Location in Maryland
|- Mayor||William J. Wikipedia talkFeatured lists for an explanation of this and other inclusion tags below -->This list of countries, arranged alphabetically The United States of America —commonly referred to as the The political units and divisions of the United States include The 50 states (four of these being officially styled as Commonwealths) which are typically This is a list of the twenty-four counties and County-equivalents in the U Frederick County is located in the western part of the US state of Maryland, bordering the southern border of Pennsylvania and the northeastern border Year 1745 ( MDCCXLV) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning "greater" is a modern title used in many countries for the highest ranking officer in a municipal government Holtzinger (R)|
|- Board of Alderman||Marcia Hall (D)|
Alan E. The Democratic Party is one of two major Political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. Imhoff (R)
David P. Koontz (D)
Donna K. The Democratic Party is one of two major Political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. Ramsburg (D)
C. The Democratic Party is one of two major Political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. Paul Smith (R)
|- Total||20. Area is a Quantity expressing the two- Dimensional size of a defined part of a Surface, typically a region bounded by a closed Curve. 4 sq mi (52. The square mile is an imperial and US unit of Area equal the area of a square of one statute mile. 9 km²)|
|- Land||20. To help compare sizes of different geographic regions we list here Areas between 10 km² (1000 Hectares and 100 km² (10000 hectares 4 sq mi (52. 9 km²)|
|- Water||0 sq mi (0 km²)|
|Elevation||302 ft (92 m)|
|- Density||2,584. The elevation of a Geographic location is its height above a fixed reference point often the mean sea level. A foot (plural feet or foot; symbol or abbreviation ft or sometimes &prime – the prime symbol) is a non-SI unit The metre or meter is a unit of Length. It is the basic unit of Length in the Metric system and in the International Population density (in agriculture standing stock and Standing crop) is a measurement of Population per unit area or unit volume 4/sq mi (997. 7/km²)|
|Time zone||EST (UTC-5)|
|- Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-6)|
|Area code(s)||301, 240|
|GNIS feature ID||0584497|
Frederick is the county seat of Frederick County, Maryland, USA. The Eastern Time Zone ( ET) of the Western Hemisphere falls mostly along the east coast of North America and the west coast of South America UTC−5 is the Time offset used in the North American Eastern Time Zone during Standard time and in the North American Central Time Zone during Daylight saving time ( DST The Eastern Time Zone ( ET) of the Western Hemisphere falls mostly along the east coast of North America and the west coast of South America Areas using UTC−6 Single zone countries Belize Costa Rica El Salvador Guatemala A telephone numbering plan is a plan for allocating Telephone number ranges to countries regions areas and exchanges and to non-fixed telephone networks North American area codes 240 and 301 are State of Maryland Telephone Area codes which serve Maryland's portion of the Greater North American area codes 240 and 301 are State of Maryland Telephone Area codes which serve Maryland's portion of the Greater Federal Information Processing Standards ( FIPS) are publicly announced standards developed by the United States Federal government for use by all non-military The Geographic Names Information System ( GNIS) is a database that contains name and locative information about more than two million physical and cultural features located throughout A county seat is a term for an Administrative center for a County, primarily used in the United States. Frederick County is located in the western part of the US state of Maryland, bordering the southern border of Pennsylvania and the northeastern border
As of the 2006 census estimates, the city has a total population of 58,882, making it the third largest incorporated area in Maryland.  Frederick is home to Frederick Municipal Airport (FDK), which primarily accommodates general aviation traffic, and to the U. Frederick Municipal Airport is a public Airport located in the city of Frederick, in Frederick County, Maryland, United States General aviation (abbr GA) is one of two categories of Civil aviation. S. Army's Fort Detrick, the largest employer in the county. Fort Detrick is a US Army Medical Command installation located in Frederick Maryland, USA Frederick is also home to BP Solar, which is the second largest employer in the county and one of the largest solar panel factories in the country. BP has been involved in Solar power since 1973 and its subsidiary BP Solar, is a solar power company with production facilities in the United States Spain India
Frederick's newspaper of record is The Frederick News-Post.
Frederick is located in Frederick County in the western part of the State of Maryland. The city has served as a major crossroads since colonial times. Today it is located at the junction of Interstate 70, Interstate 270, U.S. Route 340, U.S. Route 40 and U.S. Route 15. Interstate 70 (I-70 is an Interstate highway in the United States that runs from Interstate 15 near Cove Fort Utah, to a Park and Ride Interstate 270 (abbreviated I-270) is a 344-mile spur Interstate highway that travels between Interstate 70 in Frederick Maryland US Route 340 is a spur of US Route 40. It currently runs for 156 miles (251 km from Frederick Maryland at U US Route 15 is a -long United States highway, designated along South Carolina, North Carolina, Virginia, Maryland, Pennsylvania In relation to nearby cities, Frederick lies forty-seven miles northwest of Washington, DC, forty-nine miles west of Baltimore, Maryland, twenty-four miles southeast of Hagerstown, Maryland, and seventy-one miles southwest of Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. Washington DC ( formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington, the District, or simply D Hagerstown (ˈheɪgɚztaʊn is the County seat of Washington County, Maryland, United States. Harrisburg is the Capital of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, in the United States of America The city's coordinates 39°25'35" North, 77°25'13" West (39. 426294, -77. 420403). 
According to the 2004 report of United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 20. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title) is the government agency that is responsible for the United States Census 4 square miles (52. 9 km²). The city's area is predominantly land, with the only water being the Monocacy River, which runs to the east of the city, Carroll Creek (which runs through the city and causes periodic floods, such as that during the summer of 1972), and Culler Lake, a man-made small body in the downtown area. The Monocacy River is a free-flowing tributary of the Potomac River, which empties into the Atlantic Ocean via the Chesapeake Bay. Carroll Creek is a Tributary of the Monocacy River in Frederick County Maryland.
“Frederick Town” was laid out by Daniel Dulany (a land speculator) in 1745, and settled by a German immigrant party led by a young German Reformed schoolmaster from the Rhineland Palatinate named Johann Thomas Schley (d. Daniel Dulany the Elder (1685-1753 was a prominent lawyer and land-developer in colonial Maryland. 1790), who came to the Maryland colony with his wife, Maria Winz. They built the first house of the new town which into the 20th century stood at the corner of Middle Alley and East Patrick Street. The settlement was founded upon a tract of land granted by Daniel Dulany on the banks of Carroll Creek. Within three years the settlement had become the county seat of Frederick County. Frederick County is located in the western part of the US state of Maryland, bordering the southern border of Pennsylvania and the northeastern border It is uncertain which Frederick the town was named for, but the likeliest candidates are Frederick Calvert, 6th Baron Baltimore, Frederick Lewis, Prince of Wales, and Frederick II "The Great" of Prussia. Frederick Calvert 6th Baron Baltimore ( February 6 1731 – September 4 1771) was an English nobleman and last in the line of Barons The Prince Frederick Prince of Wales (Frederick Louis 1 February 1707 &ndash 31 March 1751) was a member of the Hanoverian and Frederick II (Friedrich II January 24 1712 August 17 1786) was a King of Prussia (1740&ndash1786 from the Most sources agree it was named for Frederick Calvert.
Schley's first task as leader of the settlement party was the foundation of a German Reformed Church (today the church is known as Evangelical Reformed Church, UCC), which also served immediately as a public school, in keeping with the German Reformed tradition of sponsoring universal public education. Many of the Pennsylvania Dutch settled in Frederick as they migrated westward in the late 18th Century. The Pennsylvania Dutch (perhaps more strictly Pennsylvania Deitsch, Pennsylvania Germans or Pennsylvania Deutsch) are the descendants of German Frederick was a stop along the German migration route that led down through the "Great Valley" (Shenandoah Valley, etc. The Great Valley, also called the Great Appalachian Valley or Great Valley Region, is one of the major landform features of eastern North America. The Shenandoah Valley region of western Virginia and West Virginia is bounded by the Blue Ridge Mountains to the east and the Appalachian ) all the way to the western Piedmont in North Carolina. Piedmont is a plateau region located in the eastern United States between the Atlantic Coastal Plain and the main Appalachian Mountains, stretching North Carolina ( is a state located on the Atlantic Seaboard in the southeastern United States
The city served as a major crossroads from colonial times. British General Braddock marched west through Frederick on the way to the fateful ambush near Fort Pitt during the French and Indian War. General Edward Braddock (January 1695 &ndash July 13, 1755) was a British soldier and commander-in-chief for North America during the actions at the start of the To control this crossroads during the American Revolution, the British garrisoned a Hessian regiment in the town during the war (the barracks still stand). The Schleys were activists for the American Revolution and had been a military family in Germany, with one ancestor holding high rank at the Battle of Parma in 1714. This article is about the 1248 Battle of Parma For the Battle of 1734 see the Battle of San Pietro. One of Johann Thomas Schley's sons, George Jacob, served in the Maryland line of the Continental Army. Afterwards, with no way to return to their homeland, the men of the Hessian regiment stayed on and married into the families of the town, strengthening its German identity. Later, when President Thomas Jefferson commissioned the building of the National Road from Baltimore to St. Thomas Jefferson (April 13 1743 – July 4 1826 was the third President of the United States (1801–1809 the principal author of the Declaration of Independence US 40svg|right|100px|thumb|The National Road is now included as part of U Louis, the "National Pike" ran through Frederick along Patrick Street.
From these beginnings, Frederick grew to an important market town, but by the first third of the 19th century, the town had also become one of the leading mining counties of the United States, producing gold, copper, limestone, marble, iron and other minerals. As early as the American Revolution, Catoctin Furnace near Thurmont had been the site of significant iron production. Catoctin Furnace (also known as Catoctin Iron Furnace) was constructed in 1774 by four brothers Thomas, Baker Roger and James Johnson to produce Pig iron
When the first wave of Irish refugees from the potato famine settled in the city in 1846, one of the leading members of the Schley family married into the Wilson family from Ireland. Consequently, many of the Schleys converted to Catholicism and residents of Frederick began to speak English for the first time in the town's history--up until then, the language had been German. Frederick was known during the nineteenth century for its religious pluralism, with one of its main thoroughfares, Church Street, hosting half-a-dozen major churches. The main Catholic Church, St. John's, was built in 1800, then rebuilt in 1837 (across the street) one block north of Church Street on East Second Street, where it still stands.  Together, these churches dominated the town, set against the backdrop of the first ridge of the Appalachians, Catoctin Mountain. Catoctin Mountain is the easternmost mountain ridge of the Blue Ridge Mountains, which are in turn a part of the Appalachian Mountain Range The abolitionist poet John Greenleaf Whittier immortalized this view of Frederick in his poem to Barbara Fritchie: "The clustered spires of Frederick stand--greenwalled in the hills of Maryland. Barbara Fritchie (nee Hauer also known as Barbara Frietchie, and sometimes spelled Frietschie, ( December 3, 1766 &ndash December 18 "
Frederick's status as a major crossroads put the town at the center of the Maryland campaigns of the Civil War, during which both Union and Confederate troops marched through the city. General Stonewall Jackson led his light infantry division through Frederick on his way to the battles of Crampton's, Fox's and Turner's Gaps and Antietam in September 1862, leading to an incident with Pennsylvania Dutch resident Barbara Fritchie commemorated in the poem of the same name by John Greenleaf Whittier. Thomas Jonathan "Stonewall" Jackson (January 21 1824 &ndash May 10 1863 was a Confederate general during the American Civil War, and probably the Barbara Fritchie (nee Hauer also known as Barbara Frietchie, and sometimes spelled Frietschie, ( December 3, 1766 &ndash December 18 John Greenleaf Whittier (December 17 1807 &ndash September 7 1892 was an influential American Quaker Poet and ardent advocate of the abolition of Slavery Major General Jesse L. Reno's IX Corps followed Jackson's men through the city a few days later on the way to the Battle of South Mountain. Jesse Lee Reno ( April 20, 1823 &ndash September 14, 1862) was a career United States Army officer who served in the Mexican-American The Battle of South Mountain (known in several early Southern accounts as the Battle of Boonsboro Gap) was fought September 14, 1862, as
Although Frederick was culturally Southern, and many of the Schleys had been slaveholders, the family also possessed a deep streak of military nationalism, probably from its German heritage. Thus, during the Civil War, Major Henry Schley, brother of Colonel Edward Schley (d. 1857), at the age of 72 fought for the Union as the aide de camp to General Lew Wallace, one of Grant's key adjutants at the Battle of Shiloh (1862), along with Generals William Tecumseh Sherman and Don Carlos Buell. Lewis "Lew" Wallace ( April 10, 1827 February 15, 1905) was a lawyer governor Union general in the American Civil General Wallace also fought Confederate General Jubal Early outside of Frederick at the Battle of Monocacy in 1864 (below). Background Reacting to Early's raid Union General-in-Chief Lt Major Henry Schley's son, Dr. Fairfax Schley, became a prominent civic leader after the war. A cousin, Admiral Winfield Scott Schley served in the United States Navy from 1860 through the Spanish American War, where he led the American fleet to victory over the Spanish at Santiago Bay in 1898. Winfield Scott Schley ( 9 October 1839 - 2 October 1911) was an admiral of the United States Navy. Gilmer Schley served as Mayor from 1919-1922 and the Schleys remained one of the town's leading families into the late twentieth century. Nathaniel Wilson Schley, son of Gilmer Schley, became a prominent banker at the Farmers and Mechanics Citizens' National Bank. His wife, Mary Margaret Schley, was a Daughter of the American Revolution, a perennial leader of the Garden Society and a life member of the Frederick County Agricultural Society(FCAS), sponsor and organizer of the annual Great Frederick Fair, one of the two largest agricultural fairs in the State (with the annual State Fair at Timonium, Maryland). Their son, Donald Gilmer Schley, along with John T. Best, Gordon Smith, Frank Stauffer, Emmons C. Sanner and other FCAS board members worked in the late 1960s to shift the nightly entertainment at the then declining Fair from a New York show and Borscht-belt comedian venue to a country western venue. At first they brought stars such as Barbara and Louise Mandrell, and over the later years Reba McEntire, Lee Greenwood and many other outstanding country-western stars to the annual September event, making the Fair the site of a major annual country-western festival. Reba Nell McEntire (born March 28, 1955) is an American Country music singer performer and actress Lee Greenwood (born October 27 1942 in South Gate California) is an American Country music artist Schley Avenue commemorates the family's role in the city's heritage.
Frederick also had Jewish residents as early as the 1740s, when pioneers Henry Lazarus and Levy Cohan settled there as merchants. An organized Jewish community, comprised mainly of German Jewish immigrants, took shape in the mid-19th Century and the Frederick Hebrew Congregation was organized in 1858. Later the congregation lapsed, but was reorganized in 1919 as a cooperative effort between the older settlers and more recently arrived Eastern European Jews under the name Beth Sholom.
In 1905, Rev. E. B. Hatcher started the First Baptist Church of Frederick.
In 1921, the first high school for African-Americans was founded at 170 West All Saints Street. Later it moved to 250 Madison Street, where it eventually became South Frederick Elementary. The building still stands and presently houses the Lincoln Elementary School.
As of the census of 2000, there are 52,767 people, 20,891 households, and 12,787 families residing in the city. A census is the procedure of acquiring information about every member of a given population The population density is 2,584. Population density (in agriculture standing stock and Standing crop) is a measurement of Population per unit area or unit volume 4 people per square mile (997. 7/km²). There are 22,106 housing units at an average density of 1,082. 7/sq mi (418. 0/km²). The racial makeup of the city is 79. 1% White, 16. 0% Black or African American, 0. 8% Native American, 3. 8% Asian American, 0. Asian Americans are Americans of Asian ancestry. They include sub-ethnic groups such as Chinese Americans Filipino Americans Indian 1% Pacific Islander, 2. 9% from other races, and 2. 5% from two or more races. 4. 80% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race. Hispanic and Latino Americans are Americans of Hispanic or Latino descent, which comprises ancestry or origins in Hispanic America 
For those 20,891 households, 32. 3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44. 4% are married couples living together, 12. 8% have a female householder with no husband present, and 38. 8% are non-families. 30. 0% of all households are made up of individuals and 8. 8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2. 42 and the average family size was 3. 05.
In the city, the population has 25. 1% under the age of 18, 9. 3% from 18 to 24, 35. 2% from 25 to 44, 19. 0% from 45 to 64, and 11. 3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age is 34. 7 years. For every 100 females there are 90. 9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 87. 4 males. 
According to sample data, from 1999, the median income for a household in the city is $47,700, and the median income for a family is $56,778. Males have a median income of $38,399 versus $27,732 for females. The per capita income for the city is $23,053. Per capita income means how much each individual receives in monetary terms of the yearly income generated in the country 7. 4% of the population and 4. 8% of families are below the poverty line. The poverty threshold, or poverty line, is the minimum level of Income deemed necessary to achieve an adequate Standard of living in a given country 6. 8% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line. 
The current Mayor of Frederick is William J. Holtzinger. Previous Mayors include:
Frederick has a Board of Aldermen of six members (one of whom is the Mayor) which serves as its legislative body. Elections are held every 4 years. The current board was elected November 1, 2005, and consists of Marcia Hall, David Koontz, Alan Imhoff, C. Events 996 - Emperor Otto III issues a deed to Gottschalk Bishop of Freising which is the oldest known document using the name Ostarrîchi Year 2005 ( MMV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Paul Smith, and Donna Kuzemchak Ramsburg.
Frederick has a bridge covered with a mural called the "Community Bridge. " The artist, William Cochran, has been acclaimed for the realism of the painting. William Cochran may refer to William Thad Cochran (b1937 US Senator from Mississippi William Gemmell Cochran (1909-1980 British-American Thousands of people sent ideas representing community that appear throughout the stonework of the bridge. One of the most interesting parts of the mural is an angel that appears in perspective if you look at it from the proper angle (the proper angle being the middle window of the second floor of the Delaplaine Visual Arts Center). An angel is a Spiritual Supernatural being found in many Religions Although the nature of angels and the tasks given to them vary from tradition to tradition To the people of Frederick, it is called "the mural", "painted bridge", or more commonly known to the people as the "mural bridge. "
The Frederick Arts Council is the designated arts organization for Frederick County. The organization is charged with promoting, supporting, and advocating the arts, a thriving community in the city. There are over ten art galleries in downtown Frederick, and three theaters are located within 50 feet of each other (Cultural Arts Center, Weinberg Center for the Arts, and the Maryland Ensemble Theatre). Frederick is the home of the Maryland Shakespeare Festival.
In August 2007, the streets of Frederick were adorned with 30 life-size fiberglass keys as part of a major public art project entitled "The Keys to Frederick. "
Frederick also has its own community orchestra, The Frederick Symphony Orchestra, that performs five concerts per year consisting of classical masterpieces. Other musical organizations in Frederick include the Frederick Chorale, the Choral Arts Society of Frederick, the Frederick Regional Youth Orchestra, the Frederick Children's Chorus, and the Frederick Symphonic Band.
Frederick is home to Frederick School of Classical Ballet, the official school for Maryland Regional Ballet. Approximately 30 dance studios are located around Frederick. Each year, these studios have an opportunity to perform at the annual DanceFest event.
Frederick contains both Hood College and Frederick Community College. Hood College is a co-educational Liberal arts college located in Frederick Maryland.
A weekly carillon recital is played on the Joseph Dill Baker Carillon each Sunday at noon for half an hour. A carillon (/kaʁijɔ̃/ /ˈkærɪljɒn/ or /kəˈrɪljən/ is a Musical instrument consisting of at least 23 cast bronze cup-shaped bells which are played The carillon can be heard from anywhere in Baker Park, or the City Carillonneur can be viewed playing in the tower, which is open each week at that time.
The city is well-known for the Clustered Spires skyline of its historic downtown buildings. These spires are depicted on the city's seal and many other city-affiliated logos and insignia.
Frederick is a sister city to two German cities, Schifferstadt and Mörzheim. Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany ( ˈbʊndəsʁepuˌbliːk ˈdɔʏtʃlant is a Country in Central Europe. Schifferstadt is a municipality in the Rhein-Pfalz-Kreis, in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.
The city is home to WFRE and WAFY radio stations. WFRE (999 FM) is a Radio station located in Frederick, Maryland, in the United States. WAFY (1031 FM) is a Radio station located in Frederick, Maryland, in the United States.
Frederick County Public Schools (FCPS) operates area public schools. Frederick County Public Schools is a public school system run for the residents of Frederick County Maryland.
High Schools in Frederick City and County:
Other Public Schools: Adult Education, Career and Technology Center, Heather Ridge School, Outdoor School, Rock Creek School, and The Earth and Space Science Laboratory.
Frederick, Maryland is rich in colonial and Civil War history and is home to both major defense and cultural institutions. Hood College is a co-educational Liberal arts college located in Frederick Maryland. The Maryland School for the Deaf is a school that provides free public education to Deaf and Hard-of-hearing Maryland residents from birth to age 21 The National Museum of Civil War Medicine is located here, as is the U.S. Army facility of Fort Detrick. The National Museum of Civil War Medicine is located in Frederick Maryland. The United States Army is a military organization whose primary mission is to "provide necessary forces and capabilities. Fort Detrick is a US Army Medical Command installation located in Frederick Maryland, USA Hood College and the Maryland School for the Deaf are also established here. Hood College is a co-educational Liberal arts college located in Frederick Maryland. The Maryland School for the Deaf is a school that provides free public education to Deaf and Hard-of-hearing Maryland residents from birth to age 21 Frederick also sports a minor-league baseball team, the Frederick Keys. Baseball is a Bat-and-ball Sport played between two teams of nine players each The Frederick Keys Minor league baseball team is the "High-A" class A baseball affiliate of the Baltimore Orioles, and the current champions of the Frederick is also home of several liberal organizations including the Peace Resource Center of Frederick County, an installation of Women in Black, and the Frederick Progressive Action Coalition or FredPac.
Frederick was the site of a Civil War speech given by President Abraham Lincoln, which took place at what was then a train depot at the current intersection of South and Market Streets. Causes of the war See also Origins of the American Civil War, Timeline of events leading to the American Civil War The coexistence of a slave-owning South Abraham Lincoln (February 12 1809 &ndash April 15 1865 the sixteenth President of the United States, successfully led his country through its greatest internal A plaque commemorates the speech.
Several historic Civil War battlefields are located near Frederick. Due west along Alternate US 40, and west of Burkittsville, Maryland, lie the sites of the three episodes in the Battle of South Mountain: the battles of Crampton's (September 14, 1862), Fox's, and Turner's Gaps, where Confederate troops under Jackson and Walker unsuccessfully attempted to halt the Federal army's advance into the Cumberland Valley. Events 81 - Domitian becomes Emperor of the Roman Empire upon the death of his brother Titus. Year 1862 was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year starting on Monday The war correspondents' memorial can be found at Gathland State Park at Crampton's Gap, just west of Burkittsville. Gathland State Park is a small State park located near Burkittsville Maryland in the United States. The memorial to the slain Union General Jesse Reno lies on the south side of Alternate US 40, west of Middletown, just below the summitt of Fox's Gap. 21 miles to the southwest lies historic Harper's Ferry, which dominates the confluence of the Shenandoah and Potomac Rivers. Here stood a key Federal arsenal, and in 1859, Kansas Abolitionist John Brown seized these works, only to be surrounded and captured by a Federal force under Robert E. Lee. John Brown (May 9 1800 December 2 1859 was an American Abolitionist who advocated and practiced armed Insurrection as a means to end all Slavery Robert Edward Lee (January 19 1807 &ndash October 12 1870 was a career United States Army officer, an Engineer, and among the most celebrated Early on September 17, 1862, Confederate General A. P. Hill raided the arsenal at Harper's Ferry to re-equip his own division. Events 1176 - The Battle of Myriokephalon is fought 1462 - The Battle of Świecino (or Battle of Żarnowiec Year 1862 was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year starting on Monday Ambrose Powell Hill (November 9 1825 &ndash April 2 1865 was a Confederate general in the American Civil War. When a rider arrived at 1 pm that afternoon informing Hill of Lee's desperate position, Hill ordered his 6000 men to form ranks and march at double-time to Lee's aid at Antietam (Sharpsburg). His division covered the 17 miles between Harper's Ferry and the battlefield in just three hours, arriving "in the nick of time" to turn back Burnside's men, who were just forcing the bridge across Antietam Creek.
Collectors still find Civil War artifacts in the vicinity of Harper's Ferry, especially on Maryland Heights above the town on the Maryland side of the Potomac. The Monocacy Battlefield lies just outside the city limits, while Antietam and Gettysburg lie approximately thirty-five miles to the west and north, respectively. Monocacy National Battlefield is a unit of the National Park Service, the site of the Battle of Monocacy Junction in the American Civil War fought on The Gettysburg Battlefield was the site of the Battle of Gettysburg, fought July 1 to July 3, 1863, in and around the borough of Gettysburg
Another notable Civil War location is the former home of Barbara Fritchie, the woman who (according to legend) waved the Stars and Stripes in defiance of Confederate commander Stonewall Jackson and his troops as they marched through downtown Frederick. Barbara Fritchie (nee Hauer also known as Barbara Frietchie, and sometimes spelled Frietschie, ( December 3, 1766 &ndash December 18 Thomas Jonathan "Stonewall" Jackson (January 21 1824 &ndash May 10 1863 was a Confederate general during the American Civil War, and probably the These events are the subject of an 1864 poem by John Greenleaf Whittier. John Greenleaf Whittier (December 17 1807 &ndash September 7 1892 was an influential American Quaker Poet and ardent advocate of the abolition of Slavery Barbara Fritchie is buried in Frederick's Mt. Olivet cemetery next to Governor Thomas Johnson and Francis Scott Key.
Other notable Fredericktonians include former Supreme Court Chief Justice Roger Taney and John Hanson, the first President of the United States under the Articles of Confederation. Roger Brooke Taney ( "tawny" March 17, 1777 – October 12, 1864) was the twelfth United States Attorney General John Hanson ( November 22 1783 was a delegate to the United States in Congress Assembled from Maryland. The Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union, also the Articles of Confederation was the governing Constitution of the alliance of thirteen independent and Frederick is also the resting place of Francis Scott Key, the author of the National Anthem of the United States, "The Star-Spangled Banner. Francis Scott Key ( August 1, 1779 &ndash January 11, 1843) was an American Lawyer, author and amateur A national anthem is a generally patriotic musical composition that evokes and eulogizes the history traditions and struggles of its people recognized either by a nation's " The Star-Spangled Banner " is the National anthem of the United States of America " Also resting there, in the All Saints' Parish Cemetery is Thomas Sim Lee (1745–1819), who served two terms as Governor of Maryland. Thomas Sim Lee ( October 29, 1745 &ndash November 9, 1819) was an American planter and statesman of Frederick County, Lee was influential in the enactment of Statehood for Maryland and played an important role in completing the formation of the union in 1781.
The oldest house in the City of Frederick is Schifferstadt, built in 1756 by German settler Joseph Brunner. It is now the Schifferstadt Architectural Museum.
In 1814, eminent ophthalmologist Dr. Ophthalmology is the branch of Medicine which deals with the diseases and surgery of the visual pathways including the Eye, Brain John Tyler built the famed Tyler Spite House at 112 W Church Street in Frederick to spite the City of Frederick by preventing the city from extending Record Street south through Tyler's land to meet West Patrick Street (also named Maryland Route 144). A spite house is a Building generally found in an urban environment that is constructed or modified because someone that the builder feels has wronged him does not want Maryland Route 144 consists of six former sections of US 40 in several counties of the state of Maryland.  The Tyler Spite House now operates as a bed and breakfast business. Bed and breakfast, also known as B&B, is a term originating in the United Kingdom, but now also used all over the world for an establishment that offers accommodation 
From 1896 to 1961, Frederick was served by the Hagerstown & Frederick Railway, an interurban trolley service that was among the last surviving systems of its kind in the United States. In Australia "interurban" is a general term for Intercity rail.
Currently, the city is served by MARC commuter rail service, which operates several trains daily to Washington, D.C., Express bus route 991, which operates to the Shady Grove Metrorail Station, and a series of buses operated by TransIT services of Frederick, Maryland
Frederick has an airport with a mile long runway and a second 3600' runway. MARC, prior to 1984 known as Maryland Rail Commuter Service, is a Regional rail system comprising three lines in the Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan Area Washington DC ( formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington, the District, or simply D Located in Derwood, Maryland, but mostly in the area of Gaithersburg, Shady Grove is a Washington Metro station in Montgomery TransIT services of Frederick Maryland is a public transportation agency in Frederick County Maryland that is operated by the county government TransIT services of Frederick Maryland is a public transportation agency in Frederick County Maryland that is operated by the county government Frederick Municipal Airport is a public Airport located in the city of Frederick, in Frederick County, Maryland, United States It is the home airport of the Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association due to its proximity to Washington D. The Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association (AOPA is a non-profit Political organization whose membership consists mainly of General aviation C. and ability to handle small twin engine jets.