Photo of Henri Matisse by Carl Van Vechten, 1933. Carl Van Vechten ( June 17, 1880 &ndash December 21, 1964) was an American Writer and Photographer who was a
|Birth name||Henri Matisse|
|Born||December 31, 1869|
Le Cateau-Cambrésis, Nord-Pas-de-Calais
|Died||November 3, 1954 (aged 84)|
|Field||painting, printmaking, sculpture, drawing, collage|
|Works||Woman With Hat (Madame Matisse), 1905|
Henri Matisse (December 31, 1869 – November 3, 1954) was a French artist, known for his use of colour and his fluid, brilliant and original draughtsmanship. Events 406 – Vandals, Alans and Suebians cross the Rhine, beginning an invasion of Gallia. Year 1869 ( MDCCCLXIX) is a Common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year Le Cateau-Cambrésis is a commune in northern France, in the Nord département. Nord-Pas de Calais (French Nord-Pas de Calais; Dutch Noord-Nauw van Kales) is one of the 26 regions of France. Events 644 - Umar ibn al-Khattab, the second Muslim Caliph, is killed by a Persian slave in Medina. Year 1954 ( MCMLIV) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1954 Gregorian calendar) Nice (nis Niçard Occitan: Niça norm or Nissa, Italian: Nizza or Nizza Marittima, Greek This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. Legal residents and citizens To be French according to the first article of the Constitution is to be a citizen of France regardless of one's origin race or religion ( Painting (pān'tīng in Art, is the practice of applying Color to a Surface (support base such as e Printmaking is the Process of making artworks by Printing, normally on Paper. Drawing is a Visual art that makes use of any number of drawing instruments to mark a two-dimensional medium A collage (From the coller to glue is a work of formal art primarily in the Visual arts, made from an assemblage of different forms thus creating a new whole Les Fauves ( French for The Wild Beasts) were a short-lived and loose grouping of early Modernism describes an array of Cultural movements rooted in the changes in Western society in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century Events 406 – Vandals, Alans and Suebians cross the Rhine, beginning an invasion of Gallia. Year 1869 ( MDCCCLXIX) is a Common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year Events 644 - Umar ibn al-Khattab, the second Muslim Caliph, is killed by a Persian slave in Medina. Year 1954 ( MCMLIV) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1954 Gregorian calendar) This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. The definition of an artist is wide-ranging and covers a broad spectrum of Activities to do with creating Art, practicing the Arts and/or demonstrating As a draughtsman, printmaker, and sculptor, but principally as a painter, Matisse is one of the best-known artists of the 20th century. Drawing is a Visual art that makes use of any number of drawing instruments to mark a two-dimensional medium Printmaking is the Process of making artworks by Printing, normally on Paper. Painting (pān'tīng in Art, is the practice of applying Color to a Surface (support base such as e Although he was initially labeled as a Fauve (wild beast), by the 1920s, he was increasingly hailed as an upholder of the classical tradition in French painting. Les Fauves ( French for The Wild Beasts) were a short-lived and loose grouping of early  His mastery of the expressive language of colour and drawing, displayed in a body of work spanning over a half-century, won him recognition as a leading figure in modern art. History of Modern art Roots in the 19th century Although modern Sculpture and Architecture are reckoned to have emerged at the end of the nineteenth
Born Henri-Émile-Benoît Matisse in Le Cateau-Cambrésis, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France, he grew up in Bohain-en-Vermandois in Northeastern France, where his parents owned a seed business. Le Cateau-Cambrésis is a commune in northern France, in the Nord département. Nord-Pas de Calais (French Nord-Pas de Calais; Dutch Noord-Nauw van Kales) is one of the 26 regions of France. This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. Bohain-en-Vernandois is a commune in the department of Aisne in Picardie in northern France. He was their first son. In 1887 he went to Paris to study law, working as a court administrator in Le Cateau-Cambrésis after gaining his qualification. Paris (ˈpærɨs in English; in French) is the Capital of France and the country's largest city Le Cateau-Cambrésis is a commune in northern France, in the Nord département. He first started to paint in 1889, when his mother had brought him art supplies during a period of convalescence following an attack of appendicitis. Appendicitis (or epityphlitis) is a condition characterized by Inflammation of the appendix. He discovered "a kind of paradise" as he later described it, and decided to become an artist, deeply disappointing his father.  In 1891 he returned to Paris to study art at the Académie Julian and became a student of William-Adolphe Bouguereau and Gustave Moreau. The Académie Julian was an Art school in Paris, France. Rodolphe Julian established the Académie Julian in 1868 at the Passage William-Adolphe Bouguereau (November 30 1825 – August 19 1905 was a French academic painter. Gustave Moreau ( April 6, 1826 &ndash April 18, 1898) was a French Symbolist painter. Initially he painted still-lifes and landscapes in the traditional Flemish style, at which he achieved reasonable proficiency. This article is about Still Life (or still lifes as plural the art form Flemish painting flourished from the early 15th century until the 17th century Chardin was one of Matisse's most admired painters; as an art student he made copies of four Chardin paintings in the Louvre. Jean-Baptiste-Siméon Chardin ( November 2, 1699 &ndash December 6, 1779) was an 18th-century French painter. The Louvre Museum (Musée du Louvre located in Paris is the world's most visited art museum a historic monument and a national museum of France  In 1896 he exhibited 5 paintings in the salon of the Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts, and the state bought two of his paintings. Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts ( SNBA) was the term under which two groups of French artists united the first for some exhibitions in the early 1860s the second since 1890  In 1897 and 1898, he visited the painter John Peter Russell on the island Belle Île off the coast of Brittany. John Peter Russell ( 16 June 1858 - 22 April 1930) was an Australian impressionist painter Belle-Île or Belle-Île-en-Mer ( ar Gerveur in Modern Breton)— Guedel in Old Breton—is a French Island off the Brittany (Breizh bʁejs Bretagne; Gallo: Bertaèyn) is a former independent Celtic kingdom and Duchy, now incorporated into Russell introduced him to Impressionism and to the work of Van Gogh (who had been a good friend of Russell but was completely unknown at the time). Impressionism was a 19th-century Art movement that began as a loose association of Paris -based Artists exhibiting their art publicly in the 1860s Matisse's style changed completely, and he would later say "Russell was my teacher, and Russell explained colour theory to me. Color Theory is the musical alter ego of American singer-keyboardist-songwriter Brian Hazard "
Influenced by the works of the post-Impressionists Paul Cézanne, Gauguin, Van Gogh and Paul Signac, and also by Japanese art, he made colour a crucial element of his paintings. Post-Impressionism is the term coined by the British artist and Art critic Roger Fry in 1910 to describe the development of French art since Manet. Eugène Henri Paul Gauguin (7 June 1848 – 8 May 1903 was a leading Post-Impressionist painter. Paul Signac ( November 11, 1863 – August 15, 1935) was a French neo-impressionist painter who working with Japanese art covers a wide range of art styles and media including ancient pottery sculpture in wood and bronze ink painting on silk and paper and a myriad of other types of works of Many of his paintings from 1899 to 1905 make use of a pointillist technique adopted from Signac. See also Neo-Impressionism Pointillism is a style of Painting in which small distinct points of Primary colors create the impression of a wide selection In 1898, he went to London to study the paintings of J. M. W. Turner and then went on a trip to Corsica. Joseph Mallord William Turner (23 April 1775 &ndash 19 December 1851 was an English Romantic landscape painter, Watercolourist and Corsica (Corse Corsican and Italian: Corsica) is the fourth largest island in the Mediterranean Sea (after Sicily
With the model Caroline Joblau, he had a daughter, Marguerite, born in 1894. In 1898 he married Amélie Noellie Parayre; the two raised Marguerite together and had two sons, Jean (born 1899) and Pierre (born 1900). Marguerite often served as a model for Matisse.
His first solo exhibition was in 1904, without much success. His fondness for bright and expressive colour became more pronounced after he moved southwards in 1905 to work with André Derain and spent time on the French Riviera. André Derain ( June 10, 1880 – September 8, 1954) was a French painter and co-founder of Fauvism with Henri Matisse The French Riviera (Côte d'Azur Occitan: Còsta Azzura) is one of the most famous resort areas in the world extending along the Mediterranean Sea west The paintings of this period are characterized by flat shapes and controlled lines, with expression dominant over detail.
In 1905, Matisse and a group of artists now known as "Fauves" exhibited work together in a room at the Salon d'Automne. Les Fauves ( French for The Wild Beasts) were a short-lived and loose grouping of early In 1903 the first Salon d'Automne (Autumn Salon was organized by Georges Rouault, André Derain, Henri Matisse and Albert Marquet as a Critic Louis Vauxcelles described the work with the phrase "Donatello au milieu des fauves!" (Donatello among the wild beasts), referring to a Renaissance-type sculpture that shared the room with them. Louis Vauxcelles (1870-1943 was an influential French art critic Donatello ( Donato di Niccolò di Betto Bardi; c 1386 &ndash December 13, 1466) was a famous early Renaissance Italian The Renaissance (from French Renaissance, meaning "rebirth" Italian: Rinascimento, from re- "again" and nascere  His comment was printed on 17 October 1905 in Gil Blas, a daily newspaper, and passed into popular usage. Events 539 BC - King Cyrus The Great of Persia marches into the city of Babylon, releasing the Jews from almost Year 1905 ( MCMV) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year starting This is about the novel For the French literary paper see Gil Blas (periodical Gil Blas ( French: L'Histoire de  The pictures gained considerable condemnation, such as "A pot of paint has been flung in the face of the public" from the critic Camille Mauclair, but also some favourable attention. Camille Faust (1872–1945 better known by his pseudonym Camille Mauclair, was a French poet novelist biographer travel writer and art critic  The painting that was singled out for attacks was Matisse's Woman with a Hat, which was bought by Gertrude and Leo Stein: this had a very positive effect on Matisse, who was suffering demoralization from the bad reception of his work. Gertrude Stein ( February 3, 1874 &ndash July 27, 1946) was an American Writer who spent most of her life in France Leo Stein (born 1872 in Allegheny Pennsylvania; died July 29, 1947, in Florence Italy) was an American art collector and critic 
Matisse was recognized as a leader of the group, along with André Derain; the two were friendly rivals, each with his own followers. André Derain ( June 10, 1880 – September 8, 1954) was a French painter and co-founder of Fauvism with Henri Matisse Other members were Georges Braque, Raoul Dufy and Maurice Vlaminck. Georges Braque ( May 13, 1882 &ndash August 31, 1963) was a major 20th century French painter and sculptor Raoul Dufy ( 3 June 1877 – 23 March 1953) was a French Fauvist painter Maurice de Vlaminck ( April 4, 1876 &ndash October 11, 1958) was a French painter. The Symbolist painter Gustave Moreau was the movement's inspirational teacher, and he did much for the era; a professor at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris, he pushed his students to think outside of the lines of formality and to follow their visions. Gustave Moreau ( April 6, 1826 &ndash April 18, 1898) was a French Symbolist painter. École des Beaux-Arts ("School of Fine Arts" refers to a number of influential Art schools in France.
In 1907 Appolinaire, commenting about Matisse in an article published in La Falange, said, "We are not here in the presence of an extravagant or an extremist undertaking: Matisse's art is eminently reasonable. The State Hermitage Museum (Государственный Эрмитаж Gosudarstvennyj Èrmitaž) in Saint Petersburg, Russia is one of the largest Saint Petersburg ( tr: Sankt-Peterburg,) is a city and a federal subject of Russia located on the Neva River Guillaume Apollinaire (in French ɡijom apɔliˈnɛʁ ( August 26, 1880 &ndash November 9, 1918) was a French Poet " But Matisse's work of the time also encountered vehement criticism, and it was difficult for him to provide for his family.  His controversial 1907 painting Nu bleu was burned in effigy at the Armory Show in Chicago in 1913. Blue Nude (Souvenir de Biskra ("Nu bleu Souvenir de Biskra" is a 1907 oil painting by Henri Matisse. Many exhibitions have been held in the vast spaces of US National Guard armories, but the Armory Show refers to the International Exhibition 
The decline of the Fauvist movement, after 1906, did nothing to affect the rise of Matisse; many of his finest works were created between 1906 and 1917, when he was an active part of the great gathering of artistic talent in Montparnasse, even though he did not quite fit in, with his conservative appearance and strict bourgeois work habits. Montparnasse is an area of Paris, France, on the left bank of the river Seine, centred on the intersection of the Boulevard du Montparnasse
Matisse had a long association with the Russian art collector Sergei Shchukin. Sergei Ivanovich Shchukin Сергей Иванович Щукин (27 May 1854 Moscow – 10 January 1936 Paris) was a Russian businessman who became an art collector He created one of his major works La Danse specially for Shchukin as part of a two painting commission, the other painting being Music, 1909. Matisse painted an extra (second) version of La Danse that is in the collection of The Museum of Modern Art in New York City. The Museum of Modern Art (MoMA is an art museum located in Midtown Manhattan in New York City, USA, on 53rd Street between Fifth The City of New York
Around 1904 he met Pablo Picasso, who was 12 years younger than him. The Desert Harmony in Red is a painting by French artist Henri Matisse, from 1908 The State Hermitage Museum (Государственный Эрмитаж Gosudarstvennyj Èrmitaž) in Saint Petersburg, Russia is one of the largest Saint Petersburg ( tr: Sankt-Peterburg,) is a city and a federal subject of Russia located on the Neva River Pablo Diego José Francisco de Paula Juan Nepomuceno María de los Remedios Cipriano de la Santísima Trinidad Martyr Patricio Clito Ruíz y Picasso (October 25 1881 &ndash April 8 1973  The two became life-long friends as well as rivals and are often compared; one key difference between them is that Matisse drew and painted from nature, while Picasso was much more inclined to work from imagination. The subjects painted most frequently by both artists were women and still lifes, with Matisse more likely to place his figures in fully realized interiors. This article is about Still Life (or still lifes as plural the art form Matisse and Picasso were first brought together at the Paris salon of Gertrude Stein and her companion Alice B. Toklas. Paris (ˈpærɨs in English; in French) is the Capital of France and the country's largest city Gertrude Stein ( February 3, 1874 &ndash July 27, 1946) was an American Writer who spent most of her life in France Alice B Toklas ( April 30, 1877 – March 7, 1967) was the life partner of writer Gertrude Stein. During the first decade of the 20th century Americans in Paris Gertrude Stein, her brothers Leo Stein, Michael Stein and Michael's wife Sarah were important collectors and supporters of Matisse's paintings. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Leo Stein (born 1872 in Allegheny Pennsylvania; died July 29, 1947, in Florence Italy) was an American art collector and critic In addition Gertrude Stein's two American friends from Baltimore Clarabel and Etta Cone became major patrons of Matisse and Picasso, collecting hundreds of their paintings. The Cone collection is now exhibited in the Baltimore Museum of Art. The Baltimore Museum of Art in Baltimore Maryland, was founded in 1914 
His friends organized and financed the Académie Matisse in Paris, a private and non-commercial school in which Matisse instructed young artists. It operated from 1911 until 1917. Hans Purrmann and Sarah Stein were amongst several of his most loyal students. Hans Marsilius Purrmann ( April 10, 1880 &ndash April 17, 1966) was a German Artist.
In 1917 Matisse relocated to Cimiez on the French Riviera, a suburb of the city of Nice. The Museum of Modern Art (MoMA is an art museum located in Midtown Manhattan in New York City, USA, on 53rd Street between Fifth The City of New York Cimiez is an Upper class neighborhood in Nice, France. The area contains the Henri Matisse Museum and the Roman Ruins (arena amphitheatre thermal This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. Cimiez is an Upper class neighborhood in Nice, France. The area contains the Henri Matisse Museum and the Roman Ruins (arena amphitheatre thermal The French Riviera (Côte d'Azur Occitan: Còsta Azzura) is one of the most famous resort areas in the world extending along the Mediterranean Sea west Nice (nis Niçard Occitan: Niça norm or Nissa, Italian: Nizza or Nizza Marittima, Greek His work of the decade or so following this relocation shows a relaxation and a softening of his approach. This "return to order" is characteristic of much art of the post-World War I period, and can be compared with the neoclassicism of Picasso and Stravinsky, and the return to traditionalism of Derain. World War I (abbreviated WWI; also known as the First World War, the Great War, and the War to End All Neoclassicism (sometimes rendered as Neo-Classicism or Neo-classicism) is the name given to quite distinct movements in the decorative and Igor Fyodorovich Stravinsky (Игорь Фёдорович Стравинский) ( &ndash 6 April 1971 was a Russian born Composer, considered by many to André Derain ( June 10, 1880 – September 8, 1954) was a French painter and co-founder of Fauvism with Henri Matisse His orientalist odalisque paintings are characteristic of the period; while popular, some contemporary critics found this work shallow and decorative. Orientalism refers to the imitation or depiction of aspects of Eastern cultures in the West by writers designers and artists and can also refer to a sympathetic stance An odalisque (Odalık was a virgin female slave in an Ottoman Seraglio.
After 1930 a new vigor and bolder simplification appear in his work. American art collector Albert C. Barnes convinced him to produce a large mural for the Barnes Foundation, The Dance II, which was completed in 1932. For the American theologian see Albert Barnes Albert Coombs Barnes ( January 2 1872 – July 24 1951 The Barnes Foundation is an educational art institution in Lower Merion Township, a suburb of Philadelphia Pennsylvania in the United States. The Foundation owns several dozen other Matisse paintings.
He and his wife of 41 years separated in 1939. In 1941 he was diagnosed with cancer and, following surgery, he started using a wheelchair. Cancer (medical term Malignant Neoplasm) is a class of Diseases in which a group of cells display uncontrolled Until his death he would be cared for by a Russian woman, Lidia Delektorskaya, formerly one of his models. With the aid of assistants he set about creating cut paper collages, often on a large scale, called gouaches découpés. His Blue Nudes series feature prime examples of this technique he called "painting with scissors"; they demonstrate the ability to bring his eye for colour and geometry to a new medium of utter simplicity, but with playful and delightful power.
In 1947 he published Jazz, a limited-edition book containing prints of colorful paper cut collages, accompanied by his written thoughts. Jazz (1947 is a book of about In the 1940s he also worked as a graphic artist and produced black-and-white illustrations for several books.
Matisse, thoroughly unpolitical, was shocked when he heard that his daughter Marguerite, who had been active in the Résistance during the war, was tortured and imprisoned in the Ravensbrück concentration camp. The French Resistance is the collective name used for the French Resistance movements which fought against the Nazi German Ravensbrück (ʁaːvənsˈbʁʏk was a notorious women's Concentration camp during in World War II, located in northern Germany 90 km north of Berlin 
In 1951 he finished a four-year project of designing the interior, the glass windows and the decorations of the Chapelle du Rosaire in Vence. The Chapelle du Saint-Marie du Rosaire (Chapel of Our Lady of the Rosary often referred to as the Matisse Chapel or the Vence Chapel, is a small chapel built for Vence is a commune set in the hills of the Alpes Maritimes department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southeastern This project was the result of the close friendship between Matisse and Sister Jacques-Marie. He had hired her as a nurse and model in 1941 before she became a Dominican Nun and they met again in Vence and started the collaboration, a story related in her 1992 book Henri Matisse: La Chapelle de Vence and in the 2003 documentary "A Model for Matisse". 
Matisse died of a heart attack at the age of 84 in 1954. Myocardial infarction ( MI or AMI for acute myocardial infarction) also known as a heart attack, occurs when the blood supply He is interred in the cemetery of the Monastère Notre Dame de Cimiez and a Matisse Museum was opened in the area.
The first painting of Matisse acquired by a public collection was Still Life with Geraniums (1910), exhibited in the Pinakothek der Moderne. Still Life with Geraniums is a 1910 oil on canvas painting by Henri Matisse. The Pinakothek der Moderne is a Modern art museum situated in the city centre of Munich, Germany.  Today, a Matisse painting can fetch as much as US $17 million. In 2002, a Matisse sculpture, Reclining Nude I (Dawn), sold for US $9. 2 million, a record for a sculpture by the artist.
Matisse's daughter Marguerite often aided Matisse scholars with insights about his working methods and his works. She died in 1982 while compiling a catalog of her father's work. 
Matisse's son, Pierre Matisse, (1900-1989) opened an important modern art gallery in New York City during the 1930s. Pierre Matisse (1900-1989 opened an important modern art gallery in the Fuller Building at 41 East 57th Street in New York City during the 1930s The City of New York The Pierre Matisse Gallery which was active from 1931 until 1989 represented and exhibited many European artists and a few Americans and Canadians in New York often for the first time. He exhibited Joan Miró, Marc Chagall, Alberto Giacometti, Jean Dubuffet, André Derain, Yves Tanguy, Le Corbusier, Paul Delvaux, Wilfredo Lam, Jean-Paul Riopelle, Balthus, Leonora Carrington, Zao Wou Ki, Sam Francis, sculptors Theodore Roszak, Raymond Mason and Reg Butler, and several other important artists, including the work of Henri Matisse. Joan Miró i Ferrà ( April 20, 1893 &ndash December 25, 1983) was an ethnic Catalan (of Spanish nationality Marc Chagall (מאַרק שאַגאַל&lrm Belarusian: Мойша Захаравіч Шагалаў Mojša Zaharavič Šagałaŭ; Russian: Марк Alberto Giacometti ( October 10, 1901 – January 11, 1966) was a Swiss sculptor, painter, draftsman, Jean Philippe Arthur Dubuffet ( July 31, 1901 - May 12, 1985) was one of the most famous French painters and sculptors André Derain ( June 10, 1880 – September 8, 1954) was a French painter and co-founder of Fauvism with Henri Matisse Raymond Georges Yves Tanguy ( January 5, 1900 &ndash January 15, 1955) was a Surrealist painter Charles-Édouard Jeanneret-Gris, who chose to be known as Le Corbusier ( October 6, 1887 – August 27, 1965) was a Swiss Paul Delvaux ( September 23, 1897 &ndash July 20, 1994) was a Belgian painter, famous for his Surrealist paintings Wifredo Oscar de la Concepción Lam y Castilla (b December 8, 1902, Sagua La Grande, Cuba; &ndash d Jean-Paul Riopelle, GOQ ( 7 October 1923 - 12 March 2002) was a painter and sculptor from Quebec, Balthasar Kłossowski de Rola ( February 29, 1908 in Paris &ndash February 18, 2001 in Rossinière, Switzerland Leonora Carrington (born April 6 1917) is a British -born artist a surrealist painter and while living in Mexico, a novelist Zao Wou-Ki ( born 13 February 1921 in Beijing) is a Chinese - French painter. Samuel Lewis Francis ( June 25, 1923, San Mateo, California – November 4, 1994, Santa Monica, Theodore Roszak (1907&ndash1981 was an American sculptor and painter. Raymond Mason (b 1922 in Birmingham, England) is a sculptor. He trained at the Birmingham School of Arts and Crafts under William Bloye Reginald Cotterell Butler ( 28 April 1913 - 23 October 1981) was an English sculptor 
Henri Matisse's grandson, Paul Matisse, is an artist and inventor living in Massachusetts. Paul Matisse (born 1933 is an artist and inventor He is known especially for his public art installations many of which are interactive The Commonwealth of Massachusetts ( is a state located in the New England region of the northeastern United States. Matisse's great granddaughter Sophie Matisse is active as an artist in 2008.
Luxe, Calme et Volupté, 1904, Musée National d'Art Moderne.
|SHORT DESCRIPTION||painting, printmaking, sculpture, drawing|
|DATE OF BIRTH||December 31, 1869|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Le Cateau-Cambrésis, Nord-Pas-de-Calais|
|DATE OF DEATH||November 3, 1954|
|PLACE OF DEATH||Nice, France|