The Ferrari 250 is a series of sports cars built by Ferrari from the 1950s and early 1960s. A sports car is a term used to describe a class of Automobile. Ferrari SpA is an Italian Sports car manufacturer based in Maranello, Italy It was the company's most successful early line of vehicles, produced for over a decade from 1953 to 1964 and resulting in several variants. The 250 was replaced by the 275 and the 330. Two-cam 275 GTB The standard 275 GTB coupe was produced by Scaglietti and was available with 3 or 6 Weber twin-choke Carburettors 330 America The 1963 330 America shared the outgoing 250 GTE's chassis but not its engine being powered by the new Type 209 at 6600 rpm 4 The most celebrated 250 is the 1962 250 GTO, a true supercar that spawned numerous imitators
Most 250 road cars share the same two wheelbases, 2400 mm (94. Design and development The 250 GTO was designed to compete in GT racing. Supercar is a term generally used for a high-end Sports car, whose performance is highly superior to that of its contemporaries 5 in) for short wheelbase (SWB) and 2600 mm (102. 4 in) for long wheelbase (LWB). Most convertibles used the SWB type.
Nearly all 250s share the same engine: The Colombo Tipo 125 V12. 125 The first homegrown Ferrari engine was the 125. First appearing May 11, 1947 under the hood of Ferrari's 125 S sports racer V12 redirects here For the V12 Training program see V-12 Navy College Training Program. At 3 L (2953 cc), it is not a large engine even for the time, but its light weight and impressive output (up to 280 hp) made a big difference. The Ferrari V12 weighed hundreds of pounds less than its chief competitors — for example, it was nearly half the weight of the Jaguar XK straight-6. The famed Jaguar XK engine was introduced in 1949 and produced until 1994  The light V12 propelled the small Ferrari 250 racing cars to victory after victory.
Typical of Ferrari, the Colombo V12 made its debut on the race track, with the racing 250s preceding the street cars by three years.
A predecessor to the 250 line was the 225 S introduced at the 1952 Giro di Sicilia. Two of the two-seat sports prototypes were built, an open barchetta and closed coupe both by Vignale. Seven 225 S cars were entered at the Mille Miglia, but these were overshadowed by their larger-engined 250 S brother. Although not as heralded as the 250 line, the 225 did play one unique historical role: A 225 S tested at Imola was the first Ferrari to drive on that course. The Autodromo Enzo e Dino Ferrari is an auto racing circuit near the Italian town of Imola, east of Bologna and east of the Ferrari factory
The first of the 250 line was the experimental 250 S berlinetta prototype entered in the 1952 Mille Miglia. Berlinetta is a term used to designate a coupe car (as opposed to spider, a Convertible car The Mille Miglia (Thousand Miles - pronounced 'miʎʎa was an open-road endurance race which took place in Italy twenty-four times from 1927 to 1957 (thirteen The company's newest product was entrusted to Giovanni Bracco and Alfonso Rolfo and was severely tested by the Mercedes-Benz 300SL racers run by Rudolf Caracciola, Hermann Lang, and Karl Kling. Giovanni Bracco ( June 6 1908 at Biella - August 6 1968 same place was an Italian racing car driver remembered for losing control Mercedes-Benz is a German manufacturer of luxury Automobiles Buses coaches and Trucks It is currently a division of the The Mercedes-Benz 300SL was introduced in 1954 as a two-seat closed Sports car with characteristic Gull-wing doors Later it was offered as an open Rudolf Caracciola ( January 30, 1901 &ndash September 28, 1959) was a Racecar driver, nicknamed "Karratsch" Hermann Lang (born April 6 1909 &ndash died October 19 1987) was a German champion race car driver Karl Kling (b 16 September 1910, Gießen &ndash d 18 March 2003, Gaienhofen on Lake Constance, Germany) was The little 230 hp (171 kW) Ferrari was outgunned in the long straights but fought back in the hills and curves and Bracco emerged victorious at the end. This same car was later entered at the 24 Hours of Le Mans and the Carrera Panamericana. The 24 Hours of Le Mans ( 24 Heures du Mans) is a sports car endurance race held annually since near the town of Le Mans, Sarthe, The Carrera Panamericana was a Sports car racing event on open roads in Mexico, similar to the Mille Miglia and Targa Florio in Italy
The little 250 S used a 2250 mm (88. 6 in) wheelbase with a "Tuboscocca" tubular trellis frame. Underneath were double wishbones at the front and a live axle located with double longitudinal semi-elliptic springs at the rear. Drum brakes and worm and sector steering were the norm. The dry-sump 3. 0 L (2953 cc/180 in³) engine used three Weber 36DCF carburettors and was mated directly to a five-speed manual transmission.
Lauding the success of the 250 S at the Mille Miglia, Ferrari showed a more-conventional chassis for the new 250 engine at the 1952 Paris Motor Show. Pinin Farina clothed this chassis, with the celebratory 250 MM coupe launched at the 1953 Geneva Motor Show. Giovanni Battista "Pinin" Farina (later Battista Pininfarina) ( November 2, 1893 - April 3, 1966) was an Italian The International Geneva Motor Show (Salon International de l'Auto is an annual Auto show held in March in the Swiss city of Geneva. This car was almost plain by contemporary standards, but it possessed a certain purposefulness with its small grille and compact tail complete with a panoramic rear window. Carrozzeria Vignale's open barchetta also broke new styling ground, with recessed headlights and side vents becoming a staple of Ferrari design for the 1950s. Vignale was an Italian Automobile Coachbuilder company Carrozzeria Alfredo Vignale was established in 1948 at Via Cigliano Turin by Alfredo The Fiat Barchetta (pronounced "bar-KET-ta" is a Roadster produced by the Italian manufacturer Fiat from 1995 to 2005 (though production
The 250 MM's wheelbase was longer than the 250 S at 2420 mm (95 in), with the saloon 50 kg (110 lb) heavier than the 850 kg (1875 lb) barchetta on a conventional tube frame. The V12 engine's dry sump was abandoned for the production car, and the transmission lost one cog as well, but power was up to 240 hp (179 kW).
Like the 250 S, the 250 MM was a racing car, debuting at the Giro di Sicilia with privateer Paulo Marzotto. A Carrozzeria Morelli-bodied 250 MM barchetta won the 1954 Mille Miglia with driver Clemente Biondetti, living up to its name. Clemente Biondetti ( August 18, 1898 - February 24, 1955) was an Italian Auto racing driver The V12-powered 250 MM was replaced by the four-cylinder 625 TF and 735 S later in 1953. A Ferrari Monza is one of a series of cars built by Ferrari. In the early 1950s Ferrari shifted from using the compact Gioacchino Colombo -designed
The 250 mm (9. 8 in)'s wheelbase was longer than the 250 S at 2420 mm (95 in), with the saloon 50 kg (110 lb) heavier than the 850 kg (1875 lb) barchetta on a conventional tube frame. The V12 engine's dry sump was abandoned for the production car, and the transmission lost one cog as well, but power was up to 240 hp (179 kW).
Like the 250 S, the 250 mm (9. 8 in) was a racing car, debuting at the Giro di Sicilia with privateer Paulo Marzotto. A Carrozzeria Morelli-bodied 250 mm (9. 8 in) barchetta won the 1954 Mille Miglia with driver Clemente Biondetti, living up to its name. Clemente Biondetti ( August 18, 1898 - February 24, 1955) was an Italian Auto racing driver The V12-powered 250 mm (9. 8 in) was replaced by the four-cylinder 625 TF and 735 S later in 1953. A Ferrari Monza is one of a series of cars built by Ferrari. In the early 1950s Ferrari shifted from using the compact Gioacchino Colombo -designed
An unusual hybrid between the light four-cylinder 750 Monza and the 250 line was the 250 Monza of 1954. A Ferrari Monza is one of a series of cars built by Ferrari. In the early 1950s Ferrari shifted from using the compact Gioacchino Colombo -designed It used the short wheelbase chassis from the 750 Monza and the first two shared the Pinin Farina barchetta shape of the 750 Monza and a one-off 500 Mondial. A Ferrari Monza is one of a series of cars built by Ferrari. In the early 1950s Ferrari shifted from using the compact Gioacchino Colombo -designed Two more 250 Monzas were built by Carrozzeria Scaglietti, an early use of the now-familiar coachbuilder. Carrozzeria Scaglietti (ˈkarɔˌtsɛria ˌskaˈʎjɛti was an Italian Automobile design and coachbuilding active in the 1950s Although a frequent entrant through 1956, the 250 Monzas failed to gain much success and the union of the Monza chassis and 250 engine was not pursued beyond this model.
The racing 250 Testa Rossa was one of the most successful Ferrari racing cars in its history. See also the 500 TR and Testarossa models The Ferrari TR, or 250 Testa Rossa, is a race car model built by
Perhaps the most famous 250 of all was the 250 GTO, often called the first supercar. Design and development The 250 GTO was designed to compete in GT racing. Supercar is a term generally used for a high-end Sports car, whose performance is highly superior to that of its contemporaries A radically-restyled GTO, properly the 250 GTO/64, was launched in 1964, but just 39 were built.
The 250 engine from the Testa Rossa was mounted in the midships position for the 250 P prototype racer of 1963. The Ferrari P series were prototype sports cars in the 1960s and early 1970s
The mid-engined 250 Le Mans looked every bit the prototype racer but was intended to eventually be produced as a road-going GT. The Ferrari P series were prototype sports cars in the 1960s and early 1970s Descended from the 250 P, the Le Mans also appeared in 1963 and sported Pininfarina bodywork. Ferrari were unable to persuade the FIA to homologate the car for GT racing, as nowhere near the required 100 examples were built. As a result, Ferrari withdrew from factory participation in the GT class of the 1965 World Sportscar Championship, leaving the way clear for the Shelby Cobra team to dominate the series. World Endurance Championship redirects here For the motorcycle endurance Shelby Cobra redirects here See also the Shelby Mustang Cobra The AC Cobra was a British built and designed sports car that was
The 1953 250 Export and Europa were the only of the family to use a different engine. They shared the 2963 cc Lampredi V12 designed for Formula 1 use. Aurelio Lampredi designed a number of racing engines for Ferrari.
The Export model was similar to the 250MM with its 2400 mm (94. 5 in) wheelbase. One exception was its 220 hp (164 kW) Lampredi engine. It was launched at the Paris Motor Show of 1953.
The 250 Europa, also introduced in Paris in 1953, looked entirely different. With the long 2800 mm (110. 2 in) wheelbase and Ferrari America-style bodies, it was designed as more of a GT car than any previous 250. See also the 340 F1 and 375 F1 Formula 1 racers A Ferrari America is one of a series of top-end Ferrari A grand tourer ( Gran turismo) ( initialised GT) is a high-performance Automobile designed for long-distance driving Both Pininfarina and Vignale handled the coachwork, with 21 produced in total. See also Battista Farina, founder of the company his son Sergio Pininfarina and grandson Andrea Pininfarina. Vignale was an Italian Automobile Coachbuilder company Carrozzeria Alfredo Vignale was established in 1948 at Via Cigliano Turin by Alfredo
The 250 design was extremely successful on the race course as well as the street. A number of GT models were built in varying states of road or racing trim.
The first street car to use Colombo's 250 V12 was the 250 Europa GT, introduced at the 1954 Paris Motor Show. Pinin Farina's sober Paris coupe was just one of many shapes for the 250 GT line, with coachbuilt production extending through 1956 before the 250 line became more of a standardized product. The original 250 Europa GT used a 2600 mm (102 in) wheelbase on a conventional chassis. The dry sump V12 was tuned to 220 hp (164 kW) with three Weber 36DCZ3 carburettors. Aping the Vignale's 250 Europa, Pinin Farina added now-familiar vents to the front fenders, a standard styling feature for many of the 250 GTs that followed.
Pinin Farina introduced a 250-based prototype at the 1956 Geneva Motor Show which came to be called the 250 GT Boano. Intended as a styling exercise and inspiration to 250 GT Europa customers, demand soon called for construction of a series of the car. Unable to meet demand, Pinin Farina asked Mario Boano, formerly of Ghia, to handle the construction. Felice Mario Boano was an Italian Automobile Coachbuilder. With Giorgio Alberti, he bought the Carrozzeria Ghia in Torino when Carrozzeria Ghia SpA (established 1915 in Turin) is one of the most famous Italian Automobile design and coachbuilding firms established When Fiat recruited Boano, he handed production duties of the Ferrari to his son in law, Ezio Ellena. Fiat SpA (an Acronym for Fabbrica Italiana Automobili Torino (Italian Automobile Factory of Turin) is an Italian automobile manufacturer With partner, Luciano Pollo, Carrozzeria Ellena would produce the Ferrari for another few years. Ellena redesigned the car somewhat with a higher roof and removed the vent windows from the doors.
Carrozzeria Boano built 74 250 GTs on the long wheelbase chassis. All but one were coupes, with the single Convertible, 0461 GT, sold to New York collector, Bob Lee, off the stand at the 1956 New York Auto Show. Lee purchased the car for $9,500, far below cost, at the direction of Enzo Ferrari and owns the car to this day, making it one of the oldest Ferraris still in the hands of the original purchaser.
Named for the 10-day Tour de France automobile race, not the famous bicycle race of the same name, a number of 250 GT "Tour de France" Berlinettas were sold for GT races from 1956 through 1959. Tour de France automobile was a sports car race held on roads around France first held in 1899 at speeds of 30 mph (50 km/h History See also:CategoryTour de France by year The dominant sports newspaper in France Construction was handled by Carrozzeria Scaglietti based on a Pinin Farina design. Carrozzeria Scaglietti (ˈkarɔˌtsɛria ˌskaˈʎjɛti was an Italian Automobile design and coachbuilding active in the 1950s Giovanni Battista "Pinin" Farina (later Battista Pininfarina) ( November 2, 1893 - April 3, 1966) was an Italian The engine began at 240 hp (178 kW) but rose to 260 hp (193 kW) by the end.
A one-off short wheelbase Tour de France was built for the 1959 24 Hours of Le Mans. The 24 Hours of Le Mans ( 24 Heures du Mans) is a sports car endurance race held annually since near the town of Le Mans, Sarthe, This car, called the 250 GT Interim, would foreshadow the 2400 mm (94 in) SWB cars of 1959.
Released at Geneva in 1957, the original Pininfarina cabriolet used the 2600 mm (102. Michael Schumacher (German pronunciation;) (born January 3, 1969, in Hürth-Hermülheim, Germany) is a former Formula See also Battista Farina, founder of the company his son Sergio Pininfarina and grandson Andrea Pininfarina. A cabriolet is a light two-wheeled Carriage drawn by a single horse with a folding hood seating two people facing forward one of whom is the driver 4 in) wheelbase and had distinct bodywork from the Berlinetta. About 36 examples were produced before a second series was shown at Paris in 1959. These later cars had much more in common with the production Berlinetta. About 200 of the series two cars were built.
Motor Trend Classic named the 250 GT Series I Cabriolet and Coupe as number nine in their list of the ten "Greatest Ferraris of all time". Motor Trend is one of the oldest Automobile magazines still publishing.
Designed for export to America, the 1957 250 GT California Spyder was Scaglietti's interpretation of an open-top 250 GT. Aluminum was used in the hood, doors, and trunk lid, with steel specified elsewhere for most models, though a few aluminum-bodied racing versions were also built. The engine was the same as in the 250 Tour de France racing car with up to 240 hp (179 kW). All used the long 2600 mm (102. 4 in) chassis. About 45 were made before it was replaced by the SWB version in 1960. Year 1960 ( MCMLX) was a Leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar.
The car came to wider public notice after a replica appeared in the 1980s film Ferris Bueller's Day Off, as both Cameron's father's dream car and central to the whole film plot. The 1980s was the decade spanning from January 1 1980 to December 31 1989. Ferris Bueller's Day Off is a 1986 Comedy film written and directed by John Hughes.
Presently, the car is worth circa 2-4 million US dollars. A car was sold at a RM Auction Concorse d'Elegance on August 18, 2007 at Monterey for 4. Events 293 BC - The oldest known Roman temple to Venus is founded starting the institution of Vinalia Rustica. Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. 9 million dollars, setting a record for sale price at the auction at the time. This record was overtaken at RM Auctions/Sothebys Ferrari: Leggenda E Passione sale staged at Ferrari's Fiorano race track in Marenello on May 18, 2008, when British Radio DJ Chris Evans bought a 1961 SWB black version that used to belong to The Magnificent Seven star James Coburn, for the record price of 6. Sotheby's ( is the world's second oldest Auction house in continuous operation (the oldest being Stockholms Auktionsverk founded in 1674 Events 1152 - Henry II of England marries Eleanor of Aquitaine. 2008 ( MMVIII) is the current year in accordance with the Gregorian calendar, a Leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Chris Evans (born Christopher Evans, 1 April 1966 Warrington, England) is an English radio / Television presenter and The Magnificent Seven is a 1960 Western film directed by John Sturges about a group of hired gunmen protecting a Mexican village from James Harrison Coburn Jr ( 31 August &ndash 18 November) was an American film and television actor known for his charisma and natural charm 4 Million Euros/£5. Please update other articles as well to avoid contradiction within Wikipedia e 5 million/approx. $11 million (€7,040,000 including fees). 
Desiring to enter series production in order to stabilize the company's finances, Enzo Ferrari asked Pininfarina to design a simple and classic 250 GT coupe. See also Battista Farina, founder of the company his son Sergio Pininfarina and grandson Andrea Pininfarina. The resulting car was introduced at Milan in 1958, and 335 nearly-identical cars were built by 1960, one buyer was Prince Bertil of Sweden. Ancestry See also Swedish Royal Family Line of succession to the Swedish throne The GT Coupe eschewed the fender vents for simple and clean lines and a notchback look with a panoramic rear window. The oval grille was gone, replaced by a more traditional long narrow look with protruding headlights. Traditional telescoping shock absorbers were also fitted instead of the Houdailles found on previous 250s, and disc brakes were added in 1960. A shock absorber in common parlance (or damper in technical use is a mechanical device designed to smooth out or dampen shock impulse and dissipate The final 250 GT Coupe had a Superfast tail and was shown at the 1961 London Motor Show. See also the 340 F1 and 375 F1 Formula 1 racers A Ferrari America is one of a series of top-end Ferrari
In line with the high-volume coupe, Pinin Farina also designed a plainer 250 GT Cabriolet for series production. Introduced at the 1959 Paris Motor Show, the GT Spider sported a look similar to the GT Coupe of the previous year, including the removal of the side vents. About 212 were produced.
One of the most important GT racers of its time, the 1959 250 GT Berlinetta SWB used a short (2400 mm) wheelbase for better handling. Of the 176 examples built, both steel and aluminum bodies were used in various road ("lusso") and racing trims. Engine output ranged from 240 hp (178 kW) to 280 hp (208 kW).
Development of the 250 GT SWB Berlinetta was handled by Giotto Bizzarrini, Carlo Chiti, and young Mauro Forghieri, the same team that later produced the 250 GTO. Giotto Bizzarrini (born June 6, 1926) is an Italian Automobile engineer active from the 1950s through 1970s Carlo Chiti ( December 19 1924 - July 7 1994) was an Italian racing car and engine designer Mauro Forghieri (born January 13 1935) is an Italian Formula One car designer Design and development The 250 GTO was designed to compete in GT racing. Disc brakes were a first in a Ferrari GT, and the combination of low weight, high power, and well-sorted suspension made it a competitive offering. The disc brake or disk brake is a device for slowing or stopping the rotation of a Wheel. It was unveiled at the Paris Motor Show in October and quickly began selling and racing. The SWB Berlinetta claimed GT class of the Constructor's Championship for Ferrari in 1961.
In 2004, Sports Car International named the 250 GT SWB number seven on the list of Top Sports Cars of the 1960s. Sports Car International is an Automobile Magazine in the United States focused on Sports cars It is unabashedly enthusiast-oriented Sports Car International magazine compiled a list of the Top Sports Cars of the last few decades Motor Trend Classic named the 250 SWB as number five in their list of the ten "Greatest Ferraris of all time". Motor Trend is one of the oldest Automobile magazines still publishing.
Replacing their LWB California Spyder with a SWB version, Scaglietti showed a new Spyder California at Geneva in 1960. Based on the 250 GT SWB, it also introduced disc brakes and a 280 hp (209 kW) version of the 250 V12. About 55 were built. A replica of the 250 GT Spyder California called the "Modena" was featured as the untouchable car owned by Cameron Frye's dad in the teen movie, Ferris Bueller's Day Off. Ferris Bueller's Day Off is a 1986 Comedy film written and directed by John Hughes.
On May 18, 2008, a pristine 250 SWB California Spyder previously owned by James Coburn was bought at auction for 7. Events 1152 - Henry II of England marries Eleanor of Aquitaine. 2008 ( MMVIII) is the current year in accordance with the Gregorian calendar, a Leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common James Harrison Coburn Jr ( 31 August &ndash 18 November) was an American film and television actor known for his charisma and natural charm 04 million euros (GB£5M) by British TV and radio presenter Chris Evans. Christopher Evans or Chris Evans may refer to Chris Evans (Australian politician, (born 1958 Chris Evans (presenter, British 
The LWB 250 GT theme was expanded with the 2+2 model 250 GT/E. The first large production four-seat Ferrari (earlier four seaters were made in very small numbers). Interior space was increased by moving the engine forward in the chassis. The rear seats were ideal for children but rather tight for adults. Engine output was listed at 240 hp (178 kW). Almost 1,000 GTEs were constructed by Pininfarina with prototypes starting in 1959 and continuing through three series until 1963. The model was followed by the visually similar 330 Americas. The large production run of the GT/E was a major contributor to the financial well being of Ferrari in the early 1960s. MSRP of the GT/E was $11,500.
Pinin Farina updated the 250 GT with the GT Lusso or GTL. Introduced at the 1962 Paris show, the car sported flowing lines and a fastback shape typical of the GT cars of the mid-1960s. Under the hood was the 250 GTO's Tipo 168 engine with 250 hp (186 kW) and three Weber 36DCS carburettors. Design and development The 250 GTO was designed to compete in GT racing. Scaglietti handled construction of the Lusso which lasted through 1964 with few modifications.
In 2004, Sports Car International named the 250 GT Lusso number ten on the list of Top Sports Cars of the 1960s. Sports Car International is an Automobile Magazine in the United States focused on Sports cars It is unabashedly enthusiast-oriented Sports Car International magazine compiled a list of the Top Sports Cars of the last few decades
Considered by many to be the most beautiful of all Ferraris, they can fetch over £200,000.
A 250 in all but name, the 1963 330 America shared the outgoing model's chassis if not its engine. Powered by the new 4. 0 L engine of the later 330 cars, 50 330 Americas were built. 330 America The 1963 330 America shared the outgoing 250 GTE's chassis but not its engine being powered by the new Type 209 at 6600 rpm 4 Likely the most famous 330 America is that belonging to California socialite Sandra Ilene West. Mrs. West was buried at the wheel of her car following a 1977 drug overdose. Her instructions specified that she be clad in her lace nightgown with the driver’s seat "slanted at a comfortable angle". The car (and driver) is interred at the Alamo Masonic Cemetery, San Antonio, Texas. In the early 1990's (as reported in Classic Car magazine), a green-metallic 330 coupe was regularly abandoned, claimed and then re-abandoned in Melbourne over the course of 4 years. Its ultimate fate is not known.