Grateful Dead, ca. 1987 (L-R): Bob Weir, Jerry Garcia, Mickey Hart, Bill Kreutzmann, Phil Lesh, and Brent Mydland
|Also known as||The Warlocks, The Dead|
|Origin||San Francisco, California, USA|
|Label(s)||Warner Bros. (1966–1972)|
Grateful Dead (1973–1976)
Rhino (Remasters) (2001–present)
|Associated acts||The Other Ones|
Jerry Garcia Band
Phil Lesh and Friends
Donna Jean and the Tricksters
Missing Man Formation
New Riders of the Purple Sage
Old and in the Way
Legion of Mary
Jerry Garcia Acoustic Band
Bobby and the Midnites
Ron "Pigpen" McKernan
Donna Jean Godchaux
The Grateful Dead was an American rock band formed in 1965 in the San Francisco Bay Area. The City and County of San Francisco is the fourth most populous city California ( is a US state on the West Coast of the United States, along the Pacific Ocean. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the A music genre is a categorical and typological construct that identifies musical sounds as belonging to a particular category and type of music that can be distinguished from other Rock music is a genre of Popular music often though not necessarily employing Electric guitar, Bass guitar, and Drums. In the Music industry, a record label can be a Brand and a Trademark associated with the Marketing of music recordings and Music Warner Bros Records Inc is an American Record label that operates as a wholly owned Subsidiary of Warner Music Group. In 1973 the Grateful Dead established their own Record label, aptly titled Grateful Dead Records. Arista Records (ˈɛərɪstə is an American Record label. It is a wholly owned subsidiary of Sony Music Entertainment and operates under the Rhino Entertainment Company is an American specialty Record label and production company owned by Warner Music Group. The Other Ones was an American Rock band formed in 1998 by former Grateful Dead members Bob Weir, Phil Lesh, and Mickey The Dead is an American rock band composed of former members of the Grateful Dead. The Jerry Garcia Band was a San Francisco Bay Area rock band led by Jerry Garcia of the Grateful Dead. RatDog (often misspelled Ratdog and also known as Bob Weir and RatDog, is an American rock band Phil Lesh and Friends is an American rock band formed and led by Phil Lesh, bassist of the Grateful Dead. The Rhythm Devils are a band led by founding Grateful Dead drummers Bill Kreutzmann and Mickey Hart. Donna Jean and the Tricksters is an American Rock music group Missing Man Formation was a band put together by former Grateful Dead Keyboardist Vince Welnick, featuring Welnick Steve Kimock, Prairie New Riders of the Purple Sage is an American Country rock band Old and in the Way was a bluegrass supergroup in the 1970s. The group performed traditional tunes such as "Pig in a Pen" as well as bluegrass-flavoured Legion of Mary was a side project of the Grateful Dead 's Lead guitarist, Singer, and defacto leader Jerry Garcia. Reconstruction was a band formed by John Kahn to occupy him while Jerry Garcia, his long-time musical collaborator was busy with the Grateful Dead. The Jerry Garcia Acoustic Band (JGAB was a band formed by Jerry Garcia of the Grateful Dead. Kingfish is an American Rock band led by Matthew Kelly, a musician singer and songwriter who plays guitar and Harmonica. Bobby and the Midnites was a rock group led by Bob Weir of the Grateful Dead. Bruce Randall Hornsby (born November 23 1954 in Williamsburg Virginia) is an American singer Pianist, Accordion player and songwriter Jerome John "Jerry" Garcia (August 1 1942 &ndash August 9 1995 was a Musician, Songwriter, Artist, and Lead guitarist and Bob Weir (born Robert Hall Weir, October 16 1947 is an American singer songwriter and guitarist most recognized as a founding member of the Grateful Dead Phillip Chapman Lesh (born March 15, 1940 in Berkeley California) is a Musician and a founding member of the Grateful Dead. Bill Kreutzmann (born May 7, 1946 in Palo Alto, California) is an American drummer who played with rock band the Grateful Dead Ronald C "Pigpen" McKernan ( September 8, 1945 – March 8, 1973) was a founding member of the band Grateful Dead. Mickey Hart (born September 11, 1943) is a percussionist and musicologist. Tom Constanten (born March 19, 1944 in Long Branch New Jersey) is an American Keyboardist, best known for playing with the Keith Richard Godchaux ( July 19, 1948 – 23 July, 1980) was a Musician best known for his tenure in the rock group Donna Jean (Thatcher Godchaux-MacKay (born August 22, 1947) is an American Singer best known for having been a member of the rock group Brent Mydland ( October 21, 1952 – July 26, 1990) was the fourth Keyboardist to play for the American rock band the Vince Welnick ( February 21 1951 – June 2 2006) was an American Keyboardist, best known for playing with the band The San Francisco Bay Area, commonly known as the Bay Area, or the Bay, is a geographically and ethnically diverse metropolitan region that surrounds the  The band was known for its unique and eclectic style, which fused elements of rock, folk, bluegrass, blues, reggae, country, jazz, psychedelia, space rock and gospel—and for live performances of long musical improvisation. Rock music is a genre of Popular music often though not necessarily employing Electric guitar, Bass guitar, and Drums. Folk music can have a number of different meanings including Traditional music: The original meaning of the term "folk music" was synonymous Bluegrass music is a form of American roots music, and is a sub-genre of Country music. The Blues is a vocal and instrumental form of Music based on the use of the Blue notes It emerged as an accessible form of self-expression Reggae is a Music genre first developed in Jamaica in the late 1960s Country music is a blend of popular musical forms originally found in the Southern United States and the Appalachian Mountains. Jazz is an American Musical art form which originated in the beginning of the 20th century in African American communities in the Southern United States Psychedelic rock is a style of Rock music that attempts to replicate the mind-altering experiences of hallucinogenic drugs. Space rock is a subgenre of Rock music; the term originally referred to a group of early mostly British 1970s Progressive rock and psychedelic Gospel music is Music that is written to express either personal or a communal belief regarding Christian life as well as (in terms of the varying music styles to Musical Improvisation is the creative activity of immediate Musical composition, which combines performance with communication of emotions and instrumental  "Their music," writes Lenny Kaye, "touches on ground that most other groups don't even know exists. Lenny Kaye (born December 27, 1946) is an American Guitarist, Composer and Writer who is best known as a member of "
The Grateful Dead's fans, some of whom followed the band from concert to concert for years, are known as Deadheads and have been renowned for their dedication to the band's music. Deadhead or Dead Head is a name given to fans of the American Jam band, the Grateful Dead.  Many fans referred to the band simply as "the Dead". As of 2003, the remaining band members who had been touring under the name "The Other Ones" changed their official group name to "The Dead". The Other Ones was an American Rock band formed in 1998 by former Grateful Dead members Bob Weir, Phil Lesh, and Mickey The Dead is an American rock band composed of former members of the Grateful Dead. Deadheads continue to use the nickname to refer to all versions of the band. 
Their musical influences varied widely; in concert recordings or on record albums one can hear psychedelic rock (in the late sixties), the blues, rock nuggets, country-western, bluegrass, country-rock, and although they rarely played jazz music, the band certainly borrowed for their music the kind of long improvisatory sequences that jazz artists such as Charles Mingus and John Coltrane perfected in the 1950s and 1960s. Charles Mingus ( 22 April 1922 &ndash 5 January 1979) was an American Jazz Bassist, Composer, These various influences were distilled into a diverse and psychedelic whole that made the Grateful Dead "the pioneering Godfathers of the jam band world. Jam bands (or jambands) are musical groups whose albums and live performances relate to a fan culture which originated with the 1960s group Grateful Dead and continued "
Lead guitarist Jerry Garcia was often seen both by the public and the media as the leader or primary spokesperson for the Grateful Dead, but was reluctant to be perceived that way, especially since he and the other group members saw themselves as equal participants and contributors to their collective musical and creative output. Lead guitar refers to the use of a Guitar to perform Melody lines instrumental fill passages, and Guitar solos within a song structure Jerome John "Jerry" Garcia (August 1 1942 &ndash August 9 1995 was a Musician, Songwriter, Artist, and Lead guitarist and Musical collective is a phrase used in reference to a leaderless entity that is predisposed to performing music that may be considered experimental.  Garcia, a native of San Francisco, grew up in the Excelsior District. The Excelsior District in San Francisco is the area along Mission Street, south of Interstate 280 and north of Geneva Avenue. One of his main influences was bluegrass music, and Garcia also performed—on banjo, one of his other great instrumental loves, along with the pedal steel guitar—in the bluegrass band Old and in the Way with mandolinist David Grisman. The banjo is a Stringed instrument developed by enslaved Africans in the United States, adapted from several African instruments The pedal steel guitar is a type of Electric guitar that uses a metal slide to stop the strings rather than fingers on strings as with a conventional guitar Old and in the Way was a bluegrass supergroup in the 1970s. The group performed traditional tunes such as "Pig in a Pen" as well as bluegrass-flavoured A mandolin is a musical instrument in the Lute family (plucked or strummed David Grisman (born March 23, 1945 in Hackensack New Jersey) is a Jewish bluegrass / newgrass Mandolinist
Classically trained trumpeter Phil Lesh played bass guitar. Phillip Chapman Lesh (born March 15, 1940 in Berkeley California) is a Musician and a founding member of the Grateful Dead. The electric bass guitar (also called electric bass, or simply bass; ˈbeɪs as in "base" is a Stringed instrument played primarily with the Bob Weir, the youngest original member of the group, played rhythm guitar. Bob Weir (born Robert Hall Weir, October 16 1947 is an American singer songwriter and guitarist most recognized as a founding member of the Grateful Dead Rhythm guitar is the use of a Guitar to provide Rhythmic chordal Accompaniment for a singer or other instruments in a Musical ensemble Ron "Pigpen" McKernan played keyboards and harmonica and was also a group vocalist until shortly before his death in 1973 at the age of 27. Ronald C "Pigpen" McKernan ( September 8, 1945 – March 8, 1973) was a founding member of the band Grateful Dead. The Hammond organ is an electric organ which was invented by Laurens Hammond in 1934 and manufactured by the Hammond Organ Company A harmonica is a free reed Wind instrument which is played by blowing air into it or drawing air out by placing lips over individual holes (reed chambers or All of the previously mentioned Grateful Dead members shared in vocal performance of songs. Bill Kreutzmann played drums, and in 1967 was joined by a second drummer, New York native Mickey Hart, who also played a wide variety of other percussion instruments. Bill Kreutzmann (born May 7, 1946 in Palo Alto, California) is an American drummer who played with rock band the Grateful Dead The drum is a member of the percussion group technically classified as a Membranophone. Mickey Hart (born September 11, 1943) is a percussionist and musicologist. Hart quit the Grateful Dead in 1971, embarrassed by the financial misdealings of his father, Dead money manager Lenny Hart, and leaving Kreutzmann once again as the sole percussionist. Leonard "Lenny" Hart (1918/19 - 1974 was a drummer who owned and operated Hart Music selling drums and musical instruments in San Carlos, California. Mickey Hart rejoined the Dead for good in 1975. Tom "TC" Constanten was added as a second keyboardist from 1968 to 1970, while Pigpen also played various percussion instruments and sang. Tom Constanten (born March 19, 1944 in Long Branch New Jersey) is an American Keyboardist, best known for playing with the
After Constanten's departure, Pigpen reclaimed his position as sole organist. Less than two years later, in late 1971, Pigpen was joined by another keyboardist, Keith Godchaux, who played grand piano alongside Pigpen's Hammond B-3 organ. Keith Richard Godchaux ( July 19, 1948 – 23 July, 1980) was a Musician best known for his tenure in the rock group The piano is a Musical instrument played by means of a keyboard that produces sound by striking steel strings with Felt covered hammers The Hammond organ is an electric organ which was invented by Laurens Hammond in 1934 and manufactured by the Hammond Organ Company In early 1972, Keith's wife, Donna Jean Godchaux, joined the Dead as a backing vocalist. Donna Jean (Thatcher Godchaux-MacKay (born August 22, 1947) is an American Singer best known for having been a member of the rock group
Following the Grateful Dead's "Europe '72" tour, Pigpen's health had deteriorated to the point that he could no longer tour with the Dead. His final concert appearance was June 17, 1972 at the Hollywood Bowl, in Los Angeles, California. Keith and Donna Jean left the band in 1979, and Brent Mydland joined as keyboardist and vocalist. Brent Mydland ( October 21, 1952 – July 26, 1990) was the fourth Keyboardist to play for the American rock band the Keith Godchaux died in a car accident in 1980. Mydland was the keyboardist for the Dead for 11 years until his death in 1990. Death is the termination of the biological functions that define living Organisms It refers both to a specific He became the third Dead keyboardist to pass away. Almost immediately, former The Tubes keyboardist Vince Welnick joined on keyboards and vocals. The Tubes are a San Francisco -based rock band, which was popular in the late 1970s and early 1980s and was known for its live performances that Vince Welnick ( February 21 1951 – June 2 2006) was an American Keyboardist, best known for playing with the band From September 15, 1990 to March 24, 1992, Welnick was joined by Bruce Hornsby on piano; Hornsby had previously appeared as a sit-in player beginning in 1988 and continued as such from 1992 until 1995. Bruce Randall Hornsby (born November 23 1954 in Williamsburg Virginia) is an American singer Pianist, Accordion player and songwriter
Welnick died on June 2, 2006, reportedly a suicide.  Robert Hunter and John Perry Barlow were the band's primary lyricists. Robert C Hunter (born June 23, 1941) is an American Lyricist, Singer songwriter, and Poet, best known for his association John Perry Barlow (born October 3, 1947) is an American Poet, Essayist, retired Wyoming cattle rancher political A lyricist is a Writer who specializes in Song Lyrics, usually paid for by a band to write a custom song(s Owsley "Bear" Stanley was the Grateful Dead's soundman for many years; he was also one of the largest suppliers of LSD. Owsley Stanley (born Augustus Owsley Stanley IIII, January 19, 1935) also known as The Bear, was an underground LSD chemist the first Audio engineering is a part of audio science dealing with the recording and reproduction of Sound through mechanical and electronic means  All eleven members of The Grateful Dead were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1994, and Bruce Hornsby was their presenter.
The Grateful Dead began their career in Menlo Park, California, playing live shows at Kepler's Books. Menlo Park is an affluent City in San Mateo County, in the San Francisco Bay Area of California Kepler's Books is an Independent bookstore in Menlo Park California. 
They began as The Warlocks, a group formed in early 1964 from the remnants of a Palo Alto jug band called Mother McCree's Uptown Jug Champions.  But as another band was already recording under the "Warlocks" name, the band had to change its name.  The Warlocks were originally managed by Hank Harrison, but Harrison went back to graduate school. Hank Harrison (born on June 17, 1941 in Monterey California) is an American Author and father of Musician Courtney After meeting their new manager Rock Scully, they moved to the Haight-Ashbury section of San Francisco. Rock Scully, co-author with David Dalton of the book Living With The Dead was the manager of the band The Grateful Dead from 1965 to 1985 Haight-Ashbury is a district of San Francisco, California, US, named for the intersection of Haight and Ashbury Streets Bands from this area became known for the San Francisco Sound; groups such as Jefferson Airplane, Quicksilver Messenger Service, Big Brother & the Holding Company, and Santana went on to national fame, giving San Francisco an image as a center for the hippie counterculture of the era. The San Francisco Sound refers to rock music performed live and recorded by San Francisco -based rock groups of the mid 1960s to early 1970s Jefferson Airplane was an American rock band from San Francisco, a pioneer of the Psychedelic rock movement Quicksilver Messenger Service is an American Psychedelic rock band formed in 1965 in San Francisco and considered as a part of the city's Big Brother and the Holding Company is an American rock band that formed in San Francisco in 1965 as part of the psychedelic music scene For the Costa Rican football player see Carlos Santana (footballer; for the Mexican academic see Carlos Santana Morales. The Hippie Subculture was originally a Youth movement that began in the United States during the early 1960s and spread around the world Counterculture (also " counter-culture " is a sociological term used to describe the values and norms of behavior of a Cultural group, or The founding members of the Grateful Dead were: banjo and guitar player Jerry Garcia, guitarist Bob Weir, bluesman organist Ron "Pigpen" McKernan, the classically trained Phil Lesh and jazzist drummer Bill Kreutzmann. Bob Weir (born Robert Hall Weir, October 16 1947 is an American singer songwriter and guitarist most recognized as a founding member of the Grateful Dead Ronald C "Pigpen" McKernan ( September 8, 1945 – March 8, 1973) was a founding member of the band Grateful Dead. Phillip Chapman Lesh (born March 15, 1940 in Berkeley California) is a Musician and a founding member of the Grateful Dead. Bill Kreutzmann (born May 7, 1946 in Palo Alto, California) is an American drummer who played with rock band the Grateful Dead  The Grateful Dead most embodied "all the elements of the San Francisco scene and came, therefore, to represent the counterculture to the rest of the country". 
The name Grateful Dead was chosen from a dictionary. According to Phil Lesh, in his biography (pp. 62), ". . . Jer[ry Garcia] picked up an old Britannica World Language Dictionary. The Encyclopædia Britannica is a general English-language encyclopaedia published by Encyclopædia Britannica Inc . . [and]. . . In that silvery elf-voice he said to me, 'Hey, man, how about the Grateful Dead?'" The definition there was "the soul of a dead person, or his angel, showing gratitude to someone who, as an act of charity, arranged their burial. " According to Alan Trist, director of the Grateful Dead's music publisher company Ice Nine, Garcia found the name in the Funk & Wagnalls Folklore Dictionary, when his finger landed on that phrase while playing a game of "dictionary". Ice-nine is a Fictional material conceived by writer Kurt Vonnegut in his novel Cat's Cradle. Funk & Wagnalls is a Publisher based in New York City known for its reference works including an Encyclopedia, content from which became a part of Fictionary, also known as the Dictionary Game or simply Dictionary, is a Word game in which players guess the definition of an obscure word  In the Garcia biography, Captain Trips, author Sandy Troy states that the band was smoking the psychedelic DMT at the time. Dimethyltryptamine (DMT also known as NN -dimethyltryptamine, is a naturally occurring Tryptamine and potent psychedelic drug found not only in The term "Grateful Dead" appears in folktales of a variety of cultures. Grateful dead (or grateful ghost) is a folktale present in many cultures throughout the world
The Grateful Dead formed during the era when bands like The Beatles and The Rolling Stones were dominating the airwaves. The Beatles were a pop and rock band from Liverpool, England formed in 1960 Former folk-scene star Bob Dylan had recently put out a couple of records featuring electric instrumentation. Bob Dylan (born Robert Zimmerman, May 24 1941 in Duluth, Minnesota) is an American singer-songwriter author poet and painter who has been a major Grateful Dead members have said that it was after attending a concert by the touring New York City "folk-rock" band The Lovin' Spoonful that they decided to "go electric" and look for a dirtier sound. The City of New York The Lovin' Spoonful is an American Pop rock band of the 1960s named to the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2000 Gradually, many of the East-Coast American folk musicians, formerly luminaries of the coffee-house scene, were moving in the electric direction. It was natural for Jerry Garcia and Bob Weir, each of whom had been immersed in the American folk music revival of the late 1950s and early '60s, to be open-minded toward electric guitars. Bob Weir (born Robert Hall Weir, October 16 1947 is an American singer songwriter and guitarist most recognized as a founding member of the Grateful Dead The American folk music revival was a phenomenon in the United States in the 1950s to mid-1960s But the new Dead music was also naturally different from bands like Dylan's or the Spoonful, partly because their fellow musician Phil Lesh came out of a schooled classical and electronic music background, while Pigpen was a no-nonsense deep blues lover and drummer Bill Kreutzmann had a jazz and R&B background. Phillip Chapman Lesh (born March 15, 1940 in Berkeley California) is a Musician and a founding member of the Grateful Dead. Classical music is a broad term that usually refers to mainstream music produced in or rooted in the traditions of Western liturgical and Secular music Electronic music is music that employs Electronic musical instruments and Electronic Music technology in its production Jazz is an American Musical art form which originated in the beginning of the 20th century in African American communities in the Southern United States For comparison purposes, their first LP (The Grateful Dead, Warner Brothers, 1967), was released in the same year that Pink Floyd released Piper at the Gates of Dawn and the Beatles released Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band. The Grateful Dead is the debut album of the Grateful Dead. It was recorded by Warner Bros Pink Floyd are The Piper at the Gates of Dawn is Pink Floyd 's debut album and the only one made under Syd Barrett 's leadership although he made some contributions to The Beatles were a pop and rock band from Liverpool, England formed in 1960 Sgt Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band is the eighth studio album by the British rock band The Beatles.
The Grateful Dead’s early music (in the mid 1960s) was part of the process of establishing what "psychedelic music" was, but theirs was essentially a "street party" form of it. They developed their "psychedelic" playing out of meeting Ken Kesey in Palo Alto, CA and subsequently becoming the house band to the Acid Tests he staged. Kenneth Elton Kesey ( September 17, 1935 &ndash November 10, 2001) was an American Author, best known for his major novels Palo Alto (ˌpæloʊˈæltoʊ from Spanish: palo: "stick" and alto: "high" i The Acid Tests were a series of Psychedelic parties held by Ken Kesey in the San Francisco Bay Area during the early 1960's centered entirely around the  After relocating to the Haight-Ashbury section of San Francisco, their "street party" form developed out of the many psychedelic dances, open-air park events, and closed-street Haight-Ashbury block parties at which they played. The Dead were not inclined to fit their music to an established category such as pop rock, blues, folk rock, or country/western. Individual tunes within their repertoire could be identified under one of these stylistic labels, but overall their music drew on all of these genres and more, frequently melding several of them. Often (both in performance and on recording) the Dead left room for exploratory, spacey soundscapes. Most connoisseurs believe that the Grateful Dead's true spirit was rarely well captured in studio performance.
The early records reflected the Dead's live repertoire—lengthy instrumental jams with group improvisation, best exemplified by "Dark Star"—but, lacking the energy of the shows, did not sell well. " Dark Star " is a Song released as a single by the Grateful Dead. The 1969 live album Live/Dead did capture more of their essence, but commercial success did not come until Workingman's Dead and American Beauty, both released in 1970. Live/Dead is the first official Live album released by the San Francisco -based band Grateful Dead. Workingman's Dead is the fourth Studio album by the Grateful Dead. American Beauty is the fifth album by the Grateful Dead. It was recorded between August and September 1970 and originally released in November 1970 by Warner These records largely featured the band's laid-back acoustic musicianship and more traditional song structures.
As the band, and its sound, matured over thirty years of touring, playing, and recording, each member's stylistic contribution became more defined, consistent, and identifiable. Lesh, who was originally a classically-trained trumpet player with an extensive background in music theory, did not tend to play traditional blues-based bass forms, but opted for more melodic, symphonic and complex lines, often sounding like a second lead guitar. Weir, too, was not a traditional rhythm guitarist, but tended to play jazz-influenced, unique inversions at the upper end of the Dead's sound. The two drummers, Mickey Hart and Kreutzmann, developed a unique, complex interplay, balancing Kreutzmann's steady beat with Hart's interest in percussion styles outside the rock tradition. Mickey Hart (born September 11, 1943) is a percussionist and musicologist. Hart incorporated an 11-count measure to his drumming, bringing a new dimension to the band's sound that became an important part of its emerging style.  Garcia's lead lines were fluid, supple and spare, owing a great deal of their character to his training in fingerpicking and banjo.
For the band's primary lyricists, Robert Hunter and John Perry Barlow, common themes in their work include those of love and loss, life and death, gambling and murder, beauty and horror, chaos and order, God and other religious themes, travelling and touring, etc. Robert C Hunter (born June 23, 1941) is an American Lyricist, Singer songwriter, and Poet, best known for his association John Perry Barlow (born October 3, 1947) is an American Poet, Essayist, retired Wyoming cattle rancher political Less frequent ideas include the environment and other issues from the world of politics.
Although he intensely disliked the appellation, Jerry Garcia was the band's de facto musical leader and the source of its identity. Garcia was a charismatic, complex figure, simultaneously writing and playing music of enormous emotional resonance and insight while leading a personal life that often consisted of various forms of self-destructive excess, including well-known drug addictions, obesity, tremendous financial recklessness, and three complex, volatile, often unhappy marriages. What is less well known about Garcia was the fact that he suffered for most of his life from a condition called sleep apnea. Sleep apnea is a sleep disorder characterized by pauses in Breathing during Sleep. His sleep apnea was apparently diagnosed before he died, but it is unlikely that he ever took any steps to treat it. That his case might have been relatively severe may be surmised by the comments of his band mate, Phil Lesh. In Lesh's book, Searching for the Sound, My Life with the Grateful Dead, Lesh relates how he and others were impressed with Garcia's loud and widely fluctuating snoring.
Garcia's early life was profoundly affected by a series of tragedies. As a small boy, at the age of five, he witnessed his father's death by drowning in a freak accident while fishing in the Russian River. Earlier, at the age of four, in another accident, the middle finger on his right hand was accidentally amputated by his brother while the two boys were splitting kindling. Finally, as a young man, he was involved in a horrendous car accident which resulted in the death of a close friend.
Following Garcia's death in August 1995, the remaining members formally decided to disband. The Other Ones was an American Rock band formed in 1998 by former Grateful Dead members Bob Weir, Phil Lesh, and Mickey The Dead is an American rock band composed of former members of the Grateful Dead. RatDog (often misspelled Ratdog and also known as Bob Weir and RatDog, is an American rock band Phil Lesh and Friends is an American rock band formed and led by Phil Lesh, bassist of the Grateful Dead. The main focus of the members was to pursue various solo projects, most notably Bob Weir's Ratdog, Phil Lesh and Friends, and Mickey Hart's music for the 1996 Olympics. RatDog (often misspelled Ratdog and also known as Bob Weir and RatDog, is an American rock band Phil Lesh and Friends is an American rock band formed and led by Phil Lesh, bassist of the Grateful Dead. The 1996 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXVI Olympiad and unofficially known as the Centennial Olympics, were an International
In June 1996 Bob Weir (with Ratdog) and Mickey Hart (with Mickey Hart's Mystery Box), along with Bruce Hornsby and his band, joined five other bands and toured as the Furthur Festival. In 1998's Furthur Festival, Weir, Hart, and Bruce Hornsby were joined by Phil Lesh to form a new band called The Other Ones. Bruce Randall Hornsby (born November 23 1954 in Williamsburg Virginia) is an American singer Pianist, Accordion player and songwriter The Other Ones was an American Rock band formed in 1998 by former Grateful Dead members Bob Weir, Phil Lesh, and Mickey The Strange Remain is a live recording of The Other Ones during the 1998 Furthur Festival. The Strange Remain is an Album by the Rock band The Other Ones. The lineup of The Other Ones would shift, notably involving the addition of Bill Kreutzmann, the departure, then return, of Lesh, and the departure of Bruce Hornsby to pursue his solo work; however, the band settled on a steady lineup by 2002.
Phil, Bobby, and Donna Godchaux sang the National Anthem at the last Giants game ever at Candlestick Park on September 30, 1999 (against the Dodgers). Donna Jean (Thatcher Godchaux-MacKay (born August 22, 1947) is an American Singer best known for having been a member of the rock group Candlestick Park (also commonly referred to as Candlestick or The Stick) is an outdoor sports and entertainment stadium located in San Francisco California Events 1399 - Henry IV is proclaimed King of England. 1744 - France and Spain defeat the Year 1999 ( MCMXCIX) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1999 Gregorian calendar) According to The San Francisco Chronicle's Ron Kroichick, these former members of "the Grateful Dead performed the anthem with dispatch, taking 1 minute and 27 seconds. Jerry Garcia would have been proud. " Bobby and Donna walked off arm-in-arm as Shakedown Street was played over the PA system.
The tour of The Other Ones in 2002 began with two huge shows at celebrated Alpine Valley and continued with a late October return to Shoreline Amphitheatre and an ensuing full Autumn and Winter tour culminating in a New Years Eve show in Oakland where the band played Dark Star among other fan favorites. The Alpine Valley Music Theatre is a 40000 capacity Amphitheatre in East Troy Wisconsin. Shoreline Amphitheatre is an outdoor Amphitheater in Mountain View California, USA, in the San Francisco Bay Area. New Year's Eve is on December 31, the final day of the Gregorian year and the day before New Year's Day. Oakland (ˈoʊklənd founded in 1852 is the eighth-largest city in the U  The tour that included Bob, Bill, Phil and Mickey, was so successful and satisfying that the band decided the name was no longer appropriate. On February 14, 2003, (as they said) "reflecting the reality that [was]," they renamed themselves The Dead, reflecting the abbreviated form of the band name that fans had long used and keeping "Grateful" retired out of respect for Garcia. Events 842 - Charles the Bald and Louis the German swear the Oaths of Strasbourg in the French and German Year 2003 ( MMIII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. The Dead is an American rock band composed of former members of the Grateful Dead. The members would continue to tour on and off through the end of their 2004 Summer Tour - the "Wave That Flag" tour, named after the original 1973 uptempo version of the song "U. S. Blues. " The band accepted Jeff Chimenti on keyboards, Jimmy Herring on guitar, and Warren Haynes on guitar and vocals as part of the band for the tour. Jeff Chimenti is an American Keyboardist, best known for his ongoing work with Ratdog. Jimmy Herring is the lead guitarist in the band Widespread Panic. Warren Haynes (born April 6, 1960) is an American rock and blues Guitarist vocalist and songwriter of Gov't Mule
In 2004, Rolling Stone ranked the Grateful Dead #55 on their list of the 100 Greatest Artists of All Time. Rolling Stone is a United States -based Magazine devoted to Music, Politics, and Popular culture that is published 
On September 24, 2005, the Rex Foundation  of the Grateful Dead family, sans Phil Lesh who declined the invitation and instead opted to attend his son's orientation at Stanford, held the "Comes A Time" tribute to Jerry Garcia at the Greek Theater. Events 622 - Prophet Muhammad completes his hegira from Mecca to Medina. Year 2005 ( MMV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. The Rex Foundation was started by members of the Grateful Dead and friends in 1983 as a non-profit organization to "proactively provide extensive community support to creative The Greek Theatre is a 5700-seat Amphitheater located at Griffith Park in Los Angeles California. Phil Lesh's absence led to fan speculation about a schism in the band, which was exacerbated by the highly publicized Archive.org music downloading PR debacle, which set tensions high within the community. The Internet Archive ( IA) is a Nonprofit organization dedicated to maintaining an on-line Library and archive of Web and Although differences of opinion were exhibited publicly by various band members, Phil Lesh helped clear the air about the "state of the band" by saying "A lot of our business disagreements are the result of poor communication from advisors. Bobby is my brother and I love him unconditionally; he is a very generous man, and was unfairly judged regarding the Archive issue. " As for the future of the band, Lesh also said "The Dead is a big rusty machine that takes awhile to crank up. I am completely open to doing a Terrapin Station weekend and hopefully we will get it together for this summer. " In early May 2006 Phil Lesh announced plans for a 24 date summer tour with a band billed again as Phil Lesh & Friends. The tour began with Tennessee's Bonnaroo festival on June 18. The Bonnaroo Music and Arts Festival is a four-day annual Music festival, created and produced by Superfly Productions and AC Entertainment, first held in 2002
On August 19, 2006, Bob Weir, Donna Jean Godchaux, Mickey Hart and Bill Kreutzmann, played together at the Gathering of the Vibes during the Rhythm Devils set.
On January 4, 2007 Bob Weir, Bill Kreutzmann and Mickey Hart reunited along with Bruce Hornsby, Mike Gordon (of Phish and the Rhythm Devils) and Warren Haynes to play two sets at a post-inauguration fundraising party for speaker of the house Nancy Pelosi. Events 46 BC - Titus Labienus defeats Julius Caesar in the Battle of Ruspina. Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. Mike Gordon (born June 3, 1965 in Sudbury, Massachusetts) is a bass player and vocalist most noted for his work with the rock band Phish is an American Jam band noted for their Musical improvisation, extended Jam sessions and cult following The Rhythm Devils are a band led by founding Grateful Dead drummers Bill Kreutzmann and Mickey Hart. Warren Haynes (born April 6, 1960) is an American rock and blues Guitarist vocalist and songwriter of Gov't Mule Nancy Patricia D'Alesandro Pelosi (born March 26 1940 is the current Speaker of the United States House of Representatives. They were billed as "Your House Band" and performed some Grateful Dead classics such as "Truckin'" and "Touch of Grey". "Truckin'" is a song by the Grateful Dead, which first appeared on their 1970 album American Beauty. " Touch of Grey " is a 1987 single by the Grateful Dead, sometimes known by its Refrain "I will get by Other performers appearing at the event included Tony Bennett, Wyclef Jean and Carole King. Tony Bennett (born Anthony Dominick Benedetto; August 3 1926) is an American Singer of popular music, standards Wyclef Jean (ˈwajklɛf ˈʒɑn born Nelust Wyclef Jean on October 17, 1972) is a Haitian American Musician, Actor Carole King (born February 9, 1942) is an American Singer, Songwriter, and Pianist. 
On February 10, 2007, the Grateful Dead received a Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award. The Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award is awarded by the Recording Academy to "performers who during their lifetimes have made creative contributions of outstanding The award was accepted on behalf of the band by Mickey Hart and Bill Kreutzmann. 
On February 4th, 2008, Mickey Hart, Phil Lesh, and Bob Weir, joined by Jackie Greene, John Molo, and Steve Molitz, performed a show entitled "Deadheads for Obama" at the Warfield in San Francisco, in support of Democratic presidential candidate Barack Obama. Jackie Greene (born November 27, 1980) is an American Singer-songwriter and musician John Molo is a rock and Jazz drummer. He has played with many different bands and musicians including Bruce Hornsby and the Range, Deadheads for Obama is the name given to the February 4th 2008 reunion concert of three former members of the Grateful Dead at The Warfield in San Francisco The Warfield, also known as The Warfield Theater, is a 2300 seat Music venue located at 982 Market Street, San Francisco, California 
On April 24, 2008, members Bob Weir and Mickey Hart, along with Nion McEvoy, CEO of Chronicle Books, University of Californa, Santa Cruz chancellor George Blumenthal, and UCSC librarian Virginia Steel, held a press conference announcing that UCSC's McHenry Library would be the permanent home of the Grateful Dead's complete archival history from 1965 up to the present. Chronicle Books is a San Francisco -based American publisher of books for adults and children The archive includes correspondence, photographs, flyers, posters, and several other forms of memorabilia and records of the band. Also included are unreleased videos of interviews and TV appearances that will be installed for visitors to view, as well as stage backdrops and other props from the band's concerts.
Chancellor Blumenthal stated at the event, "The Grateful Dead Archive represents one of the most significant popular cultural collections of the 20th century; UC Santa Cruz is honored to receive this invaluable gift. The Grateful Dead and UC Santa Cruz are both highly innovative institutions—born the same year—that continue to make a major, positive impact on the world. " Guitarist Bob Weir stated, "We looked around, and UC Santa Cruz seems the best possible home. If you ever wrote the Grateful Dead a letter, you’ll probably find it there!"
Professor of music Fred Lieberman was the key contact between the band and the university, who let the university know about the search for a home for the archive, and who collaborated with Mickey Hart on two books in the past, Planet Drum and Drumming at the Edge of Magic. 
The Grateful Dead are well-known for constantly touring throughout their long career. They promoted a sense of community among their fans, who became known as Deadheads, many of whom followed their tours for months or years on end. Deadhead or Dead Head is a name given to fans of the American Jam band, the Grateful Dead. In their early career, the band also dedicated their time and talents to their community, the Haight-Ashbury area of San Francisco, making available free food, lodging, music and health care to all comers; they were the "first among equals in giving unselfishly of themselves to hippie culture, performing 'more free concerts than any band in the history of music'. 
The Dead also toured with Ken Kesey and the Merry Pranksters as the house band for the Acid Tests, where Neal Cassady of On the Road fame, served as the Furthur bus driver. The Merry Pranksters are a group of people who originally formed around American Author Ken Kesey in 1964 and sometimes lived communally at his The Acid Tests were a series of Psychedelic parties held by Ken Kesey in the San Francisco Bay Area during the early 1960's centered entirely around the Neal Leon Cassady ( February 8, 1926 &ndash February 4, 1968) was a major personage of the Beat Generation of the 1950s and the On the Road is a novel by American writer Jack Kerouac, written in April 1951 and published by Viking Press in 1957. Furthur was a 1939 International Harvester School bus purchased by author Ken Kesey in 1964 for $1250 from Andre Hobson in Atherton California
With the exception of 1975, when the band was on hiatus and played only four concerts together, the Grateful Dead toured regularly around the USA from the winter of 1965 until July 9, 1995—with a few detours to Canada, Europe and three nights at the Great Pyramid of Giza in Egypt in 1978. Events 455 - Roman military commander Avitus is proclaimed Emperor of the Western Roman Empire. Country to "Dominion of Canada" or "Canadian Federation" or anything else please read the Talk Page The Great Pyramid of Giza, also called Khufu's Pyramid or the Pyramid of Khufu, and Pyramid of Cheops, is the oldest and largest of the three This article is about the country of Egypt For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Egypt topics. They also appeared at the Monterey Pop Festival in 1967 and the Woodstock Festival in 1969. The Monterey International Pop Music Festival was a three-day concert event held June 16 to June 18 1967 at the Monterey County Fairgrounds in Monterey Their first UK performance was at the Hollywood music festival in 1970. The Hollywood Music Festival was held at Leycett in the grounds of a farm near Newcastle-under-Lyme, UK, on 23rd and 24 May Their largest concert audience came in 1973 when they played, along with The Allman Brothers Band and The Band, before an estimated 600,000 people at the Summer Jam at Watkins Glen. The Allman Brothers Band is a Southern rock band based in Macon, Georgia. The Band was a rock group active from 1967 to 1976 and again from 1983 to 1999 The Summer Jam at Watkins Glen was a 1973 Rock festival which once received the Guinness Book of World Records entry for "Largest audience at a pop festival  Many of these concerts were preserved in the band's legendary Vault and later released on CD.
Their numerous studio albums were generally collections of new songs that they had first played in concert. A studio is a Artist 's or worker's workroom or an artist and his or her Employees who work within that studio The band was also famous for its extended jams, which featured both individual improvisation as well as distinctive "group-mind" improvisations during which each of the band members improvised individually, while still blending together as a musical unit. Musically this may be illustrated in that not only did the band improvise within the form of a song, but also improvised with the form. The cohesive listening abilities of each band member made for a very elevated level of what might be called "free form". Their concert sets often blended songs, one into the next (a segue). A segue is a smooth transition from one topic or section to the next
The Wall of Sound was an enormous sound system designed specifically for the Grateful Dead. The Wall of Sound was an enormous Public address system designed specifically for the Grateful Dead 's live performances by legendary Audio engineer   The band was never satisfied with the house system anywhere they played, so in their early days, soundman Owsley "Bear" Stanley designed a public-address (PA) and monitor system for them. Owsley Stanley (born Augustus Owsley Stanley IIII, January 19, 1935) also known as The Bear, was an underground LSD chemist the first Stanley's sound systems were delicate and finicky, and frequently brought shows to a halt with technical breakdowns. After Stanley went to jail for manufacturing LSD in 1970, the group briefly used house PAs, but found them to be even less reliable than those built by their former soundman. In 1971, the band purchased their first solid-state sound system from Alembic Inc Studios. Solid-state Electronic components devices and systems are based entirely on the Semiconductor, such as Transistors Microprocessor chips and Alembic was founded in 1969 and is a manufacturer of high-end electric basses guitars and preamps Because of this, Alembic would play an integral role in the research, development, and production of the Wall of Sound. The band also welcomed Dan Healy into the fold on a permanent basis that year. Healy, considered to be a superior engineer to Stanley, would mix the Grateful Dead's live sound until 1993.
The Wall of Sound fulfilled the band's desire for a distortion-free sound system that could also serve as its own monitoring system. After Stanley got out of prison in late 1972, he, Dan Healy and Mark Raizene of the Grateful Dead's sound crew, in collaboration with Ron Wickersham, Rick Turner, and John Curl of Alembic combined eleven separate sound systems in an effort to deliver high-quality sound to audiences. For Rick Turner the South African Philosopher assassinated in 1978 go to Rick Turner (Philosopher. Vocals, lead guitar, rhythm guitar, and piano each had their own channel and set of speakers. Phil Lesh's bass was piped through a quadraphonic encoder that sent signals from each of the four strings to its own channel and set of speakers. Another channel amplified the bass drum, and two more channels carried the snares, tom-toms, and cymbals. Because each speaker carried just one instrument or vocalist, the sound was exceptionally clear and free of intermodulation distortion.
Moreover, the Dead's Wall of Sound acted as its own monitor system, and it was therefore assembled behind the band so the members could hear exactly what their audience was hearing. Because of this, Stanley and Alembic designed a special microphone system to prevent feedback. This placed matched pairs of condenser microphones spaced 60 mm apart and run out-of-phase. The vocalist sang into the top microphone, and the lower mic picked up whatever other sound was present in the stage environment. The signals were summed, the sound that was common to both mics (the sound from the Wall) was cancelled, and only the vocals were amplified.
The Wall of Sound consisted of 89 300-watt solid-state and three 350-watt vacuum-tube amplifiers generating a total of 26,400 watts RMS of audio power. This systems projected high quality playback at six hundred feet with an acceptable sound projected for a quarter mile, at which point wind interference degraded it. The Wall of Sound was the largest portable sound system ever built (although "portable" is a relative term). The Grateful Dead had two stages for the Wall of Sound. One would go ahead to the next city and begin being set up as soon as possible while the other was being used; the other would then "leapfrog" to the next show. Four semi-trailers and 21 crew members were required to haul and set up the 75-ton Wall.
Though the initial framework and a rudimentary form of the system was unveiled in February 1973 (ominously, every speaker tweeter blew as the band began their first number), the Grateful Dead did not begin to tour with the full system until a year later in 1974. The Wall of Sound was very efficient for its day, but it suffered from other drawbacks besides its sheer size. Synthesist Ned Lagin, who toured with the group throughout much of 1974, never received his own dedicated input into the system, and was forced to use the vocal subsystem. Ned Lagin (born June 11 1949 is an American Avant-garde Keyboardist. Because this was often switched to the vocal mikes, many of Lagin's parts were lost in the mix. The Wall's quadraphonic format never translated well to soundboard tapes made during the period, as the sound was compressed into an unnatural stereo format and suffers from a pronounced tinniness.
The rising cost of fuel and personnel, as well as friction among many of the newer crew members (and associated hangers-on), contributed to the band's 1974 "retirement. " The Wall of Sound was disassembled, and when the Dead began touring again in 1976, it was with a more logistically practical sound system.
Fans of the band are commonly referred to as Dead Heads. Deadhead or Dead Head is a name given to fans of the American Jam band, the Grateful Dead. Deadhead or Dead Head is a name given to fans of the American Jam band, the Grateful Dead. While the origin of the term may be shrouded in haze, Dead Heads was made canon by the legendary notice suggested by Hank Harrison and placed inside the Skull and Roses album:
Who are you? Where are you?
How are you?
send us your name and address
and we'll keep you informed
Many of the Dead Heads would go on tour with the band. As a group the Dead Heads were considered very mellow. "I'd rather work nine Grateful Dead concerts than one Oregon football game," Police Det. Rick Raynor said. "They don't get belligerent like they do at the games". 
The Grateful Dead allowed their fans to tape their shows like several other bands during the time. For many years the tapers set up their microphones wherever they could. The eventual forest of microphones became a problem for the official sound crew. Eventually this was solved by having a dedicated taping section located behind the soundboard, which required a special "tapers" ticket. The band allowed sharing of tapes of their shows, as long as no profits were made on the sale of their show tapes.  Recently, there was some dispute over what recordings archive. org could host on their site. Currently, all recordings are hosted, though soundboard recordings are not available for download, rather in a streaming format. 
Over the years, a number of iconic images have come to be associated with the Grateful Dead. Many of these images originated as artwork for concert posters or album covers.
Throughout their 30 years, the Grateful Dead spent their career at the edge of the "official music industry" creating a business model that was antithetical to the model of creating a polished album and then touring to support its sales. The model they evolved was based primarily on touring. Their tours included playing multi-night runs at large arenas and stadiums from year to year. Their shows, usually longer than two hours, rarely featured the same song twice in succeeding nights and never played the songs in exactly the same way. These unique qualities made the Grateful Dead the most viewed rock band during their 30 year run. It spawned a faithful following of Deadheads that came from all parts of society, many of which went on to become influential artists themselves. Deadhead or Dead Head is a name given to fans of the American Jam band, the Grateful Dead. They condoned the live taping of their shows which virally spread their music and added to the number of Deadheads. They proved that a touring rock band could be successful and self-sustaining outside of the standard music industry business model.
Their dissolution left a void which was filled by a variety of jam bands as their fan base sought out other alternatives, causing the 1990s jam bands boom. Jam bands (or jambands) are musical groups whose albums and live performances relate to a fan culture which originated with the 1960s group Grateful Dead and continued The 1990s collectively refers to the years between and including 1990 and 1999