Henry FitzAlan, 19th Earl of Arundel (c. 1511 – 24 February 1580) was an English nobleman, who over his long life assumed a prominent place at the court of all the later Tudor sovereigns, probably the only person to do so. Events 303 - Galerius, Roman Emperor, publishes his edict that begins the persecution of Christians in his portion of the (Note that some sources number him as 12th Earl of Arundel. )
He was the only son of William FitzAlan, 18th Earl of Arundel, and his second wife Anne Percy, daughter of Henry Percy, 4th Earl of Northumberland, and was named for Henry VIII, who personally stood as his godfather at his baptism. William FitzAlan 18th Earl of Arundel (1476&ndash 23 January 1544) was an English peer, styled as Lord Maltravers from 1487 to 1524 Henry Percy 4th Earl of Northumberland, (c 1449 &ndash 28 April, 1489) son of Henry Percy 3rd Earl of Northumberland and his wife Eleanor Poynings Henry VIII (28 June 1491 &ndash 28 January 1547 was King of England and Lord of Ireland, later King of Ireland and claimant to the Kingdom of
At 15, Arundel became a page at king Henry's court. When he came of age, in 1533, he was summoned to Parliament as Lord Maltravers, a subsidiary title of his father, who was still alive. He attended the trials of Anne Boleyn and her alleged lover Lord Rochford in 1536. Anne Boleyn (1501 or 1507 – 19 May 1536 was the Queen of England as the second wife of Henry VIII of England.
In 1540 he was appointed deputy of Calais. He remained there, improving the fortifications at his own expense, until his father's death in 1543/4. He returned to England to assume the earldom, and was made a Knight of the Garter. The Most Noble Order of the Garter is an Order of chivalry, or Knighthood, originating in Medieval England, and presently bestowed on recipients War with France soon brought him back to the continent, where he spent much of 1544. He then returned to England, where the king appointed him Lord Chamberlain. The Lord Chamberlain or Lord Chamberlain of the Household is one of the chief officers of the Royal Household in the United Kingdom, and is to be distinguished
After Henry's death in 1547, Arundel was Lord High Constable at Edward VI's coronation. The Lord High Constable of England is the seventh of the Great Officers of State, ranking beneath the Lord Great Chamberlain and above the Earl Marshal Edward VI (12 October 1537 &ndash 6 July 1553 became King of England and Ireland on 28 January 1547 and was crowned on 20 February at the age of nine He continued as Lord Chamberlain, and in addition, by the terms of Henry's will, was designated one of the council of 12 assistant executors. The advent of the new king's uncle Edward Seymour (later Duke of Somerset) as Lord Protector negated Arundel's influence however, and he soon became a prominent advocate of Seymour's removal in favor of John Dudley, Earl of Warwick (later Duke of Northumberland). } Edward Seymour 1st Duke of Somerset (c 1506 &ndash 22nd January 1552 was Lord Protector of England in the period between the death of Henry VIII in Lord John Dudley (1501 &ndash 22 August, 1553) was a Tudor general admiral and politician who de facto ruled England in the latter half of King
Seymour was in fact deposed and sent to the Tower of London in 1549, with Arundel and Warwick among the leaders of the new governing group. Her Majesty's Royal Palace and Fortress, more commonly known as the Tower of London (and historically as The Tower) is a historic monument in central London Warwick soon became jealous of Arundel's influence, created a series of trumped-up charges, and had him removed from office and placed under house arrest. Arundel was eventually cleared of the charges, but the experience pushed him into the camp of the Duke of Somerset (who had been released from the tower). When Somerset was again arrested in 1551, Arundel was implicated in some of his plots, and was himself arrested and imprisoned for a year. He was eventually pardoned from these charges (whose truth was again somewhat dubious) and returned to his place on the governing council.
He found the council contemplating the succession in view of the declining health of King Edward. Arundel opposed Northumberland's plan to declare the king's sisters illegitimate, but after Edward's death he ostensibly went along with the council as it prepared to proclaim Lady Jane Grey the new sovereign. Lady Jane Grey (1536/1537&ndash 12 February 1554) also referred to as Queen Jane, a greatniece of Henry VIII of England, was a claimant Meanwhile, he secretly wrote to Princess Mary, informing her of her brother's death (which was not yet public knowledge) and warning her of the plans afoot to bypass her. Mary I (18 February 1516 &ndash 17 November 1558 was Queen of England and Queen of Ireland from 19 July 1553 until her death He continued to publicly support Lady Jane, but at the same time, after secret meetings with other supporters of Mary, arranged for the proclamation of Mary as queen by the citizens of London. Taking the great seal, he then rode off to Framlingham, where Mary was staying.
At Mary's coronation, Arundel was for the second time High Constable, and was then appointed Lord Steward of the royal household. The Lord Steward or Lord Steward of the Household, in England, is an important official of the Royal Household. He served in various roles in her court, being, for example, one of the nobles who received her husband Philip II of Spain when he landed at Southampton. Philip II (Felipe II de España Filipe I ( May 21, 1527 &ndash September 13 1598) was King of Spain from 1556 until 1598
Although Queen Elizabeth did not trust him, he was too powerful to be slighted or ignored, and so he was retained in his various offices when she ascended the throne. For the third time, he had a high place at a royal coronation.
Arundel took part in some of the many conspiracies of Elizabeth's reign, and, while he was at times placed under house arrest, he retained his properties and titles. In the 1998 film Elizabeth, he was portrayed by Edward Hardwicke. Elizabeth is a 1998 film loosely based on the early reign of Queen Elizabeth I of England. Edward Hardwicke, sometimes credited as Edward Hardwick, (born August 7, 1932) the son of Sir Cedric Hardwicke and actress Helena Pickard
Arundel married twice. His first wife was Katherine, daughter of Thomas Grey, 2nd Marquess of Dorset and Margaret Wotton. Thomas Grey second Marquess of Dorset KG KB ( 22 June 1477 – 10 October 1530) was an English peer . By her he had one son, Henry Lord Maltravers (1538-56), and 2 daughters: Jane (d. Jane (or Joanna Lady Lumley, née Fitzalan (1537&ndash1578 was the first person to translate Euripides into English 1576/7), who married John Lord Lumley, and Mary (d. 1557), who married Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk, and whose son Philip, eventually inherited the Earldom of Arundel. Thomas Howard 4th Duke of Norfolk ( 10 March, 1536 &mdash 2 June 1572) was an English nobleman also the 1st Earl of Southampton Saint Philip Howard 20th Earl of Arundel ( 28 June 1557 &ndash 19 October 1595) was an English Nobleman.
His second wife was Mary, daughter of Sir John Arundell of a prominent Cornish family, and widow of Richard Ratcliffe, 1st Earl of Sussex. They had no children.
Arundel's portrait was painted several times, including once by Hans Holbein. Hans Holbein is the name of two German Renaissance painters Hans Holbein the Elder ( 1460 - 1524) father
|Lord Lieutenant of Sussex|
The Lord Lumley
|Chancellor of the University of Oxford|
|Peerage of England|
|Earl of Arundel|
(writ in acceleration)