Harvard College is the undergraduate section and oldest school of Harvard University, a private university in the United States, founded in 1636 by the Massachusetts legislature. Unlike Public universities, private universities generally do not receive direct operational funding from national or subnational governments and thus rely on private The United States of America —commonly referred to as the The College is instructed by the Faculty of Arts and Sciences, which also instructs the Harvard Graduate School of Arts and Sciences. The Harvard Faculty of Arts and Sciences (also known as FAS) is the largest of the seven faculties that comprise Harvard University. The Graduate School of Arts and Sciences ( GSAS) is the academic unit responsible for many post-baccalaureate degree programs offered through the Faculty of Arts and In accordance with the American norm, the College remains the heart of the University, and people often confuse the two; therefore, see Harvard University for more information relevant to life, academics, etc. at Harvard College. In 2006 The New York Times wrote that "the most prestigious college in the world, of course, is Harvard, and the gap between it and every other university is often underestimated. Colleges that emphasize teaching may well offer a better education than Harvard. But it still exerts a pull on teenagers that is unmatched. "
The name Harvard College dates to 1636. William Stoughton ( 30 September 1631 7 July 1701) was in charge of what has come to be known as the Salem Witch Trials, first In that year the New College, voted into theoretical existence two years earlier by the General Court of the colony, but still without a single building, teacher, or student, was named in honor of the deceased John Harvard, a minister from nearby Charlestown, who in his will had bequeathed to it his library and a sum of money. John Harvard ( November 26, 1607 &ndash September 14, 1638) was an English Clergyman after whom Harvard University Charlestown is a part of the city of Boston, Massachusetts located on a peninsula north of Boston proper In the understanding of its members at the time, the name "Harvard College" probably referred to the first (as they foresaw it) of a number of colleges which would someday make up a university along the lines of Oxford or Cambridge. The University of Oxford (informally "Oxford University" or simply "Oxford" located in the city of Oxford, Oxfordshire, England is the The University of Cambridge (often Cambridge University) located in Cambridge, England, is the second-oldest university in the The American usage of the word college had not yet developed: to the founders of Harvard, a college was an association of teachers and scholars for education, room, and board. College ( Latin collegium) is a term most often used today to denote an Educational Institution. Only a university could examine for and grant degrees; nonetheless, unhampered by this technicality, Harvard graduated its first students in 1642. Twenty-three years later, in 1665, Caleb Cheeshahteaumauk, "from the Wampanoag. . . did graduate from Harvard, the first Indian to do so in the colonial period" (Monaghan, E. J. , 2005, p. 55, 59). "His Latin address to the coroporation (New England Corporation), which begins, 'Honoratissimi benefactores' (Most honored benefactors), has been preserved. (Gookin, as quoted in Monaghan, E. Major-General Daniel Gookin ( 1612 - 19 March 1687) was a settler of Virginia and Massachusetts, and a writer on the subject of J. , 2005, p. 60).
But no further colleges were founded beside it; and as Harvard began to grant higher degrees in the late eighteenth century, people started to call it "Harvard University. " "Harvard College" survived, nonetheless; in accordance with the newly-emerging American usage of the words, it was the undergraduate division of the university—which was not a collection of similar colleges, but a collection of unique schools, each teaching a different subject.
Harvard's principal governing board (which happens to be the oldest continuous corporation in The Americas) still goes by its original name of "The President and Fellows of Harvard College" even though it has charge of the entire university and the "fellows" today are simply external trustees such as those who govern most American educational bodies—not residential educators like the fellows of an Oxbridge college. A corporation is a separate legal entity usually used to conduct business The Americas are the lands of the Western hemisphere or New World, consisting of the Continents of North America and South America The President and Fellows of Harvard College (also known as the Harvard Corporation) is the more fundamental of Harvard University 's two governing boards A fellow in the broadest sense is someone who is an equal or a comrade Oxbridge was originally a fictional composite of the University of '''Ox'''ford and the University of Cam'''bridge''' in England, and the term is now In current Harvard parlance, this governing board is frequently referred to simply as The Harvard Corporation.
Harvard College is considered to be one of the top undergraduate colleges in the United States, and admission to it is highly desired. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the For the class of 2010, the College admitted 2,109 students out of 22,753 applicants for an overall admittance rate of 9. 3%. The 2012 admissions pool was a record-setting 27,278 vying for admission into the pool of roughly 2,100 students, from which 1,948, or 7. 1%, ultimately were accepted. 
Many traditions around the College exist, including the superstitious belief that a person who touches the foot of the John Harvard statue during his campus visit is likely to be granted admission. Superstition ( Latin superstitio, literally "standing over" derived perhaps from standing in awe used in Latin as a unreasonable or excessive belief Tour guides estimate that more than a thousand high school students touch the statue each year, the most popular location being the left foot. A few enterprising students kiss the statue, but this is generally not recommended since a popular undergraduate game is to urinate on that foot while drunk. 
In March 2008, Harvard announced that no transfer applicants would be admitted for the next two academic years, in an effort to reduce overcrowding in the undergraduate residential House system. This controversial decision was announced after the academic year 2008-2009 transfer applications had already been submitted. Co-Master Mandana Sassanfar said that the House Masters has been discussing the issue of overcrowding since late 2007 and "decided it was more important to have enough housing for our own students first. " This decision has been called by "rash," “outrageous,” and “heartbreaking” by transfer applicants and others at Harvard. 
Nearly all students at Harvard College live on campus. First-year students live in dormitories in or near Harvard Yard (see List of Harvard dormitories). Dormitory typically refers in the United States to residence halls which are sleeping quarters or entire buildings primarily providing sleeping and residential quarters for Harvard Yard is a grassy area of about twenty-five acres (01 km² adjacent to Harvard Square in Cambridge Massachusetts, which constitutes the oldest part This is a list of dormitories at Harvard College. Only First-Years live in the dormitories Upperclass students live mainly in a system of twelve residential "Houses," which serve as administrative units of the College as well as dormitories. Each house is presided over by a "Master"—a senior faculty member who is responsible for guiding the social life and community of the House—and a "Resident Dean," who acts as dean of the students in the House in its administrative role. The Allston Burr Resident Dean, or simply the Resident Dean, is the highest-ranking academic officer of an undergraduate House at Harvard College. In Academic administration, a dean is a person with significant authority over a specific academic unit or over a specific area of concern or both
The House system was instituted by Harvard president Abbott Lawrence Lowell in the 1930s, although the number of Houses, their demographics, and the methods by which students are assigned to particular Houses have all changed drastically since the founding of the system. The President is the chief administrator of Harvard University. Abbott Lawrence Lowell ( January 1, 1856 &ndash January 6, 1943) was a U Funds for the Houses were donated, after much debate and controversy over the reforms, by Edward Harkness, a Yale graduate, who thus became the greatest benefactor to the university in Harvard history. Edward Stephen Harkness ( January 22, 1874 – January 29, 1940) was an American Philanthropist. At the same time, Harkness funded the development of Yale's very similar residential college system. A residential college is an organisational pattern for a division of a University that places academic activity in a Community setting of students and faculty usually (Harkness also donated funds to Phillips Exeter Academy, creating the Harkness plan of teaching around oval wooden tables. ) Lowell modeled it on the system of constituent colleges of Oxford and Cambridge, and the Houses borrow terminology from Oxford and Cambridge such as Junior Common Room (the set of undergraduates affiliated with a House) and Senior Common Room (the Master, Resident Dean, and other faculty members, advisors, and graduate students associated with the House). College ( Latin collegium) is a term most often used today to denote an Educational Institution. The University of Oxford (informally "Oxford University" or simply "Oxford" located in the city of Oxford, Oxfordshire, England is the The University of Cambridge (often Cambridge University) located in Cambridge, England, is the second-oldest university in the In some universities in the United Kingdom — particularly collegiate universities such as Oxford, Cambridge and Durham — the academic body In some universities in the United Kingdom — particularly collegiate universities such as Oxford, Cambridge and Durham — the academic body Non-faculty members of the Senior Common Room of a House are given the title "Tutor" and aid the students with day-to-day questions and concerns. 
Nine of the Houses are situated south of Harvard Yard, near the busy commercial district of Harvard Square, along or close to the northern banks of the Charles River, and so are known colloquially as the River Houses. Harvard Square is a large triangular area in the center of Cambridge, Massachusetts, at the intersection of Massachusetts Avenue, Brattle Street and John The Charles River is a small relatively short River in Massachusetts, USA, that separates Boston from Cambridge and These are:
The remainder of the residential Houses are located around Harvard's Quadrangle (or "the Quad," formerly the "Radcliffe Quadrangle"), in a more suburban residential neighborhood half a mile (800 m) northwest of Harvard Yard. John Adams (October 30 1735 July 4 1826 was one of the most influential Founding Fathers of the United States. Dunster House, built in 1930 is one of the first two Harvard University dormitories constructed under President Abbott Lawrence Lowell 's House Plan and one of the Henry Dunster ( November 26, 1609 – February 27, 1659) was an Anglo-American Puritan clergyman and educator Eliot House is one of twelve residential houses for upperclassmen at Harvard University. Charles William Eliot ( March 20 1834 &ndash August 22 1926) was an American Academic who was selected as Harvard's Kirkland House is one of the 12 undergraduate houses at Harvard University, located near the Charles River in Cambridge Massachusetts. John Thornton Kirkland (1770 – 1840 served as President of Harvard University from 1810 to 1828 LeverettHouseJPG|right|thumb|200px|McKinlock Courtyard]] Leverett House is the largest (by number of students of twelve residence houses for upperclass undergraduates (who have already John Leverett (1616 &ndash March 16, 1679) was a colonial magistrate merchant soldier and governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Lowell House is one of the twelve undergraduate residential houses at Harvard University for sophomores juniors and seniors The Lowell family settled on the North Shore at Cape Ann after they arrived in Boston on June 23, 1639. Mather House is one of the undergraduate residential houses at Harvard University. Increase Mather ( June 21 1639 &ndash August 23 1723) was a major figure in the early history of the Massachusetts Bay Colony Quincy House is one of the twelve upperclass residential houses of Harvard University, located on Plympton Street between Harvard Yard and the Charles River Josiah Quincy III ( February 4, 1772 &ndash July 1, 1864) was a U John Winthrop House is one of twelve undergraduate residences at Harvard College and home to slightly under 400 students The Massachusetts Bay Colony (sometimes called the Massachusetts Bay Company, for the institution that founded it was an English settlement on the east coast of North America John Winthrop ( 12 January 1587/8 26 March 1649) led a group of English Puritans to the New World, joined The Quadrangle at Harvard University, formerly called the Radcliffe Quadrangle or the Harvard Annex dorms, is part of Harvard's undergraduate campus in South San Jose (cropjpg||thumb|A suburban development in San Jose California. These housed Radcliffe College students until Radcliffe merged its residential system with Harvard. Radcliffe College was a women's liberal arts college in Cambridge Massachusetts, and was the Coordinate college for Harvard University They are:
There is a thirteenth House, Dudley House , which is nonresidential but fulfills, for some graduate students and off-campus undergraduates (including members of the Dudley Co-op) the same administrative and social functions as the residential Houses do for undergraduates who live on campus. Cabot House is one of twelve undergraduate residential Houses at Harvard University. Thomas Dudley Cabot ( May 1, 1897 - June 8, 1995) was born in Cambridge Massachusetts, the son of Godfrey Lowell Cabot Currier House is one of twelve undergraduate residential Houses of Harvard College, in Cambridge Massachusetts, USA. Pforzheimer House, nicknamed PfoHo ( FOE-hoe) (and formerly named North House or NoHo) is one of twelve undergraduate residential Houses It is named after Thomas Dudley, who signed the charter of Harvard College when he was Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Thomas Dudley ( October 12, 1576 July 31, 1653) was a colonial magistrate who served several terms as governor of the Massachusetts The Governor of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts is the executive magistrate of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, United States.
Tentative plans have been proposed for expanding the House system using land owned by Harvard in Allston, Massachusetts, across the Charles River from the River Houses. Allston is a neighborhood of Boston Massachusetts, USA, located in the western part of the city Suggestions include moving the Quadrangle Houses to Allston and building up to eight new Houses there. It has not yet been decided whether any of these proposals will be adopted.
Harvard's residential houses are paired with Yale's residential colleges in sister relationships; see the Harvard-Yale sister colleges article for more information. Harvard College 's residential houses and Yale University 's residential colleges have established sisterly relationships much like the Oxbridge sister colleges.
Harvard requires all undergraduates to fulfill "the core," which requires students to take courses in 7 of 11 academic areas (such as Moral Reasoning and Social Analysis); each concentration exempts students from four. In 2006, Harvard announced it would change this policy, making the academic areas broader, although it is unclear how and when the system will change.
Majors at Harvard College are known as concentrations. An academic major, major concentration, concentration, or simply major is mainly a U As of 2005, Harvard College offered 41 different concentrations:
Joint concentrations with a primary and secondary departmental focus are allowed by many departments provided the student can demonstrate how he/she intends to combine the subjects meaningfully. Year 2005 ( MMV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. African Americans or Black Americans are citizens or residents of the United States who have origins in any of the black populations of Africa Anthropology (/ˌænθɹəˈpɒlədʒi/ from Greek grc ἄνθρωπος anthrōpos, "human" -λογία -logia) is the study of Applied mathematics is a branch of Mathematics that concerns itself with the mathematical techniques typically used in the application of mathematical knowledge to other domains Astronomy (from the Greek words astron (ἄστρον "star" and nomos (νόμος "law" is the scientific study Astrophysics is the branch of Astronomy that deals with the Physics of the Universe, including the physical properties ( Luminosity, Biochemistry is the study of the chemical processes in living Organisms It deals with the Structure and function of cellular components such as Foundations of modern biology There are five unifying principles Chemistry (from Egyptian kēme (chem meaning "earth") is the Science concerned with the composition structure and properties Chemistry (from Egyptian kēme (chem meaning "earth") is the Science concerned with the composition structure and properties Physics (Greek Physis - φύσις in everyday terms is the Science of Matter and its motion. "Classical literature" redirects here For literature in Classical languages outside the Graeco-Roman sphere see Ancient literature. Computer science (or computing science) is the study and the Science of the theoretical foundations of Information and Computation and their Earth science (also known as geoscience, the geosciences or the Earth Sciences) is an all-embracing term for the Sciences related to the planet Economics is the social science that studies the production distribution, and consumption of goods and services. Engineering is the Discipline and Profession of applying technical and scientific Knowledge and The term English literature refers to Literature written in the English language, including literature composed in English by Writers not necessarily from American literature refers to written or literary work produced in the area of the United States and Colonial America. English is a West Germanic language originating in England and is the First language for most people in the United Kingdom, the United States Environmental science is the study of interactions among physical chemical and biological components of the environment. History The concept of folklore developed as part of the 19th century ideology of Romantic nationalism, leading to the reshaping of oral traditions to serve modern ideological The word mythology (from the Greek grc μυθολογία mythología, meaning "a story-telling a legendary lore" The Germanic languages are a group of related languages that constitute a branch of the Indo-European (IE Language family. Political science is a branch of Social sciences that deals with the theory and practice of Politics and the description and analysis of Political systems History is the study of the past particularly the written record Those who study history as a Profession are called Historians Etymology The history of science and technology ( HST) is a field of History which examines how humanity's understanding of the natural world ( Science Art history is the Academic study of objects of Art in their Historical development and stylistic contexts i Linguistics is the scientific study of Language, encompassing a number of sub-fields Comparative literature (sometimes abbreviated "Comp lit" is critical scholarship dealing with the Literature of two or more different Linguistic Mathematics is the body of Knowledge and Academic discipline that studies such concepts as Quantity, Structure, Space and Music is an Art form in which the medium is Sound organized in Time. B Syria - Belka Woman from Damascus Arab from Baghdadjpg|thumb|Inhabitants of the Near East late nineteenth century Philosophy is the study of general problems concerning matters such as existence knowledge truth beauty justice validity mind and language Physics (Greek Physis - φύσις in everyday terms is the Science of Matter and its motion. Psychology (from Greek grc ψῡχή psȳkhē, "breath life soul" and grc -λογία -logia) is an Academic and Comparative religion is a field of Religious study that analyzes the similarities and differences of themes myths rituals and concepts among the world's religions The Romance languages (sometimes referred to as Romanic languages, or Neolatin languages) are a branch of the Indo-European language family comprising all Sanskrit (sa संस्कृता वाक् saṃskṛtā vāk, for short sa संस्कृतम् saṃskṛtam) is a historical India, officially the Republic of India (भारत गणराज्य inc-Latn Bhārat Gaṇarājya; see also other Indian languages) is a country The Slavic languages (also called Slavonic languages) a group of closely related Languages of the Slavic peoples and a subgroup of Indo-European languages Social Studies is a term used to describe the broad study of the various fields which involve past and current human behavior and interactions Sociology (from Latin: socius "companion" and the suffix -ology "the study of" from Greek λόγος lógos "knowledge" Statistics is a mathematical science pertaining to the collection analysis interpretation or explanation and presentation of Data. Art refers to a diverse range of Human activities creations and expressions that are appealing to the Senses or Emotions of a human individual In April 2006, as part of a curricular review plan for College students, a Harvard faculty meeting approved for the first time the institution of secondary fields, known as minors at most other schools. Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar.
Other special concentrations include the Mind/Brain/Behavior Interfaculty Initiative, a certification program in Neurosciences run jointly by the departments of Anthropology, Biochemical Sciences, Biology, Computer Science, History of Science, Linguistics, Philosophy, and Psychology. Neuroscience is a field devoted to the scientific study of the nervous system In 2005, Harvard College and the New England Conservatory began offering a joint 5-year program for a combined Harvard Bachelor's degree and NEC Master of Arts. A bachelor's degree is usually an Undergraduate Academic degree awarded for a course or major that generally lasts for three four or in some cases and
Harvard has hundreds of student organizations. Every spring there is an "Arts First week," founded by John Lithgow during which arts and culture organizations show off performances, cook meals, or present other work; in 2005 over 40% of students participated in at least one Arts First event. John Arthur Lithgow (ˈlɪθɡoʊ̪ born October 19, 1945) is an American Actor perhaps best-known for his starring role as Dr Notable organizations include the student-run business organization Harvard Student Agencies, the daily newspaper The Harvard Crimson, the humor magazine the Harvard Lampoon, the a cappella groups the Din & Tonics and the Krokodiloes, and the public service umbrella organization the Phillips Brooks House Association (PBHA). Harvard Student Agencies Inc (HSA is the largest student-run corporation in the world although is employs non-students in its management positions Phillips Brooks House Association (PBHA is a student-run staff supported public service/social action organization at Harvard College providing a variety of services to the
According to the university, Harvard is home to the largest Division I intercollegiate athletics program in the U. The AD Club is a Final club established at Harvard in 1836 the continuation of a chapter of the Alpha Delta Phi fraternity existing as an honorary chapter The Fly Club is a male-only Final club at Harvard University, founded in 1836 The Fox Club is a male-only club at Harvard University. The Club was founded in 1898 as the Digamma Club. The Phoenix - S K Club is one of eight male Final Clubs at Harvard College, which traces is earliest roots to 1895 The Porcellian Club is a male-only Final club at Harvard University, sometimes called the Porc or the P Alpha Epsilon Pi ( ΑΕΠ or AEPi) is the only international Jewish college fraternity in North America, with chapters in the Phi Iota Alpha (ΦΙΑ, established December 26, 1931, is the oldest Latino fraternity still in existence and works to motivate people develop leaders Sigma Alpha Epsilon (also known as SΑΕ) is a secret letter social college fraternity Sigma Chi ( ΣΧ) is one of the largest and oldest all-male college Greek-letter social fraternities and a Secret society. Delta Gamma ( ΔΓ) is one of the oldest and largest women's fraternities in the United States and Canada with its Executive Offices based in Columbus Kappa Alpha Theta ( ΚΑΘ) is an international women's fraternity founded on January 27, 1870 at DePauw University. Kappa Kappa Gamma ( ΚΚΓ) is a college women's fraternity, founded at Monmouth College, Illinois. The Hasty Pudding Club was founded by Nymphus Hatch a junior at Harvard College, in 1790. S. , with 41 varsity teams and over 1,500 student-athletes.  Harvard is one of eight members of the Ivy League, along with Brown University, Columbia University, Cornell University, Dartmouth College, Princeton University, The University of Pennsylvania, and Yale University. Brown University is a highly esteemed private University located in Providence, Rhode Island and is a member of the Ivy League. Columbia University is a private University in the United States and a member of the Ivy League. Dartmouth College ( is a private, Coeducational University located in Hanover, New Hampshire, U Princeton University is a private Coeducational research university located in Princeton, New Jersey. The University of Pennsylvania (also known as Penn) is a private University located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA. 
Harvard and Yale enjoy the oldest intercollegiate athletic rivalry in the United States, the Harvard-Yale Regatta, dating back to 1852, when rowing crews from each institution first met on Lake Winnipesaukee, New Hampshire. The Harvard-Yale Boat Race or Harvard-Yale Regatta is an annual rowing race between Yale and Harvard universities Lake Winnipesaukee is the largest Lake in New Hampshire. It is approximately 21 miles (34 km long (northwest-southeast and from one to nine miles (1 New Hampshire ( is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States of America. Harvard won that contest by two boat lengths. Since 1859, the crews have met nearly every year (except during major wars). The race is typically held in early June in New London, Connecticut. New London is a seaport city and a Port of entry on the northeast coast of the United States Connecticut ( is a state located in the New England region of the northeastern United States of America.
Better known is the annual Harvard-Yale football game, known to insiders of both institutions as simply, "The Game. The Game (always capitalized is a title given to several US College football rivalry games but most particularly the annual contest between Harvard " It was first played in New Haven, Connecticut, in 1875. Harvard won the initial contest 4-0. In recent years, The Game is always played on the Saturday before Thanksgiving, making it one of many significant games played on "Rivalry Day. "
Performance arts - music, theater and film
For more information, see List of Harvard University people. Philip Cortelyou Johnson (July 8 1906&ndash January 25 2005 was an influential American Architect. Richard Buckminster “Bucky” Fuller ( July 12, 1895 &ndash July 1, 1983) was an American Architect, Author Edward Leslie Grant ( May 21 1883, Franklin Massachusetts - October 5 1918, Argonne Forest, France) was an Ben Shalom Bernanke (born December 13, 1953) is the incumbent Chairman of the Board of Governors of the United States Federal Reserve. Sumner Murray Redstone (born Sumner Murray Rothstein; May 27 1923) is Majority owner and Chairman of the Board of the National If you would like to experiment with Wikipedia please copy Steve Anthony Ballmer (born March 24 1956 is an American Businessman. For other people named William Randolph Hearst see William Randolph Hearst (disambiguation William Randolph Hearst I (April 29 1863 &ndash James J "Jim" Cramer (born February 10, 1955) and an occasional contributor to Time magazine Paul Gardner Allen (born January 21 1953 is an American computer programmer and entrepreneur who co-founded Microsoft with Bill Gates. James Rufus Agee (November 27 1909 &ndash May 16 1955 was an American Novelist, Journalist, Poet Wallace Stevens ( October 2, 1879 – August 2, 1955) was a major American Modernist Poet. Thomas Stearns Eliot, OM (September 26 1888 – January 4 1965 was a poet Dramatist, and Literary critic. John Roderigo Dos Passos ( January 14, 1896 &ndash September 28, 1970) was an American Novelist and artist Edward Estlin Cummings (October 14 1894 &ndash September 3 1962 popularly known as E William Seward Burroughs II ( – ˈbʌroʊz was an American Novelist, Essayist, Social critic, painter and Spoken word William Edward Burghardt Du Bois (duːˈbɔɪz ( February 23, 1868 August 27, 1963) was an American Civil rights activist WikipediaWikiProject Composers#Lead section --> WikipediaWikiProject Classical music#Biographical_infoboxes Rivers Cuomo (born June 13, 1970) is a Musician best known as the lead Singer, Guitarist, and principal Songwriter Matthew Paige Damon (born October 8 1970 is an American Actor and Philanthropist. John Uhler "Jack" Lemmon III (February 8 1925 &ndash June 27 2001 was an American Actor known principally for his comedic roles Hill Harper (born Francis Hill Harper; May 17 1966) is an American Film, Television and stage actor Tommy Lee Jones (born September 15, 1946) is an Academy Award - Golden Globe - Screen Actors Guild - and Emmy Award -winning Thomas Baptist Morello (born May 30 1964 is a Grammy Award -winning American Guitarist best known for his tenure with the bands Rage Against the Machine Conan Christopher O'Brien (born April 18, 1963) is an Emmy Award -winning American Television host and Comedian, best known Natalie Portman (נטלי פורטמן born Natalie Hershlag June 9 1981 is an Israeli American Actress. Joshua Redman (born February 1, 1969) is an American Jazz saxophonist who records for Nonesuch Records. Mira Katherine Sorvino (born September 28 1967 is an Academy Award -winning American actress WikipediaWikiProject Classical music#Biographical_infoboxes --> Michael Stern (born 1959) is a noted American symphony This is an Anglicized version of the Chinese name "Ma Yo-yo" the family name is " Ma " Ralph Waldo Emerson (May 25 1803 &ndash April 27 1882 was an American essayist philosopher poet and leader of the Transcendentalist movement in the early 19th century George Santayana ( December 16, 1863, Madrid &ndash September 26, 1952, Rome) was a Philosopher, Essayist Charles Sanders Peirce (pronounced purse) (September 10 1839 &ndash April 19 1914 was an American Logician mathematician, philosopher Norbert Wiener ( November 26, 1894, Columbia Missouri – March 18, 1964, Stockholm, Sweden) was an American Willard Van Orman Quine (June 25 1908 Akron, Ohio &ndash December 25 2000 (known to intimates as "Van" Daniel Clement Dennett (born March 28 1942 in Boston, Massachusetts) is a prominent American philosopher whose research Donald Davidson is the name of Donald Davidson (poet (1893–1968 American poet Donald Davidson (philosopher (1917–2003 American philosopher John Hancock ( October 8 1793 was a Massachusetts merchant and prominent patriot of the American Revolution. John Adams (October 30 1735 July 4 1826 was one of the most influential Founding Fathers of the United States. John Quincy Adams (July 11 1767 &ndash February 23 1848 was an American diplomat and politician who served as the sixth President of the United States Theodore Roosevelt (ˈroʊzəvɛlt October 27 1858 January 6 1919 also known as T John Fitzgerald "Jack" Kennedy (May 29 1917&ndashNovember 22 1963 often referred to by his initials JFK, was the thirty-fifth President of Edward Moore "Ted" Kennedy (born February 22 1932 is the senior United States Senator from Massachusetts and a member of the Democratic Henry Alfred Kissinger (born Heinz Alfred Kissinger on May 27, 1923) is a German -born American bureaucrat diplomat and 1973 Albert Arnold Gore Jr (born March 31 1948 is an American environmental Activist, author Businessperson, former Politician, and former Elbridge Thomas Gerry (ˈgɛri (July 17 1744 November 23 1814 was an American statesman and diplomat The Hon Meshech Weare ( June 16, 1713 January 12\ 4 1786 was an American farmer lawyer and revolutionary statesman from Hampton Falls Increase Mather ( June 21 1639 &ndash August 23 1723) was a major figure in the early history of the Massachusetts Bay Colony Cotton Mather (February 12 1663 &ndash February 13 1728 AB 1678 ( Harvard College) A Joseph Stevens Buckminster (1784-1812 was an influential Unitarian preacher in Boston Massachusetts and a leader in bringing the German higher criticism of Theodore Parker (August 24 1810 – May 10 1860 was an American Transcendentalist and reforming minister of the Unitarian
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