Francis J. Beckwith
New York City
|Main interests||Christian philosophy|
Francis J. The City of New York "Frank" Beckwith (1960-) is an American Christian philosopher. Year 1960 ( MCMLX) was a Leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Christian philosophy is a term to describe the fusion of various fields of Philosophy with the theological doctrines of Christianity. He has a graduate degree in law, and is known in Evangelical Protestant Christianity as a scholar, debater, and lecturer. Evangelicalism is a theological movement tradition and system of beliefs most closely associated with Protestant Christianity, which identifies with the Gospel Protestantism refers to the forms of Christian faith and practice that originated in the 16th century Protestant Reformation. Beckwith advocates in the areas of social ethics, legal philosophy, philosophy of religion, and the Christian countercult movement. Ethics is a major branch of Philosophy, encompassing right conduct and good life Jurisprudence is the Theory and Philosophy of Law. Scholars of jurisprudence or legal philosophers hope to obtain a deeper understanding of the nature Philosophy of religion is a branch of Philosophy that is concerned with the philosophical study of religion including arguments over the nature and existence of God religious The Christian countercult movement is a collective description for many mostly unrelated ministries and individual Christians who oppose religious groups whose doctrines Currently, he is the associate director of the J. M. Dawson Institute of Church-State Studies and an associate professor of Church-State studies at Baylor University. Baylor University is a private, Baptist -affiliated Research University located in Waco Texas. Beckwith, born in New York City, now resides with his wife in Texas. The City of New York Texas ( is a state geographically located in the South Central United States and is also known as the Lone Star State. Beckwith returned to Roman Catholicism in 2007. 
Beckwith has defended the pro-life position on abortion and the constitutional permissibility of the teaching of intelligent design in public schools. Overview See also Ethical aspects of abortion Pro-life individuals generally believe that human life should be valued either from conception or Implantation An The term public school has two distinct (and virtually opposite meanings depending on the location of usage in the United States, Australia and  He has been affiliated with organizations that advocate for these issues. Beckwith is a former fellow at the Discovery Institute the "hub of the intelligent design movement"; and a former member of the advisory board for the Intelligent Design and Evolution Awareness Center. The Discovery Institute is a conservative public policy US Think tank based in Seattle Washington, best known for its advocacy of Intelligent See also Intelligent design The intelligent design movement is a Neo-creationist religious campaign that calls for broad social academic and political The Intelligent Design and Evolution Awareness Center is a nonprofit organization formed originally as a student club promoting Intelligent design at the University of California  As of late 2007, he is a fellow at the Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity (CBHD); and a professor at Baylor's Institute for the Studies of Religion (ISR). 
Beckwith is a graduate of the University of Nevada, Las Vegas (B. A. in Philosophy), Simon Greenleaf School of Law, Anaheim (MA in apologetics), Fordham University (Ph. Trinity Law School (TLS or the Law School Trinity International University is a private nonprofit Law school in Santa Ana California, United States Fordham University is a private University in the United States, with three campuses located in and around New York City. D. and M. A. in philosophy) and the Washington University School of Law, St. Louis (Master of Juridical Studies). 
A condensed version of Beckwith's 1984 MA thesis on the Bahá'í Faith was published by Bethany House in 1985. The Bahá'í Faith is a Religion founded by Bahá'u'lláh in nineteenth-century Persia, emphasizing the spiritual unity of all humankind Bethany House, a division of Baker Publishing Group is a publisher of Christian fiction, nonfiction and children's books
Other social ethics questions to which he has contributed include the influence of relativism on public culture, affirmative action and discrimination, same-sex marriage, bioethics generally (including cloning), and interpreting constitutional issues as they touch on religious liberty and practices, such as the inclusion of intelligent design in public school science curricula. Affirmative action in the United States|Employment equity (Canada|Reservation in India|Numerus clausus The term affirmative action describes many policies aimed at a historically Unlike most discrimination policies discrimination between, which is the discernment of qualities and recognition of the differences focused here discrimination against is Same-sex marriage (also referred to as gay marriage) is a term for a legally or Socially recognized Marriage between two people of the same Bioethics is the philosophical study of the ethical controversies brought about by advances in Biology and Medicine.
Beckwith has held academic appointments at Whittier College (1996-1997) and Trinity International University (1997-2002). Whittier College is a private liberal arts college in Whittier California. Trinity International University (TIU is an evangelical Christian institution of higher education headquartered in Deerfield Illinois 
In November 2005, Professor Beckwith became the President-elect of the Evangelical Theological Society, a professional organization of theologians. The Evangelical Theological Society is a professional society of Biblical scholars educators pastors and students with the stated purpose of serving Jesus and his He is also a member of the American Philosophical Association's Committee on Philosophy and Law. The American Philosophical Association is the main professional organization for Philosophers in the United States.
In May 2007 Professor Beckwith made public his return to the Roman Catholic Church, which took place in late April 2007, and resigned as both President of the Evangelical Theological Society and a member of the society, effective May 7, 2007. 
Beckwith states that he is not an intelligent design advocate, and his interests lie in the legal and cultural questions raised by the movement.  Critics of intelligent design, such as Barbara Forrest, consider Beckwith a proponent. Barbara Carroll Forrest, PhD is a professor of Philosophy at Southeastern Louisiana University in Hammond Louisiana  Beckwith often speaks on the legal permissibility of teaching intelligent design in public school science classes, arguing that it is legally permissible and arguing against the ruling in Kitzmiller v. Dover Area School District that intelligent design is essentially religious in nature, a form of creationism, and thus its teaching as science in public schools violates the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment to the United States Constitution. Background Certain members of the Dover Board of Education expressed concern about the teaching of Evolution. "Creationism" can also refer to Creation myths in general or to a concept about the origin of the soul. The Establishment Clause of the First Amendment refers to the first of several pronouncements in the First Amendment to the United States Constitution, stating that " The First Amendment to the United States Constitution is part of the United States Bill of Rights that expressly prohibits the United States Congress He provided much of the legal reasoning and justification behind the claim of the Discovery Institute that intelligent design is not a religious belief and maintains that the religious motives of the policy's supporters, which he says the judge in the case relied on, should have no bearing on assessing the constitutionality of the policy, since a motive is a belief and the federal courts have, in other contexts, forbidden the government's assessing of beliefs.  Beckwith is closely tied to the Discovery Institute intelligent design campaigns, both from his arguments and writings being often repeated and promoted by the Discovery Institute and by receiving support from the Institute during his tenure controversy. Discovery Institute intelligent design campaigns are a series of related Public relations campaigns conducted by the Discovery Institute which seek to promote  Beckwith endorsed fellow Discovery Institute Fellow Richard Weikart's controversial book, From Darwin to Hitler, Evolutionary Ethics, Eugenics and Racism in Germany. Richard Weikart (born July 1958 is head of department of history at California State University Stanislaus, and is a senior fellow for the Center for Science and 
In 2004 the Harvard Law Review published a review by Lawrence VanDyke, a Harvard Law student, praising a book written by Beckwith that defended the teaching of intelligent design in schools. In response to a scathing review of VanDyke's review by professor of lawyer and philosophy Brian Leiter, the National Review Online published a response to Leiter written by Hunter Baker defending Beckwith and alleging Leiter was "attacking" both a student writer and "academic freedom. Brian Leiter (born 1963 is an American philosopher and legal scholar who is currently John Wilson Professor of Law at the University of Chicago and Director of Chicago's Center National Review ( NR) is a biweekly Magazine and Web site, founded by the late author William F " Hunter's article was republished by the Discovery Institute, where Beckwith sat as a Fellow and which as part of its intelligent design campaigns consistently casts ID proponents as the victims of efforts to curtail academic freedom. Discovery Institute intelligent design campaigns are a series of related Public relations campaigns conducted by the Discovery Institute which seek to promote
Leiter revealed that Hunter Baker was Beckwith's teaching assistant when he wrote the defense of Beckwith for the National Review, something both Beckwith and Hunter did not disclose.  This prompted Leiter to question the journalistic integrity of Hunter and to describe such tactics as "fraud" and a "right-wing slime and smear job. "
During the controversy over Beckwith's tenure Hunter Baker went on to write another National Review article arguing that the denial of tenure was an attack on academic freedom, again without disclosing his relationship to Beckwith. 
Kevin Drum of the Washington Monthly reported in the magazine's weblog that this controversy led the creation of the blog the Panda's Thumb, which has become one of the most notable fora for critics of intelligent design; however, Ed Brayton of the Panda's Thumb stated that the timing was a coincidence. The Washington Monthly is a monthly Magazine of United States Politics and Government that is based in Washington D The Panda's Thumb is a Weblog on the Creation-evolution controversy from a mainstream scientific perspective 
In 2003 twenty-nine members of the J. M. Dawson family called on Baylor University to remove Beckwith as associate director of the Baylor's J. M. Dawson Institute of Church-State Studies. In a letter the Dawson family members questioned the appointment of Beckwith as associate director of the institute. The letter accused Beckwith of holding church-state positions contrary to the strong stand for separation advocated by J. The Separation of church and state is a legal and political principle derived from the First Amendment to the United States Constitution, which reads "Congress M. Dawson: "We are troubled because Dr. Beckwith is a fellow of the Discovery Institute. The activities of this organization are widely recognized in the academic community as engaging in political activities that contravene the fundamental principle of the separation of church and state for which J. M. Dawson stood. " . . . "The Discovery Institute works to get the concept called 'intelligent design' into the science curriculum of public school textbooks, claiming that intelligent design is a scientific, not a religious, concept. In our judgment and in the judgment of the scientific community, this is a ruse for getting a religious notion into the public schools — clearly a violation of the separation of church and state. " The university ultimately allowed Beckwith to remain in the position.
On March 24, 2006, Beckwith was denied tenure by Baylor University. Events 1401 - Mongol emperor Timur sacks Damascus. 1603 - James VI of Scotland As is typical in such cases, the reasons for denying tenure were not released.
According to a March 31, 2006 BPNews article Beckwith stated that he was following an appeals process in hopes of having the decision reversed.  In early September 2006 stories concerning the reasons for Beckwith's denial of tenure and the political intrigue behind it were published in the Chronicle of Higher Education. The Chronicle of Higher Education is a Newspaper that represents a source of news information and jobs for college and university faculty and administration  On September 22, 2006, Beckwith won his appeal and was tenured by Baylor University. The Discovery Institute, where Beckwith served as a Fellow, lobbied extensively on his behalf during the controversy,