A football helmet is a protective device used primarily in American football and Canadian football, the modern hard plastic version of which was created by Paul Brown. American football, known in the United States and Canada simply as football, is a competitive Team sport known for mixing strategy with In accordance with the Manual of Style (see) Canadian English is used throughout this article (see Canadian_English#Spelling) Paul Eugene Brown ( September 7, 1908 - August 5, 1991) was a coach in American football and a major figure in the development It consists of a hard plastic top with thick padding on the inside, a facemask made of one or more metal bars, and a chinstrap used to secure the helmet. Some players add polycarbonate visors to their helmets, which are used to protect eyes from glare and impacts. Helmets are a requirement at all levels of organized football, except for non-tackle variations such as flag football. Flag football is a version of American football that is popular in North America. Although they are protective, players can and do still suffer head injuries such as concussion. Each position has a different type of face mask to balance protection and visibility.
One of the first instances of football headgear dates to 1896 when Lafayette College halfback George "Rose" Barclay, began to use straps and earpieces to protect his ears. Athletics (track and field Olympic Games see "General sporting events" below Baseball The original Lafayette College is a private Coeducational liberal arts and engineering college located in Easton, Pennsylvania, USA Additionally, other sources credit the invention of the football helmet to Navy Midshipmen football Joseph M. Reeves (later to become the "Father of Carrier Aviation"), who had a protective device for his head made out of mole skin to allow him to play in the 1893 Army-Navy game. The Navy Midshipmen football team represent the United States Naval Academy in NCAA Division I -A College football. Joseph Mason "Bull" Reeves ( November 20, 1872 - March 25, 1948) was an Admiral in the United States Navy, who was Later helmets were made of padded leather, and resembled aviators' helmets. In professional football, at least, they were also optional. Some National Football League players, notably Hall-of-Famer Bill Hewitt, played all or most of their careers helmetless. The National Football League ( NFL) is the largest professional American football league. The Pro Football Hall of Fame is the Hall of fame of the National Football League (NFL William Ernest Hewitt ( October 8, 1909 - January 14, 1947) was a former professional American football player in the National
By the mid 1940s, helmets were finally required in the NFL. Many sporting events did not take place because of World War II. The National Football League ( NFL) is the largest professional American football league. They were still made of leather, but with improved manufacturing techniques had assumed their more familiar spherical shape. By the 1950s, the introduction of polymers brought the leather helmet era to an end. Athletics Marathon International Races August 23 &mdash European Championships Marathon, Brussels The face mask was also introduced around this time, reducing the number of broken noses and teeth, but also necessitating new rules prohibiting opposing players from grabbing the face mask, a dangerous action which can call for a penalty of 5 or 15 yards, depending on severity and intention. The Los Angeles Rams were the first NFL team to put logos on their helmets, and as of 2008 only the Cleveland Browns do not have any form of primary logo on their helmets. The St Louis Rams are a professional American football team based in St The Cleveland Browns are a professional American football team based in Cleveland, Ohio.
In 2002, American football equipment manufacturer Riddell released a new design of helmet called the Revolution. Athletics For an extensive coverage see 2002 in athletics (track and field Marathon International Riddell is an American based company specializing in sports equipment for American football, Baseball, Basketball, Lacrosse, Soccer  The newer design was released in response to a study on concussions. The design is becoming more popular in the NFL and NCAA, being used by notables such as Peyton Manning, Dwight Freeney, Casey Hampton, and Brady Quinn. The National Collegiate Athletic Association ( NCAA, often pronounced "N-C-Double-A" is a voluntary association of about 1200 institutions conferences organizations Peyton Williams Manning (born March 24 1976 is an American football Quarterback who currently plays for the Indianapolis Colts of the National Football Dwight Jason Freeney (born February 19, 1980 in Hartford, Connecticut) is an American football Defensive end who currently Casey Hampton Jr (born September 3 1977 in Galveston Texas) is an American Football Nose tackle who currently plays for the Brayden Tyler "Brady" Quinn (born October 27, 1984 in Columbus, Ohio) is an American football Quarterback
The helmet will sometimes be wrenched from a player's head in the jostling of a play and leave the player vulnerable to injury. Sports Illustrated for January 15, 2007, includes a couple of photos of Jeremy Shockey of the New York Giants, showing a good deal of courage in continuing to push for extra yardage in a playoff game against the Philadelphia Eagles, despite having lost his helmet during the play. Sports Illustrated is an American Sports Magazine owned by media conglomerate Time Warner. Jeremy Charles Shockey (ʃɔːki (born August 18, 1980 in Ada Oklahoma) is an American football Tight end for the New Orleans The New York Giants are a professional American football team based in the New York City suburb of East Rutherford New Jersey. The Philadelphia Eagles are a professional American football team based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
In 2007, Schutt Sports announced the arrival of a next generation helmet, the Schutt ION 4D. News by date January 1 - College Football - In a game This next generation design was in response to the demand for a safer football helmet. The design includes an integrated faceguard. This new faceguard design features shock absorbing "Energy Wedges" that reduce the force of impacts to the faceguard. College Teams wearing the helmet include Air Force Academy, Georgia, Penn State, and Virginia. The Air Force Falcons are the College football team from the United States Air Force Academy, located just outside of Colorado Springs Colorado. The Georgia Bulldogs football team represents the University of Georgia in football. Penn State Nittany Lions football is a College football program that competes in NCAA Division I-A and the Big Ten Conference. Main Virginia Cavaliers Athletics article Virginia Cavaliers Virginia Cavaliers football is a College football program that  Many of the New York Giants wear the ION 4D design including Amani Toomer and Brandon Jacobs. The New York Giants are a professional American football team based in the New York City suburb of East Rutherford New Jersey. Amani Toomer (ah-MAHN-ee (born September 8, 1974 in Berkeley California) is an American football Wide receiver for the New Brandon Jacobs (born July 6, 1982 in Napoleonville Louisiana) is an American football Running back for the New York Giants
NFL rules state that all helmets with a headset in them must have a visible green dot on the back. College football is American football played by teams of student athletes fielded by American universities, Colleges and military academies Since only the quarterback can have a wired helmet, it stops other players using the quarterback's helmet. A few times in 2006 the holder on the field goal attempt was told to pull up and throw or run at the last second because of a change the coaches saw on the field. Athletics (track and field For an extensive coverage see 2006 in athletics (track and field Track This gave teams an "unfair advantage" in the eyes of the NFL. The new rules let each team know who is wearing a headset and who is hearing the plays being called.
Also, a new, more recent addition to the football helmet is a visor or eyeshield, traditionally used to protect players from eye injuries or glare. Top manufacturers of visors are Nike, Oakley, and Under Armour, with Leader being to first to come out with a visor/shield for former Chicago Bears quarterback Jim McMahon. Nike Inc ('naɪki ( is a major publicly traded sportswear and equipment supplier based in the United States. Under Armour is a brand of clothing headquartered in Baltimore, Maryland, designed for use in Sports It was originally created to be worn underneath The word leadership can refer to Those entities that perform one or more acts of leading The Chicago Bears are a professional American football team based in Chicago, Illinois. James Robert "Jim" McMahon (born August 21, 1959 in Jersey City New Jersey) is a former American football player playing collegiately The visors started out as clear or smoked, but now come in colors ranging from blue, gold, All black, Rainbow, Silver, or Amber, though high-school and pee-wee leagues prohibit all but clear visors. This rule was made so in case a player suffered a head injury officials, trainers,and coaches could see into his eyes to see if he were conscious. The NCAA banned the use of tinted visors for the same reason. However, players with eye problems may still use clear visors.