Falafel (Arabic: فلافل , Hebrew: פָלָאפֶל; also known in Egypt and Sudan as ta'meya, Arabic طعمية), is a fried ball or patty made from spiced fava beans and/or chickpeas. Arabic (ar الْعَرَبيّة (informally ar عَرَبيْ) in terms of the number of speakers is the largest living member of the Semitic language This article is about the country of Egypt For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Egypt topics. Sudan (officially the Republic of Sudan) ( السودان al-Sūdān is a country in northeastern Africa. A spice is a dried Seed, Fruit, Root, Bark or vegetative substance used in Nutritionally insignificant quantities as a Food additive Vicia faba, the broad bean, fava bean, faba bean, horse bean, field bean, tic bean is a species of The chickpea ( Cicer arietinum) (also garbanzo bean, Indian pea, ceci bean, bengal gram, chana, kadale kaalu, It is a popular form of fast food in the Middle East, where it is also served as a mezze (snack or tapas). The Middle East is a Subcontinent with no clear boundaries often used as a synonym to Near East, in opposition to Far East. Meze or mezze ( Arabic, مَزة, Greek mezé (μεζέ Bulgarian: мезé / mezé, Turkish
The word "falafel" is the plural of the Arabic word فلفل (filfil), meaning "pepper. " Variant spellings in English include felafel and filafil.
Falafel is generally served in pita bread, either inside the pita, which acts as a pocket, or wrapped in a flat pita. Pita (also called and less commonly known as pitta or pide (Turkish pitka (Bulgarian and pronounced "pitta" in Greek is an often round In many countries, falafel is a popular street food or fast food. Street food is food obtainable from a streetside vendor, often from a makeshift or portable stall. Fast food is the term given to food that can be prepared and served very quickly The falafel balls, whole or crushed, may be topped with salads, pickled vegetables and hot sauce, and drizzled with tehina (tahini). Tahini, or sesame paste, is a paste of ground Sesame seeds used in cooking Falafel balls may also be eaten alone as a snack or served as part of a mezze. Meze or mezze ( Arabic, مَزة, Greek mezé (μεζέ Bulgarian: мезé / mezé, Turkish During Ramadan, they are sometimes eaten as part of an iftar, the meal which breaks the daily fast after sunset. Ramadan or Ramazan ( Arabic: رمضان Ramaḍān) is a Muslim religious observance that takes place during the ninth month of the Islamic Iftar ( Arabic: إفطار refers to the evening meal for breaking the daily fast during the Islamic month of Ramadan.
Falafel has been part of the diet of Arabs and Mizrahi Jews for centuries. The araB gene Promoter is a bacterial promoter activated by e L-arabinose binding Mizrahi Jews or Mizrahim, ( also referred to as Edot HaMizrach (Communities of the East are Jews descended  It is also considered a national food in Israel where it has become a common part of the Israeli diet. For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Israel topics. Israeli cuisine is a very diverse cuisine consisting of local dishes as well as foods brought to Israel by immigrants from around the world  Now a popular street food in many countries around the world, it is sometimes offered as a vegetarian alternative to Döner kebab. Vegetarianism is the practice of a diet that excludes Meat (including game and slaughter by-products Fish (including Shellfish and other sea Döner kebab ( Turkish döner kebap, literally "turning roast" is a Turkish national dish made of Meat cooked on a vertical spit
Falafel originated in Egypt, where it was first made with fava beans as the base. This article is about the country of Egypt For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Egypt topics. Vicia faba, the broad bean, fava bean, faba bean, horse bean, field bean, tic bean is a species of As the dish migrated northwards to Syria and Palestine, chickpeas were introduced instead. Syria ( سوريّة or) officially the Syrian Arab Republic (Arabic ar الجمهورية العربية السورية Palestine is a name which has been widely used since Roman times to refer to the region between the Mediterranean Sea and the Jordan River. The chickpea ( Cicer arietinum) (also garbanzo bean, Indian pea, ceci bean, bengal gram, chana, kadale kaalu, Falafel was consumed by Arabs of all religious denominations, including Jews in Egypt and Syria. 
After hundreds of thousands of Jews emigrated to Israel from Arab countries in the 1950s, falafel became an Israeli emblem. The proliferation of falafel stands, operated in particular by Jews from Yemen, made "it possible to incorporate elements like falafel without referring to them as Palestinian. Yemen ( Arabic: اليَمَن al-Yaman officially the Republic of Yemen ( Arabic: الجمهورية اليمنية al-Jumhuuriyya Palestinian cuisine consists of foods from or commonly eaten by the Arabs of historical Palestine — which includes those living in the Palestinian territories " A popular Israeli song composed by Dan Almagor in 1958, "And We Have Falafel," included a line claiming falafel as an exclusive Israeli provenance. The music of Israel is a unique combination of Jewish and non-Jewish music traditions that have come together over the course of a century to create a distinctive musical Dan Almagor (1935-) is an Israeli Playwright who has adapted and translated over a hundred plays for the Hebrew stage including Shakespeare's " The Comedy  By the 1970s, Jewish cookbooks included recipes for falafel that made no mention of its Arab origins, leading many Palestinians and Arabs to resent the cultural appropriation of this iconic food. Palestinian people or Palestinians ( الشعب الفلسطيني, ash-sha`b al-filasTīni; الفلسطينيون, al-filasTīnīyyūn Cultural appropriation is the adoption of some specific elements of one culture by a different cultural group 
Some Israelis and Jews have since recognized the controversy. For example, Ammiel Alcalay, a Jewish professor of Middle Eastern culture, has described the Israeli adoption of falafel as "total appropriation" and Dan Almagor notes that if he were composing his song on falafel today, he would now include a line mentioning the dish's Arab origins. Arab cuisine is defined as the various regional cuisines spanning the Arab World from Iraq to Morocco to Somalia to Yemen, and incorporating 
Falafel is made from fava beans or chickpeas or a combination of the two. Vicia faba, the broad bean, fava bean, faba bean, horse bean, field bean, tic bean is a species of The chickpea ( Cicer arietinum) (also garbanzo bean, Indian pea, ceci bean, bengal gram, chana, kadale kaalu, The Egyptian variation uses exclusively fava beans, while other variations may only use chickpeas. Falafel made exclusively from chickpeas became popular in Israel because of favism, a potentially fatal genetic disease among some Mediterranean Jews causing a a hemolytic reaction to fava beans. Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency is an X-linked recessive Hereditary disease characterised by abnormally low levels of Glucose-6-phosphate Vicia faba, the broad bean, fava bean, faba bean, horse bean, field bean, tic bean is a species of Unlike many other bean patties, in falafel the beans are not cooked prior to use. Instead they are soaked, possibly skinned, then ground with the addition of a small quantity of onion, parsley, spices (including cumin), and bicarbonate of soda, and deep fried at a high temperature. Parsley ( Petroselinum crispum) is a bright Green, biennial Herb, also used as Spice. Sesame seeds may be added to the balls before they are fried; this is particularly common when falafel is served as a dish on its own rather than as a sandwich filling.
Recent culinary trends have seen the triumph of the chickpea falafel over the fava bean falafel. Chickpea falafels are served across the Middle East, and have been popularized by expatriates of those countries living abroad.
Outside the Middle East a Greek-style pita bread is often used as a pocket and stuffed with the different ingredients; in Arab countries a round khubz bread, 'eish' in Egypt, is halved, and the two resulting round pieces are used to create a cigar-shaped wrap. Pita (also called and less commonly known as pitta or pide (Turkish pitka (Bulgarian and pronounced "pitta" in Greek is an often round Khubz (Ar خبز) is an Arabic Flatbread, which is part of the local diet in many countries of the Arabian Peninsula. In Arab countries, hummus (chickpeas pureed with tahini) is rarely an ingredient. For the biological matter in soil see Humus; for the band see Humus (band. Tahini, or sesame paste, is a paste of ground Sesame seeds used in cooking The usual sauce is tahini (sesame seed paste) thinned with water and lemon. The most common salad ingredients are tomato and parsley. In Lebanon parsley is mixed with chopped mint leaves. Lebanon (ˈlɛbənɒn Arabic: ar لبنان Lubnān) officially the Republic of Lebanon or Lebanese Republic (ar الجمهورية اللبنانية It is also common in Syria and Lebanon to add pickles; the two canonical ones are pickled turnip, colored pink with beetroot, and pickled cucumber. Recently, there has been a new "filled" falafel, its center usually consisting of ground meat or minced onions or a boiled egg. These fillings are wrapped by the uncooked falafel mixture, and then deep fried.
The salads or the pita itself may be seasoned with sumac or salt; alternatively, these may be sprinkled on top. Sumac (ˈʃuːmæk or /ˈs(juːmæk/ also spelled sumach) is any one of approximately 250 species of Flowering plants in the Genus Rhus Salt is a Dietary mineral composed primarily of Sodium chloride that is essential for Animal life but toxic to most land plants In Syria, sumac is widely used.