|(U.S. National Historic Landmark)|
|Location:||Mackinaw City, Michigan|
|Added to NRHP:||October 15, 1966|
Fort Michilimackinac was an 18th century French, and later British, fort and trading post in the Great Lakes of North America. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the A National Historic Landmark (NHL is a Building, site, Structure, Object, or District, that is officially recognized by the Mackinaw City is a village in Emmet and Cheboygan counties in the U The National Register of Historic Places (NRHP is the United States government's official list of districts sites buildings structures and objects deemed worthy of Events 533 - Byzantine General Belisarius makes his formal entry into Carthage, having conquered it from the Year 1966 ( MCMLXVI) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar of the 1966 Gregorian calendar. The 18th century lasted from 1701 to 1800 in the Gregorian calendar, in accordance with the Anno Domini / Common Era numbering system This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. The Kingdom of Great Britain, also known as the United Kingdom of Great Britain, was a State in northwest Europe, in existence from 1707 to 1800 The Laurentian Great Lakes are a chain of freshwater lakes located in eastern North America, on the Canada–United States border. Built around 1715, it was located along the southern shore of the strategic Straits of Mackinac connecting Lake Huron and Lake Michigan, at the northern tip of the lower peninsula of the present-day state of Michigan in the United States. Year 1715 ( MDCCXV) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a The Straits of Mackinac (ˈmækɨnɔː like MACK-in-aw note the silent "c" is the strip of water that connects two of the Great Lakes, Lake Michigan Lake Huron, bounded on the west by the US state of Michigan, and on the east by the province of Ontario, Canada, is one of the five Great Lake Michigan is one of the five Great Lakes of North America, and the only one located entirely within the United States. Michigan ( is a Midwestern state of the United States of America. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the The site of the fort in present-day Mackinaw City is a National Historic Landmark and is now preserved as an open-air historical museum. Mackinaw City is a village in Emmet and Cheboygan counties in the U A National Historic Landmark (NHL is a Building, site, Structure, Object, or District, that is officially recognized by the
The primary purpose of the fort was not military, but rather as a link in the French trading post system that stretched from the Mississippi River through the Illinois Country to the St. Lawrence River. The Mississippi River is the second longest River in the United States, with a length of from its source in Lake Itasca in Minnesota to The Illinois Country ( Pays des Illinois) was the name used in the 17th century and afterwards to refer to an undefined region centered around present day southwest Saint Lawrence River (in French: fleuve Saint-Laurent; Kahnawáˀkye in Tuscarora, Kaniatarowanenneh meaning big waterway The fort served as a supply for traders in the western Great Lakes.
The French had first established a presence in the Straits of Mackinac in 1671 when Father Marquette established a Jesuit mission at present-day St. Ignace. Father Jacques Marquette ( June 1, 1637 &ndash May 18, 1675) was a French Missionary who founded Michigan The Society of Jesus ( Latin: Societas Iesu, SJ and SI or SJ, SI) is a Catholic religious order Saint Ignace, usually written as St Ignace, is a city in the U In 1683, they augmented the mission with Fort de Buade. Fort de Buade was a French Fort at the present site of St Ignace in the U In 1701, Sieur de Cadillac moved the French garrison to Fort Detroit and closed the mission. Antoine Laumet de La Mothe sieur de Cadillac (1658-1730 was the founder of Detroit, Michigan. Fort Pontchartrain du Détroit or Fort Détroit was a Fort established by the French officer Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac in 1701 By 1715, however, the French built Fort Michilimackinac to re-establish a presence along the Straits of Mackinac, with several modifications and expansions to the palisade walls over the decades. Year 1715 ( MDCCXV) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a
The French relinquished the fort, along with their territory in Canada, to the British in 1761 following their loss in the French and Indian War. Country to "Dominion of Canada" or "Canadian Federation" or anything else please read the Talk Page Year 1761 ( MDCCLXI) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a The French and Indian War (1754&ndash1763 was the North American chapter of the Seven Years' War. Although British continued to operate the fort as a major trading post, French civilians were allowed to live their normal lives with French traditions and worship their Roman Catholic beliefs at St. Anne's Church. The Ojibwe in the region resented British policies as harsh. The Ojibwa or Chippewa (also Ojibwe, Ojibway, Chippeway) is the largest group of Native Americans - First Nations On June 2, 1763, as part of the larger movement known as Pontiac's Rebellion, a group of Ojibwe staged a game of baaga'adowe (lacrosse) outside the fort as a ruse to gain entrance. Events 455 - The Vandals enter Rome, and plunder the city for two weeks Year 1763 ( MDCCLXIII) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Pontiac's Rebellion was a war launched in 1763 by North American Indians who were dissatisfied with British policies in the Great Lakes region after Lacrosse is a full contact Team sport played using a solid rubber ball and long handled racket called a crosse or Lacrosse stick. After gaining entrance to the fort, they killed most of the British inhabitants and held the fort for a year before the British retook it with the provision to offer more and better gifts to the native inhabitants of the area.
The British eventually deemed the wooden fort on the mainland too vulnerable to attack, and in 1781 they built Fort Mackinac, a limestone fort on nearby Mackinac Island. Year 1781 ( MDCCLXXXI) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Fort Mackinac was a military outpost garrisoned from the late 18th century to the late 19th century on Mackinac Island in the U Limestone is a Sedimentary rock composed largely of the Mineral Calcite ( Calcium carbonate: CaCO3 Mackinac Island (ˈmækɨnɔː) is an island covering in land area belonging to the U The buildings were dismantled and moved piece by piece over water in the summer and ice in winter to the island over the course of two years. Patrick Sinclair, the lieutenant governor of Michilimackinac, ordered the remains of Fort Michilimackinac destroyed after the move. Lieutenant-General Patrick Sinclair (1736 &ndash 31 January 1820) was a British Army officer and governor in North America.
The fort grounds were designated a National Historic Landmark in 1960. A National Historic Landmark (NHL is a Building, site, Structure, Object, or District, that is officially recognized by the It is a popular tourist attraction as part of Colonial Michilimackinac State Park in Mackinaw City, a major section of the Mackinac State Historic Parks. Fort Michilimackinac State Park is a park in the US state of Michigan, located in Mackinaw City Michigan. Mackinaw City is a village in Emmet and Cheboygan counties in the U Interpreters, both paid and volunteer, help bring the history to life, with live demonstrations and reenactments, including musket and cannon firing demonstrations. The site has numerous restored historical wooden structures and is considered one of the most extensively excavated early French archaeological sites in the United States. Archaeology, archeology, or archæology (from Greek grc ἀρχαιολογία archaiologia – grc ἀρχαῖος archaīos
The fort grounds also contain the Old Mackinac Point Light, which is an 1892 lighthouse, and a day use park with a great view of the Mackinac Bridge and Mackinac Island. Mackinaw Point marks the junction of Lake Michigan and Lake Huron. A lighthouse is a Tower, building or framework designed to emit light from a system of lamps and lenses or in older times from a fire and used as an