Georg Böhm (September 2, 1661 - May 18, 1733) was a German Baroque organist and composer. Events 44 BC - Pharaoh Cleopatra VII of Egypt declares her son co-ruler as Ptolemy XV Caesarion. Events 1152 - Henry II of England marries Eleanor of Aquitaine. Year 1733 ( MDCCXXXIII) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a An organist is a musician who plays any type of organ. An organist may play solo organ works, play with an ensemble or Orchestra, or accompany A composer (literally meaning 'one who puts together' is a person who creates Music, usually in the medium of notation, for Interpretation and Performance He is notable for his development of the chorale partita and for his influence on the young J. S. Bach. WikipediaWikiProject Composers#Lead section.2 This article is written in British English including maximised use of "-ise"
Georg Böhm was born in 1661 in Hohenkirchen, Thuringia, Germany. The Free State of Thuringia (Freistaat Thüringen is located in central Germany. Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany ( ˈbʊndəsʁepuˌbliːk ˈdɔʏtʃlant is a Country in Central Europe. His father, an organist in Hohenkirchen, was his first music teacher. Böhm studied at the university in Jena. Jena (pronunciation ˈjeːna is a university City in central Germany on the river Saale.
In 1693 he settled in Hamburg, which was an important music center and one receptive to Italian music, thanks to the Hamburg Opera. Hamburg (English, German: ˈhambʊɐk local pronunciation Low German / Low Saxon: Hamborg) is the second-largest city in Germany Böhm worked in Hamburg for some years and, it is thought, studied there with the celebrated organist Johann Adam Reincken. An organist is a musician who plays any type of organ. An organist may play solo organ works, play with an ensemble or Orchestra, or accompany Johann Adam Reincken ( Jan Adams Reinken) ( April 27, 1623 - November 24, 1722) was a distinguished North German Organist
Böhm later moved to Lüneburg, a town where French music was prized and played. Lüneburg, also known as Lueneburg and Lunenburg in English, is a City in Lower Saxony, Germany. In 1698 he became the organist in residence at the Johanneskirche (Church of St. John) in Lüneburg, a position he held until his death in 1733. Year 1733 ( MDCCXXXIII) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a
CPE Bach stated to Forkel in 1775 that his father Johann Sebastian Bach "loved and studied the works of the Lüneburg organist Georg Böhm". Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach ( March 8, 1714 &ndash December 14, 1788) was a German musician and composer the second of five sons Johann Nikolaus Forkel ( February 22, 1749 &ndash March 20, 1818) was a German Musician, Musicologist and WikipediaWikiProject Composers#Lead section.2 This article is written in British English including maximised use of "-ise" J. S. sang soprano in the choir of St. Michael's Church in Lüneberg in 1700, in which city Böhm lived most of his life. In addition, the Weimarer Orgeltabulatur, a manuscript of pieces copied by the young J. S. Bach, shows that Bach was a pupil of Böhm for a period of time.
Böhm is mainly known for his compositions for the pipe organ and harpsichord (primarily preludes, fugues, and partitas). The pipe organ is a Musical instrument that produces sound when pressurized air (wind is driven through a series of pipes, controlled by a keyboard A harpsichord is a Musical instrument played by means of a keyboard. In Music, a fugue (ˈfjuːg is a type of contrapuntal composition or technique of composition for a fixed number of parts, normally referred This is an article about the Musical Genre. For the game see Tarocchini. Many of his works were designed with flexibility of instrument in mind: a particular piece could be played on the organ, the harpsichord, or the clavichord, depending on the situation in which the performer found himself. The clavichord is a European stringed Keyboard instrument known from the late Medieval, through the Renaissance, Baroque and Classical Böhm's music is notable for its use of the stylus phantasticus, a style of playing based on improvisation. The stylus fantasticus is a style of early Baroque music.The root of this music is organ toccatas and fantasias particularly derived from those of Claudio Merulo
Böhm's most important contribution to North German keyboard music is the chorale partita, a large-scale composition consisting of several variations on a particular chorale melody. This is an article about the Musical Genre. For the game see Tarocchini. He effectively invented the genre, writing several partitas of varying lengths and on diverse tunes. Later composers also took up the genre, most notably Johann Sebastian Bach. WikipediaWikiProject Composers#Lead section.2 This article is written in British English including maximised use of "-ise" Böhm's chorale partitas feature sophisticated figuration in several voices over the harmonic structure of the chorale. His partitas generally have a rustic character and can be successfully performed on either the organ or the harpsichord.
For a more complete list, see bibliography in McLean.