The term Great Patriotic War (Russian: Великая Отечественная война, Velikaya Otechestvennaya Vojna) is used in Russia and some other states of the former Soviet Union to describe the war of 1941 to 1945 between Nazi Germany and its Axis allies and the Soviet Union. The Moscow Kremlin ( Russian: Московский Кремль Moskovskiy Kreml) usually referred to as simply The Kremlin, is a historic fortified Terminology is the study of terms and their use Terms are Words and Compound words that are used in specific contexts Russian ( transliteration:,) is the most geographically widespread language of Eurasia, the most widely spoken of the Slavic languages Russia (Россия Rossiya) or the Russian Federation ( Rossiyskaya Federatsiya) is a transcontinental Country extending The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR was a constitutionally Socialist state that existed in Eurasia from 1922 to 1991 Nazi Germany and the Third Reich are the common English names for Germany under the regime of Adolf Hitler and the National Socialist German Workers The Axis powers also known as the Axis alliance Axis nations Axis countries or sometimes just the Axis were those Countries The term is not generally used outside the former Soviet Union (see Eastern Front). The Eastern Front of World War II (die Ostfront 1941-1945, der Rußlandfeldzug 1941-1945 (Russian campaign or der Ostfeldzug 1941-1945 (Eastern Campaign
There is a semantic difference between this term and "World War II", as the Russian term refers only to the war between Germany and its European allies, and the Soviet Union. World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including The war with Japan (including Operation August Storm) and the war on the Western front are not referred to by this term. The Pacific War was the part of World War II —and preceding conflicts—that took place in the Pacific Ocean, its islands and in East Asia, between
The term was coined following the German attack against the Soviet Union on June 22, 1941 and was to mobilize the population to defend the motherland. Events 217 BC - Battle of Raphia: Ptolemy IV of Egypt defeats Antiochus III the Great of the Seleucid kingdom. Year 1941 ( MCMXLI) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (the link will display 1941 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Before then, the term "Patriotic War" (Russian: Отечественная война) referred to the French invasion of Russia under Napoleon in 1812, which is now known as the Patriotic War of 1812. The French invasion of Russia in 1812 was a turning point in the Napoleonic Wars. Napoleon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821 was a French military and political leader who had a significant impact on the History of Europe.
The term "Great Patriotic War" appeared in the Soviet newspaper Pravda soon after Nazi Germany invaded the Soviet Union, in a long article titled "The Great Patriotic War of the Soviet People" (Russian: Великая Отечественная война cоветского народа). Pravda (Правда "The Truth" was a leading Newspaper of the Soviet Union and an official organ of the Central Committee of the Nazi Germany and the Third Reich are the common English names for Germany under the regime of Adolf Hitler and the National Socialist German Workers
In the Soviet lexicography, the war was usually presented as struggle between two ideologies, with the result of the war being the victory of Soviet socialist system over fascism. The pursuit of lexicography is divided into two related disciplines Practical lexicography is the art or Craft of compiling writing and editing dictionaries An ideology is a set of beliefs aims and Ideas especially in politics Socialism refers to a broad set of economic theories of social organization advocating state or collective ownership and administration of the Means of production and distribution Fascism is a totalitarian nationalist and corporatist ideology 
During the conflict, the Soviet Union created the Order of the Patriotic War awarded for heroic deeds.