|Anthem: La Concorde|
(and largest city)
|-||Prime Minister||Jean Eyeghe Ndong|
|-||from France||August 17, 1960|
|-||Total||267,668 km² |
103,347 sq mi
|-||Water (%)||3. The flag of Gabon was adopted in 1960. The colours on the flag are green representing the forests gold representing the equator and blue representing the sea The Coat of Arms of Gabon was designed by the Swiss Heraldist and Vexillologist Louis Mühlemann one of the founding members of the FIAV A national anthem is a generally patriotic musical composition that evokes and eulogizes the history traditions and struggles of its people recognized either by a nation's "La Concorde" is the National anthem of Gabon. Written and composed by Georges Aleka Damas, it was adopted upon independence in 1960 Almost all Gabonese are of Bantu origin Gabon has at least 40 Ethnic groups with separate languages and cultures Libreville (population 578156 January 1, 2005) is the capital and largest city of Gabon. An official language is a Language that is given a special legal status in a particular Country, State, or other territory French ( français,) is a Romance language spoken around the world by 118 million people as a native language and by about 180 to 260 million people A demonym or gentilic is a word that denotes the members of a People or the inhabitants of a place For the government of parliamentary systems see Executive (government. A republic is a State or Country that is not led by a hereditary Monarch, but in which the people (or at least a part of its people have impact on its Three people have served as heads of state in the history of Gabon since independence was obtained from France on 17 August 1960. El Hadj Omar Bongo Ondimba (born Albert-Bernard Bongo on 30 December 1935) became President of Gabon in 1967 List of Heads of Government of Gabon (Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office Sources http//www Jean Eyeghe Ndong (born February 12, 1946) has been the Prime Minister of Gabon since 20 January 2006. Independence is the Self-government of a Nation, Country, or State by its residents and population or some portion thereof generally exercising This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. Events 986 - A Byzantine army was destroyed in the pass of Trajan's Gate by the Bulgarians under the Comitopuli Year 1960 ( MCMLX) was a Leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Area is a Quantity expressing the two- Dimensional size of a defined part of a Surface, typically a region bounded by a closed Curve. To help compare Orders of magnitude of different geographical regions we list here Surface areas between 100000 km² and 1000000 km² The square mile is an imperial and US unit of Area equal the area of a square of one statute mile. Water is a common Chemical substance that is essential for the survival of all known forms of Life. In Mathematics, a percentage is a way of expressing a number as a Fraction of 100 ( per cent meaning "per hundred" 76%|
|-||July 2005 estimate||1,454,867 (150th)|
|-||Density||5. In Biology a population is the collection of inter-breeding organisms of a particular Species; in Sociology List of countries by population in 2005|List of countries by population in 1907This is a list of countries ordered according to Population. Population density (in agriculture standing stock and Standing crop) is a measurement of Population per unit area or unit volume 4/km² (216th)|
13. List of countries and dependencies by Population density in inhabitants/km² 5/sq mi
|GDP (PPP)||2007 estimate|
|-||Total||$9. The purchasing power parity ( PPP) theory uses the long-term equilibrium Exchange rate of two currencies to equalize their Purchasing power. 621 billion (136th)|
|-||Per capita||$14,083 (53rd)|
|HDI (2007)||▲ 0. There are three lists of Countries of the world sorted by their Gross domestic product (GDP (the value of all final goods and services produced within a nation Per capita is a Latin phrase meaning for each head with Per meaning 'through' or 'by' This article includes three lists of Countries of the world sorted by their Gross domestic product (GDP at Purchasing power parity (PPP Per capita The Human Development Index ( HDI) is an index combining normalized measures of Life expectancy, Literacy, Educational attainment, and GDP 677 (medium) (119th)|
|Currency||CFA franc (|
|Time zone||WAT (UTC+1)|
|-||Summer (DST)||not observed (UTC+1)|
Gabon (pronounced /gəˈbɒn/) is a country in west central Africa sharing borders with Equatorial Guinea, Cameroon, Republic of the Congo and the Gulf of Guinea. This is a list of countries by Human Development Index as included in the United Nations Development Program 's Human Development Report 2007 A currency is a unit of exchange, facilitating the transfer of Goods and/or services It is one form of Money, where money is The CFA franc (in French: franc CFA, "céfa" or just franc colloquially is a currency used in twelve formerly French -ruled ISO 4217 is the International standard describing three-letter codes (also known as the currency code) to define the names of currencies established West Africa Time, or WAT, is a time zone used in western and west-central Africa (though not in countries west of Benin, which instead use GMT Daylight saving time ( DST A country This is a list of country calling codes defined by ITU-T recommendation E The Republic of Equatorial Guinea ( República de Guinea Ecuatorial,) is a country in Central Africa. The Republic of Cameroon is a unitary republic of central and western Africa. The Republic of the Congo (République du Congo Kongo: Repubilika ya Kongo; Lingala: Republiki ya Kongó) also known as Congo-Brazzaville The Gulf of Guinea is the part of the Atlantic Ocean southwest of Africa. The capital and largest city is Libreville. Libreville (population 578156 January 1, 2005) is the capital and largest city of Gabon. Since its independence from France on August 17, 1960, the Republic has been ruled by only two presidents. This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. Events 986 - A Byzantine army was destroyed in the pass of Trajan's Gate by the Bulgarians under the Comitopuli Year 1960 ( MCMLX) was a Leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. In the early 1990s, Gabon introduced a multi party system and a new democratic constitution that allowed for a more transparent electoral process and reformed many governmental institutions. A multi-party system is a system in which three or more political parties have the capacity to gain control of government separately or in coalition Democracy is a form of government in which the supreme power is held completely by the people under a free electoral system A constitution is a system for government often Codified as a written document that establishes the rules and principles of an autonomous political entity A small population (less than two million), abundant natural resources, and foreign private investment have helped make Gabon one of the most prosperous countries in the region, with the highest HDI in Sub-Saharan Africa. Natural resources are naturally occurring substances that are considered valuable in their relatively unmodified ( natural) form Investment or investing is a term with several closely-related meanings in Business management, Finance and Economics, related to saving The Human Development Index ( HDI) is an index combining normalized measures of Life expectancy, Literacy, Educational attainment, and GDP
The earliest inhabitants of the area were Pygmy peoples. This article documents the History of Gabon. Early history From the 1300s until the present time Bantu groups immigrated into Gabon from several Pygmies (singular Pygmy) refers to a member of any human group whose adult males grow to less than 150 cm (4 feet 11 inches in average height or less than 155 cm They were largely replaced and absorbed by Bantu tribes as they migrated. Bantu may refer to Bantu expansion, a series of migrations of Bantu speakers Bantu languages Bantu people Human migration denotes any movement by Humans from one locality to another sometimes over long distances or
In the 15th century, the first Europeans arrived. The nation's name originates from these days as 'Gabão' is Portuguese for cabin, which is roughly the shape of the estuary of the Komo River by Libreville. An estuary is a semi-enclosed Coastal body of Water with one or more Rivers or Streams flowing into it and with a free connection to the open French explorer Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza led his first mission to the Gabon-Congo area in 1875. Pietro Paolo Savorgnan di Brazzà, best known as Pierre Paul François Camille Savorgnan de Brazza ( January 26, 1852 - September 14, He founded the town of Franceville, and was later colonial governor. Franceville or Masuku is one of the four largest cities in Gabon, with a population of around 22000 people Several Bantu groups lived in the area that is now Gabon when France officially occupied it in 1885. Bantu may refer to Bantu expansion, a series of migrations of Bantu speakers Bantu languages Bantu people This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics.
In 1910, Gabon became one of the four territories of French Equatorial Africa, a federation that survived until 1959. French Equatorial Africa ( Afrique équatoriale française, AEF) was the federation of French colonial possessions in Middle Africa, extending These territories became independent on August 17, 1960. Events 986 - A Byzantine army was destroyed in the pass of Trajan's Gate by the Bulgarians under the Comitopuli Year 1960 ( MCMLX) was a Leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. The first president of Gabon, elected in 1961, was Léon M’ba, with Omar Bongo Ondimba as his vice president. Gabriel Léon M'ba (UMM-bah ( 9 February 1902  – 28 November 1967) was the first Prime Minister (1959–1961 and El Hadj Omar Bongo Ondimba (born Albert-Bernard Bongo on 30 December 1935) became President of Gabon in 1967 When M'Ba died in 1967, Bongo replaced him as president, and has been the head of state ever since, winning each contested election with a substantial majority.
In March of 1991, a new constitution was enacted. Politics of Gabon takes place in a framework of a republic whereby the President of Gabon is Head of state and the prime minister is the chief of government Among its provisions are a bill of rights, the creation of a body to guarantee those rights (National Council of Democracy) and a governmental advisory board which deals with economic and social issues. Multi-party legislative elections were held in 1990-91 even though opposition parties had not yet been formally declared legal.
President El Hadj Omar Bongo Ondimba, in power since 1967 , was re-elected to his third consecutive seven-year term on November 27, 2005. El Hadj Omar Bongo Ondimba (born Albert-Bernard Bongo on 30 December 1935) became President of Gabon in 1967 Events 1095 - Pope Urban II declares the First Crusade at the Council of Clermont Year 2005 ( MMV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. According to figures provided by Gabon's Interior Ministry, he received a 79. 1% majority of votes. Voting age in Gabon is 21 years of age. In 2003, the President amended the Constitution of Gabon to remove any restrictions on the number of terms a president is allowed to serve. The president retains strong powers, such as authority to dissolve the National Assembly, declare a state of siege, delay legislation, conduct referendums, and appoint or dismiss the prime minister as well as cabinet members. In provisional results, the ruling Gabonese Democratic Party (PDG) won 84 out of 120 parliamentary seats. This article is about the Gabonese Democratic Party formed in 1968
As with previous Gabonese elections, the opposition parties have contested the results. There were calls for a boycott and accusations of electoral fraud and bribery. There were also incidences of violence and protest, particularly in the first round of voting held two weeks prior. However, several international observers including the Economic Community of Central African States have reported that the election "met international standards" for democratic voting. Democracy is a form of government in which the supreme power is held completely by the people under a free electoral system
Gabon has a small, professional military of about 5,000 personnel, divided into army, navy, air force, gendarmerie, and national police. Three people have served as heads of state in the history of Gabon since independence was obtained from France on 17 August 1960. Gabon has a small professional military of about 5000 personnel divided into army navy air force gendarmerie and national police A gendarmerie or gendarmery (dʒɛnˈdɑrməriː or /ˌʒɑndɑrməˈriː/ after the French is a Military body charged with Police duties among civilian Gabonese forces are oriented to the defense of the country and have not been trained for an offensive role. A 1,800-member guard provides security for the president.
In September, 2007, René Ndémezo'o Obiang, the government's spokesperson, announced that Gabon's cabinet council had decided to formally abolish the death penalty, which had not been applied in the country in over a decade. Capital punishment, the death penalty or execution, is the Killing of a person by judicial process as Punishment.
Gabon is divided into 9 provinces and further divided into 37 departments. |||} Gabon is divided into nine Provinces (capitals in parentheses- Estuaire ( Libreville) Haut-Ogooué ( Franceville The provinces of Gabon are divided into thirty-seven departments. |||} Gabon is divided into nine Provinces (capitals in parentheses- Estuaire ( Libreville) Haut-Ogooué ( Franceville The provinces of Gabon are divided into thirty-seven departments.
The provinces are:
Gabon is located on the Atlantic coast of central Africa. Estuaire is one of Gabon 's nine provinces. It covers an area of 20740 km² Haut-Ogooué is one of Gabon 's nine provinces. It is named after the Ogooué River. Moyen-Ogooué is one of Gabon 's nine provinces. It covers an area of 18535 km² Ngounié is one of Gabon 's nine provinces. It covers an area of 37750 km² Nyanga province is one of Gabon 's nine provinces. The provincial capital is Tchibanga, which had a total of 14500 inhabitants in 2004 (slightly more than The Ogooué-Ivindo Province is the northeastern-most of the nine Provinces of Gabon. The Ogooué-Lolo Province is one of the nine Provinces of Gabon. Ogooué-Maritime is one of Gabon 's nine provinces. It covers an area of 22890 km² In Computer graphics, a raster graphics image or bitmap, is a Data structure representing a generally rectangular grid of Pixels The Map Library should not be confused with the Map Library of The British Museum. Borders Gabon has a total of 2251 km of international boundaries Located on the equator, Gabon has an equatorial climate with an extensive system of rainforests covering 85% of the country. The equator (sometimes referred to colloquially as "the Line") is the intersection of the Earth 's surface with the plane perpendicular to the An equatorial climate is a type of Tropical climate in which there is no Dry season – all months have mean Precipitation values of at least 60 mm There are three distinct regions: the coastal plains (ranging between 20 to 300 km from the ocean's shore), the mountains (the Cristal Mountains to the northeast of Libreville, the Chaillu Massif in the centre, culminating at 1575 m with Mont Iboundji), and the savanna in the east. A savanna or savannah is a Tropical or Subtropical Grassland or Woodland Ecosystem. Gabon's largest river is the Ogooué which is 1200 km long. The Ogooué (or Ogowe) some 1200km long is the principal River of Gabon in west central Africa. Gabon has three karst areas where there are hundreds of caves located in the dolomite and limestone rocks. Some of the caves include Grotte du Lastoursville, Grotte du Lebamba, Grotte du Bongolo, and Grotte du Kessipougou. Many caves have not been explored yet. A National Geographic Expedition is heading to the caves in the summer of 2008 to document them (Expedition Website. Gabon is also noted for efforts to preserve the natural environment. In 2002, President Omar Bongo Ondimba put Gabon firmly on the map as an important future ecotourism destination by nominating more than 11% of the nation's territory as National Park (13 in total), which may be the largest area of nature parks in the world. A national park is a reserve of land usually declared and owned by a national Government, protected from most Human development and pollution Natural resources include: petroleum, magnesium, iron, gold, uranium, and forests.
Gabon is more prosperous than most nearby countries, with a per capita income of four times the average for Sub-Saharan Africa. This is a list of places in Gabon. Cities and towns Akok Batouala Bifoun Gabon enjoys a Per capita income four times that of most nations of Sub-Saharan Africa. Per capita income means how much each individual receives in monetary terms of the yearly income generated in the country Sub-Saharan Africa is a geographical term used to describe the area of the African continent which lies south of the Sahara, or those African countries This is in large part due to offshore oil production. Petroleum ( L petroleum, from Greek πετρέλαιον, lit Critics note that the income was not invested in modernizing or diversifying the economy and Gabon remains heavily reliant on its natural resources. Gabon was a full member of OPEC from 1975 to 1995. The Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries ( OPEC) is a Cartel of thirteen countries made up of Algeria, Angola, Ecuador It is an exporter of manganese, iron, and wood. Manganese (ˈmæŋgəniːz is a Chemical element, designated by the symbol Mn. Iron (ˈаɪɚn is a Chemical element with the symbol Fe (ferrum and Atomic number 26 Wood is hard fibrous lignified structural tissue produced as secondary Xylem in the stems of Woody plants notably trees but also shrubs Uranium mines near Franceville were shut down in 2001 with the arrival of new competition on the global market and is work in progress to re-open them. Uranium (jʊˈreɪniəm is a silvery-gray Metallic Chemical element in the Franceville or Masuku is one of the four largest cities in Gabon, with a population of around 22000 people Plans to exploit rich iron deposits north-east of Makokou are foreseen to begin in 2012. Iron (ˈаɪɚn is a Chemical element with the symbol Fe (ferrum and Atomic number 26 Makokou is the regional capital of the Ogooué-Ivindo province in Gabon.
During the 1990s, devaluation of the CFA franc left Gabon struggling to pay its overseas debt; France and the IMF have provided further loans and aid in exchange for the implementation of changes to the economy. Devaluation is a reduction in the value of a Currency with respect to other monetary units The CFA franc (in French: franc CFA, "céfa" or just franc colloquially is a currency used in twelve formerly French -ruled Developing countries' debt is External debt incurred by the governments of Third World countries, generally in quantities beyond the governments' political This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. The International Monetary Fund ( IMF) is an International organization that oversees the Global financial system by following the Macroeconomic Gabon's principal trading partners are the United States, China, and Russia for exports while importing mainly from France. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the China ( Wade-Giles ( Mandarin) Chung¹kuo² is a cultural region, an ancient Civilization, and depending on perspective a National Russia (Россия Rossiya) or the Russian Federation ( Rossiyskaya Federatsiya) is a transcontinental Country extending
On December 5, JPMorgan acted as Joint-Bookrunner on the Gabonese Republic’s (BB-/BB-) debut international US$1 billion 10-year bond issue. JPMorgan Chase & Co ( is the largest Banking institution in the United States by deposits and market capitalization and is one of the oldest operating The issue was very well received despite the challenging market environment.
The population of Gabon is nearly 1. Almost all Gabonese are of Bantu origin Gabon has at least 40 Ethnic groups with separate languages and cultures 5 million (1,454,867 ). Almost all Gabonese are of Bantu origin, though Gabon has at least forty ethnic groups with separate languages and cultures. Bantu may refer to Bantu expansion, a series of migrations of Bantu speakers Bantu languages Bantu people The Fang are generally thought to be the largest, although recent census data seem to favor the Bandjabi (or Nzebi). The Beti-Pahuin are a group of related peoples who inhabit the Rain forest regions of Cameroon, Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea Others include the Myene, Bakota, Eshira, Bapounou, and Okande. The Bakota (or Kota are a Bantu Ethnic group from the northeastern region of Gabon. The Eshira people are a Bantu Ethnic group of Gabon primarily living in the forests and grasslands south of the Ogowe River and west of its tributary The Bapounou (or Pounou) are one of the four major peoples of Gabon, inhabiting interior mountain and grassland areas in the southwest of the country around the upper Ethnic group boundaries are less sharply drawn in Gabon than elsewhere in Africa. French, the official language, could be regarded as a unifying force. French ( français,) is a Romance language spoken around the world by 118 million people as a native language and by about 180 to 260 million people An official language is a Language that is given a special legal status in a particular Country, State, or other territory It's estimated that 80% of the country's population are able to speak the language and one third of the Librevillois are native speakers of French. More than 10,000 French people live in Gabon, and France predominates foreign cultural and commercial influences. Legal residents and citizens To be French according to the first article of the Constitution is to be a citizen of France regardless of one's origin race or religion (
Historical and environmental factors caused Gabon's population to decline between 1900 and 1940. It is one of the least-densely inhabited countries in Africa, and a labor shortage is a major obstacle to development and a draw for foreign workers. Most inhabitants are Christians (with estimates of the Christian population ranging from 55 to 77%), mostly members of the Roman Catholic Church. Christianity ( Greek Χριστιανισμός from the word Xριστός ( Christ)is a monotheistic Religion centered on the life and teachings Other religious groups include animists, Muslims, and practitioners of indigenous African religions. Gabon's literacy rate is 63. 2%
Gabonese music is little-known in comparison with regional giants like the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Cameroon. The Democratic Republic of the Congo (République démocratique du Congo often referred to as DR Congo, DRC or RDC, and formerly known or referred to The Republic of Cameroon is a unitary republic of central and western Africa. The country boasts an array of folk styles, as well as pop stars like Patience Dabany and Annie Flore Batchiellilys, a Gabonese singer and renowned live performer. Patience Marie Josephine Kama Dabany (born Marie Josephine Kama on 22 January, 1944 in Brazzaville, Congo) is a Gabonese Singer
Dabany's albums, though recorded in Los Angeles, have a distinctively Gabonese element and are popular throughout Francophone Africa. Other major musicians include Pierre-Claver Akendengue (considered a master-poet), "the veteran" Mack Joss, Vickos Ekondo, known as "the king of Tandima".
Annie Flore has participated in musical events, both improvised and planned, with a wide variety of musicians from around the world, including: Youssou N'dour (Senegal), Ray Léma (DRC), Lokua Kanza (DRC), La Baronne (France), Carlo Rizzo (Italy), Cynthia Scott (USA), Mario Chenart (Canada), Solange Campagne (Canada), Philip Peris (Australia) and Qiu-Xia-He (China).
Also known are guitarists like Georges Oyendze, La Rose Mbadou and Sylvain Avara, and the singer Oliver N'Goma. Oliver N'Goma (born 23 March 1959) is a Gabonese Afro-zouk and Reggae Singer and Guitarist. Imported rock and hip hop from the US and UK are popular in Gabon, as are rumba, makossa and soukous. In Cuban music, Rumba is a generic term covering a variety of musical rhythms and associated dances Makossa is a type of Music which is most popular in urban areas in Cameroon. Soukous (also known as Lingala or Congo, and previously as African rumba) is a Musical genre that originated in the two neighbouring countries Gabonese folk instruments include the obala, the ngombi, balafon and traditional drums. The balafon ( bala, balaphone) is a resonated frame wooden keyed Percussion idiophone of West Africa; part of the Idiophone family
A country with a primarily oral tradition up until the spread of literacy in the 21st century, Gabon is rich in folklore and mythology. Gabon is an African country whose musical output is little-known in comparison with regional giants like the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Cameroon. Oral tradition, oral culture and oral lore is a way for a society to transmit history, literature, law and other Knowledges traditional definition of literacy is considered to be the ability to read and write or the ability to use Language to read, write, listen, History The concept of folklore developed as part of the 19th century ideology of Romantic nationalism, leading to the reshaping of oral traditions to serve modern ideological The word mythology (from the Greek grc μυθολογία mythología, meaning "a story-telling a legendary lore" "Raconteurs" are currently working to keep traditions alive such as the mvett among the Fangs and the ingwala among the Nzebis.
Gabon also features internationally celebrated masks, such as the n'goltang (Fang) and the relicary figures of the Kota. This is a list of prominent and notable writers from Africa, including Poets Novelists Children's writers Essayists and Scholars listed The Bakota (or Kota are a Bantu Ethnic group from the northeastern region of Gabon. Each group has its own set of masks used for various reasons. They are mostly used in traditional ceremonies such as marriage, birth and funerals. Traditionalists mainly work with rare local woods and other precious materials.
Gabon will be the host for the seventeenth season of Survivor. Survivor Gabon - Earth's Last Survivor is an American version of the Survivor Reality television Game show based on the Swedish television