Giovanni Battista (also Giambattista) Piranesi (4 October 1720 - 9 November 1778) was an Italian artist famous for his etchings of Rome and of fictitious and atmospheric "prisons" (Carceri d'Invenzione). Events 610 - Heraclius arrives by ship from Africa at Constantinople, overthrows Byzantine Emperor Phocas Year 1720 ( MDCCXX) was a Leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Leap year starting Events 694 - Egica, a king of the Visigoths of Hispania, accuses Jews of aiding Muslims sentencing all Year 1778 ( MDCCLXXVIII) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or The definition of an artist is wide-ranging and covers a broad spectrum of Activities to do with creating Art, practicing the Arts and/or demonstrating For other uses of etch or etching, see Etching (disambiguation, for the history of the method see Old master prints. Rome ( Roma ˈroma Roma is the capital city of Italy and Lazio, and is Italy's largest and most populous city with more than 2
Piranesi was born in Mogliano Veneto, near Treviso, then part of the Republic of Venice. Mogliano Veneto is a town in the Province of Treviso, Veneto, Italy located halfway between Mestre (Venice and the town of Treviso Treviso (Venetian Trevizo, French Trévise, Latin Tarvisium) is a city in the Veneto, northern Italy. The Most Serene Republic of Venice ((Serenìsima Repùblica Vèneta or Repùblica de Venesia Serenissima Repubblica His brother Andrea introduced him to Latin and the ancient civilization, and later he studied as an architect under his uncle, Matteo Lucchesi, who was Magistrato delle Acque, a Venetian engineer who specialized in excavation. Latin ( lingua Latīna, laˈtiːna is an Italic language, historically spoken in Latium and Ancient Rome.
From 1740 he was in Rome with Marco Foscarini, the Venetian envoy to the Vatican. Year 1740 ( MDCCXL) was a Leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Leap Vatican City, officially the State of the Vatican City (Stato della Città del Vaticano is a Landlocked sovereign City-state whose territory He resided in the Palazzo Venezia and studied under Giuseppe Vasi, who introduced him to the art of etching and engraving. The Palazzo Venezia is a Palazzo (palace in central Rome, Italy, just north of the Capitoline Hill. Giuseppe Vasi ( 27 August 1710 - 16 April 1782) was an Italian engraver and architect best known for his vedute For other uses of etch or etching, see Etching (disambiguation, for the history of the method see Old master prints. Engraving is the practice of incising a design onto a hard usually flat surface by cutting grooves into it After his studies with Vasi, he collaborated with pupils of the French Academy in Rome to produce a series of vedute (views) of the city; his first work was Prima parte di Architettura e Prospettive (1743), followed in 1745 by Varie Vedute di Roma Antica e Moderna. The French Academy in Rome (Académie de France à Rome is an Academy located in the Villa Medici, within the Villa Borghese, on the Pincio (Pincian Hill Year 1745 ( MDCCXLV) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a
From 1743 to 1747 he sojourned mainly in Venice where, according to some sources, he frequented Giovanni Battista Tiepolo. See also Giovanni Domenico Tiepolo (or Giandomenico Tiepolo) or Lorenzo Baldissera Tiepolo, both sons of Giovanni Battista He then returned to Rome, where he opened a workshop in Via del Corso. Via del Corso (the ancient Via Lata) commonly known as the Corso, is the main street running through the historical centre of Rome, Italy. In 1748-1774 he created a long series of vedute of the city which established his fame. Year 1748 ( MDCCXLVIII) was a Leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Year 1774 ( MDCCLXXIV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a In the meantime Piranesi devoted himself to the measurement of much of the ancient edifices: this led to the publication of Antichità Romane de' tempo della prima Repubblica e dei primi imperatori ("Roman Antiquities of the Time of the First Republic and the First Emperors"). In 1761 he became a member of the Accademia di San Luca and opened a printing facility of his own. Year 1761 ( MDCCLXI) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a The Accademia di San Luca, (the "Academy of Saint Luke" was an association of artists in Rome founded in 1593 with the directorship of Federico Zuccari, with the In 1762 the Campo Marzio dell'antica Roma collection of engravings was printed. Year 1762 ( MDCCLXII) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year
The following year he was commissioned by Pope Clement XIII to restore the choir of San Giovanni in Laterano, but the work did not materialize. Pope Clement XIII ( Venice, March 7, 1693 &ndash February 2, 1769 in Rome) born Carlo della Torre di Rezzonico The Basilica of St John Lateran ( Italian: Basilica di San Giovanni in Laterano) is the Cathedral of the church of Rome and the official In 1764 Piranesi started his sole architectural works of importance, the restoration of the church of Santa Maria del Priorato in the Villa of the Knights of Malta in Rome, where he was buried after his death. Year 1764 ( MDCCLXIV) was a Leap year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a The Knights Hospitaller (also known as the Sovereign Military Hospitaller Order of St
In 1767 he was created knight of the Papal States. Year 1767 ( MDCCLXVII) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a In 1776 he created his famous Piranesi Vase, his best known work as a 'restorer' of ancient sculpture. Year 1776 ( MDCCLXXVI) was a Leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a The Piranesi Vase or Boyd Vase is a reconstructed colossal ancient Roman Krater on 3 legs and a triangular base with a relief around the sides of the vase In 1777-78 Piranesi published Avanzi degli Edifici di Pesto, (Remains of the Edifices of Paestum) a collection of views of Paestum. Year 1777 ( MDCCLXXVII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Paestum is the classical Roman name of a major Graeco-Roman city in the Campania region of Italy. Paestum is the classical Roman name of a major Graeco-Roman city in the Campania region of Italy.
He died in Rome in 1778 after a long illness.
The remains of Rome kindled Piranesi's enthusiasm. This article is about ruins in Architecture; for other meanings see Ruins (disambiguation. He was able to faithfully imitate the actual remains of a fabric; his invention in catching the design of the original architect provided the missing parts; his masterful skill at engraving introduced groups of vases, altars, tombs that were absent in reality; and his broad and scientific distribution of light and shade completed the picture, creating a striking effect from the whole view. The Architecture of Ancient Rome adopted the external Greek architecture for their own purposes which were so different from Greek buildings as to create a new Some of his later work was completed by his children and several pupils.
Piranesi's son and coadjutor, Francesco, collected and preserved his plates, in which the freer lines of the etching-needle largely supplemented the severity of burin work. Francesco Piranesi (1756 or 1758 - 1810 was an Italian engraver and architect Burin from the French burin meaning "cold Chisel " has two specialised meanings for types of tools in English one meaning a Steel Twenty nine folio volumes containing about 2000 prints appeared in Paris (1835 - 1837). The late Baroque works of Claude Lorrain, Salvatore Rosa, and others had featured romantic and fantastic depictions of ruins; in part as a memento mori or as a reminiscence of a golden age of construction. Baroque art redirects here Please disambiguate such links to Baroque painting, Baroque sculpture, etc Claude Lorrain (also Claude Gellée or Le Lorrain) ( Lorraine, c Salvator Rosa ( 1615 - March 15, 1673) was an Italian Baroque painter poet and Printmaker, active in Naples Rome Memento mori is a Latin phrase that may be translated as "Remember that you are mortal" "Remember you will die" "Remember that you must His reproductions of real and recreated Roman ruins were a strong influence on Neoclassicism. Neoclassicism (sometimes rendered as Neo-Classicism or Neo-classicism) is the name given to quite distinct movements in the decorative and
The Prisons (Carceri d'invenzione or 'Imaginary Prisons'), is a series of 16 prints produced in first and second states that show enormous subterranean vaults with stairs and mighty machines.
These in turn influenced Romanticism and Surrealism. Romanticism is a complex artistic literary and intellectual movement that originated in the second half of the 18th century in Western Europe, and gained strength during the Surrealism is a cultural movement that began in the early-1920s and is best known for the visual artworks and writings of the group members While the Vedutisti (or "view makers") such as Canaletto and Bellotto, more often reveled in the beauty of the sunlit place, in Piranesi this vision takes on a Kafkaesque, Escher-like distortion, seemingly erecting fantastic labyrinthian structures, epic in volume, but empty of purpose. A veduta ( Italian for "view" plural vedute) is a highly detailed usually large-scale Painting of a cityscape or some other This is about the first and better known artist "Canaletto" for his nephew and pupil sometimes also called "Canaletto" especially in Poland and Germany see Bernardo Bellotto (30 January 1720 &ndash 17 October 1780 was an Italian urban landscape painter or vedutista, and Printmaker in " Kafkaesque " is an Auctorial descriptive which is used to describe concepts situations and ideas which are reminiscent of the literary work of Prague writer They are cappricci -whimsical aggregates of monumental architecture and ruin.
The series was started in 1745. The first state prints were published in 1750 and consisted of 14 etchings, untitled and unnumbered, with a sketch-like look. The original prints were 16” x 21”. For the second publishing in 1761, all the etchings were reworked and numbered I - XVI (1-16). Numbers II and V were new etchings to the series. Numbers I through IX were all done in portrait format (taller than they are wide), while X to XVI were landscape (wider than they are high). Though untitled, their conventional titles are:
|“||"Many years ago, when I was looking over Piranesi's Antiquities of Rome, Mr. Coleridge, who was standing by, described to me a set of plates by that artist . Thomas de Quincey (15 August 1785 &ndash 8 December 1859 was an English author and intellectual best known for his Confessions of an English Opium-Eater Confessions of an English Opium-Eater ( 1821) is an autobiographical account written by Thomas De Quincey, about his Laudanum ( Year 1820 ( MDCCCXX) was a Leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Leap year Samuel Taylor Coleridge ( 21 October 1772 &ndash 25 July 1834) was an English Poet, Critic and philosopher . . which record the scenery of his own visions during the delirium of a fever: some of them (I describe only from memory of Mr. Coleridge's account) representing vast Gothic halls, on the floor of which stood all sorts of engines and machinery, wheels, cables, pulleys, levers, catapults, etc. See also Gothic art Gothic architecture is a style of Architecture which flourished during the high and late medieval period. , etc. , expressive of enormous power put forth, and resistance overcome. Creeping along the sides of the walls, you perceived a staircase; and upon it, groping his way upwards, was Piranesi himself: follow the stairs a little further, and you perceive it come to a sudden abrupt termination, without any balustrade, and allowing no step onwards to him who had reached the extremity, except into the depths below. . . . But raise your eyes, and behold a second flight of stairs still higher: on which again Piranesi is perceived, but this time standing on the very brink of the abyss. Again elevate your eye, and a still more aerial flight of stairs is beheld: and again is poor Piranesi busy on his aspiring labors: and so on, until the unfinished stairs and Piranesi both are lost in the upper gloom of the hall. . . .||”|
An in-depth analysis of Piranesi's "Carceri" was written by Marguerite Yourcenar in her Dark Brain of Piranesi (1979). Marguerite Yourcenar was the Pseudonym of French Novelist Marguerite Antoinette Jeanne Marie Ghislaine Cleenewerck de Crayencour ( Brussels Further discussion of Piranesi and the "Carceri" can be found in The Mind and Art of Giovanni Battista Piranesi by John Wilton-Ely (1978). The style of Piranesi was imitated by 20th-century forger Eric Hebborn. Eric Hebborn (1934-1996 was a British painter and art forger and later an Author.
The 1978 Science-Fiction novel Fängelsestaden by the Swedish writer Sam J. Lundwall was inspired by and featured (under permission) Giovanni's Carceri d'invenzione prints. "Sverige" redirects here For other uses see Sweden (disambiguation and Sverige (disambiguation. Sam Jerrie Lundwall (born February 24 1941) is a Swedish Science fiction writer translator publisher and singer  .
Grant Morrison made references to Piranesi in the "Painting that Ate Paris" storyline from his Doom Patrol run. Grant Morrison (born January 31 1960 is a Scottish Comic book writer and artist
In Volume 2 of Inspired by Bach, Yo-yo Ma plays the Second Suite for Unaccompanied Cello by J. Inspired by Bach, a Sony Classical and Rhombus Media production as part of Sony Classical celebrates Bach series presents contemporary cellist Yo-Yo Ma S. Bach in a virtual 3-D recreation of Piranesi's Carceri d'invenzione.