Gordon Muir Campbell
MLA BA MBA
|Assumed office |
June 5, 2001
|Lieutenant Governor||Garde Gardom, Iona Campagnolo, Steven Point|
|Preceded by||Ujjal Dosanjh|
|Born||January 12, 1948 |
Vancouver, British Columbia
|Political party||BC Liberal|
Gordon Muir Campbell MLA (born January 12, 1948) is the 34th Premier of British Columbia. Vice Admiral Gordon Campbell VC, DSO & Two Bars ( January 6, 1886 - July 3, 1953) was an English naval Gordon Thomas Calthrop Campbell Baron Campbell of Croy, MC PC, ( June 8, 1921 &ndash April 26, 2005) born in Lossiemouth The prefix The Honourable or The Honorable (abbreviated to " The Hon A Member of the Legislative Assembly, or MLA, is a representative elected by the voters of an Electoral district to the Legislature or Legislative The Master of Business Administration ( MBA) is a Master's degree in Business administration, which attracts people from a wide range of academic disciplines The Premier of British Columbia is the First minister, Head of government, and de facto chief executive for the Canadian province Events 70 - Titus and his Roman Legions breach the middle wall of Jerusalem in the Siege of Jerusalem Year 2001 ( MMI) was a Common year starting on Monday according to the Gregorian calendar. Garde Basil Gardom, QC, OBC (born July 17, 1924) is a former Canadian politician lawyer and Lieutenant Governor of Iona Campagnolo PC, CM, OBC (born October 18, 1932) is a Canadian politician and was the Lieutenant-Governor Steven Lewis Point OBC ( Xwĕ lī qwĕl tĕl) is the 28th Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia. Ujjal Singh Dosanjh, PC, MP (born September 9, 1947, Jalandhar, India) is a Canadian Lawyer Events 475 - Basiliscus becomes Byzantine Emperor, with a coronation ceremony in the Hebdomon palace in Constantinople Year 1948 ( MCMXLVIII) was a Leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the 1948 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Vancouver (vænˈkuːvɚ is a coastal The British Columbia Liberal Party (also referred to as the BC Liberals) is the governing Political party in British Columbia, Canada. A Member of the Legislative Assembly, or MLA, is a representative elected by the voters of an Electoral district to the Legislature or Legislative Events 475 - Basiliscus becomes Byzantine Emperor, with a coronation ceremony in the Hebdomon palace in Constantinople Year 1948 ( MCMXLVIII) was a Leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the 1948 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. In Canada, a premier is the Head of government of a province or territory. British Columbia (ˌbrɪtɨʃ kəˈlʌmbiə ( BC) ( (la Colombie-Britannique C He is the leader of the British Columbia Liberal Party, which holds a majority in the Legislative Assembly of British Columbia. The British Columbia Liberal Party (also referred to as the BC Liberals) is the governing Political party in British Columbia, Canada. A majority, also known as a simple majority in the US, is a Subset of a group that is more than half of the entire group The Legislative Assembly of British Columbia is one of two components of the Parliament of British Columbia, the other being the Lieutenant-Governor
Born into a wealthy Vancouver family, Campbell's circumstances changed abruptly at age 13 when his father committed suicide. Vancouver (vænˈkuːvɚ is a coastal The Campbell family was then forced to move out of their Point Grey family home and into a small rented apartment.
Campbell attended University Hill Secondary School in Vancouver. University Hill Secondary School is a public secondary school located in the University Endowment Lands, just west of the city limits of Vancouver, British After high school, he enrolled at Dartmouth College, an Ivy League institution in New Hampshire, studying urban management and earning a Bachelor of Arts degree in English. Dartmouth College ( is a private, Coeducational University located in Hanover, New Hampshire, U The Ivy League is an Athletic conference comprising eight private institutions of higher education in the Northeastern United States. New Hampshire ( is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States of America. English studies is an academic discipline that includes the study of Literatures written in the English language (including literatures from the U
Under the Canadian University Service Overseas program, Gordon spent two years in Yola, Nigeria teaching at a secondary school. CUSO, founded 6 June 1961 as Canadian University Students Overseas (and in French SUCO – Service universitaire canadien outre-mer is a Canadian non-profit organization that aids in Yola is the capital city and administrative center of Adamawa State, Nigeria. On his return to Canada he worked as an executive assistant to Art Phillips, then mayor of Vancouver, from 1973 to 1976. Art Phillips (born September 12, 1930) served as mayor of Vancouver British Columbia Canada from 1973 to 1977 A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning "greater" is a modern title used in many countries for the highest ranking officer in a municipal government Campbell then left to become a realty developer. He became Marathon Realty's general manager of development, and was founder of Citycore Development Corporation.
Campbell later earned a Master of Business Administration degree in 1978 from Simon Fraser University. The Master of Business Administration ( MBA) is a Master's degree in Business administration, which attracts people from a wide range of academic disciplines Simon Fraser University ( SFU) is a public university in British Columbia with its main campus on Burnaby Mountain in Burnaby and satellite campuses in Campbell has been awarded the Simon Fraser University “Distinguished Alumni” Award and the Inter-Faith Brotherhood “Man of the Year” Award. .
Campbell was elected to the Vancouver city council in 1984, and from 1986 to 1993, Campbell served as the mayor of Vancouver for three successive terms. A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning "greater" is a modern title used in many countries for the highest ranking officer in a municipal government Vancouver (vænˈkuːvɚ is a coastal Campbell's tenure is most noted for the development of the Expo lands, the re-development of the Yaletown neighbourhood, and the foundation of the Coal Harbour residential community. Campbell's most significant public work during his term was the construction of the new Vancouver Public Library. Funded by the City of Vancouver, the Vancouver Public Library is the third largest Public library system in Canada, with over 395000 cardholders and more
He also served as chair of the Greater Vancouver Regional District and president of the Union of British Columbia Municipalities. Metro Vancouver, legally the Greater Vancouver Regional District, is the inter-municipal body or regional district, charged with certain aspects
Campbell became leader of the BC Liberal Party in 1993, and was elected to the Legislative Assembly next year in a Vancouver-Quilchena by-election. Vancouver-Quilchena is a provincial Electoral district for the Legislative Assembly of British Columbia, Canada. A by-election or bye-election (called special election in the United States) is an Election held to fill a political office that has become vacant He has represented the Vancouver-Point Grey riding since 1996. Vancouver-Point Grey is a provincial Electoral district for the Legislative Assembly of British Columbia, Canada. An electoral district (also known as a Constituency or a riding in the Canadian English political Jargon) is a geographically-based He lost the 1996 BC provincial election despite winning more votes, and he remained opposition leader under New Democratic Party Premiers Glen Clark, Dan Miller and Ujjal Dosanjh. The British Columbia general election of 1996 was the thirty sixth provincial election in the Province of British Columbia, Canada. The Leader of the Opposition ( French: Chef de l'Opposition) in British Columbia is the MLA in the Legislative Assembly of British Columbia The New Democratic Party of British Columbia (NDP is a Political party in British Columbia, Canada that has Democratic socialist roots For the lacrosse coach & former player see Glenn Clark Glen David Clark (born November 22, 1957 in Nanaimo Arthur Daniel Miller (born December 24, 1944) is a Canadian politician Ujjal Singh Dosanjh, PC, MP (born September 9, 1947, Jalandhar, India) is a Canadian Lawyer
Clark's government was beset by controversy and difficult economic and fiscal conditions. After the NDP's approval rating dropped to historic lows, in the BC election of 2001 Campbell's Liberals defeated them, taking 77 of 79 seats in the legislature. The British Columbia general election of 2001 was the 37th provincial election in the Province of British Columbia, Canada. This was the largest majority of seats, and the second-largest majority of the popular vote in BC history.
Although he is leader of a nominally liberal party, Campbell is better identified as a small-c conservative. A small-c conservative is anyone who believes in the philosophy of Conservatism but does not identify with an official Conservative Party.
In 2001, Campbell campaigned on a promise to significantly reduce income taxes to stimulate the economy. A day after taking office, Campbell reduced personal income tax for all taxpayers by 25 per cent.  Cuts were applied to every tax bracket. Tax brackets are the divisions at which Tax rates change in a Progressive tax system (or an explicitly Regressive tax system although this is much rarer The government also introduced reductions in the corporate income tax, and eliminated the Corporation Capital Tax.
To finance these tax cuts and to balance the provincial budget, Campbell's first term was also noted for fiscal austerity. In Economics, austerity is when a national government reduces its spending in order to pay back Creditors Austerity is usually required when a government's fiscal This included major reductions in welfare rolls (by making it harder to qualify for assistance) and some social services, deregulation, the sale of some government assets (in particular the ferries built by the previous government during the Fast Ferry Scandal), and the privitization of BC Rail (which was made, despite contrary campaign promises). Deregulation, a term which gained widespread currency in the period 1970-2000 can be seen as a process by which governments remove reduce or simplify Restrictions on Business The Fast Ferry Scandal, also referred to less-formally as the "FastCat Fiasco", was the name given to a political scandal in the Canadian province of Privatization is the incidence or process of transferring ownership of business from the Public sector (government to the Private sector (business Campbell also reduced the size of the civil service, and closed some government agent and welfare offices in some communities. He also closed the BC Human Rights Commission and replaced it with the BC Human Rights Tribunal
A noteworthy aspect of Campbell's first administration was the prevalent labour strife in the public sector. To reduce program costs, the government embarked on a policy to hold most public sector unions to "zero, zero and zero" percent wage increases over three years. In addition, his government stripped contractual conditions from teachers' collective agreements (won over years of good-faith negotiations with previous governments), such as class size limitations; similar unilateral changes to health-care workers' contracts have subsequently been ruled unconstitutional and illegal by the Supreme Court of Canada. The Supreme Court of Canada ( French: Cour suprême du Canada) is the highest court of Canada and is the final court of appeal in the Canadian  This Campbell initiative was bill 29, the Health and Social Services Delivery Improvement Act and imposed a contract on over 40,000 union workers.  Although there were some labour unions that took job action over these contract positions, BC had the fewest number of worker-days lost due to strikes and lockouts in 30 years. 
In 2001 Campbell introduced reduced minimum wage where "new entrants" into the labour force could be paid $6 per hour: 25% lower than the existing minimum wage. 
The Campbell government passed legislation in August 2001 declaring education as an “essential service” and therefore making it illegal for teachers to strike. This action was presented as fulfilling a platform plank from the previous election campaign. .
The government embarked upon the largest expansion of BC's post-secondary education system since the foundation of Simon Fraser University in 1965. In 2004, the government announced that 25,000 new post-secondary places would be established between 2004 and 2010. 
The Campbell government also lifted the six-year long tuition fee freeze that was placed on the BC universities and colleges by the previous NDP government. Tuition means instruction or teaching. In American English, the term tuition is often used to refer to a fee charged for educational instruction Since then, tuition fees have risen by an average of 88% and are now higher than Canadian averages. . In 2005 a tuition limit policy was put in place capping increases at the rate of inflation. 
Campbell made significant changes including a new Environmental Assessment Legislation, as well as new aquaculture policies. In November 2002, Campbell's government passed the Forest and Range Practices Act (FRPA) which reversed many of the regulations previously introduced by the former NDP government.
The Campbell government drew up legislation that required health authorities to contract out positions when savings could be predicted. This led to the privatization of many healthcare jobs.    These changes met resistance from many health care workers and resulted in a strike by some of them. This strike was ended by court order and amendments by the government on parts of the legislation.
The Campbell government increased health funding by $3-billion during their first term in office to help meet the demand at hand and to increase wages for some health professionals .
During their first term in office, the Campbell government increased the number of new nurse training spaces by 2,500, an increase of 62% . At the same time, they nearly doubled the doctors in training, and opened new medical training facilities in Victoria and Prince George. 
While the increase in doctors in training has been seen as a positive, the BC Medical Association has argued more spaces still need to be opened. 
Wage rates for doctors and nurses also increased in the Campbell government’s first term. Nurses received a 23. 5% raise  while doctors received a 20. 6% raise . The government argued these wage increases were needed to attract and retain skilled professionals in the health care system.
During the 2001 election, the BC Liberals also campaigned on a promise to hold a consultative referendum on First Nation treaty rights. The BC Treaty Referendum was a province-wide Referendum on First Nations treaty rights in British Columbia, Canada. First Nations is a term of Ethnicity that refers to the Aboriginal peoples in Canada who are neither Inuit nor Métis people 
The referendum, led by Attorney General Geoff Plant, proposed eight questions that voters were asked to either support or oppose. Geoff Plant, QC (born c1956) is a British Columbia Lawyer and Politician known for his interest in citizen's legal and electoral rights Critics claimed the phrasing was flawed or biased toward a predetermined response. While some critics, especially First Nations and religious groups, called for a boycott of the referendum, by the May 15 deadline almost 800,000 British Columbians had cast their ballots. About one third of ballots were returned, significantly less than the usual turnout in provincial general elections, but considerably more than predicted by opponents.
The ballots that were returned showed enthusiastic support, with over 80 per cent of participating voters agreeing to all eight proposed principles. The referendum cost about $9 million.
After the conclusion of the treaty referendum, many treaty negotiations resumed.
In the lead-up to the 2005 election, Campbell discussed opening up a New Relationship with Aboriginal People . This has become the foundation for agreements in principle that were made during the second term.
In January 2003, Campbell was arrested and pled no contest for driving under the influence of alcohol while vacationing in Hawaii. la Nolo contendere is a legal term that comes from the Latin for "I will not contend it Driving under the influence of alcohol ( driving while intoxicated, drunk driving, drinking and driving, drink-driving) or other drugs The State of Hawaii ( or həˈwaɪʔiː Hawaiian: Mokuāina o Hawaii) is a state in the United States located on an Archipelago in the According to court records Campbell's blood-alcohol level was more than twice the legal limit. Blood alcohol content or blood alcohol concentration (abbreviated BAC) is the concentration of alcohol in a person's Blood. As is customary in the United States, Campbell's mugshot was provided to the media by Hawaiian police. A mug shot (also known as a mugshot, head shot, or booking photograph) is a Photographic Portrait taken after one is Arrested The image has proved to be a lasting personal embarrassment, frequently used by detractors and opponents. Campbell was fined $913 (US) and the court ordered him to take part in a substance abuse program, and to be assessed for alcoholism. Substance abuse is the overindulgence in and dependence of a Drug or other chemical leading to effects that are detrimental to the individual's physical and mental health Alcoholism is a term with multiple and sometimes conflicting definitions 
A national anti-drinking and driving group, Mothers Against Drunk Driving called for Gordon Campbell to resign. Mothers Against Drunk Driving, or MADD, is a Non-profit organization that seeks to stop Drunk driving, support those affected by drunk driving and 
British Columbia won the right to host the 2010 Winter Olympics on July 2nd, 2003. This was a joint Winter Olympics bid by Vancouver and the ski resort of Whistler. .
Campbell, a main proponent of the bid to get the games, attended the final presentations in Prague, Czech Republic and made an impassioned plea for the games to come back to Canada for the first time since it was held in Calgary in 1988.
Prior to the 2001 election, Campbell made political reform and electoral reform a campaign promise. The British Columbia general election of 2001 was the 37th provincial election in the Province of British Columbia, Canada. Politics Politics is the process by which groups of people make decisions Electoral reform is change in Electoral systems to improve how public desires are expressed in election results This was first reflected in the 1996 provincial election where Campbell’s BC Liberals received more votes than their rivals the BC NDP (42% vs. 39% of the popular vote), but the non-proportional nature of the electoral system resulted in the NDP forming government (39 seats vs. 33 seats . The 2001 election again reflected this issue as the BC Liberal party received 57% percent of the popular vote, but won 97% of the seats .
The new Campbell administration introduced fixed-term election dates for BC, departing from the standard British parliamentary procedure that left election dates at the discretion of the party in power. A Fixed-term election is an Election that occurs on a set date and cannot be changed by the incumbent politician A parliamentary system, also known as parliamentarianism (and parliamentarism in American English) is a System of government in which Campbell also founded a first in Canada, the Citizens' Assembly composed of randomly-selected British Columbians from around the province. The Citizens' Assembly on Electoral Reform is a group created by the government of British Columbia, Canada to investigate changes to the provincial electoral The Assembly advised adopting the Single Transferable Vote system in future elections. Single transferable vote (STV is a preferential Voting system designed to minimize Wasted votes and provide Proportional representation Whether or not to adopt BC-STV was put to a province-wide referendum; the 57. A referendum (plural referendums or referenda) ballot question, or plebiscite (from Latin plebiscita 7% in favour fell slightly short of the 60 percent the government had established as the requirement to pass. 
Campbell campaigned on the slogan "Our Plan is Working", alluding to BC's recovered economic conditions and lower unemployment. In the May 17, 2005, election, Campbell and the BC Liberals won a second majority government, with a reduced number of seats. The 38th British Columbia general election was held on May 17, 2005, to elect members of the Legislative Assembly of the Province of British Columbia Campbell thus became the first BC Premier to be re-elected in more than 25 years.
The economy remains strong during Campbell’s second term in office. 320,000 new jobs have been created in B. C. since December 2001, the best job creation record in Canada. In 2006, the economy has created 65,300 more jobs, virtually all full time positions . By Spring 2007, unemployment had fallen to 4. 0% -- the lowest rate in 30 years, and 6 full points less than when Campbell took office.
After Campbell's re-election, major construction work for the 2010 Winter Olympic Games got underway. This includes venue construction, the Olympic Village, and a significant road construction program on the Sea-to-Sky Highway to Whistler. Highway 99 is the major north-south artery through Metro Vancouver. There is mounting concern over cost overruns on major construction projects as the cost of labour and raw materials rise beyond initial projections.
In order to minimize the effect labour disputes could have on the 2010 Olympic games, the Campbell government offered bonuses of between $3,500 and $4,000 per employee if contracts were signed before March 31, 2006 (June 30, 2006 in the case of the BCTF) for contracts that would expire after the games. The Olympic Games is an international Multi-sport event established for both summer and winter games The strategy succeeded as virtually all public sector contracts have now been extended to after the 2009 election and 2010 Olympics. This was the first time a provincial government and the BCTF reached a negotiated collective agreement since the government created the current BCTF/British Columbia Public School Employer's Association (BCPSEA) bargaining system, and province-wide negotiations were put in place in 1994. 
In June of 2007 the Supreme Court of Canada ruled that parts of health care labour legislation passed in 2002 were unconstitutional. The Court instructed the government to reconsider the legilsation and gave it one year to make the necessary changes.
The Campbell government launched the Conversation on Health, a province-wide consultation with British Columbians on their health care to lay the groundwork for improvements to the principles of the Canada Health Act that will be presented in the Fall of 2007 .
On October 7, 2005, fed-up with Campbell's inability or unwillingness to engage in good-faith negotiations with the BC Teachers Federation, and following the successive imposition of contracts on BC teachers, British Columbia's teachers began an indefinite walk-out. Campbell having made striking illegal for teachers, educators referred to this as an act of civil disobedience. Civil disobedience is the active refusal to obey certain Laws demands and commands of a Government, or of an occupying power, without resorting to physical Despite fines and contempt charges, the teachers' walk-out last two weeks, and threatened to culminate in a general strike across the province. A general strike is a Strike action by a critical mass of the labour force in a city region or country
Faced with the threat of a general strike and growing public support for teachers , the Campbell government finally agreed to partial mediation by Vince Ready. A general strike is a Strike action by a critical mass of the labour force in a city region or country Ready's recommendations included money allocated to alleviate the stresses placed on schools by Campbell's removal of class size and composition limitations.  On October 23, 2005, it was announced teachers had agreed to return to work in light of the Ready recommendations.
The Campbell government has taken steps to resolve a number of First Nations issues in their second term. Campbell has initialed final agreements in principle with the Tsawwassen , Maa-Nulth , and Lheidli T’enneh First Nations .
There have been opponents that have come out against these agreements as well, mostly with respect to the Tsawwassen agreement’s proposition to take a parcel of land out of the Agricultural Land Reserve .
|Leader of the Opposition In British Columbia|
|Order of precedence|
Steven Point, Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia
|Order of precedence in British Columbia|
as of 2007
Lance Finch, Chief Justice of British Columbia