This article is about the goaltender in ice hockey. Ice hockey, often referred to simply as hockey, is a team Sport played on Ice. For the similar position in other sports, see Goalkeeper. In many team Sports a goalkeeper (termed goaltender netminder, goalie, or keeper in some sports
The goaltender (also known colloquially as goalie or netminder) in ice hockey is the player who defends his team's goal net by stopping shots of the puck from entering his team's net, thus preventing the opposing team from scoring. Ice hockey, often referred to simply as hockey, is a team Sport played on Ice. A shot in Ice hockey is an attempt by a player to score a goal by striking the puck with their stick in the direction of the net A puck is a disk used in various types of games serving the same functions as a ball in ball games The goalie usually plays in or near the area in front of the net called the goal crease (often referred to simply as the crease). Due to the power of shots, the goaltender wears special equipment designed to protect the body from direct impact. Only one goalie is allowed to be on the ice for each team at any one time.
Goaltending is a specialized position in ice hockey; at higher levels in the game, no goalies play other positions and no other players play goalie. A typical ice hockey team may have two or three goaltenders on its roster.
The goaltender has special privileges that other players do not. He wears special goaltending equipment that is different from that worn by other players, and is subject to specific regulations. In Ice hockey, the Goaltender wears specialized goaltending equipment to protect him from the impact of the puck and assist him in making Saves The goalie may legally hold (or freeze) the puck with his hands to cause a stoppage of play. If a player from the other team hits the goaltender without making an attempt to get out of his way, the offending player may be penalized. In some leagues, if a goalie's stick breaks, he can continue playing with a broken stick until the play is stopped, unlike other players who must drop any broken sticks immediately.
Additionally, if a goaltender acts in such a way that would cause a normal player to be given a penalty, such as slashing or tripping another player, the goaltender cannot be penalized. Instead, one of the goaltender's teammates is sent to the penalty box in his or her place. However, the goalie does receive the penalty minutes on the scoresheet.
When a goaltender blocks or stops a shot from going into his goal net, that action is called a save. In Baseball, a save (abbreviated SV or S) is credited to a Pitcher who finishes a game for the winning team under certain prescribed circumstances Goalies often use a particular style, but in general they make saves any way they can: catching the puck with their glove hand, deflecting the shot with their stick, blocking it with their leg pads or blocker or another part of their body, or collapsing to butterfly position to block any low shot coming, especially in close proximity. After making a save, the goaltender attempts to control the rebound to avoid a goal scored by an opposing player when the goaltender is out of position ('scoring on a rebound'), or to allow the goalie's own team to get control of the puck. Goalies may catch or hold a puck shot at the net to better control how it re-enters play. If there is immediate pressure from the opposing team, a goalie may choose to hold on to the puck (for a second or more, with judgment from the referee) to stop play for a face-off. If a goalie holds on to the puck for too long without any pressure they may be subject to a 2-minute 'delay of game' penalty. Recently, in the NHL and AHL, goalies have been restricted as to where they can play the puck behind the net.
See also: shot on goal, save percentage, and goals against average. In Field hockey, Ice hockey, Box lacrosse, or Soccer, a shot on goal is a shot that will enter the goal if it is not stopped by the Save percentage (often known by such symbols as SV%, SVP, PCT) is an Ice hockey and Lacrosse Statistic that represents Goals against average ( GAA) is a Statistic used in Ice hockey, Water polo, Lacrosse, and Football (soccer that is the
Angle play: The method where, by positioning themselves in a direct line between the shooter and the net, a goaltender covers more of the net than he would otherwise be able to. One of the most notable angle goaltenders was Bernie Parent. Bernard Marcel Parent (born April 3, 1945 in Montreal, Quebec) better known as Bernie Parent, is a retired Canadian professional
See main article: Blocker (ice hockey equipment).
Blocker: Worn on the right hand (for right-handed goaltenders), the blocker is a rectangular piece of equipment with a glove to hold the stick. It protects the wrist area, and can be used to direct shots away from the net. The blocker should be positioned at one's side, and at a height which allows the goaltender's stick to remain flat on the ice. Some goalies, such as Rick DiPietro of the New York Islanders, have their blocker and stick on the left hand, and their trapper on the right hand. Rick DiPietro (born September 19 1981 in Winthrop Massachusetts) is an American professional Ice hockey Goaltender with the New York This setup is described as a Full-right goalie.
Butterfly save: On low shots, modern goaltenders usually work in the "butterfly" position, keeping their knees together and their stick covering their five-hole, or knee gap. A term common to the sport of Hockey, the five-hole refers to the space between a Goaltender 's legs The glove is kept up, ready for a possible deflection, and the goaltender is focused on the incoming shot. Goaltenders should keep both arms out in front of them, covering the gaps between the goaltender's arms and body (sometimes called the 7 and 11 holes, and making it easier to direct rebounds with the stick and blocker.
Holes one through five: There exist five distinct positions a goaltender needs to cover:
In addition, some also refer to the 11-hole and 7-hole. These are the gaps between the goaltender's glove arm and body and between the goaltender's stick arm and body, respectively. It is difficult for goaltenders to make saves in this area, so therefore some skillful players have been known to aim for the 11-hole or 7-hole in shootout or break away situations.
Leg pads: Worn on the goaltender's legs to both protect the legs and help stop shots. The leg pads may not be more than 12 inches (300 mm) in width. (Current NHL Rules have reduced this to 11 inches (280 mm) in width, while also restricting the overall height to 38 inches. ) The leg pads should come to about three inches above the knee. Pads that are too long will affect balance and timing; pads that are too short will not protect the knees or make butterfly saves properly.
(Leg) pad save: A save made with any part of the leg pads. The goaltender should remain relaxed and skate backwards with the incoming shot, thus helping to absorb the blow and reduce the rebound effect. One type of leg pad save is the butterfly save.
Lie: The angle created between the handle of a goaltender's stick and the paddle. The higher the lie, the closer the stick resembles the capital letter "L".
Paddle: The thick part of the goaltender's stick, not to be confused with the blade; the blade should remain flat on the ice as often as possible.
Paddle down: A type of stance by the goaltender when the play is coming from the corner to the front of the net and the puck carrier is carrying the puck in front of the net looking to score. Here the goaltender puts the stick down on the ground, parallel to the ice, with the leg farthest from the post down and the other up and ready to push. This works well against angled rushes or wrap arounds where the skater would normally out–skate the goalie. A wrap around or old fashioned in Ice hockey is when a player with the Puck skates behind the opposing team's goal and attempts to score by sliding The skater does have the top part of the net to shoot at, but it is difficult to lift the puck over the goalie from up close. The paddle down stance is also effective against low passes from behind the net to players looking to score from the slot.
Poke check: When the goaltender wants to poke the puck away from an opposing player, he quickly slides his hand up the stick, thrusting forward towards the puck. This is a risky play, and occasionally the goaltender will miss and the puck-carrier will be left with an unguarded net.
Screen shot: Screen shots are blind shots, in which the goalie has to anticipate where the puck will hit. In the screen shot, another player (usually an opponent, but sometimes the goaltender's own teammate) stands between the shooter and the goaltender, obscuring the goaltender's vision of the shot. On a screen shot, the goaltender must do everything possible to try to see the shot, dropping to the butterfly stance and thrusting their trapper out at the sound of a shot. Some goalies, such as Ed Belfour or Ron Hextall, go as far as (illegally) punching players in the head or slashing their legs. Edward John Belfour (born April 21, 1965 in Carman, Manitoba, Canada) is a former Canadian professional Ice hockey Ron Hextall (born May 3, 1964 in Brandon, Manitoba) is a retired Canadian professional Ice hockey Goaltender most often associated
Shuffle: A technique for lateral movement when the puck is relatively close to the net. The goaltender slides his legs, one at a time, in the desired direction. If the goaltender is not quick this techniques momentarily leaves the five-hole open. This is the most common method of movement for a goaltender.
Skate save: A save made with the goaltender's skate. The goaltender decides which direction the rebound should travel in, and turns his skate in that direction. Then, bending the other leg, he pushes towards the puck with the off leg, as the bent knee drops to the ice. This move is rarely used and widely thought of as "not effective"
Skating: A common fallacy is that the goaltender can get by with merely adequate skating, and often young players are placed in net due to their poor skating. In fact, the goaltender must be one of the best technical skaters on the team, and must be able to keep up with the moves of every skater on opposing teams. In particular, goaltenders must be adept at lateral skating and quick pivoting. Goaltenders must also have exceptional leg strength and the capability for very explosive movement.
Stacking the pads: When a goaltender is on the angle, often a sudden pass close to the net will leave the net relatively unguarded. Stacking the pads is a desperation move in which the goaltender slides feet-first, with legs together (and consequently, "stacked"), towards the potential shooter, attempting to cover as much space as possible.
Stance: In a proper stance, the goaltender has the weight on the balls of his feet, the trapper and blocker just above knee-height and slightly out in front so they can be seen in the goalies peripheral vision, and the stick flat on the ice. Stance should also be conformed to the goaltender's style and comfort.
Stick: The stick, held by the goaltender in their blocker hand, the blade of the stick should remain flat on the ice. Keep notice of the lie on a new stick. A high lie will force a goaltender to play on their heels, offsetting balance, while a low lie places a goaltender lower to the ice, and may affect high saves.
Stick save: A save made with the goaltender's stick. On stick saves, the goaltender should not keep a tight grip on the stick, instead allowing the shot's momentum to push the stick back into the skates/pads, cushioning the blow.
Stood on his head: This is a term to describe an outstanding performance by an ice hockey goaltender in a short period of time. Often when a goalie lets out a rebound, the opposition returns the shot quickly, and the goalie has to make a quick save. A goalie often falls on his side and "stacks the pads" and appears to nearly stand on their head. The term may have been derived after NHL President Frank Calder, alluding to the 1918 rules change that permitted goalies to fall down to make a save, remarked, "They could stand on their head, if they wanted to. "
T-push: A technique used by goaltenders to move in a lateral direction. To perform a t-push, a goaltender directs his outside skate in the desired direction, pushing with both legs, covering the five hole. This method of lateral movement is most effective when the puck is far from the net. Use of this move when the puck is in close will result in a goal through the "5 Hole"
Telescoping: Telescoping is a method of moving inward and outward from the goal crease. Most often used in setting up prior to the puck entering their zone, this move is accomplished by simply allowing your skates to separate, resulting in forward motion, then pulling your skates back together and stopping. At no time during a telescope do your skates leave the ice.
Trapper: This piece of equipment is often referred to simply as the "glove", and it was originally shaped in the same fashion as a baseball glove, it has evolved into a highly specific piece of equipment that is designed specifically for catching the puck. Some of the more significant changes are the use of a "string mesh" in the pocket of the trapper, and the substantial palm and wrist protection. The pocket is the area between the thumb and first finger of the glove, and is where most goaltender's try to catch the puck, as it reduces the discomfort of the goaltender and the chance of a rebound falling out of the glove. The trapper can be held in a variety of positions depending upon the individual goaltender, but the trend among younger goaltenders is to hold the glove with the palm facing towards the shooter, instead of the "shake hands" position that was popular for so long.
Pro-fly: This style of play is derived from the butterfly style of play, although most will argue that this is nothing more than a marketing term. Current leg pad design allows for the full face of the pad to be perpendicular to the ice, maximizing blocking area. This is also called "flaring the pad", almost all modern goaltenders play this style. The stance is very wide and low to maximize the amount of body blocking the net. Many of today's great goaltenders have adopted this technique since it allows for quick recovery and forces the shooter to get the puck off the ice to score. The more efficient users of this style include Henrik Lundqvist of the New York Rangers, Pascale LeClaire of the Columbus Blue Jackets, and Martin Gerber of the Ottawa Senators. This is still considered a butterfly motion, as the mechanics of making the save are the same, however it is the design of the leg pad that achieves this rotation more than anything.
There are many ways to stop the puck. In Ice hockey, the stand-up style, as the name suggests refers to a style of goaltending in which the goaltender makes the majority of the saves standing up not The oldest one is the "Stand-up" style. In Ice hockey, the stand-up style, as the name suggests refers to a style of goaltending in which the goaltender makes the majority of the saves standing up not In this style you stop the puck from a standing position, not going down. The Goalies may bend over to stop the puck with their upper body or may kick the puck. Those saves made by kicking are known as kick saves or skate saves. They may also simply use their stick to stop it. This was the style seen in the early NHL and was most commonly used up until the early 90's. One of the more notable goalies who was last seen using stand up was Kirk McLean, but most of the goalies from earlier decades such as Jacques Plante were goalies who were considered pure stand up goalies. Kirk Alan McLean (born June 26, 1966 is a retired Canadian professional Ice hockey Goaltender most known for his long and successful stint with Joseph Jacques Omer "Jake the Snake" Plante ( January 17, 1929 – February 27, 1986) was a Canadian professional Ice hockey
The style that came after "Stand-up" was "Toes Up". In this style a goalie will go down to stop the puck and will kick their pads outwards with their toes pointed towards the ceiling. In this position, goalies found more success stopping pucks down low than they had in stand up position. This was seen most often from the 70's through mid 90's. Grant Fuhr was the most notable goalie of this style and made a living off amazing and difficult looking saves from this style. Grant S Fuhr (born September 28 1962 is a former Goaltender in the National Hockey League. (It should be noted that Grant Fuhr was actually a Hybrid Style goaltender (see below), and this style is not really a recognized one. Kick saves are a selection of the hybrid or traditional butterfly goaltender, but do not form the basis of a single style. )
Another style is the "Butterfly", where goalies go down on both pads with their toes pointing outwards and the tops of their pads meeting in the middle. In Ice hockey, butterfly style refers to a style of goaltending in which the Goaltender covers the lower part of the net with his or her leg pads In Ice hockey, butterfly style refers to a style of goaltending in which the Goaltender covers the lower part of the net with his or her leg pads This results in a "wall" of padding without any holes, lowering the chances of low angle shots getting in. These goalies rely mainly on timing and position. Early innovators of this style were goaltending greats Glenn Hall and Tony Esposito, who played during the 50's-60's and 70's-80's, respectively. Glenn Henry "Mr Goalie" Hall (born October 3, 1931 in Humboldt, Saskatchewan, Canada) is a For the Italian Hall is generally credited to be among the very first to use this style, and both he and Esposito had tremendous success with it. This is the most widely used style in the NHL today. "Butterfly" goalies have developed methods of sliding in the "Butterfly" position in order to move around fast in one timer situations. As pad size increased, it became a more notable style of goaltending and is still evolving. One of the best butterfly goalies of all time is the Canadian goalie Patrick Roy, who is now retired. Patrick Jacques Roy (ʁwa (born October 5 1965 in Sainte-Foy, Quebec, Canada is a retired Ice hockey goaltender Swedish goaltender Henrik Lundqvist is a particularly notable current Butterfly goalie, standing out due to his aggressive interpretation of the style. Henrik Lundqvist ['hɛnrɪk 'lɵndkvɪst] (born March 2, 1982) is a Swedish professional Ice hockey Goaltender for
This style of goaltending is a blend of all styles, where the goaltender primarily relies on reaction and positioning to make saves. Hybrid goaltenders will make kick saves, will utilize the butterfly, and are generally not as predictable as goaltenders who rely heavily on the butterfly as a save selection. Most players are not pure stand-up or butterfly, but simply tend to prefer stand-up or butterfly over the other. If a player does not have any preferences, he is considered a hybrid goalie.
A goalie can get a penalty like any other player, but the goalie tends to have less bodily contact with players from the opposing team, and therefore rarely gets a penalty. For clarity male pronouns will be used throughout this article A penalty in Ice hockey is a Punishment for inappropriate Behavior
When the goalie receives a minor (two-minute), major (five-minute) or misconduct (ten-minute) penalty, one of the skaters on the ice at the time of the penalty goes to the penalty box on the goalie's behalf. The goalie must serve his or her own game misconduct and match penalties. 
As of the 2005-2006 NHL season, if a goalie takes the puck into the restricted area, the goalie is penalized for delay of game. In most codes of hockey, the goalie is also penalized for participating in play on the side of the red line opposite the goal they are defending.
Goalies typically play out the entire game (except, of course, in the case of injury or poor performance. )
Normally, the goalie plays in or near the goal crease the entire game. However, teams may legally pull the goalie by substituting in a normal skater and taking the goaltender off the ice. A team temporarily playing with no goalie is said to be playing with an empty net. This gives the team an extra attacker, but at significant risk—if the opposing team captures the puck, they may easily score a goal. An extra attacker in Ice hockey is a forward or less commonly a defenceman who has been substituted in place of the Goaltender. However, shooters that attempt to score on an empty net from the opposite side of the red line face getting called for icing the puck if they miss the net.
A goalie scoring a goal in an NHL game is a very rare feat, having occurred only eleven times in the history of the National Hockey League. Seven of those eleven goals resulted from the goalie shooting into an empty net. The remaining four goals were not actually shot into the net by the goalie; rather the goalie was awarded the goal because he was the last player on his team to touch the puck before the opposition scored on themselves. Ron Hextall and Martin Brodeur are the only NHL goalies to be credited with two career goals (each scoring once in the regular season and once in the playoffs), though only Hextall has scored two goals by shooting the puck into an empty net. Ron Hextall (born May 3, 1964 in Brandon, Manitoba) is a retired Canadian professional Ice hockey Goaltender most often associated Martin Pierre Brodeur (born May 6 1972 in Montreal, Quebec) is a Canadian professional Ice hockey goaltender who has played his entire Damian Rhodes and José Théodore are the only goalies in NHL history to score a goal in a shutout game. Damian ('Dusty' Rhodes ( May 28 1969 in St Paul Minnesota United States) is a retired NHL Goaltender drafted by the José Nicholas Théodore (born September 13, 1976 in Laval, Quebec) is a Canadian Professional Ice hockey
A chronological list of goals scored in the NHL by goalies:
¹ Goals awarded due to the goalie being the last player on his team to touch the puck before the opposition scored on themselves. William John "Battlin' Billy" Smith (born December 12, 1950, in Perth Ontario) was a professional Ice hockey Goaltender For the town in Argentina, see 28 de Noviembre. Events Year 1979 ( MCMLXXIX) was a Common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1979 Gregorian calendar) Ron Hextall (born May 3, 1964 in Brandon, Manitoba) is a retired Canadian professional Ice hockey Goaltender most often associated Events 1609 - Biblioteca Ambrosiana opens its reading room the second public library of Europe. Year 1987 ( MCMLXXXVII) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link displays 1987 Gregorian calendar) Events 491 - Flavius Anastasius becomes Byzantine Emperor, with the name of Anastasius I. Year 1989 ( MCMLXXXIX) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar) Christopher John Osgood (born November 26, 1972 in Peace River Alberta) is a Canadian professional Ice hockey Goaltender Events 1079 - Omar Khayyám completes the Iranian calendar. 1454 - Thirteen Years' War: Delegates of Year 1996 ( MCMXCVI) was a Leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar) Martin Pierre Brodeur (born May 6 1972 in Montreal, Quebec) is a Canadian professional Ice hockey goaltender who has played his entire Events 69 - After the First Battle of Bedriacum, Vitellius becomes Roman Emperor. Year 1997 ( MCMXCVII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1997 Gregorian calendar Damian ('Dusty' Rhodes ( May 28 1969 in St Paul Minnesota United States) is a retired NHL Goaltender drafted by the Events 366 - The Alamanni cross the frozen Rhine River in large numbers invading the Roman Empire. Year 1999 ( MCMXCIX) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1999 Gregorian calendar) Events 590 - Khosrau II is crowned as king of Persia 1637 - Ferdinand III becomes Holy Roman Emperor 2000 ( MM) was a Leap year that started on Saturday of the Common Era, in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. José Nicholas Théodore (born September 13, 1976 in Laval, Quebec) is a Canadian Professional Ice hockey Events 366 - The Alamanni cross the frozen Rhine River in large numbers invading the Roman Empire. Year 2001 ( MMI) was a Common year starting on Monday according to the Gregorian calendar. Evgeni Viktorovich Nabokov (Евге́ний Ви́кторович Набо́ков (born July 25, 1975 in Ust-Kamenogorsk, U Events 241 BC - First Punic War: Battle of the Aegates Islands - The Romans sink the Carthaginian fleet bringing See also 2002 (disambiguation Year 2002 ( MMII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. Mika Noronen (born June 17, 1979 in Tampere, Finland) is a Finnish professional Ice hockey Events 842 - Charles the Bald and Louis the German swear the Oaths of Strasbourg in the French and German "MMIV" redirects here For the Modest Mouse album see " Baron von Bullshit Rides Again " Christopher Mason (born April 20, 1976 in Red Deer, Alberta) is a professional Ice hockey Goaltender who currently plays Events 1450 - Battle of Formigny: Toward the end of the Hundred Years' War, the French attack and nearly annihilate English Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar.
² Scored in the playoffs
See also: NHL Goalies who have scored in a game
A chronological list of goals scored in the AHL by goalies:
On February 21, 1971, the Oklahoma City Blazers were trailing the Kansas City Blues 2-1 and decided to pull their goaltender. The Manitoba Moose are a professional Ice hockey team in the American Hockey League. Events 362 - Athanasius returns to Alexandria. 1245 - Thomas, the first known Bishop of Finland Year 1971 ( MCMLXXI) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar of the 1971 Gregorian calendar. The Oklahoma City Blazers are a professional Ice hockey team that plays in the Northwest Division of the Central Hockey League. Michel Plasse scored on the open net and became the first professional goalie in the history of the game to score a goal. Michel Pierre Plasse (June 1 1948 in Montreal, Quebec – December 30 2006 in Île du Pas Quebec) was a Canadian professional Ice hockey
On February 21, 1997, the Muskoka Bears' Ryan Venturelli became the first known goaltender in hockey history to score two goals (both empty net) in a hockey game. Events 362 - Athanasius returns to Alexandria. 1245 - Thomas, the first known Bishop of Finland Year 1997 ( MCMXCVII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1997 Gregorian calendar The Huntsville Otters are a Tier II Junior "A" Ice hockey team from Huntsville, Ontario, Canada. The goals came in an 11-6 win against the Durham Huskies during the Metro Junior A Hockey League 1996-97 regular season . This article is about the Tier II Junior "A" Durham Huskies This article is about the league in operation from 1956-1998 For the Metro Junior Hockey League from 1961-1963 see Metro Junior A League ----The Metro
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