Filippo Juvarra, (March 7, 1678 - January 31, 1736) was an Italian architect and scene designer with a cosmopolitan outlook. Events 161 - Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius dies and is succeeded by co-Emperors Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus Events 1504 - France cedes Naples to Aragon. 1606 - Gunpowder Plot: Guy Fawkes Year 1736 ( MDCCXXXVI) was a Leap year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Leap year Italy (Italia officially the Italian Republic, (Repubblica Italiana is located on the Italian Peninsula in Southern Europe, and on the two largest An architect is a licensed individual who leads a design team in the Planning and Design of buildings and participates in oversight of Building Construction
Juvarra was born in Messina to a family of goldsmiths and engravers. After formative years with his family in Sicily, where he designed Messina's festive settings for the coronation of Philip V of Spain and Sicily (1705), Juvarra moved to Rome in 1704; there he studied architecture with Carlo and Francesco Fontana. Sicily ( Italian and Sicilian: Sicilia) is an autonomous region of Italy. Philip V of Spain ( December 19, 1683 - July 9, 1746) born Philippe de France, Fils de France and duc d'Anjou Rome ( Roma ˈroma Roma is the capital city of Italy and Lazio, and is Italy's largest and most populous city with more than 2 Year 1704 ( MDCCIV) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Carlo Fontana (1634 or 1638 - 1714 was an Italian architect who was in part responsible for the classicizing direction taken by Late Baroque Roman architecture Francesco Fontana (1580 &ndash c 1656 was an Italian Lawyer and Astronomer.
The first phase of his independent career was occupied with designs for ceremonies and celebrations and especially with designs for theaters. Juvarra's set designs incorporatescena per angolo literally 'scenes at an angle. ' The exact origin of this style is unclear. Ferdinando Bibiena claims to have invented it in his treatise Architettura Civile(1711), however, it was clearly in use before then, including in the works of Juvarra. This style differed from the one point perspective sets that had been developed in the sixteenth century, and had reached their apogee in the seventeenth century, see for example the work of Giacomo Torelli. Giacomo Torelli (1608-1678 was the most important set designer of the middle of the seventeenth century A couple of early drawings dated 1706 are associated with the Teatro S. Bartolomeo, Naples (1706), though whether he actually completed set designs for the theater is unknown. Naples ( Napoli, Neapolitan: Nàpule) is a historic City in southern Italy, the Capital of the The majority of his work in theatre and set design was in Rome under the patronage of Cardinal Ottoboni. Sharing the same name the cardinal's grand-uncle became Pope Alexander VIII. He assisted in the rebuilding of teh Cardinal's private theatr in the Palazzo della Cancelleria and also designed sets for operas performed within the theatre. The Palazzo della Cancelleria (Italian for "Palace of the Chancellery" meaning the Papal Chancellery) is a palace in Rome, situated between the present The first opera for which Juvarra designed all the sets was Costantino Pio. The libretto was by Cardinal Ottoboni and the music was by Carlo Francesco Pollarolli (c. 1653 – 1723). It was premiered in 1709 and was one of the first operas to appear after the lifting of papal bans upon secular theatre, it also inaugurated Ottoboni’s newly renovated private theatre. He also worked on set designs for performances sponsored by Ottoboni at the Teatro Capranica. His other main patron in Rome was Queen Maria Casimira, the widowed Queen of Poland, for whom Juvarra produced set designs for the operas held in her small domestic theatr in the Palazzo Zuccari. In 1713 a theater project took him to Genoa. Year 1713 ( MDCCXIII) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Genoa ( Genova, ˈdʒɛːnova in Italian; Zena in Genoese and Ligurian; Genua in Latin and archaically in English
In 1706 Juvarra won a contest for the new sacristy at the St. Peter's, organized by Pope Clement XI, and became a member of the prestigious Accademia di San Luca. Year 1706 ( MDCCVI) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a The Basilica of Saint Peter (Basilica Sancti Petri officially known in Italian as the Basilica di San Pietro in Vaticano and commonly known as St Pope Clement XI ( July 23, 1649 &ndash March 19, 1721) born Giovanni Francesco Albani, was Pope from 1700 until his death The Accademia di San Luca, (the "Academy of Saint Luke" was an association of artists in Rome founded in 1593 with the directorship of Federico Zuccari, with the In 1708 he created his first important non-theatrical architectural work, and the only one realized in Rome: the Antamoro Chapel in the church of San Gerolamo della Carità. Year 1708 ( MDCCVIII) was a Leap year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a
Juvarra was also an engraver: his book of engravings of sculpted coats-of-arms appeared in 1711, Raccolta di varie targhe fatte da professori primarii di Roma .
Juvarra's period of most intensive activity as an architect began in 1714, when after a sojourn in Messina, he moved to Piedmont where Victor Amadeus II of Savoy first employed him in a scenographic project, then named Juvarra the first architect of the court. Year 1714 ( MDCCXIV) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Piedmont ( Piemonte; Piedmontese and Occitan: Piemont; French: Piémont) is one of the 20 Regions of Italy. Victor Amadeus II, Italian Vittorio Amedeo II ( May 14 1666 - October 31 1732) was the Duke of Savoy (1675-1730 For the two French départements of the region of Savoy see Savoie and Haute-Savoie Savoy ( French The fame obtained here thanks to his talent and capacities determined his further activity at the richest noble and royal courts of Europe: in 1719 he was in Portugal, planning the palace at Mafra for Joao V (1719–20), after which he traveled to London and Paris. Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic (República Portuguesa is a country on the Iberian Peninsula. Mafra ( pron 'mafɾɐ is both a municipality and a town within the district of Lisbon on the Portuguese west coastin Greater Ancestry Marriages and descendants John married Mary Anne of Austria, daughter of Leopold I Holy Roman Emperor in 1708
Among numerous created or projected works in Turin are:
Exploring more and more the original Italian and French traditions, Juvarra realized the facade and theatrical entrance staircase of the Palazzo Madama in Turin (1718-1721). Palazzo Madama e Casaforte degli Acaja is a palace in Turin, northern Italy. Year 1718 ( MDCCXVIII) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Year 1721 ( MDCCXXI) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a For the Savoy royal family, he built the decorated hunting lodge called the Palazzina di Stupinigi (1729–1731). The Palazzina di caccia of Stupinigi is one of the Residences of the Royal House of Savoy, part of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites list Year 1729 ( MDCCXXIX) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Year 1731 ( MDCCXXXI) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year Juvarra and Johann Fischer von Erlach influenced one another through the medium of engravings. Fischer von Erlach links here For other uses see Fischer von Erlach (disambiguation.
In 1735 the architect was invited to Madrid by the Bourbon king of Spain, Felipe V, for whom he executed the projects for the Royal Palace, Granja de San Ildefonso and Palacio Real de Aranjuez, executed after the death of Juvarra by Giovanni Battista Sacchetti and other pupils. Madrid (pronounced in English in Spanish and colloquially in Spain) is the Capital and largest city of Spain. Year 1735 ( MDCCXXXV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Philip V of Spain ( December 19, 1683 - July 9, 1746) born Philippe de France, Fils de France and duc d'Anjou Another architect strongly influenced by Juvarra was Bernardo Vittone. Bernardo Antonio Vittone (1702 - October 19 1770 was an Italian architect of the Rococo period active mainly in his natal region of the Piedmont.
Juvarra died in Madrid in 1736. His work, along with much of Baroque architecture lost sheen with the rise of Neoclassicism. Baroque art redirects here Please disambiguate such links to Baroque painting, Baroque sculpture, etc Neoclassicism (sometimes rendered as Neo-Classicism or Neo-classicism) is the name given to quite distinct movements in the decorative and In 1994, a major exhibition of his designs was presented in Genoa and Madrid.