Henry D. Marrow, Junior, called Dickie by his friends and family, was 23 when he was murdered in Oxford, North Carolina on May 11, 1970, the victim of a violent "hate crime". Oxford is a city in Granville County, North Carolina, United States. Events 330 - Byzantium is renamed ''Nova Roma'' during a dedication ceremony but is more popularly referred to as Constantinople Year 1970 ( MCMLXX) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link shows full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Hate crimes (also known as bias motivated crimes) occur when a perpetrator targets a victim because of his or her membership in a certain Social group, usually defined Henry Marrow's three killers were all found "not guilty". This verdict spurred a rebellion by blacks in the county and influenced events across the country. Black is the Color of objects that do not emit or Reflect Light in any part of the Visible spectrum; they absorb all such frequencies of
"Dickie" Marrow was born to Henry D. Marrow, Sr. and Ivey Hunt Marrow around 1947. His parents separated early on, and when Henry, Sr. died in a violent quarrel, Ivey could not provide for her son alone. While his mother was working in New Jersey, Henry lived with his mother's parents in Oxford during his childhood, eventually moving in with the Chavis family during his adolescence while he attended Mary Potter High School. New Jersey ( is a state in the Mid-Atlantic and Northeastern regions of the United States. Oxford is a city in Granville County, North Carolina, United States. After his graduation, Henry attended Kittrell College for about a year. Kittrell College was a two-year Historically black college located in Kittrell North Carolina from about 1886 until 1975
At the age of 19, Henry Marrow, Jr. joined the military and was stationed in Fort Bragg in the same state; however, Henry did not like Army life and sneaked home often, making a three-hour trip, sometimes to see one Willie Mae Sidney. Henry was subsequently discharged and moved back to Oxford, taking employment at Umstead Hospital in Butner, NC and marrying Ms. Butner is a town in Granville County, North Carolina, United States. Sidney.
Willie Mae Marrow gave birth to two girls, Tammy and Tasha, and was carrying a third daughter when her husband was killed. Mr. Marrow was 5'9" (175. 26 cm), and 140 lb (64 kg) at the time of his death.
Though the details of the story remain uncertain, Marrow seems to have been shopping at a local general store owned by the Teels when he made a passing remark to a white woman. "Corner shop" redirects here For the British band see Cornershop. Some say Marrow's words were flirtatious and the woman's husband, Larry Teel, who was 18 at the time, deemed them so.
Larry confronted Marrow, who denied the remark was to his wife. Larry struck Henry with a wooden plank several times before Marrow managed to throw gravel at him and pull a knife out of his pocket. Meanwhile, Robert Teel and his stepson, Roger Oakley, grabbed their weapons -- a 12-gauge shotgun, an over-under . The Gauge or bore of a Shotgun or Rifle is a unit of measurement used to express the Diameter of the barrel. A shotgun (also known as a scattergun) is a Firearm that is usually designed to be fired from the shoulder which uses the energy of a fixed shell to fire a number 410-caliber shotgun, and . 22 caliber rifle -- and rushed to the scene. A rifle is a Firearm designed to be fired from the shoulder with a barrel that has a helical groove or pattern of grooves ("rifling" cut into the barrel walls
Seeing himself outnumbered, Henry fled, running for the highway, and the three men gave chase. Robert fired his shotgun, striking Henry in the thigh and knocking him down. When the three reached Henry, they pummeled him with the butts of their rifles, the plank, their fists and feet. The butt of the shotgun fractured Marrow's skull, breaking in the process. According to the witnesses, Robert said, "Shoot the son of a bitch," and one of his sons pulled the trigger of the combo rifle and put a bullet in Henry's head.
Marrow died in the ambulance on the way to a hospital.
The Marrow murder prompted the first major stirrings of the American Civil Rights Movement in Granville County. The American Civil Rights Movement (1955–1968 refers to the reform movements in the United States aimed at abolishing racial discrimination against African Granville County is a County located in the US state of North Carolina. On the day of Marrow's funeral, mourners marched from the gravesite to the Confederate monument in downtown Oxford, where leaders spoke about the significance of the murder. The Confederate States of America (also called the Confederacy, the Confederate States, and CSA) formed as the government set up from 1861 A similar march was held the next day.
As upsetting as the murder to the black community was the fact that the white establishment quickly rallied to support Robert and Larry Teel, who were charged with the murder. A legal defense fund was established, and the Ku Klux Klan stepped up its activities in the area. Ku Klux Klan ( KKK) is the name of several past and present secret domestic terrorist organizations in the United States, generally in the southern states that are
In reaction to these events, a group of black Vietnam veterans launched a campaign of arson against the white business community. The Vietnam War, also known as the Second Indochina War, or the Vietnam Conflict, occurred in Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia The burning of several warehouses and shops was worth an estimated $1 million in damages.
At the murder trial, following a jury selection process which produced an all white jury, the defense team first attempted to portray the murder as self defense, then on the last day of the trial, produced as a witness Roger Oakley, who claimed that he had fired the fatal shot, but accidentally (several witnesses had identified Larry Teel as the shooter). The jury returned a verdict of not guilty on all counts, a result which the prosecutor declared "absolutely the worst miscarriage of justice I have ever seen. "
After the trial, Benjamin Chavis, a local civil rights organizer, started a boycott of white-owned businesses in the area. Benjamin Chavis is an African-American Civil rights activist He was born Benjamin Franklin Chavis Jr This boycott was eventually successful in bringing about racial integration in Oxford. Racial integration, or simply integration includes Desegregation (the process of ending systematic Racial segregation) By late autumn of 1970, the white community was forced to agree to the integration of the town.