The Gallaeci, Callaeci, or Callaici were a Pre-Roman Celtic single or various tribes living in the northwest of the Iberian Peninsula (The Roman Hispania), North of Douro River in Northern Portugal and Galicia (Spain). Ancient Rome was a Civilization that grew out of a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula as early as the 10th century BC Celts (ˈkɛlts or /ˈsɛlts/, see Names of the Celts The Iberian Peninsula, or Iberia, is located in the extreme southwest of Europe, and includes modern day Spain, Portugal, Andorra Hispania was the name given by the Romans to the whole of the Iberian Peninsula (modern Portugal, Spain, Andorra, Gibraltar The Douro or Duero ( Latin: Durius, Spanish: Duero, Portuguese: Douro, pron. Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic (República Portuguesa is a country on the Iberian Peninsula. Galicia (occasionally Galiza) is an autonomous community in northwest Spain. Recent investigation is showing that one of their real ethnic name was Bracari and their main goddess Nabia. The Bracari were an ancient Celtic tribe of Gallaecia, akin to the Calaicians or Gallaeci, living in the northwest of modern Portugal, in
The Romans named the entire region north of that river, where the Castro culture existed, in honour of the Castro people that settled in the area of Calle - the Callaeci, later the Roman Portus Calle, today's Porto. Castro culture ( cultura castreja in Portuguese, cultura castrexa in Galician and cultura castreña in Spanish, Portus Cale ( Latin for Port of Cale) was the old name of an ancient town and port in current day Portugal.  Others believe that the name came from the main goddess this tribe adored, which could be the same Cailleach in Ireland as Celts arrived to that island from Galicia. In Irish and Scottish mythology, the ga '''Cailleach''' ( Irish plural ga ''cailleacha'', Scottish Gaelic plural gd ''cailleachan'' /kalʲəxən/ Gallaecia (comprising modern Galicia and Northern Portugal) has had human settlers since prehistoric times, dating back to the 30th Thus, a Roman province, known as Callaecia or Gallaecia, was later created. Gallaecia or Callaecia was the name of a Roman province that comprised
An early mention to Callaeci can be found in the 1st-century epic Punica of Silius Italicus :
The names "Callaici" and "Calle" are the origin of today's: Gaia, Galicia, and the "Gal" root in "Portugal". Vila Nova de Gaia, or simply Gaia, ( pron 'vilɐ 'nɔvɐ dɨ 'gajɐ is a city in Portugal. The meaning of "Calle" is however not fully understood; see Portugal naming. Portugal is a European Nation whose origins go back to the Early Middle Ages. Therefore the root cal- could have a different meaning in Kallaikoi and in Cale.