A federal government is the common government of a federation. A federation ( Latin: foedus, covenant is a union comprising a number of partially self-governing states or regions united by a central ("federal" Examples include:
The structure of federal governments vary from institution to institution based on a broad definition of federation. This article describes the federal government of Australia See Australian governments for other jurisdictions The executive branch of the Belgian federal government consists of ministers and secretaries of state ("junior" ministers or smaller departments The Canadian Government, formally Her Majesty's Government in Canada, is the Federal government of Canada. Politics of Germany takes place in a framework of a federal parliamentary representative democratic Republic, whereby the Federal Chancellor Politics of India takes place in a framework of a federal parliamentary multi-party representative democratic Republic modelled The politics of Malaysia takes place in a framework of a federal parliamentary monarchy, whereby the Prime Minister of Malaysia is the Head of government The United Mexican States are a federal presidential representative democratic Republic whose government' is The politics of Russia ( the Russian Federation) take place in a framework of a federal presidential Republic. Politics of Switzerland takes place in the framework of a multi-party federal parliamentary democratic Republic, whereby the The federal government of the United States is the central United States Governmental body established by the United States Constitution. A federation ( Latin: foedus, covenant is a union comprising a number of partially self-governing states or regions united by a central ("federal" Students of federal governments will note that within a basic federal political system, there are two or more levels of government that exist within an established territory and govern through common institutions with overlapping or shared powers as prescribed by a constitution. Institutions are structures and mechanisms of Social order and Cooperation governing the Behavior of a Set of Individuals A constitution is a system for government often Codified as a written document that establishes the rules and principles of an autonomous political entity
The United States is considered the first modern federation. After gaining independence from Britain, the U. S. adopted its first constitution, Articles of Confederation in 1781. The Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union, also the Articles of Confederation was the governing Constitution of the alliance of thirteen independent and This was the first step towards federalism by establishing the federal congress. Yet, congress was limited as to its ability to pursue economic, military, and judiciary reform. In 1787, federal congress participated in what is known as the Philadelphia Convention and by 1789, the U. The Philadelphia Convention (now also known as the Constitutional Convention, the Federal Convention, or the " Grand Convention at Philadelphia S. was officially a federation.
Other nation-states followed suit in establishing federal governments: Switzerland (1848); Canada (1867); Germany (1871 and again 1949); Australia (1901); Austria (1920 and again 1945). 
Government of Brazil