|HQ||County Hall, Lambeth|
Coat of arms of Greater London Council
|Created||1 April 1965|
London Government Act 1963
|Abolished||31 March 1986|
Local Government Act 1985
The Greater London Council (GLC) was the top-tier local government administrative body for Greater London from 1965 to 1986. A County council is the elected administrative body governing an area known as a County. Greater London is the top-level administrative subdivision covering London, England. County Hall (sometimes called London County Hall LCH is a building in Lambeth, London, that was the headquarters of London County Council and later the Lambeth is a place in the London Borough of Lambeth, although the area is now more commonly known as Waterloo, after the railway station whose viaduct separates the Events 527 - Byzantine Emperor Justin I names his nephew Justinian I as co-ruler and successor to the throne Year 1965 ( MCMLXV) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar of the 1965 Gregorian calendar. The London Government Act 1963 (1963 c 33 is an act of the UK parliament, which recognised officially the Conurbation known as Greater London Events 307 - After divorcing his wife Minervina, Constantine marries Fausta, the daughter of the retired Roman Emperor Year 1986 ( MCMLXXXVI) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar) The Local Government Act 1985 was an Act of Parliament in the United Kingdom. Local governments are administrative offices that are smaller than a State. Greater London is the top-level administrative subdivision covering London, England. It replaced the earlier London County Council (LCC) which had covered a much smaller area. London County Council (LCC was the principal local government body for the County of London, throughout its 1889-1965 existence and the first London-wide general municipal
The Labour Party had controlled the LCC from 1934 and by the 1950s the Conservative Government considered that elections were becoming one-sided, since the London County Council (LCC) covered only the inner (generally Labour-voting) districts. The Labour Party is a Political party in the United Kingdom. Founded at the start of the 20th century it has been since the 1920s the principal party of the The Conservative Party (officially the Conservative and Unionist Party) is a Political party in the United Kingdom. The government sought to create a new body covering all of London.
A Royal Commission was set up under Sir Edwin Herbert in 1957 and reported in 1960, recommending the creation of 52 new London boroughs as the basis for local government. The term Royal Commission may also be used in the United Kingdom to describe the group of Lords Commissioners who may act in the stead of the The administrative area of Greater London contains thirty-two London boroughs. It further recommended that the LCC be replaced by a weaker strategic authority, with responsibility for public transport, road schemes, housing development and regeneration.
The recommendations were accepted in most part, but the number of new boroughs reduced instead to 32. Greater London covered the counties of London and most of Middlesex, plus parts of Essex, Kent and Surrey, a small part of Hertfordshire and the County Borough of Croydon, County Borough of East Ham and County Borough of West Ham which had been independent of county control. Greater London is the top-level administrative subdivision covering London, England. Middlesex is one of the 39 historic counties of England and the second smallest by area. Essex is a county in the East of England. The County town is Chelmsford, and the highest point of the county is Chrishall Common KENT (1400 AM) is a Radio station broadcasting a Adult Standards/MOR format Surrey is a county in the South East of England and is one of the Home Counties. Hertfordshire (ˈhɑːtfədʃə(r, abbreviated Herts) is a ceremonial and non-metropolitan county in the East region of Croydon was a local government district in north east Surrey, England from 1849 to 1965 East Ham was a local government district in the far south west of Essex from 1878 to 1965 West Ham was a local government district in the extreme south west of Essex from 1886 to 1965 forming part of the built-up area of London, although outside the
Some areas on the boundary of the area fought successfully to be excluded from it, notably the Sunbury-on-Thames Urban District, Staines Urban District and Potters Bar Urban District of Middlesex, fearing increased local taxation. Sunbury on Thames - also known as Sunbury - was a local government district from 1894 to 1974 around the town of Sunbury-on-Thames, also covering Littleton Staines was a local government district from 1894 to 1974 around the town of Staines. South Mimms Rural District (1894-1934 and Potters Bar Urban District (1934-1974 were local government districts occupying the area around the town of Potters Bar Other areas in the Report that were not eventually made part of Greater London included Epsom and Ewell, Caterham and Warlingham, Esher, and Weybridge. History Both Epsom and Ewell lie on the spring line on the north face of the North Downs where the pervious Chalk meets the impervious Caterham is a town in the Tandridge District of Surrey, England Warlingham is a large Village on the south-eastern boundary of London, England, just across the border in Tandridge district east Surrey Esher (iːʃə not /ɛʃə/) is a Town in the Surrey borough of Elmbridge in South East England near the River Mole. Weybridge is a town in the Elmbridge district of Surrey in South East England.
GLC councillors elected for the LCC area became ex officio members of the Inner London Education Authority, which took over the LCC responsibility for education; in outer London, the London boroughs each operated as a local education authority. C D E The Inner London Education Authority (ILEA was the education authority for the 12 inner London boroughs from 1965 until its abolition in 1990
The GLC was responsible for running strategic services such as the fire service, emergency planning, waste disposal and flood prevention. Firefighters are rescuers extensively trained primarily to put out hazardous Fires that threaten civilian populations and property to rescue people from car accidents collapsed The GLC shared responsibility with the London boroughs for providing roads, housing, city planning and leisure services. The administrative area of Greater London contains thirty-two London boroughs. A road is an identifiable route, way or path between two or more places. It had a very limited role in direct service provision with most functions the responsibility of the London boroughs. The GLC did not take control of public transport from the London Transport Board until 1970 and lost control to London Regional Transport in 1984. See also Anthony Bull - Chairman 1965 to 1970 History of transport in London (1933-2003 See also History of transport in London (1933-2003
Under the 1963 Act, the GLC was required to produce a Greater London Development Plan. The plan included in its wide ranging remit: population changes, employment, housing, pollution, transport, roads, the central area, growth and development areas, urban open spaces and the urban landscape, public services and utilities and planning standards. Pollution is the introduction of contaminants into an environment that causes instability disorder harm or discomfort to the physical systems or living organisms they are in London 's transport forms the hub of the road rail and air networks in the United Kingdom. The term Central London refers to the districts of London England which are considered closest to the centre For London as a whole see the main article London. London is well endowed with open spaces The plan included the comprehensive redevelopment of Covent Garden creating a central London motorway loop. Covent Garden (Pronunciation kɒvʌnt is a district in London, England, located on the easternmost parts of the City of Westminster and the southwest The plan was subject to an Inquiry which lasted from July 1970 until May 1972.  The campaign to save Covent Garden along with various opposition on other matters largely derailed the plan. Covent Garden (Pronunciation kɒvʌnt is a district in London, England, located on the easternmost parts of the City of Westminster and the southwest
The first GLC election was on 9 April 1964, with each of the new boroughs electing a number of representatives. Events 193 - Septimius Severus is proclaimed Roman Emperor by the army in Illyricum (in the Balkans) Year 1964 ( MCMLXIV) was a Leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar of the 1964 Gregorian calendar. Despite Conservative hopes, the first GLC consisted of 64 Labour and 36 Conservative councillors and Labour Group leader Bill Fiske became the first Leader of the Council. William Geoffrey Fiske Baron Fiske OBE ( 3 July 1905 - 13 January 1975) commonly known as Bill Fiske, was the first
At the next election in 1967 the unpopularity of the national government produced a massive Conservative victory with 82 seats, to 18 for Labour. Year 1967 ( MCMLXVII) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. Desmond Plummer became the first Conservative leader of London-wide government in 33 years. Arthur Desmond Herne Plummer Baron Plummer of St Marylebone, KBE (usually known as Desmond Plummer (born 25 May 1914) was a Conservative Party The Conservatives retained control in 1970 with a reduced majority. Year 1970 ( MCMLXX) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link shows full calendar of the Gregorian calendar.
In 1972 the electoral system was reformed to introduce single-member constituencies for the election after the 1973 contest, and extend the term of office to four years. Year 1972 ( MCMLXXII) was a Leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Year 1973 ( MCMLXXIII) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar of the 1973 Gregorian calendar. Labour fought the 1973 election on a strongly socialist platform and won with 57 seats to 33 for the Conservatives. The Liberal Party won two seats. The Liberal Party was one of the two major British political parties from the early 19th century until the rise of the Labour Party in the 1920s and a third party
The GLC's hopes under the Labour administration of Reg Goodwin were badly affected by the oil crisis of 1974. Sir Reginald Eustace Goodwin (usually known as Sir Reg Goodwin ( 3 July 1908 - 29 September 1986) was a British Politician Year 1974 ( MCMLXXIV) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar of the 1974 Gregorian calendar. Massive inflation combined with the GLC's £1. 6 billion debt led to heavy rate increases (200% in total before the next election in 1977) and unpopular budget cuts. Some months before the 1977 elections the Labour Group began to split. A left group, including Ken Livingstone, denounced the election manifesto of the party. Kenneth Robert Livingstone (born 17 June 1945 is a British Socialist Politician.
The Conservatives regained control in May 1977, winning 64 seats under their new Thatcherite leader Horace Cutler to a Labour total of just 28. Margaret Hilda Thatcher Baroness Thatcher LG, OM, PC, FRS (born 13 October 1925 Sir Horace Walter Cutler OBE ( 28 July 1912 &ndash 2 March 1997) was a British Politician and Leader of the Cutler headed a resolutely right-wing administration, cutting spending, selling council housing and deprioritising London Transport. The council house is a form of public or social housing in the United Kingdom. In opposition the Labour party continued to fractionalise: Goodwin resigned suddenly in 1980 and in the following leadership contest the little-regarded left-winger Ken Livingstone was only just beaten in an intensely tactical campaign by the moderate Andrew McIntosh. Kenneth Robert Livingstone (born 17 June 1945 is a British Socialist Politician. Andrew Robert McIntosh Baron McIntosh of Haringey (born 30 April 1933) is a British Labour politician However the Labour left were strong at constituency level and as the 1981 election approached they worked to ensure that their members were selected to stand and that their ideologies shaped the manifesto. For the Roxy Music album see Manifesto (album. A manifesto is a public declaration of principles and intentions often The eventual manifesto topped out at over 50,000 words.
The May 1981 election was presented as a clash of ideologies by the Conservatives - Thatcherism against a 'tax high, spend high' Marxist Labour group, claiming that Andrew McIntosh would be deposed by Ken Livingstone after the election. Andrew Robert McIntosh Baron McIntosh of Haringey (born 30 April 1933) is a British Labour politician Kenneth Robert Livingstone (born 17 June 1945 is a British Socialist Politician. McIntosh and Labour Party leader Michael Foot insisted this was untrue, and the Labour party won a very narrow victory with a majority of six. Michael Mackintosh Foot (born 23 July 1913 is a British politician and writer At a pre-arranged meeting of the new Councillors the day after the election, the Left faction won a complete victory over the less-organised Labour right. McIntosh lost with 20 votes to 30 for Ken Livingstone. Livingstone, dubbed 'Red Ken' by some newspapers, managed to gain the guarded support of the Labour deputy leader Illtyd Harrington and the party Chief Whip and set about his new administration.
Livingstone was able to push through the majority of his policies and became surprisingly popular (only 16% of Londoners wanted the GLC abolished). The increased spending of the council led the national government to reduce and eventually end the GLC's central government grant as punishment.
Livingstone's high-spend socialist policies put the GLC into direct conflict with Margaret Thatcher's Conservative government. Socialism refers to a broad set of economic theories of social organization advocating state or collective ownership and administration of the Means of production and distribution Margaret Hilda Thatcher Baroness Thatcher LG, OM, PC, FRS (born 13 October 1925 The Conservative Party (officially the Conservative and Unionist Party) is a Political party in the United Kingdom. Livingstone soon became a thorn in the side of the sitting Conservative government. He deliberately antagonised Thatcher through a series of actions (including posting a billboard of London's rising unemployment figures on the side of County Hall, directly opposite Parliament), reducing London Underground and bus fares using government subsidies, entering into dialogue with Sinn Féin leader Gerry Adams at a time when Adams was banned from entering Britain due to his links with the Provisional Irish Republican Army, and endorsing a statue of Nelson Mandela while Thatcher regarded the future South African president as a terrorist. County Hall (sometimes called London County Hall LCH is a building in Lambeth, London, that was the headquarters of London County Council and later the Sinn Féin () is a political party in Ireland. The current party led by Gerry Adams was formed following a split in January 1970 Gerry Adams, MLA, MP (Gearóid Mac Ádhaimh born 6 October 1948 is an Irish Republican politician and abstentionist Westminster The Provisional Irish Republican Army (Óglaigh na hÉireann ( IRA; also referred to as the PIRA, the Provos, or by some of its supporters as the Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela (xolíɬaɬa mandéːla born 18 July 1918 is a former President of South Africa, the first to be elected in fully representative
By 1983, the government argued for the abolition of the GLC, claiming that it was inefficient and unnecessary, and that its functions could be carried out more efficiently by the boroughs. Year 1983 ( MCMLXXXIII) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1983 Gregorian calendar) The arguments for this case which were detailed in the White Paper Streamlining the cities. A white paper is an authoritative report or guide that often addresses problems and how to solve them Streamlining the cities Government proposals for reorganising local government in Greater London and the Metropolitan counties was a government White paper issued in 1983 Critics of this position argued that the GLC's abolition (as with that of the Metropolitan County Councils) was politically motivated, claiming that it had become a powerful vehicle for opposition to Margaret Thatcher's government. The metropolitan counties are a type of county-level Administrative division of England.
The Local Government Act 1985, which abolished the GLC, faced considerable opposition from many quarters but was narrowly passed in Parliament, setting the end of the council for 31 March 1986. The Local Government Act 1985 was an Act of Parliament in the United Kingdom. Events 307 - After divorcing his wife Minervina, Constantine marries Fausta, the daughter of the retired Roman Emperor Year 1986 ( MCMLXXXVI) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar) It also cancelled the scheduled May 1985 elections. This turned the last term of the GLC into an attempt to find employment for their 22,000-strong workforce and for the distribution of the council's assets to 'friendly' boroughs. GLC assets were assigned to the quango London Residuary Body for disposal, including County Hall, which was sold to a Japanese entertainment company and now houses the London Aquarium, amongst other things. The acronyms Qango and Quango, variously spelt out as QUAsi Non-Governmental Organization, QUasi-Autonomous Non-Governmental Organization, and The London Residuary Body was a body set up in 1985 to dispose of the assets of the Greater London Council after the council's abolition in 1986. The London Aquarium is located on the ground floor of County Hall on the South Bank of the River Thames in central London, near the London
The Inner London Education Authority (ILEA) continued in existence for a few years, and direct elections to it were held, but ILEA was finally also disbanded in 1990. The Inner London Education Authority (ILEA was the education authority for the 12 inner London boroughs from 1965 until its abolition in 1990
Most of the powers of the GLC were devolved to the London boroughs. Some powers, such as the fire service, were taken over by joint boards made up of councillors appointed by the boroughs - see waste authorities in Greater London for an example. Local government in the United Kingdom is arranged into four different systems with one each for England Northern Ireland Scotland and Wales Greater London has a number of waste disposal authorities, responsible for Waste collection and disposal In total, around 100 organisations were responsible for service delivery in Greater London. 
Tony Blair's Labour government was elected in 1997, and was committed to bringing back London-wide government. Anthony Charles Lynton "Tony" Blair (born 6 May 1953 is a British Politician who was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 2 May 1997 to The Labour Party is a Political party in the United Kingdom. Founded at the start of the 20th century it has been since the 1920s the principal party of the Results The election was fought under new boundaries with a net increase of eight seats compared to the 1992 election In 1999 a referendum was held on the establishment of a new London authority and elected mayor, which was approved by a two to one margin. Year 1999 ( MCMXCIX) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1999 Gregorian calendar)
The new Greater London Authority (GLA) was established in 2000. The Greater London Authority ( GLA) is the city-wide governing body for London, England. 2000 ( MM) was a Leap year that started on Saturday of the Common Era, in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. The GLA has a very different structure to the GLC, consisting of a directly elected Mayor of London and a London Assembly. The Mayor of London is an elected politician who along with the London Assembly of 25 members is accountable for the strategic government of Greater London (see The London Assembly is an elected body part of the Greater London Authority, that scrutinises the activities of the Mayor of London and has the power with a two-thirds The Mayor of London elections were won by the same Ken Livingstone, who began his victory speech with the words: "As I was saying before I was so rudely interrupted 14 years ago".
London Transport Board
|London transport authority|
London Regional Transport