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A floor plan (floorplan) in architecture and building engineering is a diagram, usually to scale, of the relationships between rooms, spaces and other physical features at one level of a structure. Graphical projection is a Protocol by which an image of an imaginary three-dimensional object is projected onto a planar surface without the aid of mathematical calculation Planar projections are the subset of 3D graphical projections constructed by linearly mapping points in three dimensional space to points on a two-dimensional projection plane Perspective (from Latin perspicere to see through in the graphic arts such as drawing is an approximate representation on a flat surface (such as paper of an image as it is perceived Orthographic projection is a means of representing a three- Dimensional (3D object in two dimensions (2D Orthographic projection is a means of representing a three- Dimensional (3D object in two dimensions (2D A plan is an Orthographic projection of a 3-dimensional object from the position of a horizontal plane through the object In Geometry, a cross section is the intersection of a body in 2-dimensional space with a line or of a body in 3-dimensional space with a plane etc An elevation is an Orthographic projection of a 3-dimensional object from the position of a horizontal plane beside an object An auxiliary view is an angle at which one can view an object that is not one of the primary views for an Orthographic projection. Axonometric projection ("to measure along axes" is a technique used in orthographic pictorials Isometric projection is a form of Graphical projection —more specifically an Axonometric projection. Dimetric projection is a form of Axonometric projection, in which its direction of viewing is such that two of the three axes of space appear equally foreshortened of which Trimetric projection is a form of Axonometric projection, where the direction of viewing is such that all of the three axes of space appear unequally foreshortened This article discusses imaging of three-dimensional objects For an abstract mathematical discussion see Projection (linear algebra. The cavalier perspective, also called cavalier projection or high view point, is a way to represent a three dimensional object on a flat drawing and more specifically Cabinet projection or sometimes cabinet perspective is a type of Oblique projection. 3D projection is any method of mapping three-dimensional points to a two-dimensional plane Owned by Atlassian Software Systems, FishEye is a Revision control browser and search engine Stereoscopy, stereoscopic imaging or 3-D (three-dimensional imaging is any technique capable of recording three-dimensional visual Anamorphosis is a distorted projection or perspective requiring the viewer to use special devices or occupy a specific vantage point to reconstitute the image A map projection is any method of representing the Surface of a sphere or other shape on a plane. A bird's-eye view is a View of an object from above as though the observer were a Bird, often used in the making of Blueprints, Floor plans Top-down perspective, also sometimes referred to as bird's-eye view, overhead view or helicopter view, A worm's-eye view is a View of an object from below as though the observer were a Worm. The term architecture (from Greek αρχιτεκτονικήarchitektoniki) can be used to mean a process a profession or documentation Architectural engineering, also known as Building Engineering, is the application of Engineering principles and Technology to Building Design A diagram is a 2D geometric symbolic Representation of Information according to some Visualization technique The concept of scale is applicable if a system is represented proportionally by another system Dimensions are usually drawn between the walls to specify room sizes and wall lengths. Floor plans will also include details of fixtures like sinks, water heaters, furnaces, etc. Floor plans will include notes to specify finishes, construction methods, or symbols for electrical items.

## Description

Similar to a map the orientation of the view is downward from above, but unlike a conventional map, a plan is understood to be drawn at a particular vertical position (commonly at about mid-level between floors). A map is a visual representation of an area—a symbolic depiction highlighting relationships between elements of that space such as objects, Regions, and Themes A map is a visual representation of an area—a symbolic depiction highlighting relationships between elements of that space such as objects, Regions, and Themes Objects below this level are seen, objects at this level are shown 'cut' in plan-section, and objects above this vertical position within the structure are omitted or shown dashed. Plan view or "planform" is defined as a vertical orthographic projection of an object on a horizontal plane, like a map. A plan is an Orthographic projection of a 3-dimensional object from the position of a horizontal plane through the object A planform or Plan view is a vertical Orthographic projection of an object on a horizontal plane like a Map. Orthographic projection is a means of representing a three- Dimensional (3D object in two dimensions (2D

The term may be used in general to describe any drawing showing the physical layout of objects. For example, it may denote the arrangement of the displayed objects at an exhibition, or the arrangement of exhibitor booths at a convention. Art exhibitions are traditionally the space in which Art objects (in the most general sense meet an Audience. A convention, in the sense of a meeting is a gathering of individuals who meet at a arid place and time in order to discuss or engage in some common interest Now drawings are reproduced using plotters and large format xerographic copiers. A plotter is a Vector graphics printing device that connects to a Computer. Xerography (or electrophotography) is a Photocopying technique developed by Chester Carlson in 1938 and Patented on October 6

It is also called a "plan" in architectural terms, as opposed to "elevation" which means how the object will look when seen from a side, or a "cross section" where the building is shown cut along an axis to reveal the interior. A plan is an Orthographic projection of a 3-dimensional object from the position of a horizontal plane through the object An elevation is an Orthographic projection of a 3-dimensional object from the position of a horizontal plane beside an object In Geometry, a cross section is the intersection of a body in 2-dimensional space with a line or of a body in 3-dimensional space with a plane etc In Architecture, Construction, Engineering and real estate development the word building may refer to one of the following Any man-made

A "reflected ceiling plan" shows a view of the room as if looking from above, through the ceiling, at a mirror installed one foot below the ceiling level, which shows the reflected image of the ceiling above. This convention maintains the same orientation of the floor and ceilings plans - looking down from above. Reflected Ceiling Plans or RCP's are used by designers and architects to demonstrate lighting, visible mechanical features, and ceiling forms as part of the documents provided for construction.

## Visual examples

 Typical basic house floor plan. A sample floor plan for a single-family home A sample floor plan of a Caravanserai