Florent Schmitt (September 28, 1870, Blamont, Meurthe et Moselle – August 17, 1958 Neuilly-sur-Seine) was a French composer. Events 48 BC - Pompey the Great is assassinated on orders of King Ptolemy of Egypt after landing in Egypt. Year 1870 ( MDCCCLXX) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Meurthe-et-Moselle is a department in the northeast of France named after the Meurthe and Moselle rivers Events 986 - A Byzantine army was destroyed in the pass of Trajan's Gate by the Bulgarians under the Comitopuli Year 1958 ( MCMLVIII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Neuilly-sur-Seine (nœji syʀ sɛn in French) is a commune bordering the western limit of the city of Paris, France. This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. He entered the Paris Conservatoire in 1889, studying under Albert Lavignac, Theodore Dubois, Jules Massenet, Gustave Sandre, and Gabriel Fauré. The Conservatoire de Paris is an institution of higher education that has played an important role in the development of Music in France and Western Europe Year 1889 ( MDCCCLXXXIX) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Albert Lavignac ( Paris 21 January 1846 &ndash Paris 28 May 1916) was a French music scholar known for his essays on theory and François-Clément Théodore Dubois (August 24 1837 &ndash June 11 1924 was a French Composer, Organist and Music teacher Jules (Émile Frédéric Massenet ( May 12, 1842 – August 13, 1912) was a French composer best known for his Operas Gustave Sandre (1843-1916 was director of the Nancy Conservatoire in eastern France, where Florent Schmitt was one of his Pupils Most of his Gabriel Urbain Fauré ( 12 May 1845 &ndash 4 November 1924) was a French Composer, Organist, Pianist In 1900 Schmitt won the Prix de Rome on his fourth attempt. This article concerns the French government prize For similarly named prizes aimed at other countries' nationals see Prix de Rome (disambiguation.
Schmitt wrote 138 works with opus numbers. Opus, from the Latin word opus meaning "work" is usually used in the sense of "a Work of art " He composed examples of most of the major forms of music, except for opera. Opera is an art form in which Singers and Musicians perform a Dramatic work (called an opera which combines a text (called a Libretto Today his most famous pieces are La tragédie de Salome and Psalm XLVII. The especially fine piano quintet in B minor, written in 1908, helped establish his reputation. A piano quintet is a chamber Musical ensemble made up of one Piano and four other instruments or a piece written for such a group Other works include a violin sonata (Sonate Libre), a late string quartet, a saxophone quartet, Dionysiaques for wind band, and two symphonies. A violin sonata is a musical composition for solo Violin, which is nearly always accompanied by a Piano or other keyboard instrument or by Figured bass A string quartet is a Musical ensemble of four String instruments &mdash usually two Violins a Viola and Cello &mdash or a piece A concert band, also called wind band, symphonic band, symphonic winds, wind orchestra, wind symphony, or wind ensemble A symphony is a Musical composition, often extended and usually for Orchestra. He was part of the group known as the Apaches. Les Apaches or ( Société des Apaches) was a group of French musicians writers and artists which formed around 1900 His own style, recognizably impressionistic, owed something to the example of Debussy, though it had distinct traces of Wagner and Richard Strauss also. Achille-Claude Debussy (aʃil klod dəbysi (August 22 1862 &ndash March 25 1918 was a French Composer. Richard Georg Strauss (11 June 1864 &ndash 8 September 1949 was a German Composer of the late Romantic era and early modern era particularly noted
Schmitt composed a ballet La tragédie de Salomé in 1907 as a commission from Jacques Rouché for Loie Fuller and the Théâtre des Arts. Loie Fuller (also Loïe Fuller, born Marie Louise Fuller) ( January 15, 1862 &ndash January 1, 1928) was a pioneer of both From the original ballet score, scored for twenty instruments and lasting about an hour, Schmitt prepared a symphonic poem of the same name, half as long as the ballet score, for a much expanded orchestra. A symphonic poem or tone poem is a piece of Orchestral Music in one movement in which some extramusical program provides a narrative or illustrative element The symphonic poem version is much better-known (with recordings conducted by Schmitt himself, Paul Paray, Jean Martinon, Antonio de Almeida, Marek Janowski and others), but there is also an excellent recording of the 1907 ballet score under Patrick Davin on the Marco Polo label. The rhythmic syncopations, polyrhythms, percussively treated chords, bitonality, and scoring of Schmitt's work anticipate Stravinsky's The Rite of Spring. Igor Fyodorovich Stravinsky (Игорь Фёдорович Стравинский) ( &ndash 6 April 1971 was a Russian born Composer, considered by many to This article is about the ballet music For the emo/hardcore band see Rites of Spring The Rite of Spring, commonly referred While composing The Rite of Spring Stravinsky acknowledged that Schmitt's ballet gave him greater joy than any work he had heard in a long time, but they fell out with each other in later years, and Stravinsky reversed his opinion of Schmitt's works. In 1927 he was one of the ten French composers who each contributed a dance for the children's ballet L'Éventail de Jeanne; he wrote the finale, a Kermesse-Valse. L'Éventail de Jeanne (Jean's Fan is a children's Ballet choreographed in 1927 by Alice Bourgat and Yvonne Franck.
From 1929 to 1939 Schmitt worked as a music critic for Le Temps, in which role he created considerable controversy, not least for his indiscreet habit of shouting out verdicts from his seat in the hall. Le Temps, ("The Time" published from April 25, 1861 to November 30, 1942, was one of Paris 's most important The music publisher Huegel went so far as to call him "an irresponsible lunatic".
Having been one of the most often performed of French composers in the period between the two world wars, Schmitt afterwards fell into comparative obscurity, although he continued writing music till the end (and in 1952 he became a member of the Legion of Honor). He became the subject of attacks – both in his old age and posthumously – over his pro-German sympathies during the 1930s, and over his willingness to work for the Vichy government later on (as indeed other eminent French musicians did, notably Alfred Cortot and Joseph Canteloube). Vichy France, or the Vichy regime are the common terms used to describe the government of France from July 1940 to August 1944 Alfred Denis Cortot ( Nyon, Switzerland September 26, 1877 &ndash Lausanne June 15, 1962) was a Franco-Swiss Pianist Marie-Joseph Canteloube de Malaret (b Annonay, ( Ardèche) 21 October 1879 – d But the 1990s witnessed a small-scale revival of his output, and an increased coverage of it on compact disc. A Compact Disc (also known as a CD) is an Optical disc used to store digital data, originally developed for storing digital audio