Commune of Fort-de-France
|Fort Saint Louis|
|Location of the commune (in red) within Martinique|
|Canton||Chief town of 10 cantons|
de la Martinique
|Land area¹||44. A geographic coordinate system enables every location on the Earth to be specified in three coordinates using mainly a spherical coordinate system. UTC−4 is the Time offset used in the Atlantic Standard Time Zone in Canada in winter and the North American Eastern Time Zone during Wikipedia talkFeatured lists for an explanation of this and other inclusion tags below -->This list of countries, arranged alphabetically This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. France is divided into 26 regions or régions (in French of which 21 are in continental Metropolitan France, one is the island of Corsica, Martinique is an Island in the eastern Caribbean Sea, having a land area of 1128 km² In the context of the political and geographic organization of France and many of its former colonies a department (département depaʁtǝmɑ̃ is an Administrative division Martinique is an Island in the eastern Caribbean Sea, having a land area of 1128 km² A prefecture ( préfecture) in France can refer to: the Chef-lieu de département, the town in which the administration of a ''département'' The 100 French departments are divided into 342 arrondissements, which may be translated into English as districts. The arrondissement of Fort-de-France is an arrondissement of France located in the Martinique département, in the Martinique The cantons of France are territorial subdivisions of the French Republic's 341 arrondissements and 100 departments. The commune is the lowest level of administrative division in the French Republic. A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning "greater" is a modern title used in many countries for the highest ranking officer in a municipal government The elevation of a Geographic location is its height above a fixed reference point often the mean sea level. 21 km²|
|- Density||2,127/km² (1999)|
|INSEE/Postal code||97209/ 97200|
|1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0. As of January 1, 2008, 64473140 people live in the French Republic. Population density (in agriculture standing stock and Standing crop) is a measurement of Population per unit area or unit volume The INSEE code is a numerical indexing code used by the French National Institute for Statistics and Economic Studies (INSEE to identify various entities including communes Postal codes were introduced in France in 1972, when La Poste introduced automated sorting. Square Kilometre ( US spelling square kilometer) symbol km2, is a decimal multiple of the SI unit of 386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. The square mile is an imperial and US unit of Area equal the area of a square of one statute mile. An estuary is a semi-enclosed Coastal body of Water with one or more Rivers or Streams flowing into it and with a free connection to the open|
|2 Population sans doubles comptes: residents of multiple communes (e.g. students and military personnel) only counted once. C D E|
Fort-de-France is the capital of France's Caribbean département d'outre-mer of Martinique. This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. The Caribbean (ˌkærəˡbiən kæ'rəbiən Cariben|Caraïben or Caraïben; Caraïbe or more commonly Antilles; Caribe is a Region consisting Overseas department (départements d’outre-mer or DOM) is a designation under the 1946 Constitution of the Fourth Republic that was given to the Martinique is an Island in the eastern Caribbean Sea, having a land area of 1128 km² With a population of 134,727 inhabitants (1999 census) in the urban area, 94,049 of whom live in the city (commune) of Fort-de-France proper, it is also one of the major cities in the Caribbean. The commune is the lowest level of administrative division in the French Republic. Exports include sugar, rum, tinned fruit, and cacao.
Fort-de-France lies on the island's west coast at the northern entrance to the large Fort-de-France Bay, at the mouth of the Madame River. Fort-de-France Bay is a large inlet of the Caribbean Sea, off the coast of Martinique. The city occupies a narrow plain between the hills and the sea but is accessible by road from all parts of the island.
In 1638, Jacques Duparquet, first governor of Martinique, decided to have Fort Saint Louis built to protect the city against enemy attacks. The fort was soon destroyed, and rebuilt in 1669, when Louis XIV appointed the Marquis of Baas as governor general. Early years Birth and ancestry Louis XIV was born in the Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye on September 5 1638 and bore the Heir apparent Under his orders and those of his successors, particularly the Count of Blénac, the fort was built with a Vauban design. Sébastien Le Prestre Seigneur de Vauban and later Marquis de Vauban ( May 15, 1633 – March 30, 1707) commonly referred to
Originally named Fort-Royal, the administrative capital of Martinique was shadowed by Saint-Pierre, the oldest city in the island, which was renowned for its commercial and cultural vibrancy as "The Paris of the Caribbean". Saint-Pierre was the former primary city of France 's Caribbean Département d'outre-mer of Martinique, founded in 1635 by The name of Fort-Royal was changed to a short-lived "Fort-La-Republique" during the French Revolution, and finally settled as Fort-de-France sometimes in the 19th century. The old name of Fort-Royal is still used today familiarly is its Creole language form of "Foyal", with the inhabitants of the city being "Foyalais".
The city had its share of disasters, being partially destroyed by an earthquake in 1839 and in 1890 by fire. At the turn of the 20th century, however, Fort-de-France became economically important after the volcanic eruption of Mount Pelée destroyed the town of Saint-Pierre in 1902. Plate tectonics and hotspots Divergent plate boundaries At the Mount Pelée ( French: Montagne Pelée, or "Bald Mountain" is a dormant Volcano on the northern tip of the French Overseas department Saint-Pierre was the former primary city of France 's Caribbean Département d'outre-mer of Martinique, founded in 1635 by Year 1902 ( MCMII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year starting The city, however, never lived up to the cultural reputation of the doomed city.
Until 1918, when its commercial growth began, Fort-de-France had an inadequate water supply, was partly surrounded by swamps, and was notorious for yellow fever. Yellow fever (also called yellow jack, black vomit or sometimes American Plague) is an acute viral disease Now the swamps are drained to make room for extensive suburbs.
The Fort Saint-Louis in Fort-de-France is one of the French naval bases of the Caraib, along with Degrad des Cannes (French Guiana). French Guiana (Guyane française officially fr ''Guyane'' is an Overseas department (French département d'outre-mer, or DOM) of France
It is under command of the capitaine de vaisseau in charge of the Navy and the Naval air force for the Caraibs (COMAR ANTILLES). The rank Insignia of the French Navy ( French: Marine Nationale) are worn on shoulder straps of shirts and white jackets The forces based here include:
Also here are the administrative buildings of the base, the service for naval constructions, the radio station of Pointe des Sables and the ammunition storage facilities (at the end of Fort de France), and the Rivière Salée station (20 km away). Technical Problems The engines of the P400 have been a constant source of technical problems since the maiden journey of the lead ship Audacieuse to Dakar.
The fort is also home to the last iguana (Iguana Delicatissima) populations of Martinique. Iguana is a Genus of Lizard native to tropical areas of Central and South America and the Caribbean first described by Austrian However it is discussed whether the reptiles are native to Martinique or are remnants of the population of a small zoo that was located in the fort at the beginning of the 20th century.
The city has a fine natural harbour defended by three forts:
A statue commemorating Martinique-born Empress Josephine, the wife of Napoleon, is in the park of La Savane. Joséphine de Beauharnais (born Marie Josèphe Rose de Tascher de la Pagerie June 23 1763 &ndash May 29 1814) was the first It was vandalized in the 1990s, presumably by individuals who faulted her for supporting the reestablishment of slavery on the island. As a social-economic system slavery is a legal institution under which a Person (called "a slave" is compelled to work for another