The national flag of Indonesia, which is known as Sang Merah Putih ("The Red and White") in Indonesian, is based on the flag of the 13th century Majapahit empire. The Republic of Indonesia ( (Republik Indonesia is a Country in Southeast Asia. Indonesian or Bahasa Indonesia, based on the Riau version of Malay language, was declared the official language with the declaration of Majapahit was an Indianized kingdom based in eastern Java from 1293 to around 1500. The flag itself was introduced and hoisted in public at the Indonesian Independence Day ceremony, on August 17, 1945. The Indonesian Declaration of Independence was officially proclaimed at 10 Events 986 - A Byzantine army was destroyed in the pass of Trajan's Gate by the Bulgarians under the Comitopuli Year 1945 ( MCMXLV) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar The design of the flag has remained the same ever since.
The design of the flag is simple with two equal horizontal bands, red (top) and white (bottom) with an overall ratio of 2:3.  The flag is similar to the flag of Poland and flag of Singapore, and is identical to the flag of Monaco (except for the ratio). The flag of Poland consists of two horizontal stripes of equal width the upper one white and the lower one red The national flag of Singapore was first adopted in 1959, the year Singapore became self-governing within the British Empire. The national Flag of Monaco has two equal horizontal bands of red (top and white making it similar to the flags of Indonesia, Singapore Red represents bravery, while white represents the spiritual element. Gallantry redirects here Or see Gallant for other meanings Courage, also known as bravery, will, intrepidity Spirituality, in a narrow sense concerns itself with matters of the Spirit, a concept closely tied to religious belief and Faith, a transcendent reality There is a national song titled "Merah Putih" (Red and White).
Its colors are derived from the banner of the 13th century Majapahit Empire. Majapahit was an Indianized kingdom based in eastern Java from 1293 to around 1500. Later, these colors were revived by students and then nationalists in the early 20th century as an expression of nationalism against the Dutch. The twentieth century of the Common Era began on See http//enwikipediaorg/wiki/WikipediaFootnotes for an explanation of how to generate footnotes using the tags and the template below The red-white flag was flown for the first time in Java in 1928. Java (Jawa is an Island of Indonesia and the site of its Capital city Jakarta. Year 1928 ( MCMXXVIII) was a Leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Under Dutch rule, the flag was prohibited. See http//enwikipediaorg/wiki/WikipediaFootnotes for an explanation of how to generate footnotes using the tags and the template below It was adopted as the national flag on August 17, 1945, when independence was declared and has been in use since then. Events 986 - A Byzantine army was destroyed in the pass of Trajan's Gate by the Bulgarians under the Comitopuli Year 1945 ( MCMXLV) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar 
There is also another story about the flag of Indonesia, which is significantly related to the flag of the Netherlands. The Flag of the Netherlands is a horizontal Tricolour of Red, White, and Blue. Under Dutch colonialism, every administration used the Netherlands (Red-white-blue) flag. See Colony and Colonization for examples of colonialism which do not refer to Western colonialism The flag of Indonesia was prohibited. To symbolize the intention of forcing out the Dutch, the Indonesian nationalists and independence movement tore apart the Dutch flag. They tore off the bottom third of the flag, and separated the red and white colors from the blue color. The main reason was because blue in the Dutch flag was understood as standing for the "blue blooded" aristocracy. Aristocracy is a form of Government, where rule is established through an internal struggle over who has the most status and influence over society and internal relations Conversely, the red color represented the blood shed in the War of Independence, while the white could be understood to symbolize the purity of the Indonesians. Timeline of the Indonesian National RevolutionThe Indonesian National Revolution or Indonesian War of Independence was an armed conflict and diplomatic struggle between 
The official name of the flag is Sang Merah Putih (The Red White) according to Article 35 of the 1945 Constitution. The Constitution of Indonesia ( Indonesian: Undang-Undang Dasar Republik Indonesia 1945, UUD '45) is the basis for the government of the Indonesia The flag is commonly called Bendera Merah Putih (Red White Flag). Occasionally, it is also called Sang Dwiwarna (The bicolor). Sang Saka Merah Putih (The Lofty Red White) refers to the historical flag called Bendera Pusaka (heirloom flag) and its replica. The Bendera Pusaka is the flag that was flown in front of Soekarno's house a few moments after he proclaimed Indonesia's independence on August 17, 1945. Sukarno ( June 6, 1901 – June 21, 1970) was the first President of Indonesia. Events 986 - A Byzantine army was destroyed in the pass of Trajan's Gate by the Bulgarians under the Comitopuli Year 1945 ( MCMXLV) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar The original Bendera Pusaka was sewn by Mrs. Fatmawati Soekarno, and was hoisted every year in front of the presidential palace during the independence day ceremony. A palace is a grand residence especially the home of a Head of state or some other high-ranking Public figure. It was hoisted for the last time on August 17, 1968. Events 986 - A Byzantine army was destroyed in the pass of Trajan's Gate by the Bulgarians under the Comitopuli Year 1968 ( MCMLXVIII) was a Leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Since then it has been preserved and replaced by a replica because the original flag was deemed to be too fragile. 
The red stands for courage, while the white stands for purity. The red represents human's body or physical life, while white represents human's soul or spiritual life. The soul, according to many religious and philosophical beliefs is the self-awareness, or Consciousness, unique to a particular living Spirituality, in a narrow sense concerns itself with matters of the Spirit, a concept closely tied to religious belief and Faith, a transcendent reality Together they stand for a complete human being. 
Traditionally, most Indonesians have used red and white as their sacred colors, mixing the color of sugar (the red color comes from palm-sugar or gula aren) and rice (white in color). Sugar is a class of edible Crystalline substances mainly Sucrose, Lactose, and Fructose. Rice is a Cereal foodstuff which forms an important part of the diet of many people worldwide and as such it is a staple food for many Inarguably, until today, both of these are the major components of daily Indonesian cuisine or cooking. Cuisine (from French cuisine, "cooking culinary art kitchen" ultimately from Latin coquere, "to cook" is a specific set Apparently, the Javanese's Majapahit Kingdom also used this concept and designed their flag as red and white (9 stripes of each). Moreover, the red and white colors are also used for the Indonesia's distant cousin, Madagascar's as the color of the national flag. Madagascar, or Republic of Madagascar (older name Malagasy Republic) is an Island nation in the Indian Ocean off the southeastern 
Similar to most national flags, the etiquette covering Indonesia's flag is very strict and must be adhered to. Etiquette is a code that governs the expectations of Social behavior, according to the contemporary conventional norm within a Society,
In 2003, the governor of Jakarta, Sutiyoso announced his plan to relocate the original Bendera Pusaka from the State Palace to the National Monument. Year 2003 ( MMIII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. This is a list of Governors of Jakarta. Sutiyoso (born 6 December 1944 in Semarang, Central Java) is a Politician and former Indonesian General. The Monumen Nasional (or Tugu Monas, the National Monument tower is a 450 ft (137 m tall tower in Central Jakarta, symbolizing the fight for Indonesia For security and financial reasons, the Rp 3. 5 billion (US$388,889) project was delayed for one year. A year (from Old English gēr) is the time between two recurrences of an event related to the Orbit of the Earth around the Sun Of the Rp3. 5 billion, only Rp 500 million was allocated for the actual relocation ceremony, while most of the remaining Rp3 billion was spent on procuring around 15 kilograms of gold for the conservation room and on security measures such as alarms and security cameras. Gold (ˈɡoʊld is a Chemical element with the symbol Au (from its Latin name aurum) and Atomic number 79 An alarm (French À l'arme - "To the arms" gives an audible or visual Warning of a problem or condition The spending was proposed in the 2003 revised city budget. Year 2003 ( MMIII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. Budget (from French bougette, purse generally refers to a list of all planned expenses and revenues The plan was to install the flag in a 24-carat gold plated case in the Independence Room inside the National Monument. Gold (ˈɡoʊld is a Chemical element with the symbol Au (from its Latin name aurum) and Atomic number 79 Inside the Independence Room, there are three most important relics from Indonesia's history, the Garuda statue, the Nusantara (Archipelago) map and the original text of the Indonesian proclamation, which all are kept in the gold plated cases. GARUDA is India's Grid Computing initiative connecting 17 cities across the country Nusantara is a traditional geographical concept of the Malay world that encompasses the Indonesian lands from Sabang in the West to Manokwari The Indonesian Declaration of Independence was officially proclaimed at 10