Fandom (from the noun fan and the affix -dom, as in kingdom, dukedom, etc. ) is a term used to refer to a subculture composed of fans characterized by a feeling of sympathy and camaraderie with others who share a common interest. For the term in biology see Subculture (biology. For the song by New Order see Sub-culture (song. Fans in Little Italyjpg|thumb|right|Fans in Little Italy Manhattan celebrating the victory of the Italian association football team after the 2006 FIFA World Cup]][[Image Wm-oly-de-cr A fandom can grow up centered around any area of human interest or activity. The subject of fan interest can be narrowly defined, focused on something like an individual celebrity; or wide, encompassing entire hobbies, genres or fashions. A celebrity is a widely-recognized or famous person who commands a high degree of public and media attention A hobby is a spare-time Recreational pursuit Etymology A Hobby horse is a wooden or Wickerwork toy made to be A genre (ˈʒɑːnrə also /ˈdʒɑːnrə/ from French "kind" or "sort" from Latin: genus (stem gener-) is a loose set Fashion refers to styles of dress (but can also include cuisine literature art architecture and general comportment that are popular in a culture at any given time Fandom as a term can also be used in a broad sense to refer to an interconnected social network of individual fandoms, many of which overlap. A social network is a Social structure made of nodes (which are generally individuals or organizations that are tied by one or more specific types of interdependency such as While it is now used to apply to groups of people fascinated with any subject, the term has its roots in those with an enthusiastic appreciation for sports. The Oxford English Dictionary traces the usage of the term back as far as 1903, with many of its documented references referring to sports fandom. The Oxford English Dictionary ( OED) published by the Oxford University Press (OUP is a comprehensive Dictionary of the English
Fans typically are interested in even minor details of the object(s) of their fandom and spend a significant portion of their time and energy involved with their interest; this is what differentiates them from those with only a casual interest. Fans in Little Italyjpg|thumb|right|Fans in Little Italy Manhattan celebrating the victory of the Italian association football team after the 2006 FIFA World Cup]][[Image Wm-oly-de-cr
When referring to an organized sub-culture, the term "fandom" is most often associated with a particular community of fans of the science fiction and fantasy genres, an international fan sub-culture which dates back to the 1930s and has held the annual World Science Fiction Convention since 1939 along with many other events each year. Fantasy is a Genre that uses magic and other Supernatural forms as a primary element of plot, theme, and/or setting A genre (ˈʒɑːnrə also /ˈdʒɑːnrə/ from French "kind" or "sort" from Latin: genus (stem gener-) is a loose set Year 1930 ( MCMXXX) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display 1930 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Year 1939 ( MCMXXXIX) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Science Fiction and Fantasy fandom maintains loosely organized clubs and associations in many cities around the world. Science fiction fandom or SF fandom is a community of people actively interested in Science fiction and Fantasy literature, and in contact with one another
The plural fen is often self-applied in science fiction and related fandoms. This is an example of fannish jargon. For Wikipedia jargon see WikipediaGlossary. For hacker slang see Jargon File. The totality of fans devoted to a particular area of interest is referred to as the "fanbase", particularly in the entertainment industry, where the term is part of marketing lingo. The entertainment industry (much of which is informally known as show business or show biz) consists of a large number of sub-industries devoted to Entertainment In popular usage "marketing" is the promotion of products especially Advertising and Branding However in professional usage the term has a wider meaning of
Members of a fandom associate with one another, often attending fan conventions (such as science fiction conventions), and publishing and exchanging fanzines. A fan convention, or con, is an event in which fans of a particular TV show, Comic book, or Actor, or an entire style of entertainment Science fiction conventions are gatherings of the community of fans (called Science fiction fandom) of various forms of Speculative fiction including Science A fanzine (see also Zine) is a nonprofessional publication produced by fans of a particular cultural phenomenon (such as a literary or musical genre for the pleasure Originally using print-based media, these sub-cultures have migrated much of their communications and interaction onto the internet, which they also use for the purpose of archiving detailed information pertinent to their given fanbase. Some fans also write fan fiction, stories based around the universe and characters of their chosen fandom. Fan fiction (alternately referred to as fanfiction, fanfic, FF or fic) is a broadly defined term for Fiction about characters or settings Some also dress in costumes ("cosplay") or recite lines of dialogue either out-of-context or as part of a group reenactment. The term costume can refer to Wardrobe and dress in general or to the distinctive style of dress of a particular people class or period short for "costume play" is a type of performance art whose participants outfit themselves with often-elaborate Costumes and Accessories, as a specific A dialogue (sometimes spelled dialog) is a reciprocal Conversation between two or more entities. "Reenactment" redirects here For the 1968 Romanian film see The Reenactment. Such activities are sometimes known as "fanac," an abbreviated form of the phrase "fan activity. " The advent of the internet has significantly facilitated fan association and activities.
Fans, have, on occasion, organized on behalf of cancelled television series, with notable success in cases such as Cagney & Lacey in 1983, Jericho (TV series) in 2007, and Roswell (TV series) in 2000 and 2001 (it was cancelled with finality at the end of the 2002 season). Cagney & Lacey is an American television series that first aired on the CBS Television network for seven seasons from March 25 1982 to Jericho is an American Serial drama Roswell is an American Science fiction Television series created by Jason Katims. Such outcry, even when unsuccessful, suggest a growing self-consciousness on the part of entertainment consumers, who appear increasingly likely to attempt to assert their power as a bloc. Fan activism in support of the 2007 Writers Guild of America strike through Fans4writers appears to be an extension of this trend. The 2007&ndash2008 Writers Guild of America strike, or more commonly known as the Writers' Strike was a strike by the Writers Guild of America East Fans4Writers is a movement of fans who supported the striking writers of the WGA during the 2007 Writers Guild of America strike.
The term is also commonly associated with anime/manga. Serious fans of this subject are also called otaku. is a Japanese term used to refer to people with obsessive interests particularly Anime, Manga, and Video games.
"Fandom" is also the name of a documentary / mockumentary about a fan obsessed with Natalie Portman. Documentary film is a broad category of visual expression that is based on the attempt in one fashion or another to " Document " reality Mockumentary (also known as a pseudo-documentary) a Portmanteau of Mock and documentary, is a film and TV Genre, or a single work Natalie Portman (נטלי פורטמן born Natalie Hershlag June 9 1981 is an Israeli American Actress.