Hereford shown within Herefordshire
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|List of places: UK • England • Herefordshire|
Hereford (/ˈhɛrɨfəd/) is a city, civil parish and county town of Herefordshire, in the West Midlands region of England. A civil parish in the United Kingdom is a unit of local government. The districts of England are a level of subnational division of England used for the purposes of local government Constitution Herefordshire was reconstituted both as a new Non-metropolitan district (effective 19th July 1996 and as a new County comprising the area of the The ceremonial counties are areas of England that are appointed a Lord-Lieutenant, and are defined by the government as the Counties for the purposes of the Lieutenancies Constitution Herefordshire was reconstituted both as a new Non-metropolitan district (effective 19th July 1996 and as a new County comprising the area of the The region, also known as the government office region, is currently the highest tier of local government sub-national entity of England, with only one The West Midlands is an official Region of England, covering the western half of the area traditionally known as the Midlands. Constituent country is a phrase used often by official institutions in contexts in which a country makes up a part of a larger entity or grouping England is a Country which is part of the United Kingdom. Its inhabitants account for more than 83% of the total UK population whilst its mainland This list of sovereign states, alphabetically arranged gives an overview of States around the world with information on the extent of their Sovereignty. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located A post town is a required part of all postal addresses in the United Kingdom, and a basic unit of the postal delivery system UK Postal codes are known as postcodes. UK postcodes are Alphanumeric. The, also known as the Hereford postcode area, is a group of postal districts around Bromyard, Hereford, Kington, Ledbury, Leominster The UK Telephone numbering plan, also known as the National Telephone Numbering Plan, is the system used for assigning Telephone numbers in the United There are a number of law enforcement agencies in the United Kingdom. West Mercia Constabulary is the Home Office Police force responsible for policing the counties of Shropshire (including Telford and Wrekin) The fire service in the United Kingdom operates under separate legislative and administrative arrangements in England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and The Hereford and Worcester Fire and Rescue Service is the Statutory fire and rescue service covering Herefordshire and Worcestershire in the The West Midlands Ambulance Service NHS Trust (WMAS is the second-largest ambulance service in the UK West Midlands is a Constituency of the European Parliament. It currently elects 7 MEPs using the D'Hondt method of Party-list proportional This is a list of the 646 constituencies currently represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, as at the 2005 general election Hereford is a Constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom comprising the City of Hereford and most of South A Gazetteer of place names in the United Kingdom showing each place's County, Unitary authority or council area and its geographical coordinates List of places --> List of cities in the United Kingdom List of towns in England Lists of places This is a list of cities towns and villages in the county of Herefordshire, England. A geographic coordinate system enables every location on the Earth to be specified in three coordinates using mainly a spherical coordinate system. A civil parish in the United Kingdom is a unit of local government. A county town is the 'capital' of a County in the United Kingdom or Republic of Ireland. Constitution Herefordshire was reconstituted both as a new Non-metropolitan district (effective 19th July 1996 and as a new County comprising the area of the The West Midlands is an official Region of England, covering the western half of the area traditionally known as the Midlands. England is a Country which is part of the United Kingdom. Its inhabitants account for more than 83% of the total UK population whilst its mainland It lies on the River Wye, approximately 16 miles (26 km) east of the border with Wales, 21 miles (34 km) southwest of Worcester, and 23 miles (37 km) northwest of Gloucester. This article is about the river that flows along or close to the Anglo-Welsh border Worcester (ˈwʊstə is a city and County town of Worcestershire, in the West Midlands of England. Gloucester (ˈɡlɒstɚ) is a city, district and County town of Gloucestershire in the South West region of England. With a population of 50,400 people, it is the largest settlement in the county.; IPA:
The name "Hereford" is said to come from the Anglo Saxon "here", an army or formation of soldiers, and the "ford", a place for crosing through a river. If this is the origin it suggests that Hereford was a place where a body of armed men forded or crossed the Wye. This article is about the river that flows along or close to the Anglo-Welsh border The Welsh name for Hereford is Henffordd (or Henfordd).
Hereford Cathedral dates from 1079 and contains the Mappa Mundi, a medieval map of the world dating from the 13th century which was restored in the late 20th century. The current Hereford Cathedral, located at Hereford in England, dates from 1079 The Hereford Mappa Mundi is a T and O map derivate, dating to ca It also contains the world famous Chained Library. A chained library is a Library where the books are attached to their Bookcase by a chain which is sufficiently long to allow the books to be taken from their shelves
An early town charter from 1189 granted by King Richard describes it as 'Hereford in Wales'.  Hereford has been recognised as a city since time immemorial, with the status being reconfirmed as recently as October 2000. Time immemorial is a phrase meaning time extending beyond the reach of Memory, record or Tradition.  
It is now known chiefly as a trading centre for a wider agricultural and rural area. Products from Hereford include: cider, beer, leather goods, nickel alloys, poultry, chemicals and cattle, including the famous Hereford breed. For the non-alcoholic beverage commonly known in the US as "cider" see Apple cider. Beer is the world's oldest and most widely consumed Alcoholic beverage and the third most popular drink overall after water and tea Leather is a material created through the Tanning of hides and Skins of Animals primarily Cattlehide The Tanning process Nickel (ˈnɪkəl is a metallic Chemical element with the symbol Ni and Atomic number 28 A chemical substance is a Material with a definite chemical composition. Cattle, colloquially referred to as cows, are domesticated Ungulates a member of the Subfamily Bovinae of the family Hereford Cattle are a widely used breed in Temperate areas mainly for beef production The city was the home of the British Special Air Service (SAS) for many years, although the Regiment relocated to nearby Credenhill in the late 1990s
Hereford railway station opened in 1854. The Special Air Service ( SAS) is a Special forces regiment within the British Army which has served as a model and inspiration for the special Credenhill is a village and Civil parish in Herefordshire, lying on the A480 road 4½ miles north-west of the city of Hereford. For a history of railways in Hereford see Railways in Hereford. It is on the Welsh Marches Line. Route The cities towns and villages served by the routes are listed below from south to north Newport connections with the South
Hereford was founded in around 700 AD and became the Saxon capital of West Mercia. For their language see Anglo-Saxon language. Anglo-Saxon is the term usually used to describe the invading Tribes in the south Mercia (ˈmɝsiə was one of the kingdoms of the Anglo-Saxon Heptarchy. The present Hereford Cathedral dates from the 12th century. The current Hereford Cathedral, located at Hereford in England, dates from 1079 Former Bishops of Hereford include Saint Thomas de Cantilupe and Lord High Treasurer of England Thomas Charlton. The Bishop of Hereford is the Ordinary of the Church of England Diocese of Hereford in the Province of Canterbury. Thomas de Cantilupe (c 1218 &ndash 25 August 1282) was an English Saint and Prelate. Thomas Charlton (died 11 January 1344. was Bishop of Hereford, Lord High Treasurer of England, Lord Privy Seal, and
The city gave its name to two suburbs of Paris, France: Maisons-Alfort (population 54,600) and Alfortville (population 36,232), due to a manor built there by Peter of Aigueblanche, Bishop of Hereford, in the middle of the 13th century. Paris (ˈpærɨs in English; in French) is the Capital of France and the country's largest city This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. Maisons-Alfort is a commune in the southeastern suburbs of Paris, France. Alfortville is a commune in the southeastern suburbs of Paris, France. Peter of Aigueblanche or Peter of Aquablanca (died November 27 1268) Bishop of Hereford, belonged to a noble family of Savoy and came to The Bishop of Hereford is the Ordinary of the Church of England Diocese of Hereford in the Province of Canterbury.
Hereford was once the site of a castle, Hereford Castle that rivalled that of Windsor in size and scale and this was the base for repelling Welsh attacks and a secure stronghold for English Kings such as King Henry IV when on campaign against Owain Glyndŵr. Hereford Castle was a castle in the Cathedral city of Hereford ( in Herefordshire. Windsor Castle, in Windsor in the English county of Berkshire, is the largest inhabited Castle in the world and dating back to the time of Henry IV (3 April 1367 &ndash 20 March 1413 was King of England and Lord of Ireland (1399&ndash1413 Owain Glyndŵr (pronounced 'owain glin'dwr or Owain Glyn Dŵr, Anglicised by Shakespeare into Owen Glendower (c The castle was dismantled in the 1700s and landscaped into Castle Green.
During the civil war the city changed hands several times. The English Civil War (1642-1651 was a series of armed conflicts and political machinations between Parliamentarians and Royalists. On 30 September 1642, Parliamentarians led by Sir Robert Harley and Henry Grey, 1st Earl of Stamford occupied the city without opposition. Events 1399 - Henry IV is proclaimed King of England. 1744 - France and Spain defeat the The Parliament of England was the Legislature of the Kingdom of England. Sir Robert Harley (1579&ndash1656 was an English statesman who served as Master of the Mint for Charles I and later supported the parliamentarians during Henry Grey 1st Earl of Stamford (c 1599 &ndash August 21, 1673) known as the Lord Grey of Groby from 1614 to 1628 was an English nobleman In December, they withdrew to Gloucester because of the presence in the area of a Royalist army under Lord Herbert. Gloucester (ˈɡlɒstɚ) is a city, district and County town of Gloucestershire in the South West region of England. Cavalier was the name used by Parliamentarians for a Royalist supporter of King Charles I during the English Civil War ( 1642 &ndash 1651 Edward Herbert 1st Baron Herbert of Cherbury ( March 3, 1583 &ndash August 20, 1648) was a British soldier Diplomat The city was again occupied briefly from 23 April to 18 May 1643 by Parliamentarians commanded by Sir William Waller but it was in 1645 that the city saw most action. Events 215 BC - A temple is built on the Capitoline Hill dedicated to Venus Erycina to commemorate the Roman defeat at Events 1152 - Henry II of England marries Eleanor of Aquitaine. Sir William Waller (c 1597 - September 19 1668) was an English soldier during the English Civil War. War is an international relations Dispute, characterized by organized Violence between National Military units On 31 July 1645 a Scottish army of 14,000 under Alexander Leslie, 1st Earl of Leven besieged the city but met stiff resistance from its garrison and inhabitants. Events 30 BC - Battle of Alexandria: Mark Antony achieves a minor victory over Octavian 's forces but most of his army subsequently Scotland ( Gaelic: Alba) is a Country in northwest Europethat occupies the northern third of the island of Great Britain. Alexander Leslie 1st Earl of Leven (c 1580 - April 4, 1661) was a Scottish soldier in Dutch and then Swedish service from 1605 Garrison (various spellings (from the French garnison, itself from the verb garnir, "to equip" is the collective term for a body of Troops They withdrew on 1 September when they received news that a force led by King Charles was approaching. Events 462 - Possible start of first Byzantine indiction cycle. Charles I, (19 November 1600 &ndash 30 January 1649 was King of England, Scotland and Ireland from 27 March 1625 until his execution. The city was finally taken for Parliament on 18 December 1645 by Colonel Birch and Colonel Morgan. The Parliament of England was the Legislature of the Kingdom of England. Events 218 BC - Second Punic War: Battle of the Trebia - Hannibal 's Carthaginian forces defeat those of the Colonel John Birch ( September 7 1615 - May 10 1691) was a soldier in the English civil war and later Member of parliament
Nell Gwynne, the mistress of King Charles II, is said to have been born in Hereford in 1650 (although other towns and cities, notably Oxford claim her as their own), and a street 'Gwynn Street' is named after her. Eleanor "Nell" Gwyn (or Gwynn or Gwynne) (1650 - 14 November 1687 was one of the earliest English Actresses to receive prominent recognition Charles II (Charles Stuart 29 May 1630 – 6 February 1685 was the King of England, Scotland, and Ireland. Oxford is currently bidding for the 2010 Wikimania Conference Oxford () is a city, and the County town of Oxfordshire,
Hereford is also home to the oldest inhabited building in Britain, the Bishop's Palace, built in 1204 and continually used to the present day.
There have been plans for many years for a north-south bypass, and currently the plan is for a nine-mile dual carriageway, however HM Government refuses to grant permission or supply funds.
The main local government body covering Hereford is Herefordshire Council. Herefordshire Council is the Local government authority for the county of Herefordshire in England Hereford has a "City Council" but this is actually a parish council with city status, and has only limited powers. A civil parish in the United Kingdom is a unit of local government.
Historically Hereford has been the county town of Herefordshire. A county town is the 'capital' of a County in the United Kingdom or Republic of Ireland. Constitution Herefordshire was reconstituted both as a new Non-metropolitan district (effective 19th July 1996 and as a new County comprising the area of the In 1974 Herefordshire was merged with Worcestershire to become part of the county of Hereford and Worcester, and Hereford became a district of the new county. Worcestershire (ˈwʊstəʃə abbreviated Worcs) is a county located in the West Midlands region of central England. Hereford and Worcester was an English county created on 1 April 1974 by the Local Government Act 1972 from the area of the former administrative Non-metropolitan districts, or colloquially ' shire districts', are a type of local government district in England. Hereford had formed a historic borough and was reformed by the Municipal Corporations Act 1835. The Municipal Corporations Act 1835 (5 & 6 Wm IV c76 - sometimes known as the Municipal Reform Act - required members of town councils ( Municipal corporations 
On 1 April 1998, the County of Hereford and Worcester was abolished, and Herefordshire and Worcestershire were re-established as separate counties, although with slightly altered borders. Events 527 - Byzantine Emperor Justin I names his nephew Justinian I as co-ruler and successor to the throne Year 1998 ( MCMXCVIII) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar)
However, the new Herefordshire was a unitary authority without any districts, and so Hereford lost its district status (although, confusingly, the authority's full legal name is the County of Herefordshire District Council). See also Independent city A unitary authority is a type of Local authority that has a single tier and is responsible for all Local government functions Charter Trustees were appointed to preserve mayoral traditions until a civil parish council could be set up in 2000. In England and Wales, Charter Trustees are set up to maintain the continuity of a Town charter or City charter after a district with the status A civil parish in the United Kingdom is a unit of local government. Hereford is one of only seven civil parishes in England which have city status.
The current member of the House of Commons for Hereford constituency is Paul Keetch. A Member of Parliament, or MP, is a representative elected by the voters to a Parliament. The House of Commons' is the Lower house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, which also comprises the Sovereign and the House of Lords Hereford is a Constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom comprising the City of Hereford and most of South Paul Stuart Keetch (born 21 May 1961, Hereford) is a Liberal Democrat politician in the United Kingdom.
Major employers include:
A major regeneration project is planned in Hereford city centre, known as the Edgar Street Grid. HP Bulmer, otherwise known as Bulmers Cider, was founded in 1887 in Hereford, England by Percy Bulmer the 20 year old son of the local rector at For the non-alcoholic beverage commonly known in the US as "cider" see Apple cider. Nickel (ˈnɪkəl is a metallic Chemical element with the symbol Ni and Atomic number 28 The Skylon was a futuristic-looking slender vertical cigar-shaped steel Tensegrity structure that apparently floated above the ground built in 1951 for the The Edgar Street Grid is a major regeneration project taking place in Hereford city centre This covers an area of around 100 acres just north of the old city walls. Work is expected to start in 2010, and should take around 15 years to complete.
Hereford is home of Hereford United Football Club, best known for beating Newcastle in the FA Cup in 1972. Hereford United Football Club are an English professional football club based in the city of Hereford. Newcastle United Football Club (also known as The Magpies or The Toon) is an English football club based in Newcastle upon The Football Association Challenge Cup, commonly known as the FA Cup, is a knockout cup competition in English football, run by and named after They had a spell in the Football League from 1972 to 1997 reaching the second tier of English football in 1976, and were relegated to non-League status in 1997 before returning to beat Halifax Town A.F.C. 3-2 in the Nationwide Conference play-off final in 2005-06 to book a return to the Football League. The Football League, also known as the Coca-Cola Football League for sponsorship reasons is a league competition featuring professional football clubs From 1892 until 1992 the Football League Second Division was the second highest division overall in English football. Halifax Town Association Football Club were an English football team who most recently played in the Conference National. Conference National (currently named the Blue Square Premier for sponsorship reasons is the top division of the Football Conference. They were again promoted, this time automatically, during the 2007-08 season.
Hereford also has successful rugby and cricket teams.
Hereford has a thriving nine pin skittle league, formed on 24 October 1902 and today consisting of five divisions. Skittles is an old European target sport, a variety of Bowling, from which Ten-pin bowling, Duckpin bowling, and Candlepin bowling Events 69 - Second Battle of Bedriacum, forces under Antonius Primus the commander of the Danube armies loyal to Vespasian, defeat Year 1902 ( MCMII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year starting
The Hereford Rowing Club uses the River Wye; it is a popular club with a strong junior group. This article is about the river that flows along or close to the Anglo-Welsh border The stretch of river is also used by universities and for other water sports.
Herefordshire is home to many colleges including five colleges in the city:
These three colleges are collectively known as the "Folly Lane colleges" and in late 2005 secured £28. 4 million from the Learning and Skills Council to fund a new Learning Village, which would secure Further Education for the long term in a county that has no university. The Learning and Skills Council is a Non-departmental public body jointly sponsored by the Department for Innovation Universities and Skills and Department of Children Herefordshire Council announced preliminary work would begin in early 2006, though it was not until late November that the first phase began.  A £2 million music and teaching block was opened at the Sixth Form College in April 2006.
Because of Hereford's proximity to the universities of Worcester and Gloucestershire and the city's/county's relatively small population, there are no plans to create a University of Hereford or Herefordshire.
Other colleges are;
It is also home to many schools including:
The annual Three Choirs Festival, originating in the eighteenth century and one of the oldest music festivals in Europe, is held in Hereford every third year, the other venues being Gloucester and Worcester. The Three Choirs Festival is a music festival held each August alternately at the cathedrals of the Three Counties, ( Hereford, Gloucester and Worcester Gloucester (ˈɡlɒstɚ) is a city, district and County town of Gloucestershire in the South West region of England. Worcester (ˈwʊstə is a city and County town of Worcestershire, in the West Midlands of England. The city's main theatre and cultural venue is the Courtyard Centre for the Arts which was opened in 1998, replacing the New Hereford Theatre. The Courtyard Centre for the Arts is a theatre and arts venue in Hereford, England, located on Edgar Street just outside the city centre
The original lineup of The Pretenders, with the exception of lead singer Chrissie Hynde, were from Hereford, as were the rock band Mott the Hoople. The Pretenders are a British rock band The original band consisted of group founder and main Songwriter Chrissie Hynde ( lead vocals Chrissie Hynde (born Christine Ellen Hynde, 7 September 1951 Akron Ohio) is an American rock musician best known as the leader of the band The Pretenders Mott the Hoople were a 1970s English rock band with strong R&B roots and known for being part of the popular Glam rock scene of the early Actor and director Frank Oz was born in Hereford, and lived there for the first five years of his life. Frank Oz (born May 25, 1944) is a British-born American Film director, Actor and Puppeteer.
The troops of the fictional commando squad Rainbow were based at RAF Hereford, as detailed in the novel Rainbow Six. In Military science, the term commando can refer to an individual a Military unit, or a raiding style of military operation. Tom Clancy's Rainbow Six is the title of John Clark's position as director of the fictional counter-terrorist unit Rainbow Rainbow Six is a Techno-thriller novel written by Tom Clancy.
The Local radio station is Wyvern FM which broadcasts on 97. Wyvern FM is a radio station broadcasting to Herefordshire and Worcestershire in England. 6FM.
Hereford is briefly mentioned in Ronin (film) as a ploy by Sam (Robert De Niro) to expose Spence (Sean Bean) as a liar. Ronin is a 1998 action - Thriller film written by JD Zeik and David Mamet and directed by John Frankenheimer. Robert Mario De Niro Jr (born August 17 1943 is a two-time Academy Award -winning American Film Actor, director and producer Shaun Mark Bean (born 17 April 1959 is an English Film and stage Actor.
Hereford is twinned with: