F-101 Voodoo

A two-seat McDonnell F-101B Voodoo of the Air National Guard

TypeFighter aircraft
ManufacturerMcDonnell Aircraft
Designed byEdward M. The Air National Guard ( ANG), often referred to as the Air Guard, is the air force militia organized by each of the several states and A fighter aircraft is a Military aircraft designed primarily for air-to-air combat with other Aircraft, as opposed to a Bomber, which is designed An aerospace manufacturer is a company or individual involved in the various aspects of designing building testing selling and maintaining Aircraft, Aircraft parts The McDonnell Aircraft Corporation was an American Aerospace manufacturer based in St Flesh[1]
Maiden flight29 September 1954
IntroducedMay 1957
Retired1972, USAF
1982, US ANG
Primary userUnited States Air Force
Number built885
Unit costUS$1,276,145 (RF-101C)[2] US$1,754,066 (F-101B)
Developed fromXF-88 Voodoo
VariantsCF-101 Voodoo

The McDonnell F-101 Voodoo was a supersonic military fighter flown by the USAF and the RCAF. The maiden flight of an Aircraft is the first occasion on which an aircraft leaves the ground of its own accord Events 522 BC - Darius I of Persia kills the Magian usurper Gaumâta securing his hold as king of the Persian Empire. Year 1954 ( MCMLIV) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1954 Gregorian calendar) WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft. Please see WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft/page content for recommended layout The CF-101 Voodoo was an all-weather Interceptor aircraft operated by the Royal Canadian Air Force and Canadian Forces between 1961 and 1984 The McDonnell Aircraft Corporation was an American Aerospace manufacturer based in St A fighter aircraft is a Military aircraft designed primarily for air-to-air combat with other Aircraft, as opposed to a Bomber, which is designed Initially designed as a long-range bomber escort (known as a penetration fighter) for the Strategic Air Command (SAC), the Voodoo served in a variety of other roles, including that of an all-weather interceptor aircraft with the Air Defense Command / Aerospace Defense Command (ADC) and fighter bomber and photo reconnaissance roles with the Tactical Air Command (TAC). The escort fighter was a World War II concept for a Fighter aircraft designed to escort Bombers to and from their targets The Strategic Air Command (SAC was both a major command and a "specified command" in the U An interceptor aircraft (or simply interceptor) is a type of Fighter aircraft designed specifically to intercept and destroy enemy Aircraft, particularly CONAD (all caps redirects here for the Italian supermarket chain see Conad (upper and lower case Aerospace Defense Command ( CONAD (all caps redirects here for the Italian supermarket chain see Conad (upper and lower case Aerospace Defense Command ( Ground-attack aircraft are military aircraft designed to attack targets on the ground and are often deployed as Close air support for and in proximity to their own ground forces Reconnaissance (also scouting) is a military and medical term denoting exploration conducted to gain information Tactical Air Command (TAC it an inactive United States Air Force organization

Along with the Air Force U-2 and Navy RF-8 Crusaders, the RF-101 reconnaissance variant of the Voodoo was instrumental during the Cuban Missile Crisis and saw extensive service during the Vietnam War. WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft. Please see WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft/page content for recommended layout The RF-8, or GAZ-98 was an Aerosan used by the Soviet Union during the Second World War. The Cuban Missile Crisis was a confrontation between the United States, the Soviet Union, and Cuba during the Cold War. The Vietnam War, also known as the Second Indochina War, or the Vietnam Conflict, occurred in Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia [3]

## Design and development

Initial design on what would eventually become the Voodoo began just after World War II in response to a USAAF Penetration Fighter Competition in 1946 for a long-range high performance fighter to escort bombers, much as the P-51 Mustang had done in its time. World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including After being awarded a contract (AC-14582), McDonnell built two prototypes, designated the XF-88. The McDonnell Aircraft Corporation was an American Aerospace manufacturer based in St WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft. Please see WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft/page content for recommended layout The first prototype (#46-6525), powered by two Westinghouse XJ-34-WE-13 (3000 hp/2240 kW) flew from Muroc on 20 October 1948. Edwards Air Force Base is a United States Air Force base located on the border of Kern County and Los Angeles County California in the Antelope Events 1740 - Maria Theresa takes the throne of Austria. France, Prussia, Bavaria and Saxony Year 1948 ( MCMXLVIII) was a Leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the 1948 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Preliminary testing revealed that the top speed was a disappointing 640 mph (1,030 km/h) at sea level. After fitting McDonnell-designed afterburners, thrust was increased by 30% with corresponding performance increases in top speed, initial rate of climb and reduced takeoff distance.

Although the XF-88 won the "fly-off" competition against the competing Lockheed XF-90 and North American YF-93, the USAF (created in 1947) reevaluated the need for bomber escort and terminated the Penetration Fighter program in 1950. WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft. Please see WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft/page content for recommended layout WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft. Please see WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft/page content for recommended layout Analysis of Korean war missions, however, revealed that contemporary USAF strategic bombers were vulnerable to fighter interception. The Korean War refers to a period of military conflict between North Korean and South Korean regimes with major hostilities lasting from June 25 1950 until the In 1951, the USAF issued a new requirement for a bomber escort with all major US manufacturers submitting designs. The McDonnell design was a larger and higher powered version of the XF-88, and won the bid in May 1951. The F-88 was redesignated the F-101 Voodoo in November 1951.

The new design was considerably larger, carrying three times the initial fuel load and designed around larger, more powerful J57 turbojets. WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft. Please see WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft/page content for recommended layout The greater dimensions of the J57 engines required modifications to the engine bays, and modification to the intakes to allow a larger amount of airflow to the engine. The new intake also was designed to be more efficient at higher Mach numbers. In order to increase aerodynamic efficiency, reduce structural weight and alleviate "pitch-up" phenomena recently identified in flight testing of the D-558-2, an aircraft with a control surface configuration similar to the XF-88, the horizontal tail was relocated to the top of the vertical stabilizer, giving the F-101 its signature "T-tail". In late 1952, the mission of the F-101 was changed from "penetration fighter" to "strategic fighter", which entailed equal emphasis on both the bomber escort mission and on nuclear weapons delivery. The new Voodoo mockup with the reconfigured inlets, tail surfaces, landing gear, and dummy nuclear weapon was inspected by Air Force officials in March 1953. The design was approved, and an order for 39 F-101As was placed in May 1953 without any prototypes built.

F-101A, AF Serial No. 53-2418, at Pueblo Weisbrod Aircraft Museum, Pueblo, CO

Serial number 53-2418 was the first production A-model delivered to Edwards AFB in August of 1954. Edwards Air Force Base is a United States Air Force base located on the border of Kern County and Los Angeles County California in the Antelope Its maiden flight was on 29 September 1954, with a McDonnell test pilot Robert C. Events 522 BC - Darius I of Persia kills the Magian usurper Gaumâta securing his hold as king of the Persian Empire. This is a list of Aviation -related events from 1954: Events January January 10 - BOAC Flight 781, a De Little. Test flight results: Mach 0. 9 at 35,000 feet, with a maximum test speed to Mach 1. 4. [4] This aircraft is on display at the Pueblo Weisbrod Aircraft Museum, Pueblo Memorial Airport, Pueblo, CO. The Pueblo Weisbrod Aircraft Museum is a combination of the Weisbrod Museum and the International B-24 Memorial Museum designed to honor the men and women who served during World Pueblo Memorial Airport is a city-owned public-use Airport located five miles (8 km east of the Central business district of Pueblo, a city in Pueblo The City of Pueblo (ˈpwɛbloʊ is a Home Rule Municipality that is the County seat and the most populous city of Pueblo County

The end of the war in Korea and the development of the jet-powered B-52 negated the need for fighter escort and Strategic Air Command withdrew from the program. The Strategic Air Command (SAC was both a major command and a "specified command" in the U The aircraft would be employed primarily as a two-seat air defence interceptor (F-101B), nuclear fighter bomber (F-101A/F-101C) and a reconnaissance platform (RF-101A/RF-101C) which saw service over Cuba and Vietnam. Ground-attack aircraft are military aircraft designed to attack targets on the ground and are often deployed as Close air support for and in proximity to their own ground forces

The Voodoo's replacement as a fighter bomber would be the McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II. McDonnell Douglas was a major American Aerospace manufacturer and Defense contractor, producing a number of famous commercial and military aircraft While the Voodoo was a moderate success, it may have been more important as an evolutionary step towards the Phantom, one of the most successful Western fighter designs of the 1960s. The Phantom would retain the twin engines, twin crew for interception duties, and a tail mounted well above and behind the jet exhaust. Both aircraft were influenced by the same company's F-3 Demon, a carrier-based naval fighter-interceptor that served during the 1950s and early 1960s. WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft. Please see WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft/page content for recommended layout

All models of the Voodoo were known by the nickname "One-oh-Wonder" and this epithet was embroidered on aircraft type badges worn by USAF and RCAF/CF crews[5]

## Operational history

### F-101A / RF-101G

F-101A Voodoo

Despite SAC's loss of interest, the aircraft attracted the attention of Tactical Air Command, and the F-101 was reconfigured as a fighter bomber, intended to carry a single nuclear weapon for use against battlefield targets such as airfields. Tactical Air Command (TAC it an inactive United States Air Force organization Ground-attack aircraft are military aircraft designed to attack targets on the ground and are often deployed as Close air support for and in proximity to their own ground forces A nuclear weapon is an explosive device that derives its destructive force from Nuclear reactions either fission or a combination of fission and fusion. With the support of TAC, testing was resumed, with Category II flight tests beginning in early 1955. A number of problems were identified during development, with many of these fixed. The aircraft had a dangerous tendency toward severe pitch-up at high angle of attack that was never entirely solved. In Aerodynamics, pitch-up is a severe form of stall. The phenomenon of pitch-up is directly related to inherent properties of all Swept wings Wingtips Angle of attack ( AOA, \alpha Greek letter alpha) is a term used in Aerodynamics to describe the Angle between the Around 2,300 improvements were made to the aircraft in 1955–56 before full production was resumed in November 1956.

The F-101 set a number of speed records, including: a JF-101A setting a world speed record of 1,942 km/h (1,207 mph) on 12 December 1957, handily beating the previous record set by the Fairey Delta 2. Events 627 - Battle of Nineveh: A Byzantine army under Emperor Heraclius defeats Emperor Khosrau II 's Persian Year 1957 ( MCMLVII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1957 Gregorian calendar) The Fairey Delta 2 or FD2 (internal designation Type V within Fairey was a British supersonic research aircraft produced by the Fairey Aviation On 27 November 1957 during "Operation Sun Run," an RF-101C set the Los Angeles-New York-Los Angeles record in 6 hours, 46 minutes, the New York to Los Angeles record in 3 hours, 36 minutes, and the Los Angeles to New York record in 3 hours, 7 minutes. Events 1095 - Pope Urban II declares the First Crusade at the Council of Clermont Year 1957 ( MCMLVII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1957 Gregorian calendar) Los Angeles (lɑˈsændʒələs los ˈaŋxeles in Spanish) is the largest City in the state of California and the American West New York ( is a state in the Mid-Atlantic and Northeastern regions of the United States and is the nation's third most populous An F-101A flew from Carswell, Texas to Bermuda without refueling. For uses after 30 September 1994, see Naval Air Station Joint Reserve Base Fort Worth Carswell Air Force Base, (1942 - 1994 is Ba (officially The Bermuda Islands or The Somers Isles) is a British overseas territory in the North Atlantic Ocean. [6]

A total of 77 F-101As were built. They were gradually withdrawn from service starting in 1966. Twenty-nine survivors were converted to RF-101G specifications with a modified nose, housing reconnaissance cameras in place of cannons and radar. Reconnaissance (also scouting) is a military and medical term denoting exploration conducted to gain information These served with the Air National Guard through 1972. The Air National Guard ( ANG), often referred to as the Air Guard, is the air force militia organized by each of the several states and

### RF-101A

In October 1953, the USAF requested that two F-101As be built as prototype YRF-101A tactical reconnaissance aircraft. Reconnaissance (also scouting) is a military and medical term denoting exploration conducted to gain information These were followed by 35 RF-101A production aircraft. The RF-101A shared the airframe of the F-101A, including its 6. 33 g (62 m/s²) limit, but replaced the radar and cannons with up to six cameras in the reshaped nose. g-force (also G-force, g-load) is a measurement of an object's Acceleration expressed in g s It was unusual in having provision for both flying boom and probe-and-drogue in-flight refueling capability. Aerial refueling, also called air refueling, in-flight refueling ( IFR) air-to-air refueling ( AAR) or tanking, is It entered service in May 1957, replacing the RB-57 Canberra. WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft. Please see WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft/page content for recommended layout

USAF RF-101As from the 363d Tactical Reconnaissance Wing at Shaw AFB, SC flew reconnaissance sorties over Cuba during the Cuban Missile Crisis in October 1962. The United States Air Force 's 363d Training Group ( 363 TG) is a USAF unit based in Southwest Asia Shaw Air Force Base is the home of the United States Air Force 's 20th Fighter Wing (20 FW of the the Air Combat Command (ACC which functions as The Republic of Cuba (ˈkjuːbə or) consists of the island of Cuba (the largest and second-most populous island of the Greater Antilles) Isla de la The Cuban Missile Crisis was a confrontation between the United States, the Soviet Union, and Cuba during the Cold War. [3]

In October 1959, eight RF-101As were transferred to Taiwan, which used them for overflights of the Chinese mainland. Taiwan ( Taiwanese: Tâi-oân/Tāi-oân (historically 大灣/台員/大員/台圓/大圓/台窩灣 is an Island in East Asia. Talk People's Republic of China) PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA ARTICLE GUIDELINES Two were reportedly shot down.

### F-101B / CF-101B / EF-101B

CF-101 Voodoo 101060 from 409 "Nighthawk" Squadron, CFB Comox on the ramp at CFB Moose Jaw in the spring of 1982

In the late 1940s, the Air Force had started a research project into future interceptor aircraft that eventually settled on an advanced specification known as the 1954 interceptor. History Formed in England on June 17, 1941 as a dedicated Night fighter squadron Canadian Forces Base Comox, commonly referred to as CFB Comox, is a Canadian Forces Base located north northeast of Comox, British Columbia Canadian Forces Base Moose Jaw, commonly referred to as CFB Moose Jaw, is a Canadian Forces Base located south-southwest of Moose Jaw, An interceptor aircraft (or simply interceptor) is a type of Fighter aircraft designed specifically to intercept and destroy enemy Aircraft, particularly The 1954 interceptor, formally WS-201A, was a US Air Force project to develop a dedicated Interceptor aircraft that would enter service in 1954 Contracts for this specification eventually resulted in the selection of the F-102, but by 1952 it was becoming clear that none of the parts of the specification other than the airframe would be ready by 1954; the engines, weapons and fire control systems were all going to take too long to get into service. WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft. Please see WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft/page content for recommended layout An effort was then started to quickly produce an interim supersonic design to replace the various subsonic interceptors then in service, and the F-101 airframe was selected as a starting point.

Although McDonnell proposed the designation F-109 for the new aircraft (which was to be a substantial departure from the basic Voodoo), the USAF assigned the designation F-101B. The Voodoo featured a modified cockpit to carry a crew of two, with a larger and more rounded forward fuselage to hold a Hughes MG-13 fire control radar. Hughes Aircraft Company was a major aerospace and defense company founded by Howard Hughes. Radar is a system that uses electromagnetic waves to identify the range altitude direction or speed of both moving and fixed objects such as Aircraft, ships It had transponders linking it to the Semi-Automatic Ground Environment (SAGE) system, allowing ground controllers to steer the plane towards its targets by making adjustments through the plane's autopilot. The Semi-Automatic Ground Environment ( SAGE) was an automated control system for tracking and intercepting enemy Bomber aircraft used by NORAD from The F-101B had more powerful P & W J57-P-55 engines, making it the only Voodoo not using the -13 engines. WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft. Please see WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft/page content for recommended layout The new engines featured a substantially longer afterburner than J57-P-13s. To avoid a major redesign, the extended afterburners were simply allowed to extend out of the fuselage by almost 8 ft (2. 4 m). The more powerful engines and aerodynamic refinements allowed an increased speed of Mach 1. 75

The F-101B had no cannons; instead, it carried four Falcon air-to-air missiles, arranged two apiece on a rotating pallet in the fuselage weapons bay. The Hughes AIM-4 Falcon was the first operational guided Air-to-air missile of the United States Air Force. An air-to-air missile ( AAM) is a guided Missile fired from an Aircraft for the purpose of destroying another aircraft The initial load was two GAR-1 (AIM-4A) semi-active radar homing and two GAR-2 (AIM-4D) infrared-guided weapons with one of each carried on each side of the rotating pallet. Semi-active radar homing, or SARH, is a common type of Missile guidance system perhaps the most common type for longer range air-to-air and Surface-to-air Infrared homing refers to a passive missile guidance system which uses the emission from a target of Electromagnetic radiation in the Infrared After the first two missiles were fired, the door turned over to expose the second pair. Standard practice was to fire the weapons in SARH/IR pairs to increase the likelihood of a hit. Late-production models had provision for two 1. 7-kiloton MB-1/AIR-2 Genie nuclear rockets in place of two of the Falcons, and Project "Kitty Car" upgraded most earlier F-101Bs to this standard beginning in 1961. The Douglas Genie ( MB-1 Ding-Dong, AIR-2) was an unguided Air-to-air rocket with a 1 A nuclear weapon is an explosive device that derives its destructive force from Nuclear reactions either fission or a combination of fission and fusion. A rocket or rocket vehicle is a Missile, Aircraft or other Vehicle which obtains Thrust by the reaction of the

The AIM-4 Falcon side of the F-101B missile door

From 1961 through 1966, F-101Bs were upgraded under Project 'Bright Horizon,' fitting them with an infrared sighting and tracking (IRST) system in the nose in place of the standard in-flight refueling probe. Year 1961 ( MCMLXI) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. A forward looking infrared (FLIR is an imaging device that senses infrared radiation Aerial refueling, also called air refueling, in-flight refueling ( IFR) air-to-air refueling ( AAR) or tanking, is

The F-101B was withdrawn from ADC service from 1969 to 1972. Surviving USAF aircraft were transferred to the Air National Guard, where they served until 1982. The Air National Guard ( ANG), often referred to as the Air Guard, is the air force militia organized by each of the several states and

### TF-101B / F-101F / CF-101F

Some of the F-101Bs were completed as dual-control operational trainer aircraft initially dubbed TF-101B, but later redesignated F-101F. A trainer is an Aircraft used to develop piloting navigational or war-fighting skills in flight crew Seventy-nine new-build F-101Fs were manufactured, and 152 more existing aircraft were later modified with dual controls. Ten of these were supplied to Canada under the designation CF-101F. These were later replaced with 10 updated aircraft in 1971.

### RF-101B

In the early 1970s, a batch of 22 ex-RCAF CF-101Bs were returned to the USAF and converted to RF-101B reconnaissance aircraft with their radar and weapons bay replaced with a package of three KS-87B cameras and two AXQ-2 TV cameras. This article is about the Decade 1970-1979 For the Year 1970 see 1970. Reconnaissance (also scouting) is a military and medical term denoting exploration conducted to gain information An in-flight refueling boom receptacle was fitted. Aerial refueling, also called air refueling, in-flight refueling ( IFR) air-to-air refueling ( AAR) or tanking, is These aircraft served with the 192nd Tactical Reconnaissance Squadron of the ANG through 1975. They were expensive to operate and maintain and had a short service life.

### F-101C / RF-101H

The F-101A fighter-bomber had been accepted into Tactical Air Command (TAC) service despite a number of problems. Tactical Air Command (TAC it an inactive United States Air Force organization Among others, its airframe had proven to be capable of withstanding only 6. 33-g (62 m/s²) maneuvers, rather than the intended 7. g-force (also G-force, g-load) is a measurement of an object's Acceleration expressed in g s 33 g (72 m/s²). An improved model, the F-101C, was introduced in 1957. It had a 500 lb (227 kg) heavier structure to allow 7. 33-g maneuvers as well as a revised fuel system to increase the maximum flight time in afterburner. The AfterBurner is a lighting solution for the Game Boy Advance system that was created by Triton-Labs There were no external differences between F-101A and F-101C other than the serial numbers. Forty-seven were produced.

Originally serving with the 27th Tactical Fighter Wing at Bergstrom AFB, Texas, the aircraft were transferred in 1958 to the 81st Tactical Fighter Wing which operated three squadrons from the twin RAF air stations Bentwaters & Woodbridge. For the civil use of this airfield after 1993 see Austin-Bergstrom International Airport Bergstrom Air Force Base (1942-1993 was a United The 81st Training Wing ( 81 TRW) is a wing of the United States Air Force and the host wing at Keesler Air Force Base, Mississippi RAF Bentwaters is a former Royal Air Force station about 80 miles NE of London, 10 miles ENE of Ipswich, near Woodbridge, Suffolk RAF Woodbridge is a former Royal Air Force station situated to the east of Woodbridge in the county of Suffolk, England. The 78th Tactical Fighter Squadron was stationed at Woodbridge, while the 91st and 92nd were stationed at Bentwaters. The 81st TFW served as a strategic nuclear deterrent force, the Voodoo's long range putting almost all of the Warsaw Pact countries, and targets up to 500 miles deep into the Soviet Union within reach. The Warsaw Pact (see Nomenclature) was an organization of Communist states in Central and Eastern Europe.

Both the A and C model aircraft were assigned to the 81st TFW, and were used interchangeably within the three squadrons. Operational F-101A/C were upgraded in service with Low Angle Drogued Delivery (LADD) and Low Altitude Bombing System (LABS) equipment for its primary mission of delivering nuclear weapons at extremely low altitudes. Toss bombing (sometimes known as loft bombing) is a method of Bombing where the attacking Aircraft pulls upwards when releasing its bomb load giving the Pilots were trained for high speed, low level missions into Soviet or East Block territory, with primary targets being airfields. Although these were not discussed as one-way missions, it was assumed by all involved that chances of the pilots returning after delivering their weapons was nil.

The F-101C never saw combat and was replaced in 1966 with the F-4C Phantom II. Thirty-two aircraft were later converted for unarmed reconnaissance use under the RF-101H designation. Reconnaissance (also scouting) is a military and medical term denoting exploration conducted to gain information They served with Air National Guard units until 1972. The Air National Guard ( ANG), often referred to as the Air Guard, is the air force militia organized by each of the several states and

### RF-101C

U. S. Air Force technicians prepare a McDonnell RF-101 Voodoo for a photo reconnaissance mission

Using the reinforced airframe of the F-101C, the RF-101C first flew on 12 July 1957, entering service in 1958. Events 1191 - Saladin 's garrison surrenders ending the two-year Siege of Acre. Year 1957 ( MCMLVII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1957 Gregorian calendar) This is a list of Aviation -related events from 1958: Events Gulfstream Aerospace founded in Savannah Georgia, USA Like the RF-101A, the RF-101C had six cameras in place of radar and cannons in the reshaped nose. Unlike the RF-101A, the RF-101C retained the ability to carry a single nuclear weapon on the centerline pylon. A nuclear weapon is an explosive device that derives its destructive force from Nuclear reactions either fission or a combination of fission and fusion. One hundred and sixty-six RF-101Cs were built, including 96 originally scheduled to be F-101C fighter-bombers.

The 1964 Project "Toy Tiger" fitted some RF-101C with a new camera package and a centerline pod for photo-flash cartridges. Some were further upgraded under the Mod 1181 program with automatic control for the cameras.

The RF-101C saw service during the Cuban Missile Crisis and was sent to Vietnam in 1961, becoming the first USAF jet aircraft to serve there. The Cuban Missile Crisis was a confrontation between the United States, the Soviet Union, and Cuba during the Cold War. Vietnam (ˌviːɛtˈnɑːm Việt Nam) officially RF-101C saw heavy service during the Vietnam War, with the first F-101 being lost in November 1964 to ground fire. The Vietnam War, also known as the Second Indochina War, or the Vietnam Conflict, occurred in Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia From 1965 through November 1970, its role was gradually taken over by the RF-4C Phantom II. In some 35,000 sorties, 39 aircraft were lost, 33 in combat,[7] including five to SAMs, one to an airfield attack, and one in air combat to a MiG-21 in September 1967. A surface to air missile ( SAM) or ground-to-air missile ( GTAM) is a Missile designed to be launched from the ground to destroy Aircraft The RF-101C's speed made it largely immune to MiG interception. 27 of the combat lossses occurred on reconnaissance missions over North Vietnam. In April 1967, ALQ-71 ECM pods were fitted to provide some protection against SAMs. Electronic Countermeasures ( ECM') are a subsection of Electronic warfare which includes any sort of electrical or electronic device designed to trick Although the Voodoo was again able to operate at medium altitudes, the added drag decreased the speed enough to make RF-101 vulnerable to MiGs and thus requiring fighter escort.

On 27 November 1957 during Operation Sun Run an RF-101C set the Los Angeles-New York-Los Angeles record in 6 hours, 46 minutes, the New York to Los Angeles record in 3 hours, 36 minutes, and the Los Angeles to New York record in 3 hours, 7 minutes. Events 1095 - Pope Urban II declares the First Crusade at the Council of Clermont Year 1957 ( MCMLVII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1957 Gregorian calendar) Los Angeles (lɑˈsændʒələs los ˈaŋxeles in Spanish) is the largest City in the state of California and the American West New York ( is a state in the Mid-Atlantic and Northeastern regions of the United States and is the nation's third most populous

After withdrawal from Vietnam, the RF-101C continued to serve with USAF units through 1979.

In service, the RF-101C was nicknamed the "Long Bird;" it was the only version of the Voodoo to see combat. [8]

## Variants

RF-101C-55-MC (56-0220), assigned to 18th TRS, 460th TRW. This aircraft was shot down by a SAM over North Vietnam on 7 March 1966, killing the pilot. A surface to air missile ( SAM) or ground-to-air missile ( GTAM) is a Missile designed to be launched from the ground to destroy Aircraft Events 161 - Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius dies and is succeeded by co-Emperors Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus Year 1966 ( MCMLXVI) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar of the 1966 Gregorian calendar.
Section source: Angelucci, 1987. The American Fighter [9]
• F-101A - initial production fighter bomber, 77 produced.
• NF-101A - one F-101A used by General Electric for testing of the General Electric J79 engine.
• YRF-101A - two F-101As built as prototype reconnaissance models.
• RF-101A - first reconnaissance version, 35 built.
• F-101B - two-seat interceptor, 479 built.
• CF-101B - 112 F-101Bs transferred to Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF).
• RF-101B - 22 ex-RCAF CF-101B modified for reconnaissance use.
• TF-101B - dual-control trainer version of F-101B, redesignated F-101F, 79 built.
• EF-101B - single F-101B converted for use as a radar target and leased to Canada.
• NF-101B - F-101B prototype based on the F-101A airframe; the second prototype was built with a different nose.
• F-101C - improved fighter-bomber, 47 built.
• RF-101C - reconnaissance version of F-101C airframe, 166 built.
• F-101D - proposed version with General Electric J79 engines, not built.
• F-101E - another J79 proposal, not built.
• F-101F - dual-control trainer version of F-101B; 79 redesignated TF-101Bs plus 152 converted F-101B.
• CF-101F - RCAF designation for 20 TF-101B/F-101F dual-control aircraft.
• TF-101F - 24 dual-control versions of F-101B, redesignated F-101F (these are included in the -F total).
• RF-101G - 29 F-101As converted for ANG reconnaissance.
• RF-101H - 32 F-101Cs converted for reconnaissance use.

## Operators

McDonnell F-101B of the 18th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron, Grand Forks AFB, ND
Republic of China (Taiwan)
United States

## Survivors

F 101 serial number 80311, located at Devils Lake, North Dakota

Below is a list of F-101's on display, including museums with an F-101(CF-101) in their collection:

• 22 Wing, CFB North Bay North Bay, Ontario (unknown)
• Air Power Park, Hampton, Virginia (F101F)
• Aero Space Museum, Calgary, Alberta (CF-101B)
• Aerospace Museum of California, Sacramento, California (F-101B S/N 57-0427)
• Air Force Heritage Park, Winnipeg, Manitoba (CF-101B)
• Alberta Aviation Museum, Edmonton, Alberta (CF-101B)
• Atlantic Canada Aviation Museum, Halifax, Nova Scotia (CF-101)
• Bagotville Commemorative Park, Saguenay, Quebec (CF-101)
• Bergstrom AFB, Austin, Texas (RF-101C 56-0119) (current disposition not known)
• Buffalo and Erie County Naval & Military Park (F-101F)
• Canadian War Museum, Ottawa, Ontario (CF-101F)
• Canada Aviation Museum, Ottawa, Ontario (CF-101B)
• Canadian Warplane Heritage Museum, Hamilton, Ontario (CF-101)
• Cannon AFB, Clovis, New Mexico (F-101A 53-2426)
• Carolinas Aviation Museum, Charlotte, North Carolina (F-101B)
• Castle Air Museum, Atwater, California (F-101B S/N 57-0412)
• Comox Air Force Museum, Comox, British Columbia (CF-101)
• Devils Lake, North Dakota (S/N 80311) North Dakota Air National Guard, The Happy Hooligans
• Dyess AFB, Abilene, Texas (F-101B 57-0287)
• Grissom Air Museum, Peru, Indiana (F-101B S/N 58-0321)
• Hill Aerospace Museum, Hill Air Force Base, Utah (F101B-80-MC "Voodoo" S/N 57-0252)
• Lackland AFB, San Antonio, Texas (F-101F 56-0241)
• Little Rock AFB, Little Rock, Arkansas (RF-101C)
• National Museum of the United States Air Force, Dayton, Ohio (F-101B, RF-101C)
• MAPS Air Museum, North Canton, Ohio (F-101 in storage)
• March Field Air Museum, Riverside, California (F-101B S/N 59-0418)
• McChord Air Museum, McChord AFB, Washington (CF-101F)
• Midland Air Museum, Coventry, United Kingdom (F-101B-80-MC, 60312)
• Museum of Aviation, Warner Robins AFB, Georgia (F-101F and RF-101C)
• North Atlantic Aviation Museum, Gander, Newfoundland (CF-101B)
• Octave Chanute Aerospace Museum, Rantoul, Illinois, (F-101B S/N 56-0273)
• Peterson Air and Space Museum, Colorado Springs, Colorado (CF-101B S/N101044 [former USAF S/N 57-0381]) & (F-101B S/N 58-0274)
• Pueblo Weisbrod Aircraft Museum, Pueblo Memorial Airport, Pueblo, CO (F-101A, s/n 53-2418)
• Pima Air & Space Museum, Tucson, Arizona, (F-101B 57-0282, RF-101H 56-0011, RF-101C 56-0214)
F-101B at Wings Museum, 2007. Peterson Air and Space Museum is located inside Peterson Air Force Base, Colorado Springs Colorado. The City of Colorado Springs is a Home Rule Municipality that is the County seat and most populous city of El Paso County, Colorado, The Pueblo Weisbrod Aircraft Museum is a combination of the Weisbrod Museum and the International B-24 Memorial Museum designed to honor the men and women who served during World Pueblo Memorial Airport is a city-owned public-use Airport located five miles (8 km east of the Central business district of Pueblo, a city in Pueblo The City of Pueblo (ˈpwɛbloʊ is a Home Rule Municipality that is the County seat and the most populous city of Pueblo County The Pima Air & Space Museum in Tucson Arizona is the world's largest non-government funded aerospace museum Tucson (ˈtuːsɒn is the seat of Pima County Arizona, United States, located 118 miles (188 km) southeast

## Specifications (F-101B)

Data from The Great Book of Fighters[13]

General characteristics

• Crew: 2
• Length: 67 ft 5 in (20. The Reynolds-Alberta Museum, in Wetaskiwin, Alberta, Canada, one of 18 provincially owned and operated Historic sites and Museums Dartmouth (2001 pop 65741 founded in 1750 is a community and planning area of the Halifax Regional Municipality, a provincially Sheppard Air Force Base is a United States Air Force base located five miles (8 km) north of the Central business district of Wichita Falls Wichita Falls is a city in the state of Texas and the County seat of Wichita County Texas, United States. Strategic Air and Space Museum is a museum focusing on United States Air Force military aircraft and Nuclear missiles located near Ashland Nebraska, along Ashland is a city in Saunders County, Nebraska, United States. Travis Air Force Base is a United States Air Force air base under the operational control of the Air Mobility Command (AMC located three miles (5 WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft. Please see WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft/page content for recommended layout Winnipeg (ˈwɪnɨpɛg is the capital and largest city in the Canadian province of Manitoba, and 7th largest municipality in Canada with a population The Wings Over the Rockies Air and Space Museum (WOR is located on the former grounds of Lowry Air Force Base in Denver Colorado. The City and County of Denver (pronounced /ˈdɛnvɚ/ is the Capital and the most populous city of Colorado, in the United States The Yankee Air Museum, presently housed in Hangar 2 on the southwest side of Willow Run Airport in Ypsilanti Michigan, is currently accepting visitors for guided Belleville is a city in Wayne County in the US state of Michigan. 55 m)
• Wingspan: 39 ft 8 in (12. The wingspan (or just span) of an airplane or a Bird, is the distance from the left wingtip to the right wingtip 09 m)
• Height: 18 ft 0 in (5. 49 m)
• Wing area: 368 ft² (34. 20 m²)
• Airfoil: NACA 65A007 mod root, 65A006 mod tip
• Empty weight: 28,495 lb (12,925 kg)
• Loaded weight: 45,665 lb (20,715 kg)
• Max takeoff weight: 52,400 lb (23,770 kg)
• Powerplant:Pratt & Whitney J57-P-55 afterburning turbojets
• Dry thrust: 11,990 lbf (53. An airfoil (in American English) or aerofoil (in British English) is the shape of a Wing or blade (of a Propeller, rotor The NACA airfoils are Airfoil shapes for aircraft wings developed by the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA The Maximum Takeoff Weight or Maximum Takeoff Mass of an Aircraft is the maximum weight at which the pilot of the aircraft is allowed to attempt to take off WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft. Please see WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft/page content for recommended layout TurboJET (噴射飛航 is the brand name for the operations of the Hong Kong -based Shun Tak-China Travel Ship Management Limited (信德中旅船務管理有限公司 3 kN) each
• Thrust with afterburner: 16,900 lbf (75. The AfterBurner is a lighting solution for the Game Boy Advance system that was created by Triton-Labs 2 kN) each
• * Internal fuel capacity: 2,053 US gal (7,771 L)
• Fuel capacity with 2 external tanks: 2,953 US gal (11,178 L)

Performance

• Maximum speed: Mach 1. In Aviation, V-speeds or Velocity-speeds are standard terms used to define Airspeeds important or useful to the operation of Aircraft, such Mach number (\mathrm{Ma} or M (generally ˈmɑːk sometimes /ˈmɑːx/ or /ˈmæk/ is the speed of an object moving through air or any Fluid 72 (1,134 mph, 1,825 km/h) at 35,000 ft (10,500 m)
• Range: 1,520 mi (1,320 nm, 2,450 km)
• Service ceiling 58,400 ft (17,800 m)
• Rate of climb: 49,200 ft/min (250 m/s)
• Thrust/weight: 0. The maximal total range is the distance an Aircraft can fly between Takeoff and Landing, as limited by fuel capacity in powered aircraft or cross-country In Aeronautics, a ceiling is the maximum Density altitude an aircraft can reach under a set of conditions In Aerodynamics, the rate of climb RoC is the speed at which an Aircraft increases its Altitude. In Aerodynamics, wing loading is the loaded weight of the aircraft divided by the area of the wing Thrust-to-weight ratio is as its name suggests the ratio of instantaneous Thrust to Weight (where weight means weight at the Earth ’s surface 74

Armament

Avionics

• Hughes MG-13 fire control system

Related development

Comparable aircraft

Related lists

## References

### Notes

1. ^ Francillon 1980, p. The Hughes AIM-4 Falcon was the first operational guided Air-to-air missile of the United States Air Force. The Hughes AIM-4 Falcon was the first operational guided Air-to-air missile of the United States Air Force. The Douglas Genie ( MB-1 Ding-Dong, AIR-2) was an unguided Air-to-air rocket with a 1 See also F-101 Voodoo The McDonnell F-101 Voodoo on display lists the Cold War supersonic escort fighter interceptor and tactical reconnaissance The McDonnell F-101 Voodoo was a Cold War supersonic escort fighter interceptor and tactical reconnaissance aircraft WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft. Please see WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft/page content for recommended layout WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft. Please see WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft/page content for recommended layout The CF-101 Voodoo was an all-weather Interceptor aircraft operated by the Royal Canadian Air Force and Canadian Forces between 1961 and 1984 WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft. Please see WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft/page content for recommended layout WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft. Please see WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft/page content for recommended layout WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft. Please see WikipediaWikiProject Aircraft/page content for recommended layout A fighter aircraft is a Military aircraft designed primarily for air-to-air combat with other Aircraft, as opposed to a Bomber, which is designed This list of military aircraft of the United States includes prototype pre-production and operational types 12.
2. ^ Knaack 1978
3. ^ a b Global's RF-101 History
4. ^ Joe Baugher's F-101A Voodoo History
5. ^ MilitaryFactory. com (2003). McDonnell F-101 Voodoo - World Military Airplanes. Retrieved on 2008-05-14. 2008 ( MMVIII) is the current year in accordance with the Gregorian calendar, a Leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Events 1264 - Battle of Lewes: Henry III of England is captured in France making Simon de Montfort the
6. ^ "Operation Sun Run." National Museum of the USAF. Retrieved: 7 February 2008. Events 457 - Leo I becomes emperor of the Byzantine Empire. 1074 - Battle of Montesarchio in which the Prince 2008 ( MMVIII) is the current year in accordance with the Gregorian calendar, a Leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common
7. ^ "Vietnam Almanac", AIR FORCE Magazine, September 2004, p. 57.
8. ^ "Air Power Classics: F/RF-101 Voodoo", AIR FORCE Magazine, May 2008, p. 168.
9. ^ Angelucci, 1987. p. 309-310.
10. ^ Travis Air Museum Official Site
11. ^ Wings Museum F-101B photos
12. ^ Wing's F-101 Voodoo Walk Around and History
13. ^ Green and Swanborough 2001

### Bibliography

• Angelucci, Enzo. The American Fighter. Sparkford, Somerset: Haynes Publishing Group, 1987. ISBN 0-85429-635-2.
• Characteristics Summary, F-101B dated 16 August 1960. Events 1384 - The Hongwu Emperor of Ming China, Emperor Dong hears a case of a couple who tore paper money bills while fighting Year 1960 ( MCMLX) was a Leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar.
• Francillon, Réne J. "It's Witchcraft: McDonnell's F-101 Voodoo. " Airpower: Vol. 10, no. 3. May 1980.
• Green, William and Swanborough, Gordon. The Great Book of Fighters. St. Paul, Minnesota: MBI Publishing, 2001. ISBN 0-7603-1194-3.
• Hansen, Chuck. U. S. Nuclear Weapons. Arlington, Texas: Aerofax Inc. 1988. ISBN 0-517-56740-7.
• Hobson, Chris. Vietnam Air Losses: United States Air Force, Navy and Marine Corps Fixed-Wing Aircraft Losses in Southeast Asia, 1961-73. North Branch, Minnesota: Specialty Press, 2002. ISBN 1-85780-1156.
• Kinsey, Bert. F-101 Voodoo (Detail and Scale; vol. 21). Blue Ridge Summit, Pennsylvania: Tab Books, 1986. ISBN 0-8306-8131-0.
• Knaack, Marcelle Size. Encyclopedia of US Air Force Aircraft and Missile Systems: Volume 1 Post-World War II Fighters 1945-1973. Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History, 1978. ISBN 0-912799-59-5.