|Fiat S. p. A.|
|Type||Public (BIT: F)|
|Founded||July 11 1899|
|Key people||Luca Cordero di Montezemolo Chairman|
John Elkann Vice Chairman
Sergio Marchionne C. A public company usually refers to a company that is permitted to offer its registered securities ( Stock, bonds, etc The Borsa Italiana Sp A, based in Milan, is Italy 's main Stock exchange. Year 1899 ( MDCCCXCIX) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Italy (Italia officially the Italian Republic, (Repubblica Italiana is located on the Italian Peninsula in Southern Europe, and on the two largest Luca Cordero di Montezemolo (born August 31, 1947) is an Italian businessman with an estimated net worth of 400 million dollars president of Ferrari John Jacob Philip Elkann (born April 1, 1976) often known as “Jaki” is an Italian Industrialist, grandson of the late Gianni Agnelli Sergio Marchionne (born June 17, 1952 in Chieti, Italy) is a dual nationality Canadian and Italian businessman and has E. O.
|Industry||Automotive, publishing, finance, and metallurgy|
|Products||Automobiles, Commercial vehicles :Trucks, Buses, Agricultural and Construction Equipment, Components and Production Systems, Services, La Stampa|
|Revenue||▲ €58. For other uses of this term see Industry (disambiguation An industry (from Latin industrius, "diligent industrious" In Marketing, a product is anything that can be offered to a Market that might satisfy a want or need Engineering vehicles, known by the other terms construction Equipment, earth movers heavy equipment or just plain equipment are machines specifically designed to execute La Stampa (literally “The Press” is one of the best-known and most widely sold Italian daily Newspapers Published in Turin, it is distributed In business revenue or revenues is Income that a company receives from its normal business activities usually from the sale of goods and services Please update other articles as well to avoid contradiction within Wikipedia e 529 billion (2007)|
|Net income||▲ €2. Net income is equal to the Income that a firm has after subtracting costs and Expenses from the total Revenue. Please update other articles as well to avoid contradiction within Wikipedia e 054 billion (2007)|
Fiat Group Automobiles S. Employment is a Contract between two parties, one being the employer and the other being the employee. A subsidiary, in business matters is an entity that is controlled by a bigger and more powerful entity Ferrari SpA is an Italian Sports car manufacturer based in Maranello, Italy Maserati is an Italian manufacturer of racing cars and Sports cars established on December 1, 1914, in Bologna. p. A.
Fiat S. La Stampa (literally “The Press” is one of the best-known and most widely sold Italian daily Newspapers Published in Turin, it is distributed A website (alternatively web site or Web site, a back-construction from the Proper noun World Wide Web) is a collection of Web pages p. A. (Fiat Group) is an Italian automobile manufacturer, engine manufacturer, financial and industrial group based in Turin, Northern Italy. Italy (Italia officially the Italian Republic, (Repubblica Italiana is located on the Italian Peninsula in Southern Europe, and on the two largest The automotive industry is the industry involved in the design development manufacture marketing and sale of Motor vehicles In 2007 more than 73 million motor vehicles Manufacturing (from Latin manu factura, "making by hand" is the use of tools and labor to make things for use or sale The field of finance refers to the concepts of Time, Money and Risk and how they are interrelated For other uses of this term see Industry (disambiguation An industry (from Latin industrius, "diligent industrious" Related categories Central Italy Southern Italy Insular Italy Northeast Italy Founded in 1899 by a group of investors including Giovanni Agnelli, the company name FIAT is an acronym for Fabbrica Italiana Automobili Torino (Italian Automobile Factory of Turin), and it also means "let there be" in Latin. Giovanni Agnelli ( 13 August 1866 - 16 December 1945) was an Italian entepreneur who founded Fiat car manufacturing in 1899 Acronyms, initialisms, and alphabetisms are Abbreviations that are formed using the initial components in a phrase or name Latin ( lingua Latīna, laˈtiːna is an Italic language, historically spoken in Latium and Ancient Rome. Fiat also manufactured tanks and aircraft at one time. A tank is a tracked, Armoured fighting vehicle designed for Front-line combat which combines Operational mobility and tactical
Fiat branded cars are constructed all around the world besides Italy, the biggest industry of the company outside Italy is in Brazil (best seller ), also has factories in Poland and Argentina. Italy (Italia officially the Italian Republic, (Repubblica Italiana is located on the Italian Peninsula in Southern Europe, and on the two largest |utc_offset = -2 to -4 |time_zone_DST = BRST |utc_offset_DST = -2 to -5 |cctld Poland (Polska officially the Republic of Poland For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Argentina topics. Joint Venture productions in France, Turkey, Egypt (with the state owned Nasr car company), South Africa, India and China. This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. Turkey (Türkiye known officially as the Republic of Turkey ( is a Eurasian Country that stretches This article is about the country of Egypt For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Egypt topics. Nasr, ( النصر, long form El Nasr Automotive Manufacturing Company) is Egypt 's state owned automobile company founded in 1960 in Helwan, The Republic of South Africa (also known by other official names) is a country located at the southern tip of the continent of Africa India, officially the Republic of India (भारत गणराज्य inc-Latn Bhārat Gaṇarājya; see also other Indian languages) is a country China ( Wade-Giles ( Mandarin) Chung¹kuo² is a cultural region, an ancient Civilization, and depending on perspective a National
Agnelli's grandson Gianni Agnelli was Fiat chairman from 1966 until his death on January 24, 2003. Giovanni Agnelli, Cavaliere di Gran Croce OMRI ( March 12, 1921 – January 24, 2003) better known as Gianni Agnelli, was Events 41 - Gaius Caesar (Caligula, known for his eccentricity and cruel Despotism, is Assassinated by his disgruntled Year 2003 ( MMIII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. However, from 1996, he only served as an "honorary" chairman, while the chairman was Cesare Romiti. After their removal, Paolo Fresco served as chairman and Paolo Cantarella as CEO. Umberto Agnelli then took over as chairman from 2002 to 2004. Umberto Agnelli ( November 1 1934 – 27 May 2004) was an Italian Entrepreneur and Politician. After Umberto Agnelli's death on May 28, 2004, Luca Cordero di Montezemolo was named chairman, but Agnelli heir John Elkann became vice chairman at age 28 and other family members are on the board. Events 585 BC - A Solar eclipse occurs as predicted by Greek philosopher and scientist Thales, while Alyattes is battling "MMIV" redirects here For the Modest Mouse album see " Baron von Bullshit Rides Again " Luca Cordero di Montezemolo (born August 31, 1947) is an Italian businessman with an estimated net worth of 400 million dollars president of Ferrari John Jacob Philip Elkann (born April 1, 1976) often known as “Jaki” is an Italian Industrialist, grandson of the late Gianni Agnelli At this point, CEO Giuseppe Morchio immediately offered his resignation. A chief executive officer ( CEO) or chief executive is typically the highest-ranking corporate officer ( executive) or administrator Sergio Marchionne was named to replace him on June 1, 2004. Sergio Marchionne (born June 17, 1952 in Chieti, Italy) is a dual nationality Canadian and Italian businessman and has Events 193 - Roman Emperor Didius Julianus is Assassinated 987 - Hugh Capet is elected "MMIV" redirects here For the Modest Mouse album see " Baron von Bullshit Rides Again "
The group's activities were initially focused on the industrial production of cars, industrial and agricultural vehicles. Over time it has diversified into many other fields, and the group now has activities in a wide range of sectors in industry and financial services. It is Italy's largest industrial concern. It also has significant worldwide operations, operating in 61 countries with 1,063 companies that employ over 223,000 people, 111,000 of whom are outside Italy.
Fiat Group is the largest automobile manufacturer in Italy, with a range of cars starting from small Fiats to sports cars made by Ferrari. Car companies includes Fiat Group Automobiles S. p. A, Ferrari S.p.A., Iveco S.p.A. and Maserati S.p.A.. Ferrari SpA is an Italian Sports car manufacturer based in Maranello, Italy Iveco is an Italian Truck, Bus, and Diesel engine Manufacturer, based in Turin, Italy. Maserati is an Italian manufacturer of racing cars and Sports cars established on December 1, 1914, in Bologna. The Fiat Group Automobiles S. p. A consist companies: Abarth & C. S.p.A., Alfa Romeo Automobiles S.p.A, Fiat Automobiles S. History Abarth is an Italian racing car maker founded by Italian-Austrian Karl (Carlo Abarth in Turin in 1949 Alfa Romeo Automobiles SpA is an Italian Automaker founded in 1910 p. A, Fiat Professional and Lancia Automobiles S.p.A. Lancia Automobiles SpA is an Italian Automobile manufacturer founded in 1906 by Vincenzo Lancia and which became part of the Fiat Group in . Ferrari S.p.A. is owned by the Fiat Group, but is run autonomously. Ferrari SpA is an Italian Sports car manufacturer based in Maranello, Italy
The European Car of the Year award, Europe's premier automotive trophy for the past 40 years, has been awarded twelve times to the Fiat Group, more than any other manufacturer. The European Car of the Year award was established in 1964 by a collective of automobile magazines from different countries in Europe. ----A trophy is a reward for a specific achievement and usually afterwards serves as proof of merit Most recently the Fiat Nuova 500 has won the award for European Car of the Year 2008. "Fiat 500" can also refer to the former Fiat 500 "Topolino", Fiat 500 or Fiat Cinquecento (500 The European Car of the Year award was established in 1964 by a collective of automobile magazines from different countries in Europe. 
List of Fiat Group models which have won European Car of the Year:
For Fiat branded cars see List of Fiat models since 1899
Fiat Group owns CNH Global (which includes Case Construction, Case IH, Flexi-Coil, Kobelco, New Holland, New Holland Construction, and Steyr); and Fiat-Hitachi Construction. The Fiat 124 is a mid-sized Family car produced by the Italian manufacturer Fiat between 1966 and 1974 The Fiat 128 was a Small family car manufactured by the Italian manufacturer Fiat from 1969 to 1985 The Fiat 127 is a supermini produced by the Italian automaker Fiat between 1971 and 1983 Lancia Delta S4The Lancia Delta is a Small family car produced by Italian automaker Lancia with the first generation being produced between 1979 and 1994 the second The Fiat Uno is a Supermini car produced by the Italian manufacturer Fiat. The Fiat Tipo is a Small family car designed by the IDEA design house and produced by the Italian manufacturer Fiat between 1988 and 1995 The Fiat Punto is a supermini produced by the Italian manufacturer Fiat, since 1993 The Fiat Bravo and Fiat Brava are Small family cars produced by the Italian automaker Fiat from 1995 to 2001 The Alfa Romeo 156 (known internally as the type 932 is a Compact executive car introduced by Italian automaker Alfa Romeo at the 1997 Frankfurt Motor The Alfa Romeo 147 is a Small family car produced by Italian automaker Alfa Romeo since 2000 The Fiat Panda is a City car from the Italian automotive manufacturer Fiat. "Fiat 500" can also refer to the former Fiat 500 "Topolino", Fiat 500 or Fiat Cinquecento (500 A full list of models produced by Italian Automobile manufacturer Fiat since 1899 CNH Global NV (short for Case-New Holland) is the second largest Manufacturer of Agricultural equipment and the third largest maker of Construction equipment () is a Multinational corporation specializing in high-technology and services headquartered in Marunouchi Itchome Chiyoda, Tokyo, Japan. CNH is the second largest agricultural equipment manufacturer in the world after Deere & Company. It is also the third largest producer of construction equipment after Caterpillar Inc. and Komatsu. Deere & Company (usually known by its brand name John Deere) ( is an American Corporation based in Moline Illinois, and the leading manufacturer Caterpillar Inc ( is a United States -based Corporation headquartered in Peoria Illinois. For the city called Komatsu in Ishikawa prefecture Japan see Komatsu Ishikawa. CNH accounts for around 20% of revenues.  CNH is the most prized company inside Fiat because it has driven growth and is very profitable. It also shows great promise for growth in third-world markets.
Commercial vehicles (Iveco and Seddon Atkinson), buses (Iveco and Irisbus) and firefighting vehicles (Camiva, Iveco and Magirus). Iveco is an Italian Truck, Bus, and Diesel engine Manufacturer, based in Turin, Italy. Seddon Atkinson was a manufacturer of Large Goods Vehicles based in Oldham, Greater Manchester, England. Iveco is an Italian Truck, Bus, and Diesel engine Manufacturer, based in Turin, Italy. Irisbus is a European bus manufacturer which was formed through the merger of bus and coach divisions of Fiat, Iveco and Renault in January Iveco is an Italian Truck, Bus, and Diesel engine Manufacturer, based in Turin, Italy. Magirus Feuerwehrwerke Ulm was a German manufacturer founded by Conrad Dietrich Magirus (1824-1895 born in Ulm) For information on their military vehicles, see Ariete. The C1 Ariete is a Main battle tank developed for the Italian Army by Iveco Fiat and Oto Melara.
On 17 April 2007 "Fiat Veicoli Commerciali" was rebranded as "Fiat Professional". Events 69 - After the First Battle of Bedriacum, Vitellius becomes Roman Emperor. Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. Fiat Professional is the new brand name for Fiat Auto's Light Commercial Vehicles division 
Some of Fiat's Light Commercial Vehicle products include; Fiat Ducato, Fiat Scudo and Fiat Doblò Cargo. The Fiat Ducato is a large Van produced by Fiat. ????. -->The Fiat Ducato is the same van as the Citroën Jumper The Fiat Scudo is a medium-sized van It is larger than the Fiat Doblo and smaller than the Fiat Ducato vans The Fiat Doblò is a Panel van and Leisure activity vehicle produced by Italian automaker Fiat since 2001 See Fiat Professional for more details on Fiat's Light Commercial Vehicle Products. Fiat Professional is the new brand name for Fiat Auto's Light Commercial Vehicles division
In 1959, Piaggio came under the control of the Agnelli family. Piaggio based in Pontedera, Italy encompasses seven brands producing scooters and motorcycles Resultantly, in 1964 the aeronautical and motorcycle divisions split to become independent companies; the aeronautical division was named IAM Rinaldo Piaggio. Today the airplane company Piaggio Aero is controlled by the family of Piero Ferrari, which also still hold 10% of the carmaker Ferrari. Ferrari SpA is an Italian Sports car manufacturer based in Maranello, Italy
Vespa thrived until 1992, when Giovanni Alberto Agnelli became CEO - but Agnelli was already suffering from cancer, and died in 1997. This page is very closely monitored and additions of external links if not discussed first are removed quickly In 1999, Morgan Grenfell Private Equity acquired Piaggio
Fiat itself was an important aircraft manufacturer, focused mainly on military aviation. Morgan Greenfell & Co was a London Investment bank, which traces its roots back to the J Fiat Aviazione was an Italian Aircraft manufacturer at one time part of the Fiat group focused mainly on military aviation After the World War I, Fiat consolidated several Italian small aircraft manufacturers, like Pomilio and Ansaldo. World War I (abbreviated WWI; also known as the First World War, the Great War, and the War to End All Fabbrica Aeroplani Ing O Pomilio was an Italian World War I Biplane aircraft manufacturer Ansaldo was one of Italy's oldest and most important engineering companies existing for 140 years from 1853 to 1993 Most famous were Fiat biplane fighter aircraft of the 1930s, Fiat CR.32 and Fiat CR.42. A fighter aircraft is a Military aircraft designed primarily for air-to-air combat with other Aircraft, as opposed to a Bomber, which is designed WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft. Please see WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft/page content for recommended layout WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft. Please see WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft/page content for recommended layout Other notable designs were fighters CR.20, G.50, G.55 and a bomber, the Fiat BR.20. WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft. Please see WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft/page content for recommended layout WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft. Please see WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft/page content for recommended layout WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft. Please see WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft/page content for recommended layout WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft. Please see WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft/page content for recommended layout In 1950s, the company designed the G.91 light ground attack plane. WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft. Please see WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft/page content for recommended layout Then, in 1969 Fiat Aviazione merged with Aerfer to create Aeritalia. Aerfer was an Italian manufacturing company created in 1955 by the Merger of IMAM and Meridionali. Aeritalia was an Aerospace engineering corporation based in Italy, originally Fiat Aviazione before merging with Aerfer, and now part of
The major Italian component maker Magneti Marelli is owned by Fiat, and in turn owns the other brands Carello, Automotive Lighting, Siem, Cofap, Jaeger, Solex, Veglia Borletti, Vitaloni, and Weber; other accessory brands include Riv-Skf and Brazilian Cofap. Magneti Marelli Holding SpA is an Italian company which deals with development and manufacturing of systems modules and high-technology components for the Automotive Solex was a French manufacturer of Carburetors and the powered bicycle VéloSoleX. Weber is an a Italian company producing Carburetors currently owned by Magneti Marelli Powertrain S
Fiat owns a metal company, Teksid.
Production systems are made mainly through Comau S. p. A. (now Comau Systems), which bought the American Pico, Renault Automation and Sciaky and produces industrial automation systems. In the 1970s and 1980s, the company became a pioneer in the use of industrial robotics for the assembly of motor vehicles. Fiat assembly plants are among the most automated and advanced in the world.
An important insurance company, Toro Assicurazioni, allows Fiat to control a relevant part of this market (also with minor companies like Lloyd Italico and Augusta Assicurazioni) and to interact with some associated banks. Toro Assicurazioni was acquired by the giant insurance company Assicurazioni Generali and now is not related to the Fiat Group anymore.
Ingest Facility and Fiat Engineering work in various fields of construction, while IPI is a mediation company that also deals with the management of real estate properties.
Fiat Group is present in IT fields and in communications with ICT - Information & Communication Technology, Espin, Global Value, TeleClient, and Atlanet.
The Fiat group owned the Sestriere skiing facilities (The village in the Alps is a creation of Agnelli family). Sestriere ( French: Sestrières) is an alpine village in Italy, a Comune (municipality of the Province of Turin. The Sestriere skiing facilities was sold by the group in 2006. Sestriere ( French: Sestrières) is an alpine village in Italy, a Comune (municipality of the Province of Turin.
Fiat group also owns important editorial brands, like La Stampa (created in 1926 for the famous newspaper), Itedi, and Italiana Edizioni. La Stampa (literally “The Press” is one of the best-known and most widely sold Italian daily Newspapers Published in Turin, it is distributed Some national and local newspapers are owned or otherwise controlled by the different companies. A specialised advertising space reseller is Publikompass, supported by the Consorzio Fiat Media Center.
Fiat Gesco, KeyG Consulting, Sadi Customs Services, Easy Drive, RM Risk Management and Servizio Titoli are minor companies that work for public services, delivering services in economics and financial fields. Other activities include industrial securitisation (Consorzio Sirio), treasury (Fiat Geva), Fiat Information & Communication Services.
Fiat supports the Fondazione Giovanni Agnelli, an important foundation for social and economic research. Palazzo Grassi, a famous ancient building in Venice, now a museum and formerly supported by Fiat, was eventually sold to the french businessman François Pinault in January 2005. Palazzo Grassi (also known as the Palazzo Grassi-Stucky) is a fine example of Venetian Classical architecture and located on the Grand Canal of Venice Venice ( Italian: Venezia, Venetian: Venesia or Venexia) is a city in Northern Italy, the capital of the Pinault is a surname and may refer to François Pinault Clément Pinault François-Henri Pinault Thomas
Fiat has recently begun sponsoring the Jamaican bobsledding team and promoting this sponsorship through commercials. Many like Jamaican athletes because they see them as underdogs and as people who enjoy life. While Volvo sponsors golf, Mercedes tennis, and Hyundai soccer, Fiat is trying to look unique and more light-hearted. Further, the team is relatively cheap to sponsor. 
The group is present in many countries, not only in the West. Notably, it was one of the first companies to build factories in Soviet-controlled countries, with the best known examples in Vladivostok, Kyiv and Togliatti. Vladivostok ( is Russia 's largest port city on the Pacific Ocean and the administrative center of Primorsky Krai. Kiev, also known as Kyiv ( Ukrainian:, Kyiv, ˈkɪjiw Russian:, Kiyev; see also Cities' alternative names) is the Tolyatti or Togliatti (Толья́тти tɘlʲ'jati is a city in Samara Oblast, Russia. The Russian government later continued the joint venture under the name AutoVAZ (known as Lada outside the former USSR). AvtoVAZ ( (АвтоВАЗ is a Russian Automobile manufacturer, also known as VAZ, Volzhsky Lada is the Trademark of AvtoVAZ, a Russian car manufacturer in Togliatti, ( Samara Oblast or province The venture was most notable for the Lada Riva. The Lada Riva is a medium-sized family car from Russian manufacturer AvtoVAZ, introduced in 1980 and sold under the Lada brand in saloon and Fiat also has a subsidiary in Poland at Tychy, (formerly called FSM) where Fiat's small cars (the 126, Cinquecento and now Seicento) are made. Poland (Polska officially the Republic of Poland Tychy (Tichau is a city in southern Poland with a population of 132600 The Fiat 126 was a City car introduced in 1972 as a replacement for the Fiat 500. "Cinquecento" (500 may also refer to the earlier Fiat 500 "Topolino", Fiat 500 or the modern Fiat Nuova 500. "Seicento" can also refer to the earlier Fiat 600 The Fiat Seicento is a City car produced by the Italian Fiat also has factories in Argentina, Brazil, and Italy. In addition, its cars are produced through licensing and joint-venture agreements in China, Egypt, France, India, South Africa, Turkey, and Vietnam. A joint venture (often abbreviated JV) is an entity formed between two or more parties to undertake economic activity together  Local variants of Fiats are produced at these factories as well as a world car, the Palio. The Fiat Palio is a supermini designed by the Italian manufacturer Fiat as a world car, aimed at Developing countries. As of 2005, the company holds the first position in the Brazilian automobile market with a market share close to 25%.
Fiat has articulated that it wishes to focus on expanding into third-world markets because, in the words of former chairman Paolo Fresco, "those are the only markets where you can expect growth.  And it is true that Fiat's specialization in smaller cars puts it at an advantage in those markets, but cars sold in third-world countries tend to be much simpler than those sold elsewhere (e. g. , most lack air conditioning), and thus require much less money to develop.
Giovanni Agnelli founded Fiat in 1899 with several investors and led the company until his death in 1945, while Vittorio Valletta administered the day-to-day activities of the company. Vittorio Valletta ( 28 July 1883 - 10 August 1967) was an Italian Industrialist and President of Fiat from 1946 Its first car the 3 ½ CV (of which only eight copies were built, all bodied by Alessio of Turin) strongly resembled contemporary Benz, and had a 697 cc (42. The FIAT 4 HP sometimes called the 3 ½ CV was the first model of Car produced by FIAT 5 cu in) boxer twin engine. In 1903, Fiat produced its first truck.  In 1908, the first Fiat was exported to the US.  That same year, the first Fiat aircraft engine was produced. Also around the same time, Fiat taxis became somewhat popular in Europe.  By 1910, Fiat was the largest automotive company in Italy — a position it has retained since. That same year, a plant licensed to produce Fiats in Poughkeepsie, NY, made its first car. Poughkeepsie (pəˈkɪpsiː is a City in New York, USA and serves as the County seat of Dutchess County, located in the Hudson This was before the introduction of Ford's assembly line in 1913. Owning a Fiat at that time was a sign of distinction. A Fiat sold in the U. S. cost between $3,600 and $8,600, compared to US$825 the Model T in 1908. The Ford Model T (colloquially known as the Tin Lizzie and also the Flivver) was an Automobile produced by Henry Ford 's Ford
Upon the entry of the US into World War I in 1917, the factory was shut down as US regulations became too burdensome. World War I (abbreviated WWI; also known as the First World War, the Great War, and the War to End All At the same time, Fiat had to devote all of its factories to supplying the Allies with aircraft, engines, machine guns, trucks, and ambulances. The Entente Powers (from Triple Entente) were the countries at war with the Central Powers during World War I. After the war, Fiat introduced its first tractor, the 702.  By the early 1920s, Fiat had a market share in Italy of 80%. 
In 1921, workers seized Fiat's plants and hoisted the red flag of communism over them. Lingotto is a district of Turin, Italy, but the name is most associated with the Lingotto building on the Via Nizza, which once was a huge Agnelli responded by quitting the company. However, the Italian Socialist Party and its ally organization, the General Confederation of Labor, in an effort to effect a compromise with the centrist parties ordered the occupation ended. The Italian Socialist Party ( Partito Socialista Italiano, PSI was a democratic socialist / social democratic political party founded in Genoa In 1922, Fiat began to build the famous Lingotto car factory — the largest in Europe up to that time — which opened in 1923. Lingotto is a district of Turin, Italy, but the name is most associated with the Lingotto building on the Via Nizza, which once was a huge It was the first Fiat factory to use assembly lines; by 1925, Fiat controlled 87% of the Italian car market.  In 1928, with the 509, Fiat included insurance in the purchase price. The Fiat 509 was a model of car produced by Italian Automotive manufacturer Fiat between 1925 and 1929 as a replacement for the 501. 
Fiat made military machinery and vehicles during World War II for the Army and Regia Aeronautica and later for the Germans. World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including The Italian Army (Esercito Italiano is the ground defense force of the Military of Italy. The Royal Air Force ( Regia Aeronautica) was the name of the Italian Air Force established as an independent service from 1923 until the Fiat made obsolete fighter aircraft like the biplane CR.42, which was one of the most common Italian aircraft, along with Savoia-Marchettis, as well as light tanks (obsolete compared to their German and Soviet counterparts) and armored vehicles. WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft. Please see WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft/page content for recommended layout Italy (Italia officially the Italian Republic, (Repubblica Italiana is located on the Italian Peninsula in Southern Europe, and on the two largest Savoia-Marchetti was an Italian Aircraft company It was founded in 1915 and originally named SIAI ( Società Idrovolanti Alta Italia Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany ( ˈbʊndəsʁepuˌbliːk ˈdɔʏtʃlant is a Country in Central Europe. The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR was a constitutionally Socialist state that existed in Eurasia from 1922 to 1991 The best Fiat aircraft was the G.55 fighter, which arrived too late and in too limited numbers. WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft. Please see WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft/page content for recommended layout In 1945 — the year Mussolini was overthrown - the Italian Committee of National Liberation removed the Agnelli family from leadership roles in Fiat because of its ties to Mussolini's government. These were not returned until 1963, when Giovanni's grandson, Gianni , took over as general manager until 1966, as chairman until 1996. Giovanni Agnelli, Cavaliere di Gran Croce OMRI ( March 12, 1921 – January 24, 2003) better known as Gianni Agnelli, was
Among the younger Agnelli's first steps after gaining control of Fiat was a massive reorganization of the company management, which had previously been highly centralized, with almost no provision for the delegation of authority and decision-making power. Such a system had worked effectively enough in the past but lacked the responsiveness and flexibility made necessary by Fiat's steady expansion and the growth of its international operations in the 1960s. The company was reorganized on a product-line basis, with two main product groups — one for passenger cars, the other for trucks and tractors — and a number of semi-independent division and subsidiaries. Top management, freed from responsibility for day-by-day operations of the company, was able to devote its efforts to more far-reaching goals. In 1967, Fiat made its first acquisition when it purchased Autobianchi; with sales amounting to $1. Autobianchi (autoˈbjaŋki in Italian) was an Italian Automobile manufacturer created jointly by Bianchi, Pirelli and Fiat 7 billion, it outstripped Volkswagen, its main European competitor, and in 1968 produced some 1,750,000 vehicles while its sales volume climbed to $2. 1 billion. According to Newsweek in 1968, Fiat was "the most dynamic automaker in Europe. . . [and] may come closest to challenging the worldwide supremacy of Detroit. " Then, in 1969, it purchased controlling interests in Ferrari and Lancia. At the time, Fiat was a conglomerate, owning Alitalia, toll highways, a typewriter and office machine manufacturer, electronics and electrical equipment firms, a paint company, a civil engineering firm, and an international construction company. A conglomerate is a large Company that consists of seemingly unrelated Business sections AlitaliaLinee Aeree Italiane SpA ( Italian for Alitalia - Italian Air Lines) ( is the Flag carrier Airline of Italy. Following up on an agreement Valletta had made with Soviet officials in 1966, Agnelli constructed the AvtoVAZ plant in the new city of Togliattigrad on the Volga. AvtoVAZ ( (АвтоВАЗ is a Russian Automobile manufacturer, also known as VAZ, Volzhsky Tolyatti or Togliatti (Толья́тти tɘlʲ'jati is a city in Samara Oblast, Russia. This began operation in 1970, producing a local version of the Fiat 124 as the Lada. The Fiat 124 is a mid-sized Family car produced by the Italian manufacturer Fiat between 1966 and 1974 Lada is the Trademark of AvtoVAZ, a Russian car manufacturer in Togliatti, ( Samara Oblast or province On his initiative, Fiat automobile and truck plants were also constructed in industrial centers of Yugoslavia, Poland, Bulgaria, and Romania. See also Kingdom of Yugoslavia, Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia ( Serbo-Croatian Poland (Polska officially the Republic of Poland The state of Bulgaria (България transliterated bg-Latn ''Balgaria'' The country preserves the traditions (in ethnic name language and alphabet of the First Bulgarian Romania ( dated: Rumania, Roumania In 1979, the company became a holding company when it spun off its various businesses into autonomous companies, one of them being Fiat Auto. That same year, sales reached an all-time high in the United States, corresponding to the Iranian Oil Crisis. The 1979 (or second) oil crisis in the United States occurred in the wake of the Iranian Revolution. However, when gas prices fell again after 1981, Americans began purchasing sport utility vehicles, minivans, and pickup trucks in larger numbers (marking a departure from their past preference for large cars). A sport utility vehicle ( SUV) is a generic marketing description for a rugged automotive vehicle similar to a Station wagon but built on a light-truck chassis A minivan, multi-purpose vehicle (abbreviated MPV) people-carrier, people-mover or multi-utility vehicle (shortened A pickup truck is a light Motor vehicle with an open-top rear cargo area which is almost always separated from the cab to allow for chassis flex when carrying or pulling Also, Japanese automakers had been taking an ever-larger share of the car market, increasing at more than half a percent a year. Consequently, in 1984, Fiat and Lancia withdrew from the US market. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the In 1989, it did the same in the Australian market, although it remained in New Zealand. For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Australia topics. New Zealand is an Island country in the south-western Pacific Ocean comprising two main landmasses (the North Island and the South Island
In 1986, Fiat acquired Alfa Romeo from the Italian government. In 1992, two top corporate officials in the Fiat Group were arrested for political corruption.  A year later, Fiat acquired Maserati. In 1995 Alfa Romeo exited the US market. Maserati re-entered the US market under Fiat in 2002. Since then, Maserati sales there have been increasing briskly.
Paolo Fresco became chairman of Fiat in 1998 with the hope that the veteran of General Electric would bring more emphasis on shareholder value to Fiat. By the time he took power, Fiat's market share in Italy had fallen to 41% from around 62% in 1984. However, a Jack Welch-like management style would be much harsher than that used by the Italians (e. g. , precarious versus lifetime employment). Instead, Fresco focused on offering more incentives for good performance, including compensation using stock options for top and middle management.
However, his efforts were frustrated by union objections. Unions insisted that pay raises be set by length of tenure, rather than performance. Another conflict was over his preference for informality (the founder, Giovanni Agnelli, used to be a cavalry officer). He often referred to other managers by their first name, although company tradition obliged one to refer to others using their titles (e. g. , "Chairman Fresco"). The CEO of the company, Managing Director Paolo Cantarella, ran the day-to-day affairs of the company, while Fresco determined company strategy and especially acted as a negotiator for the company. In fact, many speculated the main reason he was chosen for the job was to sell Fiat Auto (although Fresco fervently denied it). In 1999, Fiat formed CNH Global by merging New Holland NV and Case Corporation.
Over time, most automotive companies around the world have become holding companies of foreign as well as domestic competitors. A holding company is a company that owns part all or a majority of other companies' outstanding Stock. For example, General Motors owned a controlling interest in Saab Automobile and, until recently, in Isuzu. General Motors Corporation ( GM) ( is a multinational automobile manufacturer founded in 1908 and headquartered in the United States. Controlling interest in a corporation means to have control of a large enough block of voting Stock shares in a company such that no one stock holder or coalition of stock holders Saab Automobile AB, better known as Saab, is a Swedish car manufacturer and currently a wholly-owned Subsidiary of General Motors. ( is a Japanese car commercial vehicle and heavy truck manufacturing company, headquartered in Tokyo. Fresco signed a joint-venture agreement in 2000 under which GM acquired a stake in Fiat. This made it appear as if Fiat was next, although GM has made joint ventures with other companies (such as Toyota) without acquiring them. Nevertheless, Fiat did not see the GM partnership as a threat, rather as an opportunity to off-load its automotive business. The agreement with GM included a put option, which held that Fiat would have the right to sell GM its auto division after four years at fair market value. Example of a put option on a stock Buy a Put A Buyer thinks price of a stock will decrease If GM balked, it would be forced to pay a penalty of $2 billion. When Fiat tried to sell GM the company, GM chose the penalty. On May 13, 2005 GM and Fiat officially dissolved their agreement, and Fiat is now courting Ford. Events 1497 - Pope Alexander VI excommunicates Girolamo Savonarola. Year 2005 ( MMV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar of the Gregorian calendar.  The current CEO views alliances such as these as the deciding factor of the future success of Fiat.
As part of the recent divestitures, in 2003 Fiat shed its insurance sector, which it was operating through Toro Assicurazioni to the DeAgostini Group. In the same year, Fiat sold its aviation business, FiatAvio to Avio Holding. In February 2004, the company sold its interest in Fiat Engineering, as well as its stake in Edison.
Fiat faces a multitude of threats, including rising steel prices (up by 16-30% beginning of 2008), a strong Euro, and increased competition from Japanese and Korean car manufacturers in Europe. Although the light-vehicle market share of Japanese and Korean automakers in Europe is less than in the US (12. 5% and 3. 9%, respectively versus 30% and 3. 9% in the US), it has been increasing steadily at about a half a percent a year.
Fiat has drawn criticism within New Zealand for an advert they ran in Italy, which a New Zealand Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade spokesman described as "culturally insensitive and inappropriate". New Zealand is an Island country in the south-western Pacific Ocean comprising two main landmasses (the North Island and the South Island Italy (Italia officially the Italian Republic, (Repubblica Italiana is located on the Italian Peninsula in Southern Europe, and on the two largest The advert showed women performing the haka beside the new Fiat car and crowd noise is in the background to simulate the atmosphere in an All Blacks rugby union match. A haka is a traditional Dance form of the Māori of New Zealand. The All Blacks are New Zealand's national team in Rugby union, the country's National sport. Overview See also Playing rugby union A rugby union match lasts for 80 minutes (plus stoppage time with a short As the haka is finished a woman drives away in the Fiat car and a boy in the back of the car pokes out his tongue, which is the action used to finish the haka.
Sergio Marchionne has begun to impress investors since taking over as CEO in June, 2004. Losses have fallen steadily since 2002, and Q4 of FY2005 saw its first profit in 17 quarters, and had a profit of 196M Euros for the first 9 months of FY2006.  Mr. Marchionne has succeeded more than Fresco in taking an axe to Fiat's bloated managerial bureaucracy and changing its tone to a focus on markets and profits. (Marchionne was raised in Canada by Italian parents. ) While the charismatic chairman, the well-connected Luca di Montezemolo, dealt with politicians and unions, Marchionne rebuilt the car business. The success of the Grande Punto model has in large part been responsible for the turnaround in Fiat's fortunes, but the quite successful Bravo (successor to the Stilo) and the new award winning 500 have really cemented it. Fiat has formed a joint venture with India's TATA motors and China's Chery motors, and has started its second innings with a force. Under Marchionne it has also re-entered several large markets that it had exited years before, such as Mexico and Australia.
Fiat was a key player in developing motor industries for a number of countries from the 1950s, particularly in Eastern Europe, Spain, Egypt, Ethiopia, and Turkey. Eastern Europe is a general term that refers to the Geopolitical region encompassing the easternmost part of the European continent. Spain () or the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España is a country located mostly in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula. This article is about the country of Egypt For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Egypt topics. NOTE This intro is the result of careful NPOV work Please do not make potentially controversial edits to it without first discussing on the talk page Turkey (Türkiye known officially as the Republic of Turkey ( is a Eurasian Country that stretches
Its first enterprise came in 1955, when it agreed a deal with Yugoslav carmaker Zastava to assemble Fiats for Eastern Europe. See also Kingdom of Yugoslavia, Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia ( Serbo-Croatian Zastava Automobiles is a Serbian industrial conglomerate based in the city of Kragujevac, 86 miles (138 km southeast of Belgrade. The first cars to be produced by Zastava were its versions of the Fiat 1300 and Fiat 1400. This article is about the 1960s models - there were also entirely different Fiat 1500s manufactured from 1935 to 1949 The Fiat 1400 is a model of car produced by Italian Automotive manufacturer Fiat between 1950 and 1958 By 1970, Zastava was producing parts for the newer Fiat 124 and Fiat 125 models, although these cars were actually assembled in Poland. The Fiat 124 is a mid-sized Family car produced by the Italian manufacturer Fiat between 1966 and 1974 The Fiat 125 is a Large family car introduced by Fiat in 1967 Poland (Polska officially the Republic of Poland The Zastava 750, launched in 1962, was Zastava's version of the iconic Fiat 600 minicar. The Zastava 750 ( Застава 750) was a car made by the Yugoslavian car maker Zavod Crvena Zastava. "600" can also refer to the later Fiat Seicento The Fiat 600 (or "Seicento" is a City car produced by the Italian It outlived the car on which it was based, with production not finishing until 1981.
Zastavas were not popular outside of Eastern Europe before the 1980s, although they were exported to the US under the Yugo brand as long ago as 1973. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Year 1973 ( MCMLXXIII) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar of the 1973 Gregorian calendar.
The most famous product launched by Zastava is the Zastava 101, a front-wheel drive car basedo on the Fiat 128, also available as a hatchback version never sold in Italy. The Zastava Skala is a generic name for a family of cars built by Serbian manufacturer Zastava Automobili. The Fiat 128 was a Small family car manufactured by the Italian manufacturer Fiat from 1969 to 1985 Hatchback is a term designating an Automobile design containing a passenger cabin with an integrated Cargo space accessed from behind the vehicle by a single Despite numerous bad press about build quality and reliability, it sold well in Yugoslavia thanks largely to its low asking price, cheap maintenance costs and simple mechanical design. It remains on sale in the former Yugoslavia to this very day; it is now in its 36th year of production. The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia ( Serbo-Croatian, Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian, Slovene, Macedonian:
With the demise of the aged Zastava 750 in 1981, the minicar gap in the Zastava range was filled by the Zastava Koral, which was best known in Britain and America as the Yugo Tempo. The Zastava 750 ( Застава 750) was a car made by the Yugoslavian car maker Zavod Crvena Zastava. The Zastava Koral (known outside the former Yugoslavia simply as the Yugo and within it as Jugo) is a subcompact vehicle built by Zastava corporation The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located It was based on the 1971 Fiat 127, which was due to be replaced by the Fiat Uno in 1983. The Fiat 127 is a supermini produced by the Italian automaker Fiat between 1971 and 1983 The Fiat Uno is a Supermini car produced by the Italian manufacturer Fiat. It was among the cheapest cars on sale in both countries, and it was well received in its' class in Britain, but not so much in the more competitive US market. But hostility towards Yugoslavia in the wake of the 1992 civil unrest saw a swift ceasure of imports to both Britain and America.
The Zastava factory in Kragujevac was later bombed, but was rebuilt once the war was over, and production continued at another factory in Kragujevac. Kragujevac ( Serbian Cyrillic: Крагујевац) is a city in Serbia, the largest city of the Šumadija Kragujevac ( Serbian Cyrillic: Крагујевац) is a city in Serbia, the largest city of the Šumadija
In 1987, Zastava came up with a new car design. The Zastava Florida - known in other markets as the Yugo Sana - was styled by Giorgetto Giugiaro at the ItalDesign studio, featured a range of refined Peugeot engines, and was mechanically similar to the forthcoming and highly acclaimed Fiat Tipo. The Zastava Florida, also known as Yugo Sana, Yugo Miami or Yugo Florida, is a Small family car produced by the Serbian automaker The Zastava Florida, also known as Yugo Sana, Yugo Miami or Yugo Florida, is a Small family car produced by the Serbian automaker Giorgetto Giugiaro (born August 7, 1938) is an Italian Automobile designer He was born in Garessio, Province of Cuneo Italdesign-Giugiaro SpA (commonly called Italdesign) is an Automobile design and engineering company in Turin, Italy. For the article about the bicycle manufacturer see Cycles Peugeot. The Fiat Tipo is a Small family car designed by the IDEA design house and produced by the Italian manufacturer Fiat between 1988 and 1995 It was sold in Britain from 1988 to 1992, but was withdrawn from sale for a number of reasons - particularly the domestic upheavels in Yugoslavia and the fall in popularity of the whole Yugo range in Britain. Sales continued in its homeland, with an update at the end of the 1990s.
Zastava did not launch another new car for another 16 years. The 2003 Zastava 10 model was another Fiat design - this time the second generation Punto. Zastava 10 is a car produced in Kragujevac, Serbia. It is based on the Italian Fiat Punto Mark 2b The Fiat Punto is a supermini produced by the Italian manufacturer Fiat, since 1993 It boasts similar features to the Punto and other cars in its' class such as the Volkswagen Polo. The Volkswagen Polo is a Supermini car manufactured by Volkswagen. It is competitively priced compared to other similar-sized cars, including the Punto on which it is based.
Four years after its launch, the Zastava 10 has not yet been sold outside of the former Yugoslavia. Zastava 10 is a car produced in Kragujevac, Serbia. It is based on the Italian Fiat Punto Mark 2b The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia ( Serbo-Croatian, Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian, Slovene, Macedonian:
According to Fiat sources a new memorandum of understanding between Fiat and the Serb ministry of economic and regional development about the acquisition of Zastava's Kragujevac plant foresees a new company being set up in which the Italians would have a 70 percent stake and the Serb government 30 percent. 
Fiat automobiles have been made in Poland since 1920. Poland (Polska officially the Republic of Poland In 1932, the Polskie zakłady Inżynieryjne (Polish Engineering Works, PZInż) started the production of Fiat 508, produced until 1939 also as a military vehicle. This is an article on automobile brand For the American rock band of that name see Polski Fiat (band. The 508 was a car introduced by Fiat in 1932 It effectively replaced the Fiat 509, although production of the earlier model had ceased back in 1929 In 1936 the licence was extended to include the Fiat 518 model. The Fiat 518 Ardita was a model of car produced by Italian Automotive company Fiat between 1933 and 1938. In 1965, the Polish communist government signed a deal with Fiat to produce selected Fiat models in Poland at the FSO factory in Warsaw that had been built in 1951. Poland (Polska officially the Republic of Poland Fabryka Samochodów Osobowych ( FSO) (literally translated as Factory of Passenger Cars) is a Polish automobile manufacturer located in Warsaw Warsaw (Warszawa; also known by other names) is the Capital and Largest city of Poland. Production of the new car - the Polski Fiat 125p - began in 1967. The Polski Fiat 125p was a motor vehicle manufactured between 1967 and 1991 in People's Republic of Poland by the state-owned manufacturer Fabryka Samochodów Osobowych It was visually identical to the Fiat 125, but it made use of older Fiat mechanicals which dated back to 1960. The Fiat 125 is a Large family car introduced by Fiat in 1967 The car sold very well in its homeland and was soon exported to Western Europe. Western Europe at its most general meaning means 'all the countries in the West of Europe ' After 1979, Fiat withdrew control of the FSO factory, and from then on the FSO badge was revived. Year 1979 ( MCMLXXIX) was a Common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1979 Gregorian calendar) A year earlier, it had appeared on a new five-door hatchback, the FSO Polonez, that made use of Fiat 125 running gear.
The Polski Fiat design survived until 1991, by which time almost 1,500,000 had been made in less than 25 years. This is an article on automobile brand For the American rock band of that name see Polski Fiat (band. It was a cheap competitor to similar Eastern European budget cars, and by the time of its demise, many Eastern European carmakers were adopting modern Western style designs in place of the archaic three-box saloons that had barely moved out of the 1960s.
FSO was taken over by Daewoo of South Korea in 1995, by which time the FSO Polonez had been replaced by the Caro, which was little more than a facelift of the 1978 design with underpinnings dating back to 1960. This article is about the Chaebol Daewoo Group For the Korean auto company Daewoo Motors that is associated with Chevrolet, see GM Daewoo. South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea and often referred to as Korea ( Korean: 대한민국 tɛː The term facelift is sometimes used in an Automotive context to refer to minor revisions to a model of a car in the middle of its production run This car was sold in Western Europe until the end of the 1990s, and production finally finished in 2002.
FSO had become independent again in late 2000, after Daewoo went bankrupt and were saved by General Motors. Bankruptcy is a legally declared inability or impairment of ability of an individual or organization to pay their Creditors Creditors may file a bankruptcy petition against Despite this, FSO continued to build versions of the Daewoo Matiz and Daewoo Lanos. The Daewoo Matiz is a City car produced by the South Korean automaker GM Daewoo that has been marketed worldwide since 1998 The Daewoo Lanos was a Subcompact car manufactured by the Korean Automaker Daewoo Motors from 1997 to 2002 and still made under a license agreement These cars remain in production to this day, although the target of the factory is to focus on the production of the Chevrolet Aveo which has already been introduced. The Daewoo Kalos is a Subcompact automobile manufactured by GM Daewoo (the South Korean subsidiary of General Motors) introduced in 2002
In 1983, the Fabryka Samochodów Małolitrażowych (FSM) in Bielsko-Biała and Tychy started the output of Fiat 126(p). Bielsko-Biała (Bielitz-Biala Bílsko-Bělá is a city in southern Poland with 176987 inhabitants (2006 Tychy (Tichau is a city in southern Poland with a population of 132600 The Fiat 126 was a City car introduced in 1972 as a replacement for the Fiat 500. In 1991, when the Cinquecento (see Fiat Cinquecento) model was put into production. "Cinquecento" (500 may also refer to the earlier Fiat 500 "Topolino", Fiat 500 or the modern Fiat Nuova 500. Until 2000, FSM has built more than 3. 000. 000 of the Fiat 126 model.
In 1992 90% of stock of FSM (Fiat Auto Poland, since 1993) was purchased by Fiat Auto. since then it produced Cinquecento, Uno, Seicento, Siena and Palio Weekend (see Fiat Cinquecento, Fiat Uno, Fiat Seicento, Fiat Siena and Fiat Palio Weekend) models with the capacity up to 200. "Cinquecento" (500 may also refer to the earlier Fiat 500 "Topolino", Fiat 500 or the modern Fiat Nuova 500. The Fiat Uno is a Supermini car produced by the Italian manufacturer Fiat. "Seicento" can also refer to the earlier Fiat 600 The Fiat Seicento is a City car produced by the Italian The Fiat Siena is the four-door sedan version of the Fiat Palio, a Low cost Subcompact car / supermini especially designed for The Fiat Palio Weekend is Fiat 's 'world car' supermini Station wagon aimed at developing countries it is an extented version of the Hatchback 000 cars a year. In 2003, FSM become the sole producer of Fiat Panda, and in 2007 of new Fiat 500 model. The Fiat Panda is a City car from the Italian automotive manufacturer Fiat. "500" is also Fiat's model number for the earlier Fiat Topolino, later Fiat Cinquecento and current Fiat Nuova 500 The The capacity was increased to ca. 280. 000 cars a year, and due to new investments in 2006-2007 will reach over half a million in 2008. This will enable Fiat Auto Poland to include a new model of Ford in its prodction. Ford Motor Company is an American Multinational corporation and the world's fourth largest automaker based on Worldwide vehicle sales, following It is worth noting both Panda and 500 were selected European car of the year, respectively in 2004 and 2007. The European Car of the Year award was established in 1964 by a collective of automobile magazines from different countries in Europe. 
Other Fiat investment in Poland is a joint Fiat-GM venture of Powertrain, producing multijet (see JTD engine) car engines both for Fiat and GM models. GM Powertrain Europe is a company created by General Motors to develop engines and transmission for the GM group JTD (uniJet Turbo Diesel is Fiat Group 's term for its current Common rail Turbodiesel engine range
In 1966, Fiat built a new car factory (AvtoVAZ) on the banks of the Volga river. AvtoVAZ ( (АвтоВАЗ is a Russian Automobile manufacturer, also known as VAZ, Volzhsky A new area called Togliatti (named after an Italian communist) was developed around the factory, which started producing a "people's car", the Lada. Tolyatti or Togliatti (Толья́тти tɘlʲ'jati is a city in Samara Oblast, Russia. Palmiro Togliatti ( March 26 1893 - August 21 1964) was an Italian politician the leader of the Italian Communist Party It was based on the new Fiat 124, but aimed at the budget end of the market to target buyers of cars like the Volkswagen Beetle and Citroën 2CV - except the Lada was a more practical and spacious offering, in four-door saloon and five-door estate guise. The Volkswagen Beetle, officially known as the type 1 and originally called ‘Käfer’ is an Economy car produced by the German auto maker Volkswagen The Citroën 2CV ( French: deux chevaux vapeur, literally "two steam Horses quot from the Tax horsepower rating was an Economy car A station wagon (or simply wagon) in American, Australian, Canadian and New Zealand usage and an estate car (or just estate Fiat installed British-built machine tools supplied by Herbert-BSA of Birmingham for the manufacture of many Lada parts. Birmingham ( ˈbɜːmɪŋəm Ber -ming-um The 124's design was mechanically upgraded to survive treacherous Russian driving conditions and freezing Siberian winters. Siberia (Сиби́рь Sibir) is the name given to the vast region constituting almost all of Northern Asia and for the most part currently serving Imports to Western Europe began in 1974, and after a few years of slow sales, the cars began to sell well thanks largely to their low asking price.
This car was upgraded to become the Lada Riva in 1980, a year after the launch of a four-wheel drive - the Lada Niva - which was specially designed for the Soviet army. The Lada Riva is a medium-sized family car from Russian manufacturer AvtoVAZ, introduced in 1980 and sold under the Lada brand in saloon and An off-road vehicle is considered to be any type of Vehicle which is capable of driving on and off paved or Gravel surface The Lada Niva (Лада Нива is an Off-road vehicle built by Russian automaker AutoVAZ. A soviet (сове́т, "council" originally was a workers' local council in late Imperial Russia. It failed to match the on-road handling of similar small off-roaders like the Suzuki SJ, but off the road there were few vehicles that could match it. An off-road vehicle is considered to be any type of Vehicle which is capable of driving on and off paved or Gravel surface The Suzuki SJ-Series began production in 1982 in Hamamatsu, Japan.
In 1984, Lada made its first attempt at a modern front-wheel drive hatchback. The Samara was an all-new design that was a superb engineering achievement considering the years of technical isolation in Eastern Europe. The Lada Samara is an Economy car produced by Soviet / Russian automaker AvtoVAZ from 1984 until 2004 Eastern Europe is a general term that refers to the Geopolitical region encompassing the easternmost part of the European continent. But it was let down by a dreadful plasticky interior and dismal finish. Even though it was a rugged car capable of dealing with the worst road conditions, many Western European buyers stuck with the old Riva. Western European imports of the Samara began in 1987 - the year in which the Lada range totaled more than 21,000 sales in Britain. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located The low asking price of the Lada range was not enough, and by 1996 the Lada range sold just over 6,000 cars in Britain. The following year this, and ever-tougher emissions requirements, forced Lada out of Britain and many other export markets.
In 1996, Lada did make another attempt at an all-new modern front-wheel drive car. The Lada 110 was a more modern looking car than the rest of the Lada range, but its modern looks were not carried through to the engineering design or build quality. The Lada 110 (known in Russia as the AvtoVAZ 2110 is a Russian sedan car built by AvtoVAZ since 1996
Production of the Samara ceased in 2004, but the ancient Riva and Niva remain in production, alongside the newer 110 as well as another new car, the Lada Kalina. The Lada Kalina is a Low cost supermini sold under the Lada marque and produced by the Russian automaker AvtoVAZ. Launched in 2004, this small car is available as a hatchback, saloon (sedan), or estate (station wagon), and sets new standards for Russian small cars in terms of specification and design. AvtoVAZ, the firm who makes Ladas, hopes to have the Kalina on sale in Western Europe in the near future.
1967-1971 produced Pirin-Fiat in Lovech, Bulgaria. Pirin-Fiat was the trademark of several passenger automobiles produced in Lovech, Bulgaria, and the result of a collaboration between Fiat (an Italian Lovech (Ловеч is a town in north-central Bulgaria with a population of about 50000 The state of Bulgaria (България transliterated bg-Latn ''Balgaria'' The country preserves the traditions (in ethnic name language and alphabet of the First Bulgarian
In Turkey, the Fiat 124 was produced under licence by Tofaş as the Tofaş Murat. Turkey (Türkiye known officially as the Republic of Turkey ( is a Eurasian Country that stretches Tofaş (pronounced "toe-fush" is a Turkish Automaker, based in Istanbul, Turkey and with a plant in Bursa. The Fiat 124 is a mid-sized Family car produced by the Italian manufacturer Fiat between 1966 and 1974 This was replaced by a version of the Fiat 131, known as the Tofaş Şahin. The Fiat 131, additionally called "Mirafiori" is a small/medium Family car produced by the Italian car manufacturer, Fiat from The Tofaş Şahin Dogan and Kartal are Turkish versions of the old Fiat 131 automobile made in Turk Otomobil Fabrikasi A
in Spain, SEAT was set up with Fiat assistance, producing Fiat models under its own brand name until 1981, when Fiat withdrew its support. Spain () or the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España is a country located mostly in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula. SEAT SA ( English pronunciation:, "say-at" Spanish pronunciation:) is a Spanish automobile Year 1981 ( MCMLXXXI) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 However, production of the Fiat-based models continued, with the final Fiat-based SEAT (the Marbella) not finishing until 1996. The SEAT Marbella was a badge-engineered Fiat Panda (1983-86 "Mark I" model produced by SEAT in Spain from 1986 until 1998 Year 1996 ( MCMXCVI) was a Leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar) By this stage, SEAT had become part of German manufacturer Volkswagen after several years of ownership by the Spanish government. Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany ( ˈbʊndəsʁepuˌbliːk ˈdɔʏtʃlant is a Country in Central Europe.
In South Africa, the Fiat Uno was assembled under licence by Nissan, which marketed it through its dealerships as the Uno, without Fiat branding. The Republic of South Africa (also known by other official names) is a country located at the southern tip of the continent of Africa The Fiat Uno is a Supermini car produced by the Italian manufacturer Fiat.
the Fiat 131, known as the Holland Car DOCC. The Fiat 131, additionally called "Mirafiori" is a small/medium Family car produced by the Italian car manufacturer, Fiat from
As part of Nasser's regime he made a way to protect the national economy, he ordered EGID (General Intelligence Agent) to establish Nasr. Gamal Abdel Nasser (جمال عبد الناصر Gamāl ‘Abd an-Nāṣir; - January 15 1918 September 28 1970) was the second President Nasr, ( النصر, long form El Nasr Automotive Manufacturing Company) is Egypt 's state owned automobile company founded in 1960 in Helwan, Producing some Fiat models, then is formed with Turkey new models now which called Şahin till now El Nasr Product Fiat 128 and Şahin. Turkey (Türkiye known officially as the Republic of Turkey ( is a Eurasian Country that stretches The Tofaş Şahin Dogan and Kartal are Turkish versions of the old Fiat 131 automobile made in Turk Otomobil Fabrikasi A
Fiat Auto's sales in Europe grew by 20% in 2006, with sales totalling 1. 2 million units. So far this year Fiat Auto's European sales are up by almost 8%, with sales of more than 1 million units over the first nine months of the year. Market share was 7. 5% in 2006, with Fiat's market share this year expected to be around the 8. 3% mark. The Fiat brand is the fastest growing element of the group, with sales up 10% in Europe so far this year. Fiat makes up more than 80% of Fiat Auto's sales in Europe, with sales to date of almost 800,000 units. The next largest part of the group is Alfa Romeo, sales so far in Europe this year are 115 thousand (Up 2%), Fiat Auto is completed by Lancia, which has accumulated 100 thousand sales to September (Up 5%). Alfa Romeo Automobiles SpA is an Italian Automaker founded in 1910 Lancia Automobiles SpA is an Italian Automobile manufacturer founded in 1906 by Vincenzo Lancia and which became part of the Fiat Group in Fiat Auto is the 6th biggest selling car group in Europe, while Fiat is the 5th largest individual brand. Italy is by far Fiat's largest market in Europe--more than two thirds of all Fiat Auto products sold in Europe are sold here. Fiat Auto expects to sell 1. 35 million cars in Europe this year, of which 800 thousand or so will be sold in Italy. France is the next largest market with 150 thousand sales expected. This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. The UK, Germany, and Spain are other large markets for Fiat Auto.