The General Government (German: General Gouvernement) refers to a part of the territories of Poland under German military occupation (that were occupied in September 1939) during World War II by Nazi Germany and was an autonomous part of "Greater Germany". The German language (de ''Deutsch'') is a West Germanic language and one of the world's major languages. Poland (Polska officially the Republic of Poland Belligerent military occupation occurs when the control and authority over a territory passes to a hostile army. World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including Nazi Germany and the Third Reich are the common English names for Germany under the regime of Adolf Hitler and the National Socialist German Workers Großdeutschland ( German for "Greater Germany" or "Large Germany" is a term referring to the concept of one German Nation-state In August 1941, former Polish voivodeships of Eastern Galicia (with majority of Ukrainian population), which since September of 1939 had been occupied by USSR (see: Soviet invasion of Poland (1939)) were added to the General Government (as Galicia District) by decree of Adolf Hitler. This article concerns both historical and contemporary voivodeships in various countries Galicia (Галичина ( Halychyna) Galicja is a historical region in East Central Europe, currently divided between Poland and Ukraine, The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR was a constitutionally Socialist state that existed in Eurasia from 1922 to 1991 The 1939 Soviet invasion of Poland was a military operation that started without a formal declaration of war on 17 September 1939 during the early stages of World War II, sixteen Hi and welcome to Wikipedia! Please understand that this article is frequently vandalized and vandalism is reverted immediately According to Hague Convention IV (1907) (Section III: Military authority over the territory of the hostile state /Art. 42. and the following ones/), accepted by Germany, all these acts were illegal from the beginning in the terms of international law (The Law of Nations), and civil law too. The Hague Conventions were international treaties negotiated at the First and Second Peace Conferences at The Hague, Netherlands in 1899 and The area was not a puppet state, but some collaborating with Poles throughout the war did take place. A puppet state is a State that is nominally independent but in reality under the control of another power Although Germans made a determined effort to avoid mentioning word Poland in each and every document or administrative naming regarding the region, the Germany-backed banknotes and coins (denominated 'zloty' and 'grosz') using that word were used. The government and administration of General Government was made of Germans. The final goal of General Government was to become a German province, with Poles being ethnically cleansed and probably mass murdered to make room for German colonists.
Hans Frank was appointed Governor-General of the occupied territories on 26 October 1939. Hans Michael Frank ( May 23 1900 &ndash October 16 1946) was a German Lawyer who worked for the Nazi party Events 740 - An Earthquake strikes Constantinople, causing much damage and death Year 1939 ( MCMXXXIX) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Two decrees by Hitler (8 October and 12 October 1939) provided for the division of the annexed areas of Poland into the following administrative units:
The area of these territories was 94,000 square kilometres and the population was about 10 million.
The remaining block of territory was placed under an administration called the General Government (in German Generalgouvernement für die besetzten polnischen Gebiete), with its capital at Kraków and subdivided into four districts, Warsaw, Lublin, Radom, and Kraków. Kraków, in English also spelled Krakow or Cracow (ˈkrækaʊ M-W: krăk'ou krāk'ō is one of the largest and oldest cities in Poland Kraków District (Distrikt Krakau Dystrykt krakowski was an administrative unit of the General Government from 1939 to 1945 After the German attack on the Soviet Union in June 1941, East Galicia, previously part of the Ukrainian SSR, was incorporated into the General Government and became its fifth district, the Galician District. Operation Barbarossa ( Unternehmen Barbarossa) was the Codename for Nazi Germany 's invasion of the Soviet Union during World War II Galicia (Галичина ( Halychyna) Galicja is a historical region in East Central Europe, currently divided between Poland and Ukraine, District Galicia (Distrikt Galizien Dystrykt Galicja was an administrative unit of the General Government from 1941 to 1944
The General Government was a purely German administration, not a Polish puppet government. A puppet state is a State that is nominally independent but in reality under the control of another power These territories were never intended as any future Polish state within German dominated Europe. In March 1941 Hitler made a decision to "turn this region into a purely German area within 15-20 years". He also explained that "Where 12 million Poles now live, is to be populated by 4 to 5 million Germans. The Generalgouvernement must become as German as Rhineland". The Rhineland ( Rheinland in German) is the general name for the land on both sides of the river Rhine in the west of Germany. .
Since fall 1939, Poles from other regions of Poland conquered by Germany were expelled to the General Government and the area was used as a slave labour camp from which men and women taken by force to work as slave laborers in the factories and on the farms in Germany. 
The population in the General Government's territory was initially about 12 million, but this increased as about 860,000 Poles and Jews were expelled from the Germany-annexed areas and "resettled" in the General Government. Offsetting this was the German campaign of extermination of the Polish intelligentsia and other elements thought likely to resist. For the coffee shop company often called Intelligentsia for short see Intelligentsia Coffee & Tea. From 1941 disease and hunger also began to reduce the population. Poles were also deported in large numbers to work as forced labour in Germany: eventually about a million were deported, of whom many died in Germany.
In 1940 the population was divided into different groups. Each group had different rights, food rations, allowed strips in the cities, public transportation and restricted restaurants. Listed from the most privileged to the least:
During the Wannsee conference on January 20, 1942, The State Secretary of the General Government, Dr. The Wannsee Conference was a Meeting of senior officials of the Nazi German regime held in the Berlin suburb of Wannsee on Events 250 - Emperor Decius begins a widespread persecution of Christians in Rome. Year 1942 ( MCMXLII) was a Common year starting on Thursday (the link will display the full 1942 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Josef Bühler pushed Heydrich to implement the "final solution" in the General Government. Dr Josef Bühler (also referred to as Joseph Buehler ( February 16 1904 &ndash August 22, 1948) was state secretary and deputy governor to Reinhard Tristan Eugen Heydrich ( 7 March 1904 &ndash 4 June 1942) was an SS - Obergruppenführer, chief The Final Solution ( Die Endlösung) was Nazi Germany 's plan and execution of its systematic Genocide against European Jewry during World As far as he was concerned, the main problem of General Government was an overdeveloped black market that disorganised the work of the authorities. He saw a remedy in solving the "Jewish question" in the country as fast as possible. An additional point in favour was that there were no transportation problems here.
In 1942, the Germans began the systematic extermination of the Jewish population. The General Government was the location of four of the six extermination camps in which the most extreme measures of the Holocaust, the genocide by gassing of undesired "races," chiefly millions of Jews from Poland and other countries, was carried out between 1942 and 1944 . Extermination camps were two types of facilities that Nazi Germany built during World War II for the systematic killing of millions of people in what has become The Holocaust (from the Greek el ''ὁλόκαυστον'' (el-Latn holókauston holos, "completely" and kaustos, "burnt" also known as Genocide is the deliberate and systematic destruction in whole or in part of an ethnic racial religious or national group The term race or racial group usually refers to the concept of categorizing Humans into Populations or groups on the basis of various sets
Overall, 4 million of the 1939 population of the General Government area had lost their lives by the time the Soviet armed forces had taken the area in late 1944. Year 1944 ( MCMXLIV) was a Leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar.
It was German policy that a small number of (non-Jewish) Poles, like other Slavic peoples, were to be reduced to the status of serfs, while the rest would be deported or otherwise eliminated and eventually replaced by German colonists of the "master race. The master race ( German: die Herrenrasse) is a concept in Nazi Ideology, which holds that the Germanic and Nordic " Various plans regarding the future of the original population were drawn, with one calling for deportation of about 20 million Poles to Western Siberia, and Germanisation of 4 to 5 million; although deportation in reality meant that the population wouldn't be removed but all of its members put to death as happened to other groups in execution of similar plans. Siberia (Сиби́рь Sibir) is the name given to the vast region constituting almost all of Northern Asia and for the most part currently serving  In the General Government, all secondary education was abolished and all Polish cultural institutions closed. Australia See also Education In 1943 , the government selected the Zamojskie area for further German colonisation. Zamość is a town in southeastern Poland with 66633 inhabitants (2004 situated in the Lublin Voivodeship (since 1999 German settlements were planned, and the Polish population expelled amid great brutality, but few Germans were settled in the area before 1944 . Ethnic cleansing is a Euphemism referring to the persecution through imprisonment expulsion or killing of members of an ethnic minority by a majority to achieve ethnic homogeneity See Generalplan Ost for more information about this. Generalplan Ost ( GPO) was a secret Nazi plan of Genocide and Ethnic cleansing to be realised in the territories occupied
Resistance to the German occupation began almost at once (see: Henryk Dobrzański), although there is little terrain in Poland suitable for guerrilla operations. Major Henryk Dobrzański aka "Hubal" (June 22 1897 - April 30 1940 was a Polish soldier sportsman and partisan, one of the first (if not the first Guerrilla warfare is the unconventional warfare and combat with which a small group of combatants use mobile tactics (ambushes raids etc The main resistance force was the Home Army (in Polish: Armia Krajowa or AK), loyal to the Polish government in exile in London. The Government of the Polish Republic in Exile was the government of Poland after the country had been occupied by Germany and the Soviet Union during September–October London ( ˈlʌndən is the capital and largest urban area in the United Kingdom. It was formed mainly of the surviving remnants of the pre-War Polish Army, together with many volunteers. Polish Land Forces (Wojska Lądowe RP is a branch of Poland 's Armed Forces. Other forces existed side-by-side, such as the communist People's Army (Armia Ludowa or AL), backed by the Soviet Union and controlled by the Polish Communist Party. Armia Ludowa ( AL, pronounced lu'dɔva English People's Army) was a partisan force set up by the Polish Workers' Party during By 1944 the AK had some 380,000 men, although few arms. During the occupation, the various Polish resistance organizations killed about 150,000 Axis soldiers. The AL was about 15% of the size of the AK.
In April 1943 the Germans began deporting the remaining Jews from the Warsaw Ghetto, provoking the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, April 19 to May 16. The Warsaw Ghetto was the largest of the Jewish Ghettos located in the territory of General Government during World War II, established by The Warsaw Ghetto Uprising (German "Aufstand im Warschauer Ghetto", Polish "Powstanie w getcie warszawskim") was the Jewish Events 1012 - Martyrdom of Alphege in Greenwich London. 1529 - At the Second Diet of Speyer Events 1204 - Baldwin IX Count of Flanders is crowned as the first Emperor of the Latin Empire. That was the first armed uprising against the Germans in Poland, and prefigured the larger and longer Warsaw Uprising of 1944. The Warsaw Uprising ( Powstanie Warszawskie) was a World War II struggle by the Polish Home Army ( Armia Krajowa) to liberate Warsaw Year 1944 ( MCMXLIV) was a Leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar.
In July 1944 , as the Soviet armed forces approached Warsaw, the government in exile called for an uprising in the city, so that they could return to a liberated Warsaw and try to prevent a Communist take-over. The AK, led by Tadeusz Bór-Komorowski, launched the Warsaw Rising on 1st August in response both to their government and to Soviet and Allied promises of help. General Count Tadeusz Komorowski ( Korczak Coat of Arms) (June 1 1895 - August 24 1966 better known by the name Bór-Komorowski (after one of his wartime code-names The Warsaw Uprising ( Powstanie Warszawskie) was a World War II struggle by the Polish Home Army ( Armia Krajowa) to liberate Warsaw In general allies are people groups or nations that have joined together in an association for mutual benefit or to achieve some common purpose However Soviet help was never forthcoming, despite the Soviet army being only 18 miles (30 km) away, and Soviet denial of their airbases to British and American planes prevented any effective resupply or air support of the insurgents by the Western allies. After 63 days of fighting the leaders of the rising agreed a conditional surrender with the Wehrmacht. Wehrmacht (literally "defense force" was the name of the unified Armed forces of Germany from 1935 to 1945 The 15,000 remaining Home Army soldiers were granted POW status (prior to the agreement, captured rebels were shot), and the remaining civilian population of 180,000 expelled.
As the Soviets advanced through Poland in late 1944 the General Government collapsed. Frank was captured by American troops in May 1945 and was one of the defendants at the Nuremberg Trials. The Nuremberg Trials were a series of trials most notable for the prosecution of prominent members of the political military and economic leadership of Nazi Germany after During his trial he converted to Catholicism. Frank surrendered forty volumes of his diaries to the Tribunal and much evidence against him and others was gathered from them. He was found guilty of war crimes and crimes against humanity and on October 1, 1946, he was sentenced to death by hanging. War crimes are "violations of the laws or customs of war" including but not limited to "murder the ill-treatment or deportation of civilian residents of an occupied In Public international law, a crime against humanity is an act of Persecution or any large scale atrocities against a body of people and is the highest level of Events 331 BC - Alexander the Great defeats Darius III of Persia in the Battle of Gaugamela. Year 1946 ( MCMXLVI) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full 1946 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Capital punishment, the death penalty or execution, is the Killing of a person by judicial process as Punishment. Hanging is the lethal suspension of a person by a ligature The Oxford English Dictionary states that hanging in this sense is "specifically to put to death The sentence was carried out on October 16. Events 456 - Magister militum Ricimer defeats the Emperor Avitus at Piacenza and becomes master of the western