Italian Peninsula in Southern Europe, and on the two largest Milan (Milano Milan (listen) is one of the largest cities in Italy, located in the plains of Lombardy. Como is a City in Lombardy, Italy, north of Milan. Situated at the southern tip of the south-west arm of Lake Como, it Lake Como ( Lago di Como in Italian, also known as Lario; Lach de Comm in Insubric; Latin: Larius Lacus) is a 6 km long. Now it is officially designed as Autostrada A9 Milano-Laghi. The Autostrada A9 or Autostrada dei Laghi (“Autostrada of the Lakes” is a motorway in northern Italy.
Highway designs vary widely. They can include some characteristics of grade separations, multiple lanes of traffic, a median between lanes of opposing traffic, and access control (ramps and grade separation). The word lane has several meanings including and especially a portion of a paved Road which is intended for a single line of vehicles and is marked by White Traffic on Roads may consist of Pedestrians ridden or herded Animals Vehicles Streetcars and other Conveyances either singly In the field of Road transport, an interchange is a road junction that typically Grade separation is the process of aligning a junction of two or more transport axes at different heights ( Highways can also be as simple as a two-lane, shoulderless road.
The United States has the largest network of highways, including Interstate highways and United States Numbered Highways. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the The Dwight D Eisenhower National System of Interstate and Defense Highways, commonly called the Interstate Highway System (or simply the Interstate System) The system of United States Numbered Highways (often called U This network is present in every state and connects all major cities. The Expressway Network of the People's Republic of China, also known as National Trunk Highway System (NTHS) has a total length of about 53,600 km at the end of 2007, which is the world's second longest only after the United States. This article is about the expressways of Mainland China. See also List of roads and streets in Hong Kong, List of roads in Macau, Highway System The Dwight D Eisenhower National System of Interstate and Defense Highways, commonly called the Interstate Highway System (or simply the Interstate System)
According to world views, the characteristics of a highway can differ. For example, in the United States of America's state of California, civil code 360(590) defines that a highway refers to "any way or place of whatever nature, publicly maintained and open to the use of the public for purposes of vehicular travel. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the California ( is a US state on the West Coast of the United States, along the Pacific Ocean. " Streets, avenues and even one lane dirt roads are therefore considered highways within the state of California, so long as they are maintained by the state. Multi-lane, high-speed roadways with restricted access are called freeways according to California's civil code, whereby all freeways are highways but not all highways are freeways. In other jurisdictions, such as the Canadian province of Ontario, all public roadways are legally defined as a highway, regardless of its ownership. Country to "Dominion of Canada" or "Canadian Federation" or anything else please read the Talk Page Ontario (ɒnˈtɛrioʊ is a province located in the central part of Canada, the largest by population and second largest after Quebec
Some highways, like the Pan-American Highway or the European routes, bridge multiple countries. The Pan-American Highway (see below for its name in other Western European languages is a network of Roads nearly 48000 kilometres (29800 miles in The international E-road network is a numbering system for Roads in Europe developed by the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE. Australia's Highway 1 is the longest national highway in the world at over 20,000 km (12,000 mi) and runs almost the entire way around the country. For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Australia topics. Highway 1 is Australia 's coastal Highway joining all mainland's state capitals and coastal towns circumnavigating the entire Australian continent
Highways are not always continuous stretches of pavement. For example, some highways are interrupted by bodies of water, and ferry routes may serve as sections of the highway. See also Merchant ship A ferry is a form of transport usually a Boat or Ship, used to carry (or ferry) passengers and
The terms used for various types of highways (such as autobahn, autoroute, expressway, freeway and motorway) vary between countries or even regions within a country. (German ˈaʊtoːbaːn plural Autobahnen; English /ˈɔːtəʊbɑːn/ is the German word for a major high- Speed Road restricted to motor Autoroute is the French word for a major high-speed road restricted to motor vehicles without crossings and having limited access An expressway is a Divided highway for high-speed traffic with at least partial Control of access. Motorway is a term for both a type of Road and a classification or designation In some places a highway is a specific type of major road that is distinct from freeway or expressway; in other places the terms may overlap. In law, highway may mean any public road or canal. However, in some countries, the term highway is not generally used at all.
In Australia, a highway is a distinct type of road from freeways, expressways and motorways. Freeways in Australia This is a list of Highways in Australia, listed alphabetically along with its route number and location For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Australia topics. An expressway is a Divided highway for high-speed traffic with at least partial Control of access. Motorway is a term for both a type of Road and a classification or designation The word highway is generally used to mean major roads connecting large cities, towns and different parts of metropolitan areas. A metropolitan area is a large population center consisting of a large Metropolis and its adjacent zone of influence or of more than one closely adjoining neighboring central Metropolitan highways often have traffic lights at intersections, and rural highways usually have only one lane in each direction. The words freeway, expressway or motorway are generally reserved for the most arterial routes, usually with grade-separated intersections and usually significantly straightened and widened to a minimum of four lanes. The term motorway is used in some Australian cities to refer to freeways that have been allocated a metropolitan route number, and in Sydney, a motorway has a toll, whereas a freeway is free of charge. Motorway is a term for both a type of Road and a classification or designation Sydney (ˈsɪdniː is the most populous city in Australia, with a Metropolitan area population of approximately 4 On the Hume Highway when traveling from Melbourne to Sydney there is only one set of traffic signals, they are in Holbrook. The Hume Highway / Hume Freeway is one of Australia's most important and notable interstate Highways which runs for 880 km inland between Sydney and Melbourne ( is the second most populous city in Australia, with a Metropolitan area population of approximately 3 Sydney (ˈsɪdniː is the most populous city in Australia, with a Metropolitan area population of approximately 4 Holbrook Roads may be part-highway and part-freeway until they are fully upgraded. The Cahill expressway is the only "named" expressway in New South Wales, which opened in 1954 the first in New South Wales .
As for Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Pan-European Corridor Vc Motorway, Budapest - Osijek - Sarajevo - Ploce, is one of the most significant and project of the highest priority. Corridor Vc ( Corridor 5c) is a branch of the fifth Pan-European corridor. Bosnia and Herzegovina ( Latin script: Bosna i Hercegovina, Cyrillic script: Босна и Херцеговина is a country on the Balkan Corridor Vc ( Corridor 5c) is a branch of the fifth Pan-European corridor. Budapest ( also /ˈbʊ-/) is the capital city of Hungary. As the largest city of Hungary it serves as the country's principal Political, Osijek (ˈɔsjɛk is the fourth largest city in Croatia with a population of 114616 in 2001 TemplateInfobox City for more fields--> Sarajevo is the Capital city and largest urban center of Bosnia and Herzegovina, with Ploče is a town and a notable Seaport in the Dubrovnik-Neretva county of Croatia, population 6537 (2001 total municipality population 10834 (2001 The construction works on the road have already begun, but intensified beginning of the construction will be a key starter of economic and social activities, and will enable Bosnia and Herzegovina to be connected to main European traffic network, as well as to global European economic and social structure. Bosnia and Herzegovina ( Latin script: Bosna i Hercegovina, Cyrillic script: Босна и Херцеговина is a country on the Balkan
Construction of the motorway, whose total length is 340 km, will provide: rational connecting to neighboring countries and regions; stabilizing and developing effects will be reached; transport conditions and quality of life improvement; economy competitiveness enhancement; new projects launched and national and international private investments enhancement. Motorway is a term for both a type of Road and a classification or designation
In Brazil, highways (or expressway/freeway) are named "rodovia", and Brazilian highways are divided in two types: regional highways (generally of less importance and entirely inside of one state) and national highways (of major importance to the country). |utc_offset = -2 to -4 |time_zone_DST = BRST |utc_offset_DST = -2 to -5 |cctld An expressway is a Divided highway for high-speed traffic with at least partial Control of access. The Brazilian Highway System is the Highway system of Brazil, the fourth largest such system in the world In Brazil, rodovia is the name given exclusively to roads connecting two or more cities with a sizable distance separating the extremes of the highway. Urban highways for commuting are uncommon in Brazil, and when they are present, they receive different names, depending of the region (Avenida, Marginal, Linha, Via, Eixo, etc). Very rarely names other than "rodovia" are used.
Regional highways are named YY-XXX, where YY is the abbreviation of the state where the highway is running in and XXX is a number (e. g. SP-280; where SP means that the highway is running entirely in the state of São Paulo). ( is a state in Brazil. It is the major industrial and economic powerhouse of the Brazilian economy
National highways are named BR-XXX. National highways connects multiples states altogether, are of major importance to the national economy and/or connects Brazil to another country. An economic system is a System that involves the production, distribution and consumption of goods and services between The meaning of the numbers are:
Often, Brazilian highways receive names (famous people, etc) their YY/BR-XXX designation (example: SP-280 is also known as Rodovia Castelo Branco).
Chile has a large Highway coverage which connects the whole country but with the exception of the Magallanes Region. Chile has Highway coverage throughout the entire country with the exception of the southern Magallanes Region.
"Highways" in China, more often than not, refer to China National Highways. Talk People's Republic of China) PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA ARTICLE GUIDELINES The China National Highways ( are a series of trunk roads throughout all of Mainland China. The fully controlled-access, multi-lane, central-separation routes are instead called expressways. A limited-access road or controlled-access road is a Road to which access from adjacent properties is limited in some way This article is about the expressways of Mainland China. See also List of roads and streets in Hong Kong, List of roads in Macau, Highway System As of 2005, there were 1. Year 2005 ( MMV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. 55 million km of highways and 42,000 km of expressways in China; both total lengths are second only to the United States.
In Mainland China, private companies reimbursed through tolls are the primary means of creating and financing the National Trunk Highway System (NTHS). Mainland China, Continental China, the Chinese mainland or simply the mainland, is a geopolitical term synonymous with the area that is under the jurisdiction A toll road, (also known as a tollway, turnpike, pike, or toll highway, especially if it is constructed to Freeway standards This article is about the expressways of Mainland China. See also List of roads and streets in Hong Kong, List of roads in Macau, Highway System
Expressways are lumped with first-grade G-prefixed guodaos (国道, or "national highway") or A-prefixed first-grade expressways in major municipal cities. All roads in the NTHS and most A-prefixed roads are expressways.
Some highways are numbered with a leading zero (e. g. G030).
The term Freeway during the 1990s was used on a few expressways (such as the Jingshi Freeway). Route Beijing Section The expressway starts from Liuliqiao on the southwestern 3rd Ring Road, passes through the 4th Ring Road at Yuegezhuang The term freeway has since been replaced with expressway on all signs in China. The Chinese name for expressways is uniform; in pinyin, it is gaosu gonglu, which literally means "high speed public road". A public road or Highway is a Road that is open to common use by the general population
Signs on the National Highways (G-prefix) are green, while on the lower-grade highways and urban expressways (A-prefix) are blue.
In Hong Kong, the type of high speed roads is referred to as expressway, but some are named as highways or roads ('Yuen Long Highway', 'Tolo Highway', 'Tsuen Wan Road', 'Tuen Mun Road', etc. Hong Kong ( officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, is a territory located on China 's south coast on the Pearl River Delta, and borders ). Some others are named corridors and bypasses.
Croatia has 9 highways and 3 expressways. Airports There are international Airports in Zagreb, Zadar, Split, Dubrovnik and Rijeka (on the island of Krk The earliest highway in Croatia was built in 1971.
France has a national highway system dating back to Louis XV (see Corps of Ponts et Chaussées). Louis XV (15 February 1710 &ndash 10 May 1774 ruled as King of France and of Navarre from 1 September 1715 until his death in 1774 The Corps of Bridges ( Corps des Ponts) is a great technical corps of the French state. The chaussées constructed at this time, radiating out from Paris, form the basis for the "routes nationales" (RN), whose red numbers differ from the yellow numbering used for secondary "routes departementales". The RNs numbered from 1 to 20 radiate from Paris to major ports or border crossings. More recently (after the Second World War), France has constructed Autoroutes, superhighways (usually toll) with a speed limit of 130 km/h (110 in rainy conditions or urban areas). Autoroute is the French word for a major high-speed road restricted to motor vehicles without crossings and having limited access A toll road, (also known as a tollway, turnpike, pike, or toll highway, especially if it is constructed to Freeway standards
Aside from highways bearing the Autobahn designation, Germany has many two- and four-lane roads. (German ˈaʊtoːbaːn plural Autobahnen; English /ˈɔːtəʊbɑːn/ is the German word for a major high- Speed Road restricted to motor The Autobahns are the nationally coordinated Motorway system in Germany. (German ˈaʊtoːbaːn plural Autobahnen; English /ˈɔːtəʊbɑːn/ is the German word for a major high- Speed Road restricted to motor Federal highways not known as autobahns are called Bundesstraßen (Bundesstrassen) and, while usually two-lane roads, they may also be four-lane, limited-access expressways of local or regional importance. A limited-access road or controlled-access road is a Road to which access from adjacent properties is limited in some way Unlike the Autobahns, though, Bundesstraßen (marked by black numbers on a yellow background) mostly have speed limits (usually 100 km/h, but occasionally higher on limited-access segments, and lower in urban areas or near intersections).
In India, 'Highway' refers to one of the many National Highways that run up to a total length of about 67,000 km consisting mostly of 2 lane paved roads, changing into higher lanes mostly within cities. The Mumbai Pune Expressway ( Marathi: मुंबई-पुणे द्रुतगती महामार्ग is India's first six-lane concrete high-speed access India, officially the Republic of India (भारत गणराज्य inc-Latn Bhārat Gaṇarājya; see also other Indian languages) is a country India, officially the Republic of India (भारत गणराज्य inc-Latn Bhārat Gaṇarājya; see also other Indian languages) is a country An expressway refers to any elevated road with grade-separated intersections. An expressway is a Divided highway for high-speed traffic with at least partial Control of access. As of 2005, there were about 200 km of expressways in India. Year 2005 ( MMV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. The NHAI (National Highway Authority of India) has put all the highway and expressway projects on the fast track and by 2010 plans to cover every corner of India through the highway system. Highways in India are designated as NH followed by the number. The four major cities in India- Mumbai, Chennai, Kolkota, and Delhi- are now connected by the Golden Quadrilateral. Mumbai ( Marathi:,, IPA: formerly Bombay, is the capital of the Indian state of Maharashtra and the financial Delhi (दिल्ली ਦਿੱਲੀ دلی d̪ɪlːiː sometimes referred to as Dilli) is the second largest metropolis of India, with a population The Golden Quadrilateral (GQ is the largest Express highway project in India launched by former prime minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee. A system roughly shaped in a diamond form that consists of 4 to 6 laned roads.
The Republic of Ireland has a similar system to the United Kingdom except that its major roads are classed as 'N' road or 'R' road rather than 'A' road/'B' road as in the UK. Ireland ( Irish: Éire, ˈeːrʲə is a country in north-western Europe. Ireland, both north and south of the border, has an extensive network of roads Ireland, both north and south of the border, has an extensive network of roads The Great Britain road numbering scheme is a Numbering system used to classify and identify all Roads in Great Britain.
In Italy the term highway can be applied to superstrada (can be translated as expressway) and autostrada (Italian term for motorway): this country was the first one in the world to build such roads. An expressway is a Divided highway for high-speed traffic with at least partial Control of access. Autostrada (plural Autostrade) is the Italian word for Motorways Freeways but is also used in several countries including Romania Motorway is a term for both a type of Road and a classification or designation
The expressways, or kōsokudōro (high speed roads), of Japan are made of a huge network of freeway-standard toll roads. The expressways (高速道路 kōsokudōro, lit high-speed road) of Japan make up a large network of Freeway -standard toll roads. Once government-owned, they have been a turned over to private companies. Most expressways are four lanes with a central reservation, or median. On divided roads including Expressways Motorways or Autobahns the central reservation (British English, median (North American The speed limits, with certain regulations and great flexibility, usually include a maximum speed of 100 km/h, and a minimum speed of 50 km/h. There are also expresways not able to classified as national or urban expressways.
The highest level of major roads in Malaysia, expressway (lebuhraya), has full access control, grade separated junctions, and mostly tolled. For the biogeographical region see Malesia Malaysia (məˈleɪʒə or /məˈleɪziə/ is a country that consists of thirteen states and The Malaysian Expressway System (Sistem Lebuhraya Malaysia which begins with the NSE, is in the process of being substantially increased The expressways link the major state capitals in Peninsular Malaysia and major cities in Klang Valley. Peninsular Malaysia ( Semenanjung Malaysia) also known as Malaya or West Malaysia, is the part of Malaysia which lies on Klang Valley (Lembah Klang is an area in Malaysia comprising Kuala Lumpur and its suburbs and adjoining cities and towns in the state of Selangor
Highway is lower level with limited access control, some at-grade junctions or roundabouts, and generally with 2 lanes in each separated direction. A roundabout is a type of Road junction at which Traffic enters a one-way stream around a central island These are generally untolled and funded by the federal government, hence the first one is called Federal Highway linking Klang and Kuala Lumpur. Federal Highway or Lebuhraya Persekutuan in Malay is a Malaysian Highway connecting the capital city of Kuala Lumpur, and Klang Klang (ˈklæŋ ( Malay: Kelang ( is the royal capital of the state of Selangor, Malaysia within a district Kuala Lumpur (ˈkwɑːləlʊmˈpʊər Malay /kwɑlɑlʊmpʊ/ and locally /kwɑləlʊmpɔ/ or even /kɔlɔmpɔ/ or often abbreviated as K
The trunk roads linking major cities and towns in the country are called federal trunk roads, and are generally 2 lanes single carriageway roads, in places with a third climbing lane for slow lorries.
In New Zealand, both motorway and an expressway have at least two-lanes of traffic in either direction separated by a median, with no access to adjacent properties. The New Zealand State Highway network is the major national highway network in New Zealand. New Zealand is an Island country in the south-western Pacific Ocean comprising two main landmasses (the North Island and the South Island Motorway is a term for both a type of Road and a classification or designation An expressway is a Divided highway for high-speed traffic with at least partial Control of access. The distinction depends on the type of traffic allowed to use the route. Non-vehicular traffic and farm-equipment are prohibited from motorways, while pedestrians, cyclists, tractors, and farm animals are legally entited to use expressways such as the Waikato Expressway south of the Bombay Hills and the Tauranga expressway system, although this is rare. New Zealand's main routes are designated state highways as they are funded by the National Government. State Highway 1 is the only route to run through both the North and South Islands, and runs (in order north-south) from Cape Reinga to Wellington in the North Island, and from Picton to Bluff in the South Island. State Highway 1 is the most significant road in the New Zealand roading network. Cape Reinga ( Te Reinga or Te Rerenga Wairua in Māori) Suitable vehicles can travel much of the way via Ninety Mile Beach and Te Paki Wellington (ˈwælɪŋtən is the Capital of New Zealand, the country's second largest urban area, the The North Island is one of the two main islands of New Zealand, the other being the South Island. Picton is a town in the Marlborough region of New Zealand. It is near the head of Queen Charlotte Sound near the north-east corner of the South Island Bluff is a town and Seaport in the Southland region on the southern coast of the South Island of New Zealand. The South Island is the larger of the two major islands of New Zealand, the other being the more populous North Island. State Highways 2-5 are main routes in the North Island, State Highways 6-9 in the South Island, and state highways numbered from 10 onwards are generally found in numerical order from north to south. State highways usually incorporate different standards of roads, for example, State Highway 1 from Auckland to Hamilton incorporates the Northern and Southern Motorways in the Auckland area, the Waikato Expressway, and a rural road before passing through the streets of Hamilton. The Auckland metropolitan area or Greater Auckland, in the North Island of New Zealand, is the largest and most populous urban area in the country Hamilton ( Kirikiriroa in Māori) is the centre of New Zealand 's fourth largest Urban area, and is the country's seventh largest City The term freeway is rarely used relating to New Zealand roads, and can only be considered an Americanism.
Pakistan has its own network of highways and motorways. |name = Islamabad|native_name = |nickname = |settlement_type = Capital City |total_type Pakistan () officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, is a country located in South Asia, Southwest Asia, Middle East and Motorways extending from M1 to M10 will eventually connect whole length of the country from Peshawar to Karachi. The first motorway, the M2 was built in 1997 with the contract being awarded to the Korean firm Daewoo. Korea is a geographic area composed of two sovereign countries a civilization and a former state situated on the Korean Peninsula in East Asia. This article is about the Chaebol Daewoo Group For the Korean auto company Daewoo Motors that is associated with Chevrolet, see GM Daewoo. It linked the federal capital Islamabad with Punjab's provincial capital Lahore. |name = Islamabad|native_name = |nickname = |settlement_type = Capital City |total_type The Punjab ( Urdu:) province of ( lahor is the capital of the Pakistani province of Punjab and is the second largest city in Pakistan after Karachi. The network was then extended to Sargodha and then to Faisalabad with the M3. Sargodha (Urduis a city located in Punjab province Pakistan. It is located in northeast Pakistan to the north-west of Lahore by the lower Jhelum ( is a city located in the province of Punjab, Pakistan. It was formerly known as Lyallpur. M1 highway to the North-West Frontier Province's capital Peshawar had been completed in October 2007. The North-West Frontier Province (NWFP ( Urdu: śimāl maġribī sarhadī sūba) is the smallest of the four main provinces of Pakistan. ( پښور; Urdu: پشاور) is the capital of the North-West Frontier Province and the administrative centre for the Federally Administered M4, M5, M6 and M7 have been planned and also being built by local and foreign firms. This will connect Faisalababd, Multan, Dera Ghazi Khan, Rotadero (Larkana) to Karachi. N5 links Karachi to other cities. (ڪراچي) is the largest city in Pakistan. It is the world's second largest city proper behind Mumbai in terms of population which exceeds 10 million Entry on all Pakistan highways is restricted to fast moving wheelers only. Slow-moving traffic and two wheelers (such as motorcycles and bicycles) are not allowed and construction and agricultural machinery is also restricted. Highway Police personnel use heavy motor bikes and fast moving Range Rovers for patrolling and are quite good at maintaining the traffic system. M9 and M10 are also functional now that connect Karachi to Hayderabad. The LSM (Lahore Sialkot Motorway) which is 103 km is under construction and will be completed by 2010.
Many Philippine expressways are privately owned and maintained. An expressway is a Divided highway for high-speed traffic with at least partial Control of access. All are located in the largest island, Luzon. Luzon is the largest and most economically and politically important Island in the Philippines and one of the three island groups in the country with Visayas They follow the US Interstate Highway Standards and speed limits are strictly enforced. The Dwight D Eisenhower National System of Interstate and Defense Highways, commonly called the Interstate Highway System (or simply the Interstate System) The most modern and the longest expressway, the North Luzon Expressway links the capital, Manila to other provinces in Northern Luzon while the South Luzon Expressway links Manila with provinces on the Southern Luzon. The North Luzon Expressway ( NLE or NLEx) formerly called North Diversion Road, is a limited-access toll expressway that connects Metro Manila The South Luzon Expressway (SLEx or (SLE, also called South Superhighway (SSH, is a network of two expressways that connects Metro Manila with the provinces
Presently, all Philippine expressways are under rehabilitation to decrease the occurrence of traffic jams and to improve their quality. They are widened and improved of standards.
There are only six tollways in Luzon island, the North Luzon Expressway (connecting Manila to North Luzon), the South Luzon Expressway (connecting Manila to the rest of the Philippines), the Roman Expressway (in Bataan peninsula), Tipo Expressway (connecting Subic Freeport to Dinalupihan), the Southern Tagalog Access Road (STAR Tollway) (connecting Sto. Tomas to Lipa), and the Manila-Cavite Expressway, connecting Metro Manila with the Province of Cavite.
Despite that many highways in Metro Manila, there are still two lane and one way roads like national and provincial roads around the country.
SCUTs (Sem Custo para o UTilizador, meaning in english no cost for drivers)are the freeways in the continental Portugal. The VR1-1a and the VR3-1a are the two major freeways of the Azores located on the island of São Miguel. The VR1-1a starts at the John Paul II International Airport and drives east to the Ponta Delgada Roundabout where it diverts into two separate freeways (VR1-1a and VR3-1a) connecting the city to the north and central regions of the island. Maximum speed of 110. 120 in some regions further from Ponta Delgada and 90 from the Ponta Delgada Roundabout until the airport (the oldest strip of the freeway) The oldest part of the freeway (constructed mid 90s) lacks in many common safety features such as shoulders and exits / entrances that have a yield sign rather than a separate lane to allow traffic to speed up or calm down.
The expressways of Singapore are all dual carriageways with grade-separated access. The expressways of Singapore are special Roads allowing motorists to travel quickly from one urban area to another They usually have three lanes in each direction, although there are two- or four-lane carriageways in some places. There are nine expressways, with another one, the Marina Coastal Expressway, currently under construction. The Marina Coastal Expressway ( Abbreviation: MCE;; Malay: Lebuhraya Pantai Marina) is the second newest of Singapore 's
Construction on the first expressway, the Pan Island Expressway, started in 1966. The Pan Island Expressway ( Abbreviation: PIE;; Malay: Lebuhraya Seluruh Pulau) is the oldest and longest of Singapore 's The other expressways were completed in stages, with the first phase of the Kallang-Paya Lebar Expressway being the most recently completed, in 2007. The Kallang-Paya Lebar Expressway ( Abbreviation: KPE;; Malay: Lebuhraya Kallang-Paya Lebar) is the third newest of Singapore Today, there are 92. 5 miles (148km) of expressways in Singapore. A mile is a unit of Length, usually used to measure Distance, in a number of different systems including Imperial units United States The kilometre ( American spelling: kilometer) symbol km is a unit of Length in the Metric system, equal to one thousand
Colloquially, the terms "freeway", "highway", and "motorway" are used synonymously. There are very few references to the term "expressway" in South Africa. A freeway, highway or motorway refers to a divided dual carriageway with limited access, and at least two lanes in either direction. A dual carriageway or divided highway is a road or Highway in which the two directions of traffic are separated by a central barrier or strip of land known as a A limited-access road or controlled-access road is a Road to which access from adjacent properties is limited in some way A central island, usually either with drainage, foliage or high-impact barriers, provides a visible separation between carriageways in opposite directions. As with the UK,Ireland & Australia, South Africans drive on the left-hand side of the road and all steering wheels are on the right-hand side of vehicles.
Freeways are designated with one of three labels: N (in reference to national roads), R (short for "route", in reference to provincial roads), and M (in reference to metropolitan roads). This has more to do with the location of a road and its function than anything else. In addition, "N" roads usually run the length of the country over long distances, "R" roads usually inter-connect cities and towns within a province, and "M" roads carry heavy traffic in metropolitan areas. Route markings also determine who paid for the road: "N" was paid for by national government, "R" by provincial government and "M" by local government. In recent years, some "R" roads have been re-designated as "N" roads, so that control and funding comes from the South African National Roads Agency.
Spain's national highway system dates back to the era of King Carlos III. Spain () or the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España is a country located mostly in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula. Charles III ( January 20, 1716 – December 14, 1788) was King of Spain 1700–88 (as Carlos III King of Naples and The roads built at this time, radiating from Madrid, form the basis for the carreteras nacionales radiales, numbered clockwise from I to VI, which radiate from Madrid to major ports or border crossings. Madrid (pronounced in English in Spanish and colloquially in Spain) is the Capital and largest city of Spain. Madrid (pronounced in English in Spanish and colloquially in Spain) is the Capital and largest city of Spain. In the 1960s Spain constructed autopistas (toll highways) and autovias, and nowadays (2005) has 15,000 km of highways. Spain () or the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España is a country located mostly in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula.
The term Autobahn (German) / Autoroute (French) / Autostrada (Italian) is used for normal expressways where there is a central physical structure separating two different directional carriageways. Autobahnen, Autoroutes or Autostrade are names of the national Freeways of Switzerland. (German ˈaʊtoːbaːn plural Autobahnen; English /ˈɔːtəʊbɑːn/ is the German word for a major high- Speed Road restricted to motor The German language (de ''Deutsch'') is a West Germanic language and one of the world's major languages. Autoroute is the French word for a major high-speed road restricted to motor vehicles without crossings and having limited access French ( français,) is a Romance language spoken around the world by 118 million people as a native language and by about 180 to 260 million people Autostrada (plural Autostrade) is the Italian word for Motorways Freeways but is also used in several countries including Romania Italian ( or lingua italiana) is a Romance language spoken by about 63 million people as a First language, primarily in Italy. This is often translated into English as motorway.
In express routes where there is no central physical structure separating two different directional carriageways, but crossings are still motorway-like otherwise, and traffic lights are not present, the road is instead called an Autostrasse / Semi-autoroute / Semi-autostrada, translated into English as a motorroad. Those often have a lower speed limit than motorways.
Turkey's main highway is E80 (former E5) runs from Edirne to the capital Ankara. Highways in Turkey are a network in development State Roads The numeration of State roads as indicated below D - 0XX D - 1XX D - 2XX D Edirne (anc Hadrianopolis; Greek Adrianople; Slavic/Bulgarian Одрин, see also its other names) is a city in Thrace, the westernmost Ankara is the capital of Turkey and the country's second largest city after İstanbul.
In the United Kingdom, unless a route is classified as a motorway, the term used may be main road, trunk road, 'A' road/'B' road, or, where appropriate, dual carriageway. Different legislation applies in the different countries of the United Kingdom due to different legal systems and legislative devolution The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located Motorway is a term for both a type of Road and a classification or designation A trunk road, trunk highway, or strategic road is a major Road &mdashusually connecting two or more cities, Ports Airports The Great Britain road numbering scheme is a Numbering system used to classify and identify all Roads in Great Britain. A dual carriageway or divided highway is a road or Highway in which the two directions of traffic are separated by a central barrier or strip of land known as a In the law of England and Wales the term highway covers rights of way open to all traffic (as opposed to a footpath for pedestrians or a bridleway for those users plus equestrians), to a byway open for all traffic (for all the aforementioned users, plus any motorised user), to unclassified county roads, classified roads, trunk roads, motorways and special roads. History The Roman occupation of Britain was the first period in which the area of present-day England and Wales was administered as a single unit (with the exception In England and Wales, public rights of way are paths on which the public have a legally protected right to pass and re-pass A pedestrian is a person travelling on foot whether Walking or Running. For the Roman class see Equestrian (Roman Equestrianism refers to the skill of riding or driving Horses This broad description In British law, there is no definition of "road", and generally the most common usage refers to:
In England and Wales the public are said to have a "right of way" over a Highway. A carriageway is a part of a Road referring to the part that will technically carry vehicle traffic See also the disambiguation page Byway A byway in the United Kingdom is a minor secondary or tertiary road This means that, subject to statutory restrictions, the route must be kept clear to allow travel by anyone who wishes to it. At common law, it is forbidden to obstruct a highway or interfere with passage. However, many statutory provisions provide powers to do so (for instance to carry out road works). Rights of way exist both over roads maintained at the public expense (the majority of roads) and over some roads on private property. In this case, the owner must allow passage over the highway. A right of way may be created by custom (i. e. the road has been used for a long period of time) or under the relevant positions of the Highways Act 1980. A right of way may by only be extinguished or diverted by or under an Act of Parliament. For instance, under the Channel Tunnel Rail Link Act 1996 authority is given for the builder of the rail link to stop up certain highways mentioned in Schedule 3 of the act.
The contrast to a Highway is a private road over which no right of way exists. Travel on a private road is subject to the consent of the owner of the land.
In the United States, "highway" is a general term for denoting a public way, including the entire area within the right-of-way, and includes many forms:
Many highways are part of the official National Highway System. The National Highway System (NHS of the United States comprises approximately 160000 miles (256000 kilometers of Roadway including the Interstate Highway
The familiarity of the Interstate Highway system implies "highway" describes any freeway, regardless of whether it is part of the Interstate Highway system. The Dwight D Eisenhower National System of Interstate and Defense Highways, commonly called the Interstate Highway System (or simply the Interstate System)
However, the United States Numbered Highways system, which predates Interstate Highways, can vary from 2 lanes (1 lane each direction), shoulderless, paved roads with no access control to roads built to the same standards as Interstate Highways. The system of United States Numbered Highways (often called U These roads are usually distinguished by being important, but not always primary, routes that connect populated areas.
"Highway" even includes roads that serve similar purposes to United States numbered highways but which are numbered and maintained by state or local governments.
In some places, "highway" is a synonym for "road" or "street". For example, California Motor Vehicle Code § 360 states: "'Highway' is a way or place of whatever nature, publicly maintained and open to the use of the public for purposes of vehicular travel. Highway includes street. "
Today, many of the highways in the United States of America are made of concrete and use outdated freeway interchanges. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the In the field of Road transport, an interchange is a road junction that typically The government is trying to improve its national roadway system by repaving highways and reconstructing various interchanges. Many cloverleaf interchanges are being converted to parclo interchanges, based on the well-received Canadian Ministry of Transportation (Ontario)'s models or other variations. Overview Cloverleaf interchanges viewed from overhead or on maps resemble the leaves of a Four-leaf clover. The parclo interchange (a Portmanteau of partial cloverleaf interchange) is a modification of a Cloverleaf interchange. The Ministry of Transportation of Ontario (MTO is an Ontario government ministry responsible for Transport Infrastructure and Law Busy Diamond interchanges are also being converted to SPUI (single-point-urban interchange) s or parclos to reduce congestion. A diamond interchange is a common type of Road junction. Diamond interchanges are used where a Freeway crosses a minor road A single-point urban interchange ( SPUI, ˈspuːi or /ˈspjuːi/ also called a single-point interchange ( SPI) or single-point diamond interchange The parclo interchange (a Portmanteau of partial cloverleaf interchange) is a modification of a Cloverleaf interchange.
Arguably, the most famous United States highway is Route 66. It is immortalized in the song "(Get Your Kicks On) Route 66. " Other famous highways of song include Carefree Highway in Arizona (Gordon Lightfoot, 1974), Colorado Boulevard in Pasadena, California (Jan & Dean, also Beach Boys, 1964), Ventura Highway in California (America, 1972), and Blues Highway in Mississippi (Fred McDowell, 1959).
Zimbabwe uses 2 types of highway. These are called: Autofamba and Autoruwendo. Zimbabwe has an excellent road network, but it is poorly maintained.
By reducing travel times relative to arterial streets, highways have a positive effect upon balance of leisure or productive time through reduced commute and other travel time. However, highways have criticisms, partially due to being an extended linear source of pollution:
To quote the Ontario Ministry of Transportation:
New highways can also cause habitat fragmentation, encourage urban sprawl and allow human intrusion into previously untouched areas. Habitat fragmentation is a process of environmental change important in Evolution and Conservation biology. Urban sprawl, also known as suburban sprawl, is the spreading of a city and its Suburbs over rural land at the fringe of an urban area Public transport can also lose users, indirectly leading to greater pollution.
For information on the history and local styles of highways around the world, refer to: