Gloria Evangelina Anzaldúa (September 26, 1942 - May 15, 2004) was a Mexican American lesbian feminist writer, poet, scholar and activist. Events 46 BC - Julius Caesar dedicates a Year 1942 ( MCMXLII) was a Common year starting on Thursday (the link will display the full 1942 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Events 1252 - Pope Innocent IV issues the Papal bull Ad exstirpanda, which authorizes but also limits the "MMIV" redirects here For the Modest Mouse album see " Baron von Bullshit Rides Again " See also History of Mexican-Americans Mexican Americans are Americans of Mexican ancestry A lesbian is a Woman who is romantically or sexually attracted only to other women Feminism is a discourse that involves various movements theories, and Philosophies which are concerned with the issue of Gender difference, advocate
Anzaldúa was born in the Rio Grande Valley of south Texas on September 26, 1942 to Urbano and Amalia Anzaldúa. The Rio Grande Valley is an area located in the southernmost tip of Texas. Texas ( is a state geographically located in the South Central United States and is also known as the Lone Star State. At 11, her family relocated to Hargill, Texas. Despite the racism, sexism, and other forms of oppression she experienced growing up as a sixth-generation Tejana, as well as the death of her father when she was fourteen, Anzaldúa succeeded in getting a college education. List of racism-related topics|Racism by country Racism, by its simplest definition is the belief that race is the primary determinant of human traits and capacities and that Sexism is the belief or attitude that one Gender or Sex is inferior to or less valuable than the other and can also refer to a Hatred or distrust towards Oppression is the act of using power to empower and/or privilege a group at the expense of disempowering marginalizing silencing and subordinating another group Tejano or Tex-Mex music is also a kind of music originating in Texas She received her B. A. from Pan American University, and her M. The University of Texas – Pan American, also known as UTPA or UT-Pan Am, is part of The University of Texas System. A. from University of Texas at Austin.
As an adult, she worked for a few years as a schoolteacher before going to Austin to obtain her M. A. and complete the course work for a degree in comparative literature at the University of Texas, Austin. Comparative literature (sometimes abbreviated "Comp lit" is critical scholarship dealing with the Literature of two or more different Linguistic In 1977 she moved to California where she supported herself through her writing, lectures, and occasional teaching stints at San Francisco State University; the University of California, Santa Cruz; Florida Atlantic University, and elsewhere. San Francisco State University (informally referred to as San Francisco State, SF State, State and SFSU) is a public University She is most famous for coediting This Bridge Called My Back: Writings by Radical Women of Color (1981) with Cherríe Moraga, editing Making Face, Making Soul/Haciendo Caras: Creative and Critical Perspectives by Women of Color (1990), and coediting This Bridge We Call Home: Radical Visions for Transformation (2002). This Bridge Called My Back Writings by Radical Women of Color was a ground-breaking feminist anthology edited by Cherríe Moraga and Gloria E Cherríe L Moraga (born 25 September 1952 is a Chicana writer Feminist Activist, Poet, Essayist, and Playwright. She also wrote Borderlands/La Frontera: The New Mestiza (1987). Her children’s books include Prietita Has a Friend (1991), Friends from the Other Side - Amigos del Otro Lado (1993), and Prietita y La Llorona (1996). She has also authored many fictional and poetic works. Her works weave English and Spanish together as one language, an idea stemming from her position in the "borderlands", a position of multiple identities. Her autobiographical essay, "La prieta," was published in (mostly) English in This Bridge Called My Back, and in (mostly) Spanish in Esta puente, mi espalda: Voces de mujeres tercermundistas en los Estados Unidos.
Her works have won several awards: This Bridge Called My Back: Writings by Radical Women of Color won the Before Columbus Foundation American Book Award in 1986. Year 1986 ( MCMLXXXVI) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar) Borderlands/La Frontera: The New Mestiza was recognized as one of the 38 best books of 1987 by Library Journal and 100 Best Books of the Century by both Hungry Mind Review and Utne Reader. Utne Reader is an American bimonthly Magazine. The cover logo was changed to simply Utne in 2003-06 In 1991, Anzaldúa won a National Endowment for the Arts award for fiction and the 1991 Lesbian Rights Award. Year 1991 ( MCMXCI) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar. The National Endowment for the Arts (NEA is a United States federally funded and donation assisted program that offers support and funding for projects exhibiting artistic excellence In 1992, she was awarded the Sappho Award of Distinction. She has also been awarded the Lambda Lesbian Small Book Press Award and the American Studies Association Lifetime Achievement Award.
She has made contributions to the definition of "feminism" and has contributed to the field of cultural theory/chicana and queer theory. Feminism is a discourse that involves various movements theories, and Philosophies which are concerned with the issue of Gender difference, advocate Chicano (feminine Chicana) is a politically-loaded word for a Mexican American (in the sense of native-born Americans of Mexican ancestry as opposed to Mexican Queer has traditionally meant odd or unusual but is now also used to refer to anyone who is not heteronormative. One such contribution was her introduction to United States academic audiences of the term mestizaje, meaning a state of being beyond binary ("either-or")conception, into academic writing and discussion. Mestizo is a Spanish term that was coined during the Spanish Empire to refer to people of mixed European and Amerindian ancestry in Latin In her theoretical works, Anzaldúa calls for a "new mestiza," which she describes as an individual aware of her conflicting and meshing identities and uses these "new angles of vision" to challenge binary thinking in the Western world. The term Western world, the West or the Occident ( Latin: occidens -sunset -west as distinct from the Orient) can have multiple meanings The "new mestiza" way of thinking is illustrated in postcolonial feminism. Postcolonial feminism is a form of Feminist Philosophy which criticizes Western forms of Feminism, notably Radical feminism and
While race normally divides people, Anzaldúa called for people of different races to confront their fears in order to move forward into a world that is less hateful and more useful. The term race or racial group usually refers to the concept of categorizing Humans into Populations or groups on the basis of various sets In "La Conciencia de la Mestiza: Towards a New Consciousness," a text often used in women’s studies courses, Anzaldúa insisted that separatism invoked by Chicanos/Chicanas is not furthering the cause, but instead keeping the same racial division in place. Separatism refers to the advocacy of a state of cultural ethnic tribal religious racial or gender separation from the larger group often with demands for greater political autonomy Chicano (feminine Chicana) is a politically-loaded word for a Mexican American (in the sense of native-born Americans of Mexican ancestry as opposed to Mexican Chicano (feminine Chicana) is a politically-loaded word for a Mexican American (in the sense of native-born Americans of Mexican ancestry as opposed to Mexican Many of Anzaldúa’s works challenge the status quo of the movements in which she was involved. Status quo is a Latin term meaning the present existing state of affairs or "the state in which" She challenged these movements in an effort to make real change happen to the world, rather than to specific groups.
Anzaldúa was a very spiritual person whose grandmother was a curandera (traditional healer). A curandero (or curandera for a female is a traditional Folk healer or Shaman in Hispanic America, who is dedicated to curing physical and/or In many of her works she refers to her devotion to la Virgen de Guadalupe (Our Lady of Guadalupe), Nahuatl/Toltec divinities, and to the Yoruba orishás Yemayá and Oshún. Our Lady of Guadalupe, also called the Virgin of Guadalupe (Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe or Virgen de Guadalupe is a 16th century Roman Catholic Mexican Nahuatl ( is a group of related languages and dialects of the Aztecan or Nahuan branch of the Uto-Aztecan language family Toltec-style Vessel 1jpg|thumb|250px|right|A rather expressive orange-ware clay vessel in the Toltec style The Yoruba religion is the religious beliefs and practices of the Yoruba people both in Africa (chiefly in Nigeria and Benin Republic) An Orisha (also spelled Orisa or Orixa) is a spirit or deity that reflects one of the manifestations of Olodumare (God in the Yoruba spiritual In her later writings, she developed the concepts of spiritual activism and nepantleras to describe the ways contemporary social actors can combine spirituality with politics to enact revolutionary change.
She died on May 15, 2004 at her home in Santa Cruz, California from complications due to diabetes. May 2004: January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September Santa Cruz is the County seat and largest city of Santa Cruz County, California, United States. Diabetes mellitus (ˌdaɪəˈbiːtiːz or /ˌdaɪəˈbiːtəs/ /məˈlaɪtəs/ or /ˈmɛlətəs/ often referred to simply as diabetes ( Ancient Greek: grc She was within weeks of completing her dissertation and receiving her doctorate from the University of California, Santa Cruz.
Anzaldúa's published and unpublished manuscripts, among other archival resources, form part of the Benson Latin American Collection at the University of Texas at Austin. Anzaldúa also maintained a collection of figurines, masks, rattles, candles, and other ephemera used as altar (altares) objects at her home in Santa Cruz, California. These altares were an integral part of her spiritual life and creative process as a writer.  The collection is presently housed by the Special Collections department of the University Library at the University of California, Santa Cruz.