The Franco-Syrian Treaty of Independence was a treaty negotiated between France and Syria to provide for Syrian independence from French authority, which had been imposed under a League of Nations Mandate. This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. Syria ( سوريّة or) officially the Syrian Arab Republic (Arabic ar الجمهورية العربية السورية A League of Nations mandate refers to a legal status for certain territories transferred from the control of one country to another following World War I.
The agreement was negotiated over a six-month period from March to September of 1936. Year 1936 ( MCMXXXVI) was a Leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. The Syrian government ratified the treaty before the end of the year. France signed, but never ratified the document. The treaty was the first formal compact between France and a recognized nationalist movement in Syria, comprising several elected officials of the parliament in Damascus. Damascus ( دمشق,, also commonly known as الشام ash-Shām) is the capital and largest city of Syria.
In 1934, France attempted to impose a treaty of independence heavily prejudiced in favor of France. Year 1934 ( MCMXXXIV) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display full 1934 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. It promised gradual independence but kept the Syrian Mountains under French control. The Syrian head of state at the time was a French puppet, Muhammad 'Ali Bay al-'Abid. Muhammad Ali al-Abid (1867 - 1939 (محمد علي العابد was the president of Syria from 11 June 1932 until 21 December 1936 Fierce opposition to this treaty was spearheaded by senior nationalist and parliamentarian Hashim al-Atassi, who called for a sixty day strike in protest. Hashim Bay Khalid al- Atassi ( 1875 - December 5, 1960) ( هاشم الأتاسي was a Syrian nationalist, statesman and its President Atassi's political coalition, the National Bloc, mobilized massive popular support for his call. The National Bloc (ar الكتلة الوطنية was a Syrian political party who rose in the fight for independence at the time of French Mandate of Syria. Riots and demonstrations raged, and the economy came to a standstill.
In consequence, the new Popular Front-led French government agreed to recognize the National Bloc as the sole legitimate representatives of the Syrian people, and invited Hashim al-Atassi to independence negotiations in Paris. The Popular Front (French Front populaire) was an alliance of left-wing movements including the French Communist Party (PCF the Socialist Paris (ˈpærɨs in English; in French) is the Capital of France and the country's largest city He traveled there on March 22, 1936, heading a senior Bloc delegation. Events 238 - Gordian I and his son Gordian II are proclaimed Roman emperor. The resulting treaty called for immediate recognition of Syrian independence as a sovereign republic, with full emancipation granted gradually over a 25 year period. The treaty guaranteed incorporation of previously autonomous Druze and Alawite regions into Greater Syria, but not Lebanon, with which France signed a similar treaty in November. The Druze ( Arabic: درزي derzī or durzī, plural دروز durūz) are a religious community found primarily in Syria, Lebanon For the Alaouite dynasty of Morocco see Alaouite Dynasty, for the former state now in Yemen see Alawi (sheikhdom The Alawites Greater Syria (سوريّة الكبرى also known (in a historic context simply as Syria, is a term that denotes a historic region in the Middle East bordering Lebanon (ˈlɛbənɒn Arabic: ar لبنان Lubnān) officially the Republic of Lebanon or Lebanese Republic (ar الجمهورية اللبنانية The treaty further promised curtailment of French intervention in Syrian domestic affairs as well as a reduction of French troops, personnel and military bases in Syria. In return, Syria pledged to support France in times of war, including the use of her airspace and allowing France to maintain two military bases on Syrian territory. Other political, economic and cultural provisions were included. Atassi returned to Syria in triumph on September 27, 1936, and was elected President of the Republic in November. Events 489 - Odoacer attacks Theodoric at the Battle of Verona and is defeated again This page lists presidents and other Heads of State of Syria.
The emerging threat of Adolf Hitler induced a fear of being outflanked by Nazi Germany if France relinquished her colonies in the Middle East. Hi and welcome to Wikipedia! Please understand that this article is frequently vandalized and vandalism is reverted immediately Nazi Germany and the Third Reich are the common English names for Germany under the regime of Adolf Hitler and the National Socialist German Workers The Middle East is a Subcontinent with no clear boundaries often used as a synonym to Near East, in opposition to Far East. This, coupled with lingering imperialist inclinations in some levels of the French government, led France to reconsider its promises and refuse to ratify the treaty. In addition, France ceded the province of Alexandretta, whose territory was guaranteed as part of Syria in the treaty, to Turkey. Hatay is a province of southern Turkey, on the Mediterranean coast with Syria to the south and east Turkey (Türkiye known officially as the Republic of Turkey ( is a Eurasian Country that stretches Riots again broke out, Atassi resigned, and Syrian independence was deferred until after World War II. World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including