|Active||April 17, 1973 - Present|
|Role||Domestic counter-terrorism and law enforcement|
|Part of||Directly under control of the Bundespolizei and the Ministry of the Interior|
|Garrison/HQ||Sankt Augustin-Hangelar, Bonn|
|Ulrich Wegener, Friedrich Eichele|
The GSG 9 der Bundespolizei (formerly the German abbreviation of Grenzschutzgruppe 9, Border Guards, Group 9) is the elite counter-terrorism special operations tactical unit of the German Federal Police, and is considered to be among the best of such special units in the world. Events 69 - After the First Battle of Bedriacum, Vitellius becomes Roman Emperor. Year 1973 ( MCMLXXIII) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar of the 1973 Gregorian calendar. Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany ( ˈbʊndəsʁepuˌbliːk ˈdɔʏtʃlant is a Country in Central Europe. In most countries special forces (SF is a generic term for highly-trained Military teams/units that conduct specialized operations such as Reconnaissance Counter-terrorism or counterterrorism refers to the practices tactics, techniques and strategies that Governments militaries, Police departments Sankt Augustin is a town in the Rhein-Sieg district in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Bonn is the 19th largest city in Germany. Located about 20 kilometres south of Cologne on the river Rhine in the Federal State of North Rhine-Westphalia Ulrich K "Ricky" Wegener (born August 22, 1929) is a German police officer and founding member of the counter-terrorist force Counter-terrorism or counterterrorism refers to the practices tactics, techniques and strategies that Governments militaries, Police departments In most countries special forces (SF is a generic term for highly-trained Military teams/units that conduct specialized operations such as Reconnaissance The Bundespolizei ( BPOL) is the (primarily uniformed federal police force of Germany. Many later counter-terrorism units of other nations were modelled after the GSG 9.
In 1972, the Palestinian terrorist movement Black September used the Summer Olympic Games in Munich, Germany to kidnap eleven Israeli athletes, killing two in the Olympic Village in the initial assault on the athletes' rooms. Palestinian people or Palestinians ( الشعب الفلسطيني, ash-sha`b al-filasTīni; الفلسطينيون, al-filasTīnīyyūn The Black September Organization (منظمة أيلول الأسود munazzamat aylul al-aswad) was a Palestinian militant group founded in 1970 The 1972 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XX Olympiad, were an International Multi-sport event held in Munich, in what was Munich (München; Minga is the capital city of Bavaria, Germany. For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Israel topics. The incident tragically culminated when German police, neither trained nor equipped for counter-terrorism operations, attempted to rescue the athletes; they failed miserably, and the operation led to the deaths of one policeman, five of the eight kidnappers and the remaining nine hostages (subsequently called the Munich massacre). Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany ( ˈbʊndəsʁepuˌbliːk ˈdɔʏtʃlant is a Country in Central Europe. The Munich massacre occurred during the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich, West Germany, when members of the Israeli Olympic team were taken As a consequence of the affair's mismanagement, German officials created the GSG 9 under the leadership of then Oberstleutnant Ulrich Wegener so that similar situations in the future could be responded to adequately and professionally. Ulrich K "Ricky" Wegener (born August 22, 1929) is a German police officer and founding member of the counter-terrorist force The unit was officially established on April 17, 1973 as a part of Germany's federal-level police agency, the Bundesgrenzschutz (federal border guard service; renamed in 2005 to Bundespolizei, federal police). Events 69 - After the First Battle of Bedriacum, Vitellius becomes Roman Emperor. Year 1973 ( MCMLXXIII) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar of the 1973 Gregorian calendar. The name GSG 9 stood for "Grenzschutzgruppe 9" (border guardsgroup 9) and was chosen simply because there existed eight regular border guard groups at the time, although after the 2005 renaming the expansion was dropped and the abbreviation "GSG 9" is now the single official way to refer to the unit. Its formation was based on the expertise of the British SAS (who also offered great support in the forming of GSG 9) and the Israeli Sayeret Matkal. The Special Air Service ( SAS) is a Special forces regiment within the British Army which has served as a model and inspiration for the special Sayeret Matkal (סיירת מטכ"ל Translation: General Staff Reconnaissance Unit is the main Special forces unit of the Israeli Defence Force
GSG 9 is deployed in cases of hostage taking, kidnapping, terrorism and extortion. A hostage is a person or entity which is held by a captor The original definition meant that this was handed over by one of two belligerent parties to the other or seized as security In Criminal law, kidnapping is the taking away or Asportation of a person against the person's will usually to hold the person in False imprisonment Terrorism is the systematic use of terror especially as a means of coercion Blackmail is the crime of threatening to reveal substantially true information about a person to the public a family member or associates unless a demand made upon the The group may also be used to secure locations, neutralize targets, hunt fugitives and sometimes conduct sniper operations. READ DISCUSSION PAGE BEFORE MAKING ANY EDITS TO CAPTION BELOW http//en Furthermore, the group is very active in developing and testing methods and tactics for these missions. Finally, the group may provide advice to the different Länder, ministries and international allies. Germany (Deutschland is a Federal Republic consisting of sixteen States, known in German as Länder (singular Politics of Germany takes place in a framework of a federal parliamentary representative democratic Republic, whereby the Federal Chancellor The group assists the Bundespolizei and other federal and local agencies on request.
From 1972 to 2003 they reportedly completed over 1,500 missions  , with shots being fired on only 5 occasions. At the S. W. A. T. championship in 2005, GSG 9 won an impressive seven out of seven events, beating 17 other teams. In March 2006, in the same competition, GSG 9 defended its championship. 
Its first mission, which is still one of the most well-known and established the GSG 9's reputation as an excellent unit, was "Operation Feuerzauber" (Operation Fire Magic). Lufthansa Flight 181, commonly known as The Landshut (ˈlants It was carried out in 1977 when Palestinian terrorists hijacked the Landshut, a Lufthansa plane on the way from Palma de Mallorca to Frankfurt, demanding that imprisoned members of the German "Red Army Faction" terrorist group be freed. Palestinian people or Palestinians ( الشعب الفلسطيني, ash-sha`b al-filasTīni; الفلسطينيون, al-filasTīnīyyūn Lufthansa Flight 181, commonly known as The Landshut (ˈlants Palma is the major City and port on the island of Majorca and capital city of the autonomous community of the Balearic Islands in Spain The Red Army Faction or RAF ( German Rote Armee Fraktion) (in its early stages commonly known as Baader-Meinhof Group ''Gang'' was one The aircraft was then flown to several destinations throughout the Middle East. The Middle East is a Subcontinent with no clear boundaries often used as a synonym to Near East, in opposition to Far East. During this time, the Lufthansa captain was executed by the leader of the hijackers in Aden. Aden (ˈeɪdən Arabic: عدن) is a city in Yemen, 170 kilometers east of Bab-el-Mandeb. Following a four-day odyssey the hijackers directed the Boeing 737 to Mogadishu, Somalia, where they waited for the arrival of the Red Army Faction members after the German government had (falsely) signalled they would be released. WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft. Please see WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft/page content for recommended layout Mogadishu ( Somali: Muqdisho, popularly Xamar, Hamar; مقديشو Maqadīshū Somalia ( Soomaaliya; الصومال) officially the Somali Republic ( Jamhuuriyadda Soomaaliya, جمهورية الصومال) and formerly known In the night between October 17 and October 18, Somalian ranger units created a distraction, while members of the GSG 9 supported by two British SAS operatives stormed the plane. Events 539 BC - King Cyrus The Great of Persia marches into the city of Babylon, releasing the Jews from almost Events 1009 - The Church of the Holy Sepulchre, a Christian church in Jerusalem, is completely destroyed by the Fatimid The Special Air Service ( SAS) is a Special forces regiment within the British Army which has served as a model and inspiration for the special The operation lasted seven minutes and was successful: all hostages were rescued, three hijackers died, the fourth was seriously injured. Only one GSG 9 member and one flight attendant were injured. The international counter-terrorism community applauded GSG 9 for the excellent and professional handling of the situation, especially because assaults on planes are considered one of the most difficult scenarios a hostage rescue force could face.
Note: The majority of this unit's missions are confidential, and public information is not available. Since the founding of the GSG 9 the group has participated in over 1500 missions, yet reportedly fired shots only on 5 occasions (official count, prior to the 2003 Iraq War). The Iraq War, also known as the Second Gulf War, the Occupation of Iraq, or the War in Iraq, is an ongoing Military campaign These occasions were Mogadishu in 1977, Bad Kleinen in 1993, Aachen in 1999, and two more missions where firearms were used to shoot the dogs of the persons being arrested. Mogadishu ( Somali: Muqdisho, popularly Xamar, Hamar; مقديشو Maqadīshū Bad Kleinen is a municipality in the Nordwestmecklenburg district in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany. ( Ripuarian: Oche, Dutch: Aken, Spanish: Aquisgrán, Italian: Aquisgrana, French, A gun is a particular Weapon that propels Projectiles The projectile is generally fired through a hollow tube known as the gun's barrel.
The unit forms part of the German Bundespolizei (Federal Police, formerly Bundesgrenzschutz), and thus has normal police powers, including, for example, the power of arrest. Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany ( ˈbʊndəsʁepuˌbliːk ˈdɔʏtʃlant is a Country in Central Europe. The Bundespolizei ( BPOL) is the (primarily uniformed federal police force of Germany. Police are agents or agencies usually of the executive, empowered to enforce the law and to effect public and social order through the legitimatized use of force The Federal Police of Germany (and thus the GSG 9) is under the control of the Federal Ministry of the Interior. The Bundespolizei also provides aerial transportation for the GSG 9. In contrast, regular police forces are subordinate to the various States or Länder, as are their Spezialeinsatzkommando (SEK) SWAT teams, while the military is responsible for the Kommando Spezialkräfte (KSK) (Special Forces command) and the Kampfschwimmer German Navy SEALs. Germany (Deutschland is a Federal Republic consisting of sixteen States, known in German as Länder (singular Spezialeinsatzkommandos (SEK (previously also known as Sondereinsatzkommando) are the special response units of the German state police forces SWAT ( Special Weapons And Tactics) is an elite special operations tactical unit in American Police departments similar to the Taiwan Thunder Squad The Kommando Spezialkräfte ( Special Forces Command, KSK is part of Germany 's Special Forces. This article is about Germany's commando frogmenFor other nations' commando frogmen and information about frogmen in general see Frogman. The German Navy ( Deutsche Marine ( is the Navy of Germany and part of the Bundeswehr (German Armed Forces
The GSG 9 is based in Sankt Augustin-Hangelar near Bonn and consists of three main sub-groups, plus a number of support groups as shown below. Sankt Augustin is a town in the Rhein-Sieg district in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Bonn is the 19th largest city in Germany. Located about 20 kilometres south of Cologne on the river Rhine in the Federal State of North Rhine-Westphalia
The first sub-group of the GSG 9 is used for regular land-based counter-terrorism actions. This may involve cases of hostage taking, kidnapping, terrorism or extortion. A hostage is a person or entity which is held by a captor The original definition meant that this was handed over by one of two belligerent parties to the other or seized as security In Criminal law, kidnapping is the taking away or Asportation of a person against the person's will usually to hold the person in False imprisonment Terrorism is the systematic use of terror especially as a means of coercion Blackmail is the crime of threatening to reveal substantially true information about a person to the public a family member or associates unless a demand made upon the The group may also be used to secure locations, neutralize targets, sniping and tracking fugitives. READ DISCUSSION PAGE BEFORE MAKING ANY EDITS TO CAPTION BELOW http//en The group has approximately 100 members.
The second sub-group of the GSG 9 is used for operations at sea, for example the hijacking of ships or oil platforms. Hijacking (also known as skyjacking and aircraft piracy) is the take over of an Aircraft, by a person or group usually armed An oil platform or oil rig is a large structure used to house workers and machinery needed to drill and/or extract oil and Natural gas through wells The group has approximately 100 members.
The third sub-group of the GSG 9 is used for airborne operations, including parachuting and helicopter landings. A parachute is a device used to slow the motion of an object through an atmosphere by creating drag. History Since 400 AD Chinese children have played with bamboo flying toys. The group has approximately 50 members.
This unit supports other units in gaining entry to target areas and is responsible for the procurement, testing and issuance of non-weapon equipment. The members of the technical unit are also EOD experts. They are trained in the rendering safe and disposal of IEDs.
This service group maintains the GSG 9 armoury and is involved in testing, repairing and purchasing weapons, ammunition, and explosives. An armory (Armoury is a Military depot used for the storage of Weapons and Ammunition. A weapon is a Tool used either in Hunting, or attack or defence in Combat for the purpose of subduing enemy personnel or to destroy enemy weapons Ammunition, often referred to as ammo, is a generic term derived from the French language la munition which An explosive material is a material that either is chemically or otherwise Energetically unstable or produces a sudden expansion of the material usually accompanied
This unit handles communications, including the testing, repairing and purchasing of communications and surveillance equipment. Communication is the process of conveying information from a sender to a receiver with the use of a medium in which the communicated information is understood the same way Surveillance is the monitoring of Behavior. Systems surveillance is the process of monitoring the behavior of people objects or processes within systems for conformity
This is the administration of GSG 9.
This unit trains existing members, and selects, recruits and trains new members.
Members of the Bundespolizei and other German police services with 2 years of service can join the GSG 9. The 22-week training period includes 13 weeks of basic training and 9 weeks of advanced training. Besides medical tests there are many physical and psychological requirements, for example running 5000 meters in 23 minutes and jumping a distance of at least 2. 4 meters. The identity of GSG 9 members is classified as top secret. Further training often involves co-operation with other allied counter-terrorism units.
Only one in five pass the training course.
The German GSG 9 team won every event at the 2005 SWAT World Challenge in Las Vegas, beating 17 other teams. The Original SWAT World Challenge is an annual competition of law enforcement SWAT teams Las Vegas ( Spanish: "The Meadows" is the most populous City in the state of Nevada, the seat of Clark County, and an internationally In 2006 they again gained the victory with first place in four of the eight different competitions of World SWAT Challenge. However, in 2007 they only made over-all fifth place.
Initially when GSG 9 was formed, many German politicians opposed its formation fearing this would rekindle memories of the SS. The ( German for "Protective Squadron" abbreviated SS - or ( Runic)- was a major Nazi organization under Adolf Hitler and the The decision was taken to form the unit from police forces as opposed to the military as is the model in other countries on the grounds that German Federal law expressly forbids the use of the military forces against the civilian population, whereas if the special forces were composed of police personnel, this is within the law.