|Bridgestone Firestone, LLC|
|Type||Subsidiary of Bridgestone|
|Founded||1900 (Akron, Ohio)|
|Key people||Mark A. A subsidiary, in business matters is an entity that is controlled by a bigger and more powerful entity ( is a Japanese Rubber conglomerate founded in 1931 by in the city of Kurume, Fukuoka, Japan Akron is a city in the US state of Ohio and the County seat of Summit County. Emkes, CEO|
|Revenue||▲$2. For other uses of this term see Industry (disambiguation An industry (from Latin industrius, "diligent industrious" Manufacturing (from Latin manu factura, "making by hand" is the use of tools and labor to make things for use or sale In Marketing, a product is anything that can be offered to a Market that might satisfy a want or need In business revenue or revenues is Income that a company receives from its normal business activities usually from the sale of goods and services 09 billion USD (2004)|
The Firestone Tire and Rubber Company was founded by Harvey Firestone in 1900 to supply pneumatic tires for wagons, buggies, and other forms of wheeled transportation common in the era. The United States dollar ( sign: $; code: USD) is the unit of Currency of the United States; it has also been Employment is a Contract between two parties, one being the employer and the other being the employee. A website (alternatively web site or Web site, a back-construction from the Proper noun World Wide Web) is a collection of Web pages Harvey Samuel Firestone ( December 20 1868 &ndash February 7, 1938) was the founder of the Firestone Tire and Rubber Company, Firestone soon saw the huge potential for marketing tires for automobiles. The company was a pioneer in the mass production of tires. Firestone used this relationship to become the original equipment supplier of Ford Motor Company automobiles, and was also active in the replacement market. Ford Motor Company is an American Multinational corporation and the world's fourth largest automaker based on Worldwide vehicle sales, following
Firestone was originally based in Akron, Ohio, also the hometown of its archrival, Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company. Akron is a city in the US state of Ohio and the County seat of Summit County. The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company was founded in 1898 by Frank Seiberling. The company initiated operations in 1900 with 12 employees.  Together, Firestone and Goodyear were the largest suppliers of automotive tires in North America for over three-quarters of a century. In 1906 Firestone was chosen by Henry Ford for the Model T. The Ford Model T (colloquially known as the Tin Lizzie and also the Flivver) was an Automobile produced by Henry Ford 's Ford 
In 1919, Firestone Tire and Rubber Company of Canada was incorporated in Hamilton, Ontario and in 1922, the first Canadian-made tire rolled off the line on September 15.  During the '20s, Firestone produced the Oldfield tire, named for racing driver Barney Oldfield. Auto racing (also known as automobile racing, motor racing or car racing) is a Motorsport involving Racing Cars It Berna Eli "Barney" Oldfield ( June 3, 1878 &ndash October 4, 1946) was an Automobile racer and pioneer
The company sponsored The Voice of Firestone on the radio beginning on December 1928. The Voice of Firestone was a weekly broadcast of the best in classical music performed by America's most popular classical performers The program was transferred to television as an NBC simulcast on 5 September 1949. The last broadcast was in 1963. 
In 1928 the company built a factory in Brentford, England, for long an Art Deco landmark on a major route into the city. The Golden Mile is the name given to a stretch of the Great West Road north of Brentford running west from the western boundary of Chiswick in London Art Deco was a popular international design movement from 1925 until 1939 affecting the decorative arts such as Architecture, Interior design, and Industrial This closed in 1979.
In 1951, Firestone was given the defense contract for the MGM-5 Corporal missile. The American-made MGM-5 Corporal missile was the first Guided weapon authorised by the US to carry a Nuclear warhead. Firestone was given a total of US$6,888,796 for the first 200 Missiles. The United States dollar ( sign: $; code: USD) is the unit of Currency of the United States; it has also been This missile was known as the "Embryo of the Army" and was a surface-to-surface guided missile which could deliver a high explosive warhead up to 75 nautical miles (139 km). It was later modified to be able to carry a nuclear payload for use in the event of Cold War hostilities in Eastern Europe. Cold War is the state of conflict tension and competition that existed between the United States and the Soviet Union (USSR and their respective allies from the This missile was replaced in 1962 by the MGM-29 Sergeant system. The MGM-29 Sergeant was an American short-range solid fuel, Surface-to-surface missile developed at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory. 
In 1961, Firestone acquired the Dayton Tire division from the Dayco Corporation.
In late 1979, Firestone brought in John Nevin, the ex-head of Zenith Electronics as president to save the hemorrhaging company from total collapse. It was more than a billion dollars in debt at the time, and losing 250 million dollars a year. Nevin closed nine of the company's seventeen manufacturing plants, including six in one day. He moved the company from its ancestral home in Akron to Chicago. He spun off non-tire related businesses, including the Firestone Country Club. It was considered a deliberate plan to boost the stock price, and it paid off. In 1988 after discussions with Pirelli, Nevin negotiated the sale of the company to the Japanese company Bridgestone. ( is a Japanese Rubber conglomerate founded in 1931 by in the city of Kurume, Fukuoka, Japan Bridgestone Corporation Japan was able to buy the company for much less than it had been worth a decade and a half earlier.  The combined Bridgestone / Firestone North American operations are now based in Nashville, Tennessee.
Firestone manufactures a roofing product under the brand name "Firestone Coverdeck", this product is widely used in North America on low sloping roofs. It is manufactured from 54% recycled product. Another product, "Firestone RubberGard" was chosen by the Denver International Airport for its roof. The roofing products division Firestone Building Products has over 20 manufacturing facilities in North America as well as global presence in over 6 countries. Firestone Building Products is a division of BFS Diversified Products LLC a subsidiary of Bridgestone Americas Holding Inc
Radial tires were introduced to the US market by rivals Goodrich and Michelin in the late 1960's, and Firestone lacked one. The first radial tire developed and produced by Firestone was the ill-fated Firestone 500 Radial. Manufacturing of the new tire was performed on equipment designed to manufacture bias-ply tires.
During the 1970s, Firestone experienced major problems with the Firestone 500 radial. The Firestone 500 steel-belted radials began to show signs of separation of the tread at high speeds. While the cause was never proved, it is believed that the failure of bonding cements used by Firestone to hold the tread to the tire carcass, may have allowed water to penetrate the tire which in turn may have caused the internal steel wire to corrode. In March 1978, NHTSA announced publicly a formal investigation into defects of the Firestone 500. The NHTSA investigation found that the tread separation problem was most probably a design defect affecting all Firestone 500's.
On October 20, 1978, Firestone recalled over 7 million Firestone 500 tires, the largest tire recall to date. Events 1740 - Maria Theresa takes the throne of Austria. France, Prussia, Bavaria and Saxony Year 1978 ( MCMLXXVIII) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1978 Gregorian calendar) Congressional hearings into the 500 also took place in 1978. The tire was found to be defective and the cause of 34 deaths. Firestone was fined $500,000 USD, which at that time was the largest fine imposed on any American corporate entity. Multiple lawsuits were settled out of court and the constant negative publicity crippled the company's sales and share price. 
Harvard Business School and Wharton School taught classes and wrote papers on the issues of misjudgments and poor decision making by the management of Firestone. Harvard Business School ( HBS) is a renowned Business school in the United States  After years of bad publicity and millions paid out in compensation to victims, Firestone was losing vast amounts of money, and its name was severely damaged. 
Firestone, a multinational rubber manufacturing giant known for its automobile tires, has come under fire from human rights and environmental groups for its alleged use of child labor and slave-like working conditions at a plantation in Liberia. Recently, the International Labor Rights Fund (ILRF), a Washington, D. C. based group, filed a lawsuit charging that thousands of workers toil in virtual slavery at Bridgestone's Firestone rubber plantation in Liberia.  Most plantation workers are at the mercy of Firestone for just about everything from food, health care to education. The workers risk expulsion and starvation if they raise even minor complaints, and the company makes willful use of this situation to exploit these workers since 1926. According to the complaint filed in the United States District Court in Venice, California, Firestone, which has operated in the West African country since the 1920s, largely depends on poor and illiterate workers to harvest tons of raw latex from rubber trees exposing them to hazardous pesticides and fertilizers. Verdier and others say thousands of workers at the plantation cannot meet daily harvesting quota without unpaid aid, requiring them to put their own children to work or face starvation.  They work for $3. 19 a day and work close to 20 hours every day. The 240 square-mile plantation has an official workforce of 6,000, out of which at least 4,000 are reportedly facing extremely inhumane conditions. 
In 1926, Firestone opened one of the world's biggest rubber plantations in Liberia, West Africa. In 1926 Firestone opened one of the world's biggest Rubber plantations in Liberia, West Africa. Liberia, officially the Republic of Liberia, is a country on the west coast of Africa, bordered by Sierra Leone, Guinea, Côte d'Ivoire West Africa or Western Africa is the Westernmost Region of the African Continent. A case against Firestone brought by the International Labor Rights Fund states,
|“||The Plantation workers allege, among other things, that they remain trapped by poverty and coercion on a frozen-in-time Plantation operated by Firestone in a manner identical to how the Plantation was operated when it was first opened by Firestone in 1926||”|
Firestone's management rejects these allegations citing that the corporation has provided employment and pensions to thousands of Liberians as well as health care. The International Labor Rights Forum (ILRF is a nonprofit advocacy organization headquartered in Washington DC that describes itself as "an The company also provides education and training opportunities to employees and their children. 
In May 2006, the United Nations Mission in Liberia (UNMIL) released a report detailing the state of human rights on Liberia's rubber plantations. The United Nations Mission in Liberia (UNMIL is a peace-keeping force established in September 2003 to monitor a ceasefire agreement in Liberia following the resignation of Human rights refers to the "basic Rights and freedoms to which all humans are entitled According to the report, Firestone managers in Liberia admitted that the company does not effectively monitor its own policy prohibiting child labor. UNMIL found that several factors contribute to the occurrence of child labor on Firestone plantations: pressure to meet company quotas, incentive to support the family financially, and lack of access to basic education. The report also noted that workers' housing provided by Firestone has not been renovated since the houses were constructed in the 1920s and 1930s. 
Dan Adomitis, President of Firestone Natural Rubber Company, made the following statement on CNN in reference to the production quotas and child labor:
|“||OKE: The individual workload is reasonable, says Dan Adomitis, president of Firestone Natural Rubber. |
ADOMITIS: Well, I think the work is fairly balanced, we - each tapper will tap about 650 trees a day, where they spend perhaps a couple of minutes at each tree.
In response to the accusations of child labor and poor housing in the UN report, Dan Adomitis; President of Firestone Natural Rubber Company Liberia; stated:
|“||Well, in addition to the devastation that 15 years of civil war has caused, I think you need to understand another point -- during the 2003 fighting, we had thousands of refugees come to Harbel for the safety that it provided. Child labor is the employment of Children at regular and sustained labour When those people came, they occupied any open area of land that was available. They put up temporary housing made out of mud, out of bamboo, out of thatch, out of tarpaulin, out of corrugated steel. Anything that they could do to get shelter. And those conditions still exist. They are not Firestone housing, but they are on our property. ||”|
|“||We have very strict policies about child labor. We do not hire anybody under 18 years of age, and we discourage parents from bringing their children to the fields with them. We have a program with the Ministry of Labor in Liberia to - and also the union that represents our employees -- to educate parents about why they should not bring children with them into the field. And if we see incidents of this, we will cancel those employees, and if necessary, ultimately discipline them over such issue. ||”|
In 1996, several state agencies in Arizona began having major problems with Firestone tires on Explorers. The Firestone and Ford tire controversy was a period of unusually high tire failures on some Ford vehicles resulting in numerous accidents According to news reports, various agencies demanded new tires, and Firestone conducted an investigation of the complaints, tested the tires and asserted that the tires had been abused or under-inflated.
|“||. Events 3114 BC - According to the Proleptic Julian calendar the current era in the Maya Long Count Calendar started 2000 ( MM) was a Leap year that started on Saturday of the Common Era, in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. US Senate Appropriations Subcommittee on Transportation Housing and Urban Development and Related Agencies is one of twelve subcommittees of the U Consumer organizations are Advocacy groups that seek to protect people from Corporate abuse. Public Citizen is a Washington DC -based public interest group engaged in Consumer Advocacy, government accountability clean democracy and ethical Joan Claybrook (born June 12, 1937) is an American Lawyer who has served as President of Public Citizen since 1982 . . There are a number of parallels between this recall in 2000 and the 1978 recall of the Firestone 500. . . . there was a documented coverup by Firestone of the 500 defect, spurred by the lack of a Firestone replacement tire. When the coverup was disclosed, the top management of the company was replaced as Firestone was severely damaged in reputation and economically. But a key difference is that the Firestone 500 was used on passenger cars, which rarely rolled over with tire failure. NHTSA documented 41 deaths with the 500, a recall, involving seven million tires. ||”|
The report went on to indicate that Ford also had a major role in the problems stating that The Ford Motor Company had instructed Firestone to add a nylon ply to the tires it manufactured in Venezuela for additional strength and that Ford had made suspension changes to the Explorer model available in Venezuela. Ford did not specify adding the nylon ply for U. S. -made Firestone tires nor did it change the Explorer suspension on US models at this time.
An abnormally high failure rate in Firestone's Wilderness AT, Firestone ATX, and ATX II tires resulted in multiple lawsuits, as well as an eventual mandatory recall. In 2001 Bridgestone/Firestone severed its ties to Ford citing a lack of trust. The lack of trust came about concerns that Ford had not heeded warnings by Bridgestone/Firestone relating to the design of the Ford Explorer.  In 2006, Firestone announced renewed efforts to recall tires of the same model recalled in 2000 after the tires were linked to recent deaths and injuries. Although Firestone estimates 97% of the tires were replaced in the 2000 recall concern existed over spare tires that many owners did not think to replace during the 2000 recall.  Part of this effort was a new advertising campaign in an attempt to reach the 5% of customers that still had not acted on its voluntary recall program. The recall/replacement program was supported by a comprehensive advertising and consumer outreach campaign and over 6. 3 million tires were replaced of the total 6. 5 million affected. This still leave approx 200,000 tires out there somewhere. While the company believes that most of those tires unaccounted for have probably been scrapped long ago it is still trying to locate as many as possible. 
Where the Rubber Meets the Road is an advertisement jingle that was frequently used in the 1960s and 1970s, especially on televised sporting events. A jingle is a memorable Slogan, set to an engaging Melody, mainly broadcast on Radio and sometimes on Television commercials.