Hans Köchler (born October 18, 1948 in Schwaz, Tyrol, Austria) is Full Professor of Philosophy and Chairman of the Department of Philosophy at the University of Innsbruck, Austria. Events 1009 - The Church of the Holy Sepulchre, a Christian church in Jerusalem, is completely destroyed by the Fatimid Year 1948 ( MCMXLVIII) was a Leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the 1948 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Schwaz is a city in Tyrol, Austria. It is the administrative center of the Schwaz district ( Bezirk) Tyrol ( Tirol) is a state or Bundesland, located in the west of Austria. Austria (Österreich ( officially the Republic of Austria (Republik Österreich The meaning of the word professor ( Latin: professor, person who professes to be an expert in some art or science teacher of highest rank) varies Philosophy is the study of general problems concerning matters such as existence knowledge truth beauty justice validity mind and language University of Innsbruck (Leopold-Franzens-Universität Innsbruck has been a University in Austria since 1669  Köchler has long worked on the philosophical basis of international relations and is president of the International Progress Organization, a non-governmental organization in consultative status with the United Nations. The International Progress Organization (IPO is a Vienna -based Think tank dealing with world affairs The United Nations ( UN) is an International organization whose stated aims are to facilitate cooperation in International law, International security Köchler came to prominence in the world of international politics when he was nominated by former UN Secretary-General, Kofi Annan, as an observer at the Pan Am Flight 103 bombing trial. The Secretary-General of the United Nations is the head of the Secretariat, one of the principal organs of the United Nations. Kofi Atta Annan, GCMG (born 8 April 1938 is a Ghanaian Diplomat who served as the seventh Secretary-General of the United Nations The Pan Am Flight 103 bombing trial began on May 3, 2000, which was 11 years four months and 13 days after the blowing up of Pan Am Flight 103 on 
|Birth||October 18, 1948 (Schwaz, Austria)|
|School/tradition||Phenomenology, existential philosophy, continental philosophy|
|Main interests||Hermeneutics, philosophy of law, political philosophy, philosophical anthropology|
|Notable ideas||"Transcendental realism", "dialectic of power and law", "cultural self-comprehension"|
|Influenced by||Husserl, Heidegger, Kant, Kelsen, Gadamer|
In his general philosophical outlook he is influenced by Husserl and Heidegger, his legal thinking has been shaped by the approach of Kelsen. Western philosophy is a term that refers to philosophical thinking in the Western or Occidental world, as distinct from Eastern or Oriental philosophies See also [[Analytic philosophy]] and [[Continental philosophy]] The 20th century brought with it upheavals that produced a series of conflicting developments within Philosophy Events 1009 - The Church of the Holy Sepulchre, a Christian church in Jerusalem, is completely destroyed by the Fatimid Year 1948 ( MCMXLVIII) was a Leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the 1948 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Schwaz is a city in Tyrol, Austria. It is the administrative center of the Schwaz district ( Bezirk) Austria (Österreich ( officially the Republic of Austria (Republik Österreich Existentialism is a philosophical doctrine which posits that individuals create the meaning and essence of their lives and that this essence follows from their existence Continental philosophy, in contemporary usage refers to a set of traditions of 19th and 20th century philosophy from mainland Europe Hermeneutics may be described as the development and study of Theories of the interpretation and understanding of texts Jurisprudence is the Theory and Philosophy of Law. Scholars of jurisprudence or legal philosophers hope to obtain a deeper understanding of the nature Political philosophy is the study of questions about the City, Government, Politics, Liberty, Justice, Property, Rights Philosophical anthropology is the attempt to unify disparate ways of understanding behaviour of Humans as both creatures of their Social environments and creators of Edmund Gustav Albrecht Husserl (ˈhʊsɛrl April 8 1859 – April 26 1938) was a philosopher, known as the father of Martin Heidegger ( September 26, 1889 &ndash May 26, 1976) (ˈmaɐ̯tiːn ˈhaɪ̯dɛgɐ was an influential German philosopher Immanuel Kant (ɪmanuəl kant 22 April 1724 12 February 1804 was an 18th-century German Philosopher from the Prussian city of Königsberg Hans Kelsen ( October 11, 1881 – April 19, 1973) was an Austrian American Jurist. Hans-Georg Gadamer (ˈgaːdamɐ February 11, 1900 &ndash March 13, 2002) was a German Philosopher of the continental Edmund Gustav Albrecht Husserl (ˈhʊsɛrl April 8 1859 – April 26 1938) was a philosopher, known as the father of Martin Heidegger ( September 26, 1889 &ndash May 26, 1976) (ˈmaɐ̯tiːn ˈhaɪ̯dɛgɐ was an influential German philosopher Hans Kelsen ( October 11, 1881 – April 19, 1973) was an Austrian American Jurist. Köchler has made major contributions to phenomenology and philosophical anthropology and has developed a hermeneutics of trans-cultural understanding that has influenced the discourse on the dialogue of civilizations, particularly as regards the relations between Islam and the West. Philosophical anthropology is the attempt to unify disparate ways of understanding behaviour of Humans as both creatures of their Social environments and creators of Hermeneutics may be described as the development and study of Theories of the interpretation and understanding of texts For other meanings including people named 'Islam' see Islam (disambiguation. His research in political and legal philosophy -- combined with his involvement with the UN -- has resulted in a fundamental critique of the state-centered international system and in specific proposals for the democratization of the United Nations Organization and for a viable system of international criminal justice. The United Nations ( UN) is an International organization whose stated aims are to facilitate cooperation in International law, International security International criminal law is an autonomous branch of Law which deals with International crimes and the courts and tribunals set up to adjudicate cases in which persons
In his student years Hans Köchler was actively involved as a Board Member of the European Forum Alpbach and established contacts with leading European intellectuals and philosophers such as Manès Sperber, Hans-Georg Gadamer and Rudi Supek of the Praxis school who he invited to his Innsbruck Lectures that he organized from 1969 onwards. The European Forum Alpbach is an annual political event that takes place in the village of Alpbach. Manès Sperber ( December 12, 1905 in Zabłotów near Kolomea, Austrian Galicia (today Zabolotiv, Ukraine) Hans-Georg Gadamer (ˈgaːdamɐ February 11, 1900 &ndash March 13, 2002) was a German Philosopher of the continental Rudi Supek ( Zagreb, 8 April 1913 - Zagreb 2 January 1993) was a Croatian Marxist sociologist member of the Praxis School The Praxis school was a Marxist humanist philosophical movement At the beginning of the 1970s, he had joined the team around Otto Molden, the founder of the European Forum Alpbach. The European Forum Alpbach is an annual political event that takes place in the village of Alpbach. These were his formative philosophical years; he initially developed an interest in existential philosophy, transcendental philosophy and phenomenology. Existentialism is a philosophical doctrine which posits that individuals create the meaning and essence of their lives and that this essence follows from their existence Transcendental idealism is a doctrine founded by German philosopher Immanuel Kant in the eighteenth century. In particular, he undertook an epistemological critique of Husserl's transcendental idealism and interpreted Heidegger's philosophy of Being in the sense of social critique, opening up -- in the Cold War era -- a dialogue with humanist philosophers of the Praxis school in Yugoslavia and in Czechoslovakia. Cold War is the state of conflict tension and competition that existed between the United States and the Soviet Union (USSR and their respective allies from the The Praxis school was a Marxist humanist philosophical movement See also Kingdom of Yugoslavia, Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia ( Serbo-Croatian Czechoslovakia may also refer to what is now the Czech Republic and Slovakia. As a doctoral student, he also had met in Alpbach with Ernst Bloch, Arthur Koestler and Karl Popper. Ernst Simon Bloch (ɛʁnst ˈziːmɔn blɔx July 8, 1885 &ndash August 4, 1977) was a German Marxist philosopher Arthur Koestler CBE ( September 5, 1905, Budapest &ndash March 3, 1983, London) was a Sir Karl Raimund Popper ( July 28 1902  &ndash September 17 1994) was an Austrian and British Philosopher and a professor
In 1972, Köchler graduated at the University of Innsbruck with a doctor degree in philosophy (Dr. University of Innsbruck (Leopold-Franzens-Universität Innsbruck has been a University in Austria since 1669 Philosophy is the study of general problems concerning matters such as existence knowledge truth beauty justice validity mind and language phil. ) with highest honours ("sub auspiciis praesidentis rei publicae"). In the years following his graduation he expanded his scholarly interest to philosophy of law and later political philosophy. Since the early 1970s he has been promoting the idea of inter-cultural dialogue which -- since the last decade -- has become known under the slogan of dialogue of civilizations. Köchler first outlined his hermeneutical philosophy of dialogue and his concept of cultural self-comprehension in a lecture at the Royal Scientific Society in Amman, Jordan, in March 1974 and discussed that notion in a tour around the world (March-April 1974) for which he got support and encouragement from Austrian Foreign Minister Rudolf Kirchschläger (later to become President of Austria) and in the course of which he met with intellectuals and political leaders on all continents. Amman (ɑˈmɑːn sometimes spelled Ammann ( Arabic عمان ʿAmmān) is the Capital city of the Hashemite Kingdom Jordan, officially the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan (الأردنّ al-Urdunn) is an Arab country in Southwest Asia spanning the southern Year 1974 ( MCMLXXIV) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar of the 1974 Gregorian calendar. Rudolf Kirchschläger ( March 20, 1915 – March 30, 2000) was an Austrian Diplomat, Politician, Judge Austria (Österreich ( officially the Republic of Austria (Republik Österreich Among his interlocutors were Yussef el-Sebai, Minister of Culture of Egypt, Charoonphan Israngkul Na Ayudhya, Foreign Minister of Thailand, and Senegalese President Léopold Sédar Senghor. This article is about the country of Egypt For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Egypt topics. The Kingdom of Thailand (ˈtaɪlænd ราชอาณาจักรไทย, râːtɕʰa-ʔaːnaːtɕɑ̀k-tʰɑj Sir Léopold Sédar Senghor ( 9 October 1906 20 December 2001) was a Senegalese Poet, politician and cultural theorist who In recognition of his contribution to the dialogue among civilizations he received an honorary doctor degree (Doctor of Humanities honoris causa) from the Mindanao State University (Philippines) (2004). An honorary degree or a degree honoris causa ( Latin: 'for the sake of the honour' is an Academic degree for which a university (or other degree-awarding History The Mindanao State University was created under Philippine Republic Act 1387. The Philippines ( Filipino: Pilipinas, officially known as the Republic of the Philippines (fil ''Republika ng Pilipinas'' RP
In 1982 he was appointed as University Professor of Philosophy (with special emphasis on Political Philosophy and Philosophical Anthropology). Jean Genet (ʒɑ̃ ʒəˈnɛ in French ( –) was a prominent controversial French writer and later political activist. Year 1982 ( MCMLXXXII) was a Common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar) The meaning of the word professor ( Latin: professor, person who professes to be an expert in some art or science teacher of highest rank) varies Political philosophy is the study of questions about the City, Government, Politics, Liberty, Justice, Property, Rights Philosophical anthropology is the attempt to unify disparate ways of understanding behaviour of Humans as both creatures of their Social environments and creators of Since 1990 he has served as Chairman of the Department of Philosophy at the University of Innsbruck (Austria). Year 1990 ( MCMXC) was a Common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar) At his University, Professor Köchler also has acted as Chairperson of the Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Wissenschaft und Politik (Working Group for Sciences and Politics) since 1971. In 1998 he served as Visiting Professor at the University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. The University of Malaya ( Abbreviation: UM; Universiti Malaya is the oldest university in Malaysia. Kuala Lumpur (ˈkwɑːləlʊmˈpʊər Malay /kwɑlɑlʊmpʊ/ and locally /kwɑləlʊmpɔ/ or even /kɔlɔmpɔ/ or often abbreviated as K For the biogeographical region see Malesia Malaysia (məˈleɪʒə or /məˈleɪziə/ is a country that consists of thirteen states and In 2004 he was appointed as Visiting Professorial Lecturer at the Polytechnic University of the Philippines, Manila. "MMIV" redirects here For the Modest Mouse album see " Baron von Bullshit Rides Again " The Polytechnic University of the Philippines ( Filipino: Politeknikong Pamantasan ng Pilipinas) commonly known as PUP, Peyupi or PUPoy The City of Manila
Köchler is the Founder and President (since 1972) of the International Progress Organization (I. Year 1972 ( MCMLXXII) was a Leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. The International Progress Organization (IPO is a Vienna -based Think tank dealing with world affairs P. O. ), an international non-governmental organization (NGO) in consultative status with the United Nations and with a membership in over 70 countries, representing all continents. The United Nations ( UN) is an International organization whose stated aims are to facilitate cooperation in International law, International security He was the founder and Secretary-General (1973-1977) of Euregio Alpina (Study Group for the Alpine Region), a transnational planning structure for the Alpine region and predecessor of the new concept of the "Euro Regions" in the framework of the European Union. The European Union ( EU) is a political and economic union of twenty-seven member states, located primarily in During the 1970s and 1980s Professor Köchler participated in the international phenomenological movement and organized several conferences and colloquia on the phenomenology of the life-world; he was the organizer of the Eighth International Phenomenological Conference in Salzburg (1980) and is the co-founder of the Austrian Society of Phenomenology. Since 1988 Professor Köchler has served as Coordinator of the International Committee for Palestinian Human Rights (ICPHR). He was co-founder of the European Ombudsman Institute in 1988. From 1991 until 2004 he served as Vice-Chairman of the Jamahir Society for Culture and Philosophy and Chairman of the Society's Editorial Board. From 1997 to 2004 he acted as Convenor (Austria) of the International Movement for a Just World (JUST). From 1997 to 2000 he served as member of the International Advisory Panel of the Center for Civilizational Dialogue at the University of Malaya (Kuala Lumpur). Year 1997 ( MCMXCVII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1997 Gregorian calendar 2000 ( MM) was a Leap year that started on Saturday of the Common Era, in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. The University of Malaya ( Abbreviation: UM; Universiti Malaya is the oldest university in Malaysia. He is founding member of "The Cultural Meeting of East and West: The Occident and Islam − International Association of Scholars" (Boston, USA, 2005). Year 2005 ( MMV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. From 2000 to 2006 Professor Köchler served as member of the Doctoral Grants Committee of the Austrian Academy of Sciences. 2000 ( MM) was a Leap year that started on Saturday of the Common Era, in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. In 2006 he was elected as Life Fellow of the International Academy for Philosophy (Yerevan-Athens-Berkeley). Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar.
Köchler has served in several committees and expert groups dealing with issues of international democracy, human rights and development such as the Research Network on Transnational Democracy sponsored by the European Commission (1994-1996); the Council of Europe's Expert Group on Democratic Citizenship (1998-2000); the Board of the NGO Committee on Development at the United Nations Center in Vienna (1994-); the Advisory Council of the International Movement for a Just World (Malaysia) (1997-); the Council of Europe's Expert Group on Democratic Citizenship (1998-2000); the Advisory Board of the Center for Balanced Development, USA (1999-2002); the International Advisory Council of the Committee for a Democratic United Nations, Germany (2003-); the Asia-Europe Foundation’s expert meeting on Cultural, Religious and Social Conceptions of Justice in Asia & Europe (Singapore, 2004); the International Advisory Board of the "Youth for the Alliance of Civilizations," an initiative of the Islamic Conference Youth Forum for Dialogue and Cooperation (2007-). The European Commission (formally the Commission of the European Communities) is the executive branch of the European Union. The Council of Europe (Conseil de l'Europe is the oldest International organisation working towards European integration, being founded in 1949 The Committee for a Democratic UN, or KDUN (for its German name "Komitee für eine demokratische UNO" is a Nongovernmental organization based in Berlin The Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC is an International organization with a permanent delegation to the United Nations.
Köchler's publication list contains more than 350 books, reports and scholarly articles in several languages (Albanian, Arabic, Chinese, English, French, German, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Persian, Spanish, Serbo-Croat, Turkish). Adam Schaff ( March 10, 1913, Lwów &ndash November 12 2006) was a Polish Marxist philosopher. During the 1970s, he co-operated with Cardinal Karol Wojtyła of Kraków, later to become Pope John Paul II, within the framework of the International Society for Phenomenology. Pope He published the first comment articles on the future Pope’s anthropological conception (e. g. the article Karol Wojtyła's Notion of the Irreducible in Man and the Quest for a Just World Order). During the 1980s he engaged in a critique of legal positivism (Philosophie -- Recht -- Politik, 1985) and developed a theory according to which human rights are the basis of the validity of international law (Die Prinzipien des Völkerrechts und die Menschenrechte, 1981). He also dealt with the applicability of democracy in inter-state relations (Democracy in International Relations, 1986). Legal theory led him to questions of political philosophy, and in particular a critique of the representative paradigm of democracy. During the 1990s Köchler got increasingly involved in questions of world order -- including the role and philosophical foundations of civilizational dialogue -- and in what he has called the dialectic relationship between power and law. Power is a measure of a person's ability to control the environment around them including the behavior of other people Law is a system of rules enforced through a set of Institutions used as an instrument to underpin civil obedience politics economics and society On the basis of these reflections, he made major proposals for the reform of the United Nations Organization, in particular the Security Council, and for a comprehensive system of international criminal justice.
Köchler acts as editor of the series Studies in International Relations (Vienna), Veröffentlichungen der Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Wissenschaft und Politik (Innsbruck), and as member of the Editorial Board of the international academic journal Hekmat va Falsafeh (Wisdom and Philosophy), published by the Philosophy Department of Allameh Tabatabaii University, Iran. His publications deal with issues of phenomenology, existential philosophy, anthropology, human rights, philosophy of law, theory of international law, international criminal law, United Nations reform, theory of democracy, etc. Among his most influential monographs are Skepsis und Gesellschaftskritik im Denken Martin Heideggers (Skepticism and Social Critique in the Thought of Martin Heidegger), 1978; The Voting Procedure in the United Nations Security Council, 1991; Politik und Theologie bei Heidegger, 1991; Democracy and the New World Order, 1993; The United Nations Sanctions Policy and International Law, 1995; Humanitarian Intervention in the Context of Modern Power Politics, 2001; Global Justice or Global Revenge? International Criminal Law at the Crossroads, 2003; The European Constitution and the Imperatives of Transnational Democracy, 2005. Global Justice or Global Revenge? International Criminal Justice at the Crossroads (2003 is a book by Austrian philosopher Hans Köchler, who was appointed by
Köchler has been the organizer of major international conferences in the fields of transnational co-operation, democracy, human rights, terrorism, and conflict resolution, among them the "International Conference on the European Vocation of the Alpine Region" in Innsbruck (1971), which initiated transborder co-operation in Europe and the development towards the "Euro Regions" within the EU; the "International Conference on the Question of Terrorism" in Geneva (1987); and the "Second International Conference On A More Democratic United Nations" (CAMDUN-2) at the Vienna headquarters of the United Nations (1991). Transnationalism is a Social movement grown out of the heightened interconnectivity between People all around the world and the loosening of boundaries between Democracy is a form of government in which the supreme power is held completely by the people under a free electoral system Human rights refers to the "basic Rights and freedoms to which all humans are entitled Terrorism is the systematic use of terror especially as a means of coercion The term "conflict resolution" refers to a range of processes aimed at alleviating or eliminating sources of conflict The European Union ( EU) is a political and economic union of twenty-seven member states, located primarily in In 1996 he acted as Chairman of the final session and co-ordinator of the Drafting Committee of the "International Conference on Democracy and Terrorism" in New Delhi. In March 2002 he delivered the 14th Centenary Lecture at the Supreme Court of the Philippines on "The United Nations, the International Rule of Law and Terrorism. " On 1 September 2004 he delivered the Foundation Day Speech at Mindanao State University, Islamic City of Marawi, on "The Dialogue of Civilizations and the Future of World Order. Events 462 - Possible start of first Byzantine indiction cycle. "MMIV" redirects here For the Modest Mouse album see " Baron von Bullshit Rides Again " History The Mindanao State University was created under Philippine Republic Act 1387. Marawi City popularly known as Islamic City of Marawi is a 3rd class city in the province of Lanao del Sur, Philippines "
Through his research and civil society initiatives, Professor Köchler made major contributions to the debate on international democracy and United Nations reform, in particular reform of the Security Council. Bruno Kreisky ( January 22 1911 July 29 1990) served as Chancellor of Austria from 1970 to 1983 This was acknowledged by international figures such as the German Foreign Minister Klaus Kinkel in 1993. Dr Klaus Kinkel (born December 17, 1936) is a German politician of the Free Democratic Party (FDP In 1985, Professor Köchler organized the first major colloquium on "Democracy in International Relations" on the occasion of the 40th anniversary of the United Nations in New York. With Irish Nobel Laureate Seán MacBride he initiated the Appeal by Lawyers against Nuclear War, which set in motion an international campaign that eventually led to a General Assembly resolution and the issuing of an advisory opinion by the International Court of Justice. Seán MacBride (26 January 1904 &ndash 15 January 1988 was a prominent international politician. As President of the I. P. O. he dealt with the humanitarian issues of the exchange of prisoners of war between Iran and Iraq and with the issue of Kuwaiti POWs and missing people in Iraq. Since 1972, UN Secretaries-General in their statements subsequently acknowledged Professor Köchler's contribution to international peace.
In the framework of his activities as President of the International Progress Organization, he co-operated with numerous international figures such as the Founder President of Senegal, Léopold Sédar Senghor, on the issue of civilizational dialogue; a May 1982 conference on Non-Aligned Principles in Baghdad; Crown Prince Hassan of Jordan and Cardinal Franz König of Austria on Islamic-Christian understanding; Field Marshal Abdul Rahman Sowar el-Dahab, former Head of State of Sudan, on matters of POW exchange and international humanitarian law; Indian President Gyani Zail Singh on issues of international peace; Libyan leader Muammar al-Gaddafi on international conflict resolution (in co-operation with former US Attorney General Ramsey Clark); Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines, Hilario G. Davide, Jr., on matters of international criminal justice; and Sir Thomas Dalyell, former British MP and "Father of the House of Commons," in the case of the criminal investigation into the bombing of Pan Am Flight 103. Senegal (le Sénégal officially the Republic of Senegal, is a country south of the Sénégal River in western Africa. Sir Léopold Sédar Senghor ( 9 October 1906 20 December 2001) was a Senegalese Poet, politician and cultural theorist who The Non-Aligned Movement ( NAM) is an International organization of states considering themselves not formally aligned with or against any major power bloc Baghdad (بغداد) is the Capital of Iraq and of Baghdad Governorate, with which it is also coterminous Jordan, officially the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan (الأردنّ al-Urdunn) is an Arab country in Southwest Asia spanning the southern Franz Cardinal König ( August 3, 1905 &mdash March 13, 2004) was an Austrian Prelate of the Roman Sudan (officially the Republic of Sudan) ( السودان al-Sūdān is a country in northeastern Africa.  Giani Zail Singh (ਜ਼ੈਲ ਸਿੰਘ May 5 1916 – December 25 1994) was an Indian politician and member of the Muammar Abu Minyar al-Gaddafi 1 (معمر القذافي) (born 7 June 1942) also known as Colonel Gaddafi The United States Attorney General is the head of the United States Department of Justice (see) concerned with legal affairs and is the chief law enforcement William Ramsey Clark (born December 18 1927 is a lawyer and former United States Attorney General. Hilario G Davide Jr is the current Ambassador - Permanent Representative of the Permanent Mission of the Republic of the Philippines to the United Sir Thomas Dalyell of the Binns 11th Baronet (born 9 August 1932) known as Tam Dalyell (diːˈɛl is a Scottish Politician Father of the House is a term that has by tradition been unofficially bestowed on certain members of some national Legislatures most notably the House of Commons in The investigation into the bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 began at 1903 on December 21, 1988 when Pan Am Flight 103 was blown up over Lockerbie
Köchler is the recipient of numerous honours and awards such as the History Medal of the Austrian College Society; the award "Apostle of International Understanding" (Unity International Foundation, India); the Honorary Medal of the International Peace Bureau (Geneva); the Honorary Medal of the Polytechnic University of the Philippines; the Royal Datoship of the Sultanate of Marawi (Muslim Mindanao); the Medal of David the Invincible by the Armenian Philosophical Academy. International Peace Bureau (IPB ( Bureau international de la paix) is the world's oldest international peace federation The Polytechnic University of the Philippines ( Filipino: Politeknikong Pamantasan ng Pilipinas) commonly known as PUP, Peyupi or PUPoy Marawi City popularly known as Islamic City of Marawi is a 3rd class city in the province of Lanao del Sur, Philippines Geography The region is divided into two geographical areas &ndash the Mindanao mainland and the Sulu Archipelago. On 18 October 2003 the Hans Koechler Political and Philosophical Society was established in the Philippines. Events 1009 - The Church of the Holy Sepulchre, a Christian church in Jerusalem, is completely destroyed by the Fatimid Year 2003 ( MMIII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. On 1 September 2004 the Hans Koechler Center for Civilizational Dialogue was announced at Mindanao State University. Events 462 - Possible start of first Byzantine indiction cycle. "MMIV" redirects here For the Modest Mouse album see " Baron von Bullshit Rides Again "
In April 2000, UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan appointed Professor Köchler as international observer at the Lockerbie bombing trial that was held at Camp Zeist, Netherlands under Scots law from May 2000 to January 2001. Hans Köchler 's Lockerbie trial observer mission stemmed from the dispute between the United Kingdom, the United States and Libya concerning Kofi Atta Annan, GCMG (born 8 April 1938 is a Ghanaian Diplomat who served as the seventh Secretary-General of the United Nations The Pan Am Flight 103 bombing trial began on May 3, 2000, which was 11 years four months and 13 days after the blowing up of Pan Am Flight 103 on The Scottish court in the Netherlands was the name given to the special High Court of Justiciary set up under Scots law in a disused United States Air Force Scots law is a unique legal system with an ancient basis in Roman law. A Libyan, Abdelbaset Ali Mohmed Al Megrahi, was convicted on 270 counts of murder for the sabotage of Pan Am Flight 103 and was sentenced to life imprisonment. Abdelbaset Ali Mohmed Al Megrahi (عبد الباسط محمد علي المقرحي (not المقراحي as commonly misspelled by the media (born April 1 1952 is a former Libyan Life imprisonment or life incarceration is a sentence of imprisonment for a serious crime often for most Megrahi's appeal against conviction was rejected on February 14, 2002. Events 842 - Charles the Bald and Louis the German swear the Oaths of Strasbourg in the French and German See also 2002 (disambiguation Year 2002 ( MMII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. Köchler described the decisions of the trial and appeal courts as a "spectacular miscarriage of justice. "
Köchler's two analytical reports on the trial and appeal proceedings had a considerable impact on the global debate over the problems of and prospects for international criminal justice. Through his appointment, Köchler effectively redefined the role of "observer" in international criminal trials and set a precedent for any such cases in the future. (1)
Upon publication on 28 June 2007 of a summary of a report by the Scottish Criminal Cases Review Commission, which took four years to review Megrahi's case and granted him leave for a second appeal against conviction, Köchler issued a statement in which he expressed surprise at the Commission's focus and apparent bias in favour of the judicial establishment in Scotland:
He insisted that the full report of the SCCRC should be published, that there should be a full and independent public inquiry into the Lockerbie bombing case and that the proceedings of the Court of Criminal Appeal should be witnessed by international observers. A public inquiry is an official Review of events or actions ordered by a country's state's or province's government The Court of Criminal Appeal is the name of existing courts of Scotland and Ireland, and an historic court in England and Wales. (2)
On 4 July 2007, Köchler wrote to Scottish first minister, Alex Salmond, British foreign secretary, David Miliband, home secretary, Jacqui Smith and minister for Africa, Asia and the UN, Mark Malloch Brown, reiterating his call for a "full and independent public inquiry of the Lockerbie case". Events 836 - Pactum Sicardi, peace between the Principality of Benevento and the Duchy of Naples Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. Alexander Elliot Anderson "Alex" Salmond, (ˈsamənd is the First Minister of Scotland, heading a minority Scottish Government. David Wright Miliband Jacqueline Jill "Jacqui" Smith (born 3 November 1962 is a British Politician for the Labour Party. The United Nations ( UN) is an International organization whose stated aims are to facilitate cooperation in International law, International security George Mark Malloch Brown Baron Malloch-Brown, KCMG, PC (born 1953 is a Minister of State in the Foreign and Commonwealth Office of the British He insisted that UN-appointed legal experts (from countries other than the UK, US and Libya) should be involved in such an inquiry. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Libya ( ليبيا ar-Latn Lībiyā; Libyan vernacular: Lībya; Amazigh:) officially the Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab (3)