High-heeled footwear (often abbreviated as high heels) is footwear which raise the heel of the wearer's foot significantly higher than the toes. Footwear consists of Garments worn on the feet, for protection against the environment and Adornment. The heel is the prominence at the posterior end of the Foot. It is based on the projection of one Bone, the Calcaneus, behind the articulation of the The foot is an Anatomical structure found in many Animals It is the terminal portion of a limb which bears weight and allows Locomotion. Toes are the digits of the Foot of an animal Many animal species such as Cats walk on their toes and are described as being Digitigrade When both the heel and the toes are raised equal amounts, as in a platform shoe, it is not considered to be a "high-heel". Platform shoes are Shoes Boots or sandals with thick soles often made of cork plastic rubber or wood (wooden-soled platform shoes are technically also This tends to give the illusion of longer and more slender legs. High-heels come in a wide variety of styles, and the heels are found in many different shapes, including stiletto, pump, block, tapered, blade, and wedge.
According to high fashion shoe websites like Jimmy Choo and Gucci, a "low heel" is considered less than 6 centimeters (2. Dato' Jimmy Choo OBE, born Jimmy Choo Yeang Keat (周仰杰 iuis a London -based luxury fashion designer best known for his hand-made women's The House of Gucci, better known simply as Gucci, is an Italian iconic fashion and Leather goods label A centimetre ( American spelling: centimeter, symbol cm) is a unit of Length in the Metric system, equal to one hundredth 5 inches), while 6 centimeters to 8. Inches redirects here To see the Les Savy Fav album see Inches. 5 centimeters (3. 5 inches) heels are considered "mid heels," and anything over 8. 5 centimeters is considered a "high heel".
Although high heels are almost exclusively worn by girls and women, there are shoe designs worn by both genders that have elevated heels, including cowboy boots and cuban heels. Cowboy boots refer to a specific style of Riding boot, historically worn by Cowboys They have a High heel, rounded to pointed toe high shaft and traditionally
Raised heels are stated to have been a response to the problem of the rider's foot slipping forward in stirrups while riding. For the bone see Stapes. For other uses of the word stirrup see Stirrup (disambiguation. The "rider's heel," approximately 1-1/2" high, appeared around 1500. The leading edge was canted forward to help grip the stirrup, and the trailing edge was canted forward to prevent the elongated heel from catching on underbrush or rock while backing up, such as in on-foot combat. These features are evident today in riding boots, notably cowboy boots. Cowboy boots refer to a specific style of Riding boot, historically worn by Cowboys They have a High heel, rounded to pointed toe high shaft and traditionally
The simple riding heel gave way to a more stylized heel over its first three decades. Beginning with the French, heel heights among men crept up, often becoming higher and thinner, until they were no longer useful while riding, but were relegated to "court-only" wear. By the late 1600s men's heels were commonly between three and four inches in height.
In 1533, the diminutive wife of the Duke of Orleans, Catherine de' Medici, commissioned a cobbler to fashion her a pair of heels, both for fashion, and to increase her stature. Henry II (Henri II (31 March 1519 &ndash 10 July 1559 of the House of Valois and the son and successor of Francis I, was King of France from 31 Catherine de' Medici (April 13 1519 &ndash January 5 1589 was born in Florence, Italy as Caterina Maria Romula di Lorenzo de' Medici. They were an adaptation of chopines (elevated wooden soles with both heel and toe raised not unlike modern platform shoes), but unlike chopines the heel was higher than the toe and the "platform" was made to bend in the middle with the foot. Platform shoes are Shoes Boots or sandals with thick soles often made of cork plastic rubber or wood (wooden-soled platform shoes are technically also
High-heeled shoes quickly caught on with the fashion-conscious men and women of the French court, and spread to pockets of nobility in other countries. The term "well-heeled" became synonymous with opulent wealth. Both men and women continued wearing heels as a matter of noble fashion throughout the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. When the French Revolution drew near, in the late 1700s, the practice of wearing heels fell into decline in France due to its associations with wealth and aristocracy. The French Revolution (1789–1799 was a period of political and social upheaval in the History of France, during which the French governmental structure previously an Throughout most of the 1800s, flat shoes and sandals were usual for both sexes, but the heel resurfaced in fashion during the late 1800s, almost exclusively among women.
Throughout the last 60 years high-heels have fallen in and out of favor several times, most notably in the late 90s, when lower heels and even flats predominated. A stocking, sometimes referred to as hose is a close-fitting variously elastic garment covering the Foot and lower part of the Leg. Lower heels were preferred during the late 60s and early 70s as well, but higher heels returned in the late 80s and early 90s. The shape of the fashionable heel has also changed from block (70s) to tapered (90s), and stiletto (50s, 80s, and post-2000).
Today, high-heels are typically worn by women, with heights varying from a Cuban heel of 1½" to a stiletto heel (or spike heel) of 4" or more. A stiletto heel ( AmE: spike heel) is a long thin heel found on some Boots and Shoes usually for women Extremely high-heeled shoes, such as those higher than 5", are normally worn only for aesthetic reasons and are not considered practical. Court shoes are conservative styles and often used for work and formal occasions, while more adventurous styles are common for evening wear and dancing. High-heels have seen significant controversy in the medical field lately, with many podiatrists seeing patients whose severe foot problems have been caused almost exclusively by high-heel wear.
Wedge heel is another style of the heel, where heel is in a wedge form and continues all the way to the toe of the shoe.
Reasons for wearing high-heels, which are almost exclusively aesthetic, include:
Reasons for not wearing high-heels include:
Although high heels originated in France as male footwear around 1500, since the late 1700s, men's shoes have had primarily low heels. A notable exception is cowboy boots, which continue to sport a taller riding heel. Cowboy boots refer to a specific style of Riding boot, historically worn by Cowboys They have a High heel, rounded to pointed toe high shaft and traditionally The two-inch Cuban heel features in many styles of men's boot, but was popularised by Beatle boots, famously worn by the English rock group, The Beatles, which saw the reintroduction of heels for men. The Beatles were a pop and rock band from Liverpool, England formed in 1960  Winklepicker boots also usually feature a Cuban heel. Winklepickers (also known as Winkle Pickers) are a style of shoe or boot worn from the 1950s onward by male and female British Rock and roll fans There was also a brief resurgence in higher-heeled shoes for men in the 1970s(in Saturday Night Fever, John Travolta's character wears a Cuban heel in the opening sequence). Saturday Night Fever is a 1977 film starring John Travolta as Tony Manero a troubled Brooklyn youth whose weekend activities are dominated
The stiletto of certain kinds of high-heels can damage some types of floors. Such damage can be prevented by heel protectors, also called covers, guards, or taps, which fit over the "stiletto" tips to keep them from direct, marring contact with delicate surfaces, such as linoleum (rotogravure) or urethane-varnished wooden floors. Heel protectors are widely used in ballroom dancing, as such dances are often held on wooden flooring. Ballroom dance refers collectively to a set of Partner dances which originated in Germany and are now enjoyed both socially and competitively around the
High-heeled shoes slant the foot forward and down while bending the toes up. The more that the feet are forced into this position, the more it may cause the Achilles tendon to shorten. The Achilles tendon (or occasionally Achilles’ tendon) also known as the calcaneal tendon or the tendocalcaneous, is a Tendon of the posterior This may cause problems when the wearer chooses lower heels or flat-soled shoes. When the foot slants forward, a much greater weight is transferred to the ball of the foot, increasing the likelihood of damage to the underlying soft tissue which supports the foot. In many shoes, style dictates function, either compressing the toes, or forcing them together, possibly resulting in blisters, corns, hammer toes, bunions, and many other medical conditions, most of which are permanent, and will require surgery to alleviate the pain. A blister is a small pocket of fluid within the upper layers of the skin A callus (or Callosity) is an especially toughened area of Skin which has become relatively thick and hard as a response to repeated contact or pressure A hammer toe is a Deformity of the middle joint of the second third or fourth Toe causing it to be permanently bent resembling a Hammer. A bunion ( hallux valgus) is a structural deformity of the bones and the Joint between the foot and big toe and may be painful High heels--because they tip the foot forward-- put pressure on the lower back through making the rump push outwards and crushing the lower back vertebrae and contracting the muscles of the lower back. 
If it is not possible to avoid high heels altogether, some doctors suggest that the wearer wear high-heels no more often than twelve hours a day, and that they are spending at least a third of the time on their feet in contour-supportive "flat" shoes (such as exercise sandals), or well-cushioned "sneaker-type" shoes, saving high heels for special occasions.
One of the most critical problems of high-heeled-shoe design involves a properly constructed toe-box. Improper construction here can cause the most damage to one's foot. Toe-boxes which are too narrow force the toes to be "crammed" too close together. Ensuring that room exists for the toes to assume a normal separation so that high-heel wear remains an option rather than a debilitating practice, is an important issue in improving the wearability of women's high-heeled fashion shoes.
Wide heels do not necessarily offer more stability, and any raised heel with too much width, such as found in "blade-" or "block-heeled" shoes, induces unhealthy side-to-side torque to the ankles with every step, stressing them unnecessarily, while creating additional impact on the balls of the feet. Thus, the best design for a high-heel is one with a narrower width, where the heel is closer to the front, more solidly under the ankle, where the toe box provides room enough for the toes, and where forward movement of the foot in the shoe is kept in check by material snug across the instep, rather than by toes jamming together in the toe box.
Interestingly enough, despite the medical issues surrounding high-heel wear, a few podiatrists recommend well-constructed low to moderate heels for some patients. It appears a slight elevation of the heel improves the angle of contact between the metatarsals and the horizontal plane, thereby more closely approximating the proper angle and resulting in proper weight distribution of a normally-arched foot. Other foot specialists, however, argue that any heel causes unnecessary stresses on the various bones and joints of the foot.
A recent study suggested that wearing high heels may improve the tone of a woman's pelvic floor. In Physiology, Medicine, and Anatomy, muscle tone (aka residual muscle tension or tonus) is the continuous and passive partial The pelvic floor or pelvic/urogential diaphragm is composed of muscle fibers of the Levator ani, the Coccygeus, and associated Connective tissue