|Gone with the Wind|
Original 1939 film poster
|Directed by||Victor Fleming|
|Produced by||David O. Selznick|
David O. Selznick
John Van Druten
Olivia de Havilland
|Music by||Max Steiner|
|Cinematography||Ernest Haller, ASC|
|Distributed by||Selznick International Pictures (1939 theatrical release)|
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (1939 theatrical release; film rights from 1944 to 1986)
Turner Entertainment (film rights from 1986 to present)
New Line Cinema (1998 re-release)
Warner Home Video (video distribution from 1998 to present)
|Release date(s)||December 15, 1939|
|Running time||222 min; 233 with overture, entr'acte, & exit music|
Gone with the Wind is a 1939 film adapted from Margaret Mitchell's 1936 novel of the same name and directed by Victor Fleming. For the Arkansas lawyer and judge Victor A Fleming, see Vic Fleming. George Dewey Cukor ( July 7, 1899 – January 24, 1983) was an Academy Award -winning American Film director. Samuel Grosvenor (Sam Wood ( July 10 1883 – September 22 1949) was a prolific Hollywood director he also did some production writing David O Selznick, born David Selznick ( May 10, 1902 &ndash June 22, 1965) was one of the iconic Hollywood producers Margaret Munnerlyn Mitchell Marsh ( November 8 1900 – August 16 1949) popularly known as Margaret Mitchell was an American Sidney Howard ( June 26, 1891 &ndash August 23, 1939) was an American Playwright and Screenwriter who became the first Ben Hecht (pronounced hekt) ( February 28, 1894 &ndash April 18, 1964) was an American screenwriter director producer playwright David O Selznick, born David Selznick ( May 10, 1902 &ndash June 22, 1965) was one of the iconic Hollywood producers Clark Gable (February 1 &ndashNovember 16) was an iconic American Actor nicknamed "The King of Hollywood" in his heyday Vivien Leigh Lady Olivier (5 November 1913 &ndash 8 July 1967 was an English actress. Leslie Howard ( April 3, 1893 - June 1, 1943) was an English stage and Academy Award nominated Film Olivia Mary de Havilland (born July 1, 1916) is a two-time Academy Award -winning actress. Hattie McDaniel ( June 10, 1895 – October 26, 1952) was an American Actress and the first black performer to win an This article is about the film composer For other persons with the same name see Max Steiner. Ernest Haller, ASC also credited as Ernie B Haller, ( 31 May 1896 - 21 October 1970) was an American Cinematographer Selznick International Pictures was a Hollywood motion picture studio Turner Entertainment Company Inc is an American media company founded by Ted Turner. New Line Cinema, founded in 1967 is one of the major American Film studios Though it initially began as an independent film studio it became a Warner Home Video is the Home video unit of Warner Bros Entertainment Inc Events 533 - Byzantine general Belisarius defeats the Vandals, commanded by King Gelimer, at the Battle of Year 1939 ( MCMXXXIX) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Entr'acte is French for "between the acts" (German Zwischenspiel, Italian Intermezzo) English is a West Germanic language originating in England and is the First language for most people in the United Kingdom, the United States The United States dollar ( sign: $; code: USD) is the unit of Currency of the United States; it has also been The United States dollar ( sign: $; code: USD) is the unit of Currency of the United States; it has also been Scarlett is a 1994 six hour miniseries loosely based on the sequel to Margaret Mitchell 's novel Gone with the Wind, written The year 1939 in film involved some significant events Events Movie historians and film buffs often look back on the year 1939 as "the Margaret Munnerlyn Mitchell Marsh ( November 8 1900 – August 16 1949) popularly known as Margaret Mitchell was an American The year 1936 in literature involved some significant events and new books This is about the 1936 American Novel. For the film see Gone with the Wind (film Gone with the Wind is a 1936 American For the Arkansas lawyer and judge Victor A Fleming, see Vic Fleming. The epic film which was set in the American South in and around the time of the Civil War, starred Vivien Leigh, Clark Gable, Leslie Howard and Olivia de Havilland. The Epic is a genre of film which places emphasis on human drama on a grand scale Causes of the war See also Origins of the American Civil War, Timeline of events leading to the American Civil War The coexistence of a slave-owning South Vivien Leigh Lady Olivier (5 November 1913 &ndash 8 July 1967 was an English actress. Clark Gable (February 1 &ndashNovember 16) was an iconic American Actor nicknamed "The King of Hollywood" in his heyday Leslie Howard ( April 3, 1893 - June 1, 1943) was an English stage and Academy Award nominated Film Olivia Mary de Havilland (born July 1, 1916) is a two-time Academy Award -winning actress. It told a story of the Civil War and its aftermath from a white Southern point of view.
It was awarded ten Academy Awards, a record that would stand for twenty years. "The Oscar" redirects here for the film see The Oscar (film.  In 1998 The American Film Institute's inaugural Top 100 American Films of All Time list, it was ranked number four, although in the 2007 10th Anniversary edition of that list, it was dropped two places to number six. The American Film Institute ( AFI) is an independent Non-profit organization created by the National Endowment for the Arts, which was established in 1967 The first of the AFI 100 Years series of cinematic milestones AFI's 100 Years AFI’s 100 Years100 Movies — 10th Anniversary Edition was the 2007 updated version of 100 Years… 100 Movies. It has sold more tickets in the U. S. than any other film in history. It is considered a prototype of a Hollywood blockbuster. Today, it is considered one of the most popular and greatest films of all time and one of the most enduring symbols of the golden age of Hollywood. United States cinema has had a profound effect on cinema across the world since the early 20th century
The story opens on a large cotton plantation named Tara in rural Georgia in 1861, on the eve of the American Civil War. Fundamentally a plantation is usually a large Farm or estate, especially in a tropical or semitropical country on which Cotton, Tobacco Tara, the Fictional Plantation found in Margaret Mitchell 's 1936 novel Gone with the Wind, was located near Jonesborough (now The State of Georgia ( is a state in the United States and was one of the original Thirteen Colonies that revolted against British rule Causes of the war See also Origins of the American Civil War, Timeline of events leading to the American Civil War The coexistence of a slave-owning South Scarlett O'Hara is the eldest of three daughters of Irish immigrant Gerald O’Hara and his wife, Ellen. Scarlett O'Hara (full name Katie Scarlett O'Hara Hamilton Kennedy Butler) is the Protagonist in Margaret Mitchell 's 1936 novel Gone with Ireland (pronounced /ˈaɾlənd/ Éire) is the third largest island in Europe, and the twentieth-largest island in the world She is seemingly sought after by every young man in the county, except the refined Ashley Wilkes, for whom Scarlett longs. She is upset to hear of Ashley’s imminent engagement to his cousin Melanie Hamilton, to be announced the next day at a barbecue at his family’s home, the nearby plantation Twelve Oaks.
At Twelve Oaks, she notices she is being admired by a handsome but roguish visitor, Rhett Butler, who had been disowned by his Charleston family. In Gone with the Wind, Twelve Oaks is the plantation of the Wilkes family in Clayton County Georgia. Rhett Butler is the antagonist of Gone with the Wind by Margaret Mitchell. Charleston is a city in Charleston county in the US state of South Carolina. Rhett finds himself in further disfavor among the male guests when, during a discussion of the probability of war, he states that the South has no chance against the superior numbers and industrial might of the North.
When Scarlett is alone with Ashley, she confesses her love for him. He admits he finds Scarlett attractive, but says that he and the gentle Melanie are more compatible. She accuses Ashley of misleading her and slaps him in anger, which is heightened when she realizes that Rhett has overheard the whole conversation. "Sir, you are no gentleman!" she protests, to which he replies, "And you, miss, are no lady!"
The barbecue is disrupted by the announcement that war has broken out, and the men rush to enlist. As Scarlett watches Ashley kiss Melanie goodbye, Melanie’s shy young brother Charles Hamilton, with whom Scarlett had been innocently flirting, asks for her hand in marriage before he goes. She consents, they are married, and she is just as quickly widowed when Charles dies not in battle, but of pneumonia.
Scarlett's mother sends her to the Hamilton home in Atlanta to cheer her up, although the O’Hara's outspoken housemaid Mammy tells Scarlett she knows she is going there “like a spider”, to wait for Ashley’s return. Scarlett and Melanie attend a charity ball in Atlanta, where Rhett makes a surprise appearance. He has become an heroic blockade runner for the Confederacy. A blockade runner is a term applied to ships used to evade a naval Blockade of a harbor or strait as opposed to confronting the blockaders to break the blockade The Confederate States of America (also called the Confederacy, the Confederate States, and CSA) formed as the government set up from 1861 Scarlett shocks Atlanta society by accepting his bid for a dance, even though she is still in mourning. While they dance, Rhett tells her of his intention to win her, which she says will never happen.
The tide of war turns against the Confederacy after the Battle of Gettysburg. Background and movement to battle See also [[Gettysburg Campaign]] [[Gettysburg Battlefield]] [[Gettysburg Confederate order of battle]] [[Confederate order of battle]] Scarlett makes another unsuccessful appeal to Ashley’s heart while he is visiting on Christmas furlough. Eight months later, as the city is besieged by the Union Army in the Atlanta Campaign, Melanie goes into a premature and difficult labor. The Union Army was the army that fought for the Union during the American Civil War. The Atlanta Campaign was a series of battles fought in the Western Theater throughout northwest Georgia and the area around Atlanta Georgia, Scarlett must deliver the child herself. Rhett appears with a horse and wagon to take them out of the city on a perilous journey through the burning depot and warehouse district. He leaves her with a kiss on the road to Tara. She repays him with a slap, to his bemusement, as he goes off to fight with the Confederate Army. The Army of Tennessee was the principal Confederate army operating between the Appalachian Mountains and the Mississippi River during the
On her journey back home, Scarlett finds Twelve Oaks burned out and deserted. She is relieved to find Tara still standing, but learns that her mother has just died of typhoid fever and her father's mind has begun to crumble under the strain. Typhoid fever, also known as enteric fever, bilious fever, Yellow Jack or commonly just typhoid, is an illness caused by the Bacterium With Tara pillaged by Union troops, and the fields untended, Scarlett vows she will do anything for the survival of her family and herself: “As God is my witness, I’ll never be hungry again!”
Scarlett sets her family and servants to picking the cotton fields. She also kills a Union deserter who threatens her during a burglary, and finds gold coins in his haversack, enough to sustain her family and servants for a short time. With the defeat of the Confederacy and war's end, Ashley returns from being a prisoner of war. Mammy restrains Scarlett from running to him when he reunites with Melanie. The dispirited Ashley finds he is of little help to Tara, and when Scarlett begs him to run away with her, he confesses his desire for her and kisses her passionately, but says he cannot leave Melanie.
Gerald O'Hara dies after he is thrown from his horse while chasing a Yankee carpetbagger, one of his former plantation workers, off his property. In United States history carpetbaggers was the term southerners gave to northerners who moved to the South during Reconstruction, between 1865 and 1877 Scarlett is left to care for the family, and realizes she cannot pay the taxes on Tara. Knowing that Rhett is in Atlanta and believing he is still rich, she has Mammy make an elaborate gown for her from her mother’s drapes. However, upon her visit, Rhett tells her his foreign bank accounts have been blocked, and that her attempt to get his money has been in vain. However, as she departs, she encounters her sister’s fiancé, the middle-aged Frank Kennedy, who now owns a successful general store and lumber mill. "Corner shop" redirects here For the British band see Cornershop.
Soon Scarlett is Mrs. Frank Kennedy. She becomes a hardheaded businesswoman, willing to trade with the despised Yankee carpetbaggers and use convict laborers in her mill. When Ashley is about to take a job offer with a bank in the north, Scarlett preys on his weakness by weeping that she needs him to help run the mill; pressured by the sympathetic Melanie, he relents. One day, after Scarlett is attacked while driving alone through a nearby shantytown, Frank, Ashley, and others make a night raid on the shantytown. Shanty towns (also called Squatter camps or Favelas are settlements (sometimes illegal or unauthorized of impoverished people who live in improvised Ashley is wounded in a melee with Union troops, and Frank is killed.
With Frank’s funeral barely over, Rhett visits Scarlett and proposes marriage. Scarlett is aghast at his poor taste, but takes him up on his offer. After a honeymoon in New Orleans, Rhett promises to restore Tara, while Scarlett builds the biggest and most crassly opulent mansion in Atlanta. New Orleans (nʲuːˈɔrliənz nʲuːˈɔrlənz French: La Nouvelle-Orléans) is a major United States port city and the largest city in Louisiana The two have a daughter, Bonnie. Rhett adores her as a less spoiled version of her mother, and does everything to win the good opinion of Atlanta society for his daughter’s sake. Scarlett, still pining for Ashley and chagrined at the ruin of her figure, lets Rhett know that she wants no more children and that they will no longer share a bed. In anger, he kicks open the door that separates their bedrooms to show her that he will decide that.
When visiting the mill one day, Scarlett listens to a nostalgic Ashley wish for the simpler days of old that are now gone, and when she consoles him with an embrace, they are spied by two gossips including Ashley's sister India, who has always held a grudge against Scarlett. They eagerly spread the rumor and Scarlett’s reputation is again sullied. Later that night, Rhett, having heard the rumors, forces Scarlett out of bed and to attend a birthday party for Ashley in her most flamboyant red dress. Incapable of believing anything bad of her beloved sister-in-law, Melanie stands by Scarlett's side so that all know that she believes the gossip to be false.
At home later that night, Scarlett finds Rhett downstairs drunk. Blind with jealousy, he tells Scarlett that he could kill her if he thought it would make her forget Ashley. Picking her up, he carries her up the stairs in his arms, telling her, "This is one night you're not turning me out. " She awakens the next morning with the look of guilty pleasure, but Rhett returns to apologize for his behavior and offers a divorce, which Scarlett rejects saying it would be a disgrace. Rhett decides to takes Bonnie on an extended trip to London.
When Rhett returns with Bonnie, Scarlett is delighted to see him however he rebuffs her attempts at reconciliation. Rhett remarks at how she looks different and Scarlett then resentfully tells him that she is pregnant again. Hurt, Rhett tells her "cheer up. Maybe you'll have an 'accident,'" Enraged, Scarlett lunges at him, falls down the stairs and suffers a miscarriage. Rhett, frantic with guilt, cries to Melanie about his jealousy, yet refrains from telling Melanie about Scarlett's true feelings for Ashley.
As Scarlett recovers, and Rhett attempts reconciliation, while young Bonnie, as impulsive as her grandfather, dies in a fall from her pony when she attempts to jump a fence. Scarlett and Rhett are devastated and exchange recriminations over her death, with Rhett keeping vigil over his daughter's body for three days, refusing to let her be taken away for burial. Melanie visits to comfort them, and convinces Rhett to allow Bonnie to be laid to rest, but then collapses in labor from a pregnancy she was warned could kill her. On her deathbed, she asks Scarlett to look after Ashley for her, as Scarlett had looked after her for Ashley. With her dying breath, Melanie also tells Scarlett to be kind to Rhett, that he loves her. Outside, Ashley collapses in tears, helpless without his wife. Only then does Scarlett realize that she never could have meant anything to him, and that she had loved something that never really existed.
She runs home to find Rhett packing to leave her, saying it is too late to salvage their marriage. She begs him not to leave, telling him she realizes now that she had loved him all along, that she never really loved Ashley. Rhett tells her that as long as there was Bonnie, whom he could spoil and love unconditionally, as he wished he could with Scarlett, there was a chance that they could have been happy, but now that chance was gone.
As Rhett walks out the door, she begs him, "Rhett, if you go, where shall I go? What shall I do?" He answers,
|“||Frankly, my dear, I don't give a damn.||”|
and walks away into the fog. " Frankly my dear I don't give a damn " is a line from the 1939 film Gone with the Wind starring Clark Gable and Vivien Leigh She sits on her stairs and weeps in despair, "What is there that matters?" She then recalls the voices of her father Gerald, Ashley and Rhett, all of whom remind her that her strength comes from Tara itself. Hope lights Scarlett's face: "Tara! Home. I'll go home, and I'll think of some way to get him back! After all, tomorrow is another day!" In the final scene, Scarlett stands once more, resolute, before Tara.
Producer David O. Selznick, head of Selznick International Pictures, decided that he wanted to create a film based on the novel after his story editor Kay Brown read a pre-publication copy in May 1936 and urged him to buy the film rights. David O Selznick, born David Selznick ( May 10, 1902 &ndash June 22, 1965) was one of the iconic Hollywood producers Selznick International Pictures was a Hollywood motion picture studio A month after the book's publication in June 1936, Selznick bought the rights for $50,000, a record amount at the time. The year 1936 in film involved some significant events Events Nov 6 - first Porky Pig animated cartoon  Major financing for the film was provided by Selznick business partner John Hay Whitney, a financier who later went on to become a U. John Hay Whitney ( August 27, 1904 - February 8, 1982) colloquially known as "Jock" Whitney was U S. ambassador.
The casting of the two lead roles became a complex, two-year endeavor. Many famous or soon-to-be-famous actresses were either screen-tested, auditioned, or considered for the role of Scarlett, including Norma Shearer, Bette Davis, Barbara Stanwyck, Joan Crawford, Jean Arthur, Joan Bennett, Paulette Goddard, Katharine Hepburn, Lana Turner, Susan Hayward, Carole Lombard, Irene Dunne, Merle Oberon, Ida Lupino, Joan Fontaine, Loretta Young, Miriam Hopkins, Tallulah Bankhead, Frances Dee, and Lucille Ball. Edith Norma Shearer (August 10 1900 - June 12 1983 was an Academy Award&ndashwinning Canadian-American actress. Ruth Elizabeth "Bette" Davis (April 5 1908 – October 6 1989 was an American actress of Film, Television and Theatre. Barbara Stanwyck ( July 16, &ndash January 20,) was an American actress, a star of film and television known during her 60-year career as a Joan Crawford (born Lucille Fay LeSueur; ( March 23, 1905 - May 10, 1977) Crawford was signed to a motion picture Jean Arthur ( 17 October &ndash 19 June) was an Oscar -nominated American actress and a major film star of the 1930s and 1940s Joan Geraldine Bennett (February 27 &ndashDecember 7) was an Emmy -nominated American stage film and television actress Paulette Goddard ( June 3, 1910 – April 23, 1990) was an Oscar -nominated American Film and Theatre Katharine Houghton Hepburn (May 12 1907 – June 29 2003 was an American actress of film television and stage Lana Turner ( February 8, 1921 &ndash June 29, 1995) was an Academy Award -nominated American Film Susan Hayward ( June 30, 1917 &ndash March 14, 1975) was an Academy Award -winning American Actress. Carole Lombard ( October 6, 1908 – January 16, 1942) born Jane Alice Peters in Fort Wayne Indiana, was an Oscar-nominated Irene Dunne ( December 20, 1898 - September 4, 1990) was a five-time Academy Award -nominated American film actress and Merle Oberon ( 19 February 1911 &ndash 23 November 1979) born Estelle Merle O'Brien Thompson, was an Academy Award Ida Lupino (4 February &ndash 3 August) was an English film actress, director, and a pioneer among women filmmakers Joan Fontaine (born October 22, 1917) is an Academy Award -winning British Actress in American films Loretta Young ( January 6, 1913 &ndash August 12, 2000) was an American actress Ellen Miriam Hopkins ( October 18, 1902 – October 9, 1972) was an Oscar -nominated American actress Tallulah Brockman Bankhead ( January 31, 1902 – December 12, 1968) was an American Actress, talk-show host and Frances Marion Dee ( November 26 1909 &ndash March 6 2004) was an American Actress. Lucille Ball (August 6 1911 – April 26 1989 was an American comedienne, film television stage and radio Actress, model, film
Four actresses, including Jean Arthur and Joan Bennett, were still under consideration by December 1938. Jean Arthur ( 17 October &ndash 19 June) was an Oscar -nominated American actress and a major film star of the 1930s and 1940s Joan Geraldine Bennett (February 27 &ndashDecember 7) was an Emmy -nominated American stage film and television actress But only two finalists, Paulette Goddard and Vivien Leigh, were tested in Technicolor, both on December 20. Paulette Goddard ( June 3, 1910 – April 23, 1990) was an Oscar -nominated American Film and Theatre Vivien Leigh Lady Olivier (5 November 1913 &ndash 8 July 1967 was an English actress. Technicolor is the trademark for a series of color film processes pioneered by Technicolor Motion Picture Corporation Events 69 - Vespasian, formerly a general under Nero, enters Rome to claim the title of Emperor.  Selznick had been quietly considering Vivien Leigh, a young English actress little known in America, for the role of Scarlett since February 1938, when Selznick saw her in Fire Over England and A Yank at Oxford. Fire Over England is a 1937 London Film Productions film drama notable for providing the first pairing of Laurence Olivier and Vivien Leigh A Yank at Oxford is a British 1938 film comedy produced by the British branch of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. Leigh's American agent was the London representative of the Myron Selznick talent agency (headed by David Selznick's brother, one of the owners of Selznick International), and she had requested in February that her name be submitted for consideration as Scarlett. Myron Selznick ( October 5, 1898 – March 23, 1944) was an American Film producer and talent agent. By summer of 1938, the Selznicks were negotiating with Alexander Korda, to whom Leigh was under contract, for her services later that year. Sir Alexander Korda (September 16 1893 - January 23 1956 was a Hungarian-born Film director and producer.  But for publicity reasons David arranged to meet her for the first time on the night of December 10, 1938, when the burning of the Atlanta Depot was filmed. Events 1041 - Empress Zoe of Byzantium elevates her adoptive son to the throne of the Eastern Roman Empire as Michael V Year 1938 ( MCMXXXVIII) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. The story was invented for the press that Leigh and Laurence Olivier were just visiting the studio as guests of Myron Selznick, who was also Olivier's agent, and that Leigh was in Hollywood hoping for a part in Olivier's current movie, Wuthering Heights. Wuthering Heights is a 1939 film directed by William Wyler and produced by Samuel Goldwyn. In a letter to his wife two days later, Selznick admitted that Leigh was "the Scarlett dark horse", and after a series of screen tests, her casting was announced on January 13, 1939. Events 532 - Nika riots in Constantinople. 888 - Odo Count of Paris becomes King of the Franks Year 1939 ( MCMXXXIX) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Just before the shooting of the film, Selznick informed Ed Sullivan: "Scarlett O'Hara's parents were French and Irish. Edward Vincent "Ed" Sullivan ( September 28, 1901 – October 13, 1974) was an American Entertainment Writer Identically, Miss Leigh's parents are French and Irish. "
For the role of Rhett Butler, Clark Gable was an almost immediate favorite for both the public and Selznick. Clark Gable (February 1 &ndashNovember 16) was an iconic American Actor nicknamed "The King of Hollywood" in his heyday Nevertheless, as Selznick had no male stars under long-term contract, he needed to go through the process of negotiating to borrow an actor from another studio. Gary Cooper was thus Selznick's first choice, because Cooper's contract with Samuel Goldwyn involved a common distribution company, United Artists, with which Selznick had an eight-picture deal. Frank James “Gary” Cooper (May 7 &ndashMay 13) was an American film actor and iconic star Samuel Goldwyn ( ca. July 1879 &ndash 31 January 1974) was an Academy Award and Golden Globe Award -winning producer This article is about the film studio Previously it was affiliated with a cinema chain bearing its name now owned by Regal Entertainment Group. However, Goldwyn remained noncommittal in negotiations.  Warner Bros. offered a package of Bette Davis, Errol Flynn, and Olivia de Havilland for the lead roles in return for the distribution rights. Warner Bros Entertainment Inc (or Warner Bros, Warner Bros Pictures) is one of the world's largest producers of Film and Ruth Elizabeth "Bette" Davis (April 5 1908 – October 6 1989 was an American actress of Film, Television and Theatre. Errol Leslie Thomson Flynn ( June 20, 1909 &ndash October 14, 1959) was an Australian Film Actor, most Olivia Mary de Havilland (born July 1, 1916) is a two-time Academy Award -winning actress. But by then Selznick was determined to get Clark Gable, and eventually found a way to borrow him from Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. Selznick's father-in-law, MGM chief Louis B. Mayer, offered in May 1938 to fund half of the movie's budget in return for a powerful package: 50% of the profits would go to MGM, the movie's distribution would be credited to MGM's parent company, Loew's, Inc., and Loew's would receive 15 percent of the movie's gross income. Louis Burt Mayer (born Lazar Meir July 4, 1884 &ndash October 29, 1957) was an early Film producer, most Loews Theatres, aka Loews Incorporated, founded in 1904 by Marcus Loew, was the oldest theater chain operating in North America until it merged with Gross income is commonly defined as the amount of a Company 's or a Person 's income before all deductions or any taxpayer’s income except that which is specifically Selznick accepted this offer in August, and Gable was cast. Nevertheless, the arrangement to release through MGM meant delaying the start of production until Selznick International completed its eight-picture contract with United Artists.
Principal photography began January 26, 1939, and ended on June 27, 1939, with post-production work (including a fifth version of the opening scene) going to November 11, 1939. Events 1340 - King Edward III of England is declared King of France. Year 1939 ( MCMXXXIX) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Events 1358 - Republic of Dubrovnik is founded 1709 - Peter the Great defeats Charles XII of Sweden Year 1939 ( MCMXXXIX) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Events 308 - The Congress of Carnuntum: Attempting to keep peace within the Roman Empire, the leaders of the Tetrarchy declare Year 1939 ( MCMXXXIX) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Director George Cukor, with whom Selznick had a long working relationship, and who had spent almost two years in preproduction on Gone with the Wind, was replaced after less than three weeks of shooting. George Dewey Cukor ( July 7, 1899 – January 24, 1983) was an Academy Award -winning American Film director.  Olivia de Havilland said that she learned of George Cukor's firing from Vivien Leigh on the day the Atlanta bazaar scene was filmed. The pair went to Selznick's office in full costume and begged him to change his mind. Selznick apologized, but refused. Victor Fleming, who was directing The Wizard of Oz, was called in from MGM to complete the picture, although Cukor continued privately to coach Leigh and De Havilland. For the Arkansas lawyer and judge Victor A Fleming, see Vic Fleming. The Wizard of Oz is a 1939 American musical - Fantasy film mainly directed by Victor Fleming and based on the 1900 children’s However, Fleming and Leigh did not have a very good relationship and quarreled often. They disagreed frequently on the portrayal of Scarlett, Leigh wanting her a more sympathetic character while Fleming wanted her to be the "bitch. " Finally, Leigh stated "I can't be a bitch," and Fleming replied, "Miss Leigh, take the script and shove it up your royal British ass. " Another MGM director, Sam Wood, worked for two weeks in May when Fleming temporarily left the production due to exhaustion, strangely enough after his incident with Leigh. Samuel Grosvenor (Sam Wood ( July 10 1883 – September 22 1949) was a prolific Hollywood director he also did some production writing
Cinematographer Lee Garmes began the production, but after a month of shooting what Selznick and his associates thought was "too dark" footage, was replaced with Ernest Haller, working with Technicolor cinematographer Ray Rennahan. Lee Garmes, ASC ( May 27, 1898 - August 31, 1978) was an award-winning American Cinematographer. Ernest Haller, ASC also credited as Ernie B Haller, ( 31 May 1896 - 21 October 1970) was an American Cinematographer Ray Rennahan, ASC (b May 1, 1896 in Las Vegas Nevada – d May 19, 1980 in Tarzana, California) was a Most of the filming was done on "the back forty" of Selznick International with all the location scenes being photographed in California, mostly in Los Angeles County or neighboring Ventura County. History The property on which the backlot was located was originally intended to be a lease for Cecil B Selznick International Pictures was a Hollywood motion picture studio Los Angeles County is a county in California and is by far the most populous county in the United States. Ventura County is a county in the southern part of the US state of California ( Southern California)  Estimated production costs were $3. 9 million; only Ben-Hur (1925) and Hell's Angels (1930) had cost more. Ben-Hur was a 1925 Silent film directed by Fred Niblo. It was a blockbuster hit for newly merged Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. Events Top grossing films The Big Parade Ben-Hur The Freshman Hell's Angels is a 1930 American epic War film, directed by Howard Hughes and starring Jean Harlow, Ben
When David O. Selznick was asked by the press in early September how he felt about the film, he said: "At noon I think it's divine, at midnight I think it's lousy. Sometimes I think it's the greatest picture ever made. But if it's only a great picture, I'll still be satisfied. "
On September 9, 1939, Selznick, his wife Irene Mayer Selznick, investor Jock Whitney, and film editor Hal Kern drove out to Riverside, California with all of the film reels to preview it before an audience. Events 1000 - Battle of Svolder, Viking Age. 1379 - Treaty of Neuberg, splitting the Austrian Year 1939 ( MCMXXXIX) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Irene Mayer Selznick ( April 2, 1907 - October 10, 1990) was an American Theatrical producer. John Hay Whitney ( August 27, 1904 - February 8, 1982) colloquially known as "Jock" Whitney was U Riverside is the County seat of Riverside County, California, United States. The film was still unfinished at this stage, missing many optical effects and most of Max Steiner's music score. This article is about the film composer For other persons with the same name see Max Steiner. They arrived at the Fox Theatre, which was playing a double feature of Hawaiian Nights and Beau Geste. Beau Geste is a 1939 film made by Paramount Pictures based on the novel of the same name by P Kern called for the manager and explained that they had selected his theatre for the first public screening of Gone with the Wind. He was told that after Hawaiian Nights had finished, he could make an announcement of the preview, but was forbidden to say what the film was. People were permitted to leave, but the theatre would thereafter be sealed with no re-admissions and no phone calls out. The manager was reluctant, but finally agreed. His only request was to call his wife to come to the theatre immediately. Kern stood by him as he made the call to make sure he did not reveal the name of the film to her.
When the film began, there was a buzz in the audience when Selznick's name appeared, for they had been reading about the making of the film for over two years. In an interview years later, Kern described the exact moment the audience realized what was happening:
When Margaret Mitchell's name came on the screen, you never heard such a sound in your life. They just yelled, they stood up on the seats. . . I had the [manually-operated sound] box. And I had that music wide open and you couldn't hear a thing. Mrs. Selznick was crying like a baby and so was David and so was I. Oh, what a thrill! And when "Gone with the Wind" came on the screen, it was thunderous!
In his seminal biography of Selznick, David Thomson wrote that the audience's response before the story had even started "was the greatest moment of his life, the greatest victory and redemption of all his failings. David Thomson (b 1941 London UK) is a noted Film critic in the United States and the author of more than 20 books including The New "
After the film, there was a huge ovation. In the preview cards filled out after the screening, two-thirds of the audience had rated it excellent, an unusually high rating. Most of the audience begged that the film not be cut shorter and many suggested that instead they eliminate the newsreels, shorts and B-movie feature, which is eventually how Gone with the Wind was screened and would soon become the norm in movie theatres around the world.
The film premiered in Atlanta, Georgia, on December 15, 1939 as the climax of three days of festivities hosted by the mayor which consisted of a parade of limousines featuring stars from the film, receptions, thousands of Confederate flags, false antebellum fronts on stores and homes, and a costume ball. Events 533 - Byzantine general Belisarius defeats the Vandals, commanded by King Gelimer, at the Battle of Year 1939 ( MCMXXXIX) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. " Antebellum " is an expression derived from Latin that means "before war" ( ante, "before" and bellum The governor of Georgia declared December 15 a state holiday. Events 533 - Byzantine general Belisarius defeats the Vandals, commanded by King Gelimer, at the Battle of President Jimmy Carter would later recall it as "the biggest event to happen in the South in my lifetime. James Earl "Jimmy" Carter Jr (born October 1 1924 was the thirty-ninth President of the United States, serving from 1977 to 1981 and the recipient of the 2002 "
It was a sensational hit during the Blitz in London, opening in April 1940 and playing continuously for four years. The Blitz was the sustained bombing of Britain by Nazi Germany between 7 September 1940 and 10 May 1941 in World War II. 
Some have criticized the film for romanticizing, sanitizing or even promoting the values of the antebellum South, in particular its reliance on slavery. " Antebellum " is an expression derived from Latin that means "before war" ( ante, "before" and bellum As a social-economic system slavery is a legal institution under which a Person (called "a slave" is compelled to work for another For example, syndicated columnist Leonard Pitts has likened it to "a romance set in Auschwitz. Leonard Pitts, Jr is a nationally- Syndicated columnist and winner of the 2004 Pulitzer Prize for Commentary "Auschwitz" redirects here For the town see Oświęcim Auschwitz-Birkenau () was the largest of Nazi Germany "
The character of Mammy, played by Hattie McDaniel, has been linked with the stock character of the "happy slave", an archetype that is said to implicitly condone slavery. Hattie McDaniel ( June 10, 1895 – October 26, 1952) was an American Actress and the first black performer to win an An archetype ( pronounced: /ˈɑːkɪtaɪp/ (Brit or /ˈɑrkɪtaɪp/ (Amer But Helen Taylor, in Scarlett's Women: Gone with the Wind and Its Female Fans argued that Mammy's character is more complex than this, that her character represents someone who cared for others, despite the racism and oppression she suffered.
On the other hand, Mammy frequently derides other slaves on the plantation as "field hands," implying that as a House Servant she is above the "less-refined" blacks. It is most apparent in a scene in which Mammy and Scarlett walk down a street and Mammy passes by a Yankee carpetbagger who promises a group of ex-slaves "forty acres and a mule. In United States history carpetbaggers was the term southerners gave to northerners who moved to the South during Reconstruction, between 1865 and 1877 40 acres and a mule is a term for compensation that was promised to be awarded to freed African American slaves after the Civil War — 40 Acres (16 " The ex-slaves are excited, but Mammy glares at them disapprovingly.
Responding to the racial critiques of the film, Selznick replied that the black characters were "lovable, faithful, high-minded people who would leave no impression but a very nice one. " While Mammy is generally portrayed in a positive light, other black characters in the film are not so fortunate.
The character of Prissy, played by Butterfly McQueen has been accused of perpetuating the stereotype that black slaves were stupid and childlike. Butterfly McQueen ( January 7, 1911 &ndash December 22, 1995) was an American Film and Television actress In one scene, as Melanie is about to give birth, Prissy bursts into tears and admits she lied to Scarlett: "Lawzy, we got to have a doctor. I don't know nothin' 'bout birthin' babies!" (In response, Scarlett slaps her).  In The Autobiography of Malcolm X, the former civil rights leader recounted his experience of watching this particular scene as a small boy in Michigan: "I was the only Negro in the theater, and when Butterfly McQueen went into her act, I felt like crawling under the rug. The Autobiography of Malcolm X (ISBN 0-345-35068-5 was written by Alex Haley between 1964 and 1965 as told to him through conversations with Malcolm conducted shortly "
The role of Prissy catapulted Butterfly McQueen's film career, but within ten years, she grew tired of playing black ethnic stereotypes. Butterfly McQueen ( January 7, 1911 &ndash December 22, 1995) was an American Film and Television actress When she refused to be typecast that way, it ended her career.
Members of the African-American community criticized many black actors for agreeing to play a role in the film. Oscar Polk, who played the role of Pork, wrote an op-ed in the Chicago Defender — a prominent newspaper in the black community — to respond to that criticism. Oscar Polk ( Marianna Arkansas, December 25, 1899 — New York City, January 4, 1949) was an African American The Chicago Defender was the United States ’ largest and most influential black weekly newspaper by the beginning of World War I. "As a race we should be proud," he said, "that we have risen so far above the status of our enslaved ancestors and be glad to portray ourselves as we once were because in no other way can we so strikingly demonstrate how far we have come in so few years. "
After the Civil War, Gerald O’Hara (Scarlett’s father, who owns the plantation Tara), scolds his daughter about the way she is treating Mammy and Prissy. Causes of the war See also Origins of the American Civil War, Timeline of events leading to the American Civil War The coexistence of a slave-owning South “You must be firm to inferiors, but gentle, especially darkies,” he advises her. While Scarlett was criticized for being too harsh on the house servants, Gerald’s premise that black people are “inferior” is not questioned, however “inferior” could be interpreted as their social status as workers, just as one’s boss is referred to as his “superior. ” In the novel, author Margaret Mitchell made a point of the importance of social hierarchy in the Antebellum South.
Some scenes subtly undercut the apparent romanticization of Southern slavery. During the panicked evacuation of Atlanta as Union troops approach, Scarlett runs into Big Sam, the black foreman of the O'Hara plantation. Big Sam informs her that he (and a group of black field-hands who are with him) have been impressed to dig fortifications for the Confederacy. But these men are singing Go Down Moses, a famous black spiritual that slaves would sing to call for the abolition of slavery. " Go Down Moses " is an American Negro spiritual. It describes events in the Old Testament of the Bible, specifically Exodus 51 "And Spirituals (or Negro spirituals) are songs which were created by African slaves in America.
The Shantytown Raid scene was changed in the film to make it less racially divisive than the book. After Scarlett is attacked in a Shantytown outside Atlanta, her husband Frank, Ashley, and others leave to raid the Shantytown that night to avenge Scarlett's honor. Shanty towns (also called Squatter camps or Favelas are settlements (sometimes illegal or unauthorized of impoverished people who live in improvised In the book, there are two attackers, one is black and one is white, and those who raid the Shantytown after her attack are identified as members of the Ku Klux Klan (although Scarlett herself disdains the Klan). Ku Klux Klan ( KKK) is the name of several past and present secret domestic terrorist organizations in the United States, generally in the southern states that are  In the film, no mention of the Klan is made. In both the film and the book, a black man, Big Sam, who was the O'Hara's old foreman, saves her life during the attack.
Racial politics spilled into the film's premiere in Atlanta, Georgia. As Georgia was a segregated state, Hattie McDaniel could not have attended the cinema without sitting in the "colored" section of the movie theater; to avoid troubling Selznick, she thus sent a letter saying she would not be able to attend. When Clark Gable heard that McDaniel did not want to attend because of the racial issue, he threatened to boycott the premiere unless McDaniel was able to attend; he later relented when McDaniel convinced him to go. Clark Gable (February 1 &ndashNovember 16) was an iconic American Actor nicknamed "The King of Hollywood" in his heyday 
At the costume ball during the premiere, local promoters recruited blacks to dress up as slaves and sing in a "Negro choir" on the steps of a white-columned plantation mansion built for the event. Many black community leaders refused to participate, but prominent Atlanta preacher Martin Luther King, Sr. attended, and he brought his 10-year-old son, future civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr., who sang that night in the choir. Reverend Martin Luther King Sr ( December 19, 1899 November 11, 1984) born as Michael King and later known as " Daddy King Martin Luther King Jr ( January 15, 1929 April 4, 1968) was an American clergyman, Activist and prominent leader
The film also resulted in an important moment in African-American history: Hattie McDaniel won an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress, the first time an African-American actor received the award. Hattie McDaniel ( June 10, 1895 – October 26, 1952) was an American Actress and the first black performer to win an "The Oscar" redirects here for the film see The Oscar (film. Performance by an Actor in a Supporting Role is one of the Academy Awards of Merit presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts This is a list of Black Academy Award winners and nominees. This list is current as of the 80th Academy Awards ceremony held on February 24 2008
In an attempt to draw upon his company's profits, but to pay capital gain tax rather than a much higher personal income tax, David O. Selznick and his business partners liquidated Selznick International Pictures over a three-year period in the early 1940s. As part of the liquidation, Selznick sold his rights in Gone with the Wind to Jock Whitney and his sister, who in turn sold it to Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer in 1944. John Hay Whitney ( August 27, 1904 - February 8, 1982) colloquially known as "Jock" Whitney was U Today it is owned by Turner Entertainment, whose parent company Turner Broadcasting acquired MGM's film library in 1985. Turner Entertainment Company Inc is an American media company founded by Ted Turner. Turner Broadcasting System Inc (often abbreviated TBS Networks or TBS Inc Turner itself is currently a subsidiary of Time Warner, which is the current parent company of Warner Bros. Entertainment. Time Warner Inc ( is the world's largest media and entertainment conglomerate, headquartered in New York City. Warner Bros Entertainment Inc (or Warner Bros, Warner Bros Pictures) is one of the world's largest producers of Film and
Gone with the Wind was given theatrical re-releases in 1947, 1954, 1961, 1967 (in a widescreen version), 1971, 1989, and 1998. It made its television debut on the HBO cable network in June 1976, and its broadcast debut the following November on the NBC network, where it became at that time the highest-rated television program ever presented on a single network, watched by 47. The National Broadcasting Company ( NBC) is an American Television network headquartered in the GE Building in New York City's The following is a list of most-watched television broadcasts, organized by country and based on various criteria 5 percent of the households in America, and 65 percent of television viewers. Ironically, it was surpassed the following year by the mini-series Roots, a saga about slavery in America. Roots is a 1977 American television Miniseries based on Alex Haley 's work Roots The Saga of an American Family
Gone with the Wind also holds the record as being the biggest box-office hit in the history of movies.
In 1989, Gone with the Wind was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant". The National Film Registry is the registry of Films selected by the United States National Film Preservation Board for preservation in the Library of The Library of Congress is the De facto National library of the United States and the research arm of the United States Congress In 1998, the American Film Institute ranked it #4 on its "100 Greatest Movies" list. The year 1998 in film involved some significant events Events February 14 - Sharon Stone marries Phil Bronstein The American Film Institute ( AFI) is an independent Non-profit organization created by the National Endowment for the Arts, which was established in 1967 The first of the AFI 100 Years series of cinematic milestones AFI's 100 Years
Rhett Butler's infamous farewell line to Scarlett O'Hara, "Frankly, my dear, I don't give a damn", was voted in a poll by the American Film Institute in 2005 as the most memorable line in cinema history. " Frankly my dear I don't give a damn " is a line from the 1939 film Gone with the Wind starring Clark Gable and Vivien Leigh The American Film Institute ( AFI) is an independent Non-profit organization created by the National Endowment for the Arts, which was established in 1967 The year 2005 in film involved some significant events Releases of sequels took place with movies like The Devil's Rejects, Cheaper 
In 2005, the AFI ranked Max Steiner's score for the film the second greatest of all time. This article is about the film composer For other persons with the same name see Max Steiner. The AFI also ranked the film #2 in their list of the greatest romances of all time (100 Years. . . 100 Passions).
After filming concluded, the set of Tara sat on the back lot of the former Selznick Studios as the Forty Acres back lot reverted to RKO Pictures and then was sold to Desilu Productions. Desilu Productions was a Los Angeles California based company jointly owned by American actors Lucille Ball and Desi Arnaz. In 1959, Southern Attractions, Inc. purchased the façade of Tara, which was dismantled and shipped to Georgia with plans to relocate it to the Atlanta area as a tourist attraction.   David O. Selznick commented at the time,
Nothing in Hollywood is permanent. Once photographed, life here is ended. It is almost symbolic of Hollywood. Tara had no rooms inside. It was just a façade. So much of Hollywood is a façade. 
However, the Margaret Mitchell estate refused to license the novel's commercial use in connection with the façade, citing Mitchell's dismay at how little it resembled her description. In 1979 the dismantled plywood and papier-mâché set, reportedly in "terrible" condition, was purchased for $5,000 by Betty Talmadge, the ex-wife of former Georgia governor and U. Papier-mâché ( French for 'chewed-up paper' because of its appearance sometimes called paper-mâché, is a construction material that consists of pieces of S. senator Herman Talmadge. Herman Eugene Talmadge ( August 9, 1913 – March 21, 2002) was an American politician who served as Governor of the  She lent the front door of Tara's set to the Margaret Mitchell House and Museum in downtown Atlanta, Georgia where it is on permanent display, featured in the Gone with the Wind film museum. The Margaret Mitchell House and Museum was the home of author Margaret Mitchell. Other items from the movie, such as from the set of Scarlett and Rhett's Atlanta mansion, are still stored at The Culver Studios (formerly Selznick International) including the stained glass window from the top of the staircase which was actually a painting. The famous painting of Scarlett in her blue dress, which hung in Rhett's bedroom, hung for years at the Margaret Mitchell Elementary School in Atlanta, but is now on permanent loan to the Margaret Mitchell Museum, complete with stains from the glass of sherry that Rhett Butler threw at it in anger.
Winner of 10 Academy Awards. Jane Darwell ( October 15, 1879 – August 13, 1967) was an Academy Award -winning American Theater and Ward Edwin Bond ( April 9 1903 – November 5 1960) was an American film Actor whose rugged appearance and easygoing charm Paul Hurst ( October 15, 1888 &ndash February 27, 1953) was an American Film Actor and director. Eleanore Cammack "Cammie" King (born August 5, 1934 in Los Angeles, California is best known for her portrayal of Bonnie Blue Butler in the film Ona Munson ( June 16, 1903 – February 11, 1955) was an American Actress perhaps best known for her portrayal of Eric Linden ( September 15 1909, New York City, New York &ndash July 14 1994, South Laguna Beach, California Cliff Edwards ( 14 June, 1895 - 17 July, 1971) also known as "Ukelele Ike", was an American singer "The Oscar" redirects here for the film see The Oscar (film. (2 Honorary Awards and 8 Outright)
|Best Picture||Selznick International Pictures (David O. Selznick, Producer)|
This received the "Oscar" statuette
|Best Director||Victor Fleming|
This received the "Oscar" statuette
|Best Actor||Clark Gable|
Lost to Robert Donat - Goodbye, Mr. Chips
|Best Actress||Vivien Leigh|
This received the "Oscar" statuette
|Best Writing, Screenplay||Sidney Howard|
This received the "Oscar" statuette
|Best Supporting Actress||Hattie McDaniel|
This received the "Oscar" statuette
|Best Supporting Actress||Olivia de Havilland|
Lost to Hattie McDaniel - Gone with the Wind
|Best Cinematography, Color||Ernest Haller and Ray Rennahan|
This received the "Oscar" statuette
|Best Film Editing||Hal C. The Academy Award for Best Motion Picture is one of the Awards of Merit presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS to artists working Selznick International Pictures was a Hollywood motion picture studio David O Selznick, born David Selznick ( May 10, 1902 &ndash June 22, 1965) was one of the iconic Hollywood producers The Academy Award for Achievement in Directing (Best Director is one of the Awards of Merit presented by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS to For the Arkansas lawyer and judge Victor A Fleming, see Vic Fleming. Performance by an Actor in a Leading Role is one of the Academy Awards of Merit presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS to recognize Clark Gable (February 1 &ndashNovember 16) was an iconic American Actor nicknamed "The King of Hollywood" in his heyday Friedrich Robert Donat ( March 18, 1905 &ndash June 9, 1958) was an English Academy Award -winning Film and Goodbye Mr Chips ( 1939) is a British film based on the novel of the same name by James Hilton. Performance by an Actress in a Leading Role is one of the Academy Awards of Merit presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS to Vivien Leigh Lady Olivier (5 November 1913 &ndash 8 July 1967 was an English actress. The Academy Award for Writing Adapted Screenplay is one of the Academy Awards, the most prominent Film awards in the United States Sidney Howard ( June 26, 1891 &ndash August 23, 1939) was an American Playwright and Screenwriter who became the first Performance by an Actress in a Supporting Role is one of the Academy Awards of Merit presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS Hattie McDaniel ( June 10, 1895 – October 26, 1952) was an American Actress and the first black performer to win an Performance by an Actress in a Supporting Role is one of the Academy Awards of Merit presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS Olivia Mary de Havilland (born July 1, 1916) is a two-time Academy Award -winning actress. Hattie McDaniel ( June 10, 1895 – October 26, 1952) was an American Actress and the first black performer to win an The Academy Award for Best Cinematography is an Academy Award awarded each year to a Cinematographer for work in one particular Motion picture. Ernest Haller, ASC also credited as Ernie B Haller, ( 31 May 1896 - 21 October 1970) was an American Cinematographer Ray Rennahan, ASC (b May 1, 1896 in Las Vegas Nevada – d May 19, 1980 in Tarzana, California) was a The Academy Award for Film Editing was first given for films issued in 1934 Kern and James E. Newcom|
This received the "Oscar" statuette
|Best Art Direction||Lyle Wheeler|
This received the "Oscar" statuette
|Best Special Effects||Fred Albin (Sound), Jack Cosgrove (Photographic), and Arthur Johns (Sound)|
Lost to Fred Sersen (Photographic) and E. The Academy Awards are the oldest awards ceremony for achievements in motion pictures. Lyle Reynolds Wheeler, (b February 2, 1905 in Woburn Massachusetts, USA. The Academy Award for Visual Effects is an Oscar given to one film each year that shows highest achievement in Visual effects Fred Sersen was an American cinema special effects artist working mainly at 20th Century Fox Studios from the 1930's to the 1950's with credits in over 200 movies H. Hansen (Sound) - The Rains Came
|Best Music, Original Score||Max Steiner|
Lost to Herbert Stothart - The Wizard of Oz
|Best Sound, Recording||Thomas T. The Rains Came is the title of novel by Louis Bromfield, published in 1937, as well as the 1939 20th Century Fox Film version The Academy Award for Original Music Score is presented to the best substantial body of music in the form of dramatic underscoring written specifically This article is about the film composer For other persons with the same name see Max Steiner. Herbert Stothart ( September 11 1885 – February 1 1949) was a Song writer, Arranger, and Composer. The Wizard of Oz is a 1939 American musical - Fantasy film mainly directed by Victor Fleming and based on the 1900 children’s The Academy Award for Sound Mixing is an Academy Award that recognizes the finest or most euphonic Sound mixing or recording Moulton (Samuel Goldwyn Studio Sound Department)|
Lost to Bernard B. Brown (Universal Studio Sound Department) - When Tomorrow Comes
|Irving G. Thalberg Award||David O. Selznick|
Was given for his career achievements as a producer
|Honorary Award||William Cameron Menzies (Plaque)|
For outstanding achievement in the use of color for the enhancement of dramatic mood in the production of Gone with the Wind. The Irving G Thalberg Memorial Award is awarded periodically at the Academy Awards ceremonies to "Creative producers whose bodies of work reflect a consistently high David O Selznick, born David Selznick ( May 10, 1902 &ndash June 22, 1965) was one of the iconic Hollywood producers The Academy Honorary Award, instituted in 1948 for the 21st Academy Awards (previously called the Special Award) is given by the discretion of the William Cameron Menzies ( July 29, 1896 - March 5, 1957) was an Academy Award -winning American Film
|Technical Achievement Award||Don Musgrave and Selznick International Pictures (Certificate)|
For pioneering in the use of coordinated equipment in the production Gone with the Wind. The Technical Achievement Award is a kind of Scientifc and Technical Award given by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences to those whose particular technical Selznick International Pictures was a Hollywood motion picture studio
Rumors of Hollywood producing a sequel to this film persisted for decades until 1994, when a sequel was finally produced for television, based upon Alexandra Ripley's novel, Scarlett, itself a sequel to Mitchell's original. The year 1994 in film involved some significant events Top grossing films (U Alexandra Ripley, née Braid ( January 8, 1934 - January 10, 2004) was an American writer best known as the author of Scarlett is a novel written in 1991 by Alexandra Ripley as a sequel to Margaret Mitchell 's Gone with the Wind Both the book and mini-series were met with mixed reviews. A miniseries (also mini-series) in a serial Storytelling medium is a production which tells a story in a pre-planned limited number of episodes In the TV version, British actors played both key roles: Welsh-born actor Timothy Dalton played Rhett while Manchester-born Joanne Whalley played Scarlett. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located Timothy Peter Dalton (born March 21, 1946) is an English Joanne Whalley (born 25 August, 1961 in Salford, Lancashire) is an English Actress. Original plans were used for the reconstruction of a replica of the original Tara set in Charleston, South Carolina for the filming.
You Can't Take It with You
|Academy Award for Best Picture|
You Can't Take It with You is a Pulitzer Prize -winning comedic play in three acts by George S The Academy Award for Best Motion Picture is one of the Awards of Merit presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS to artists working