|Incorporated||City in 1872. A municipal corporation is the legal term for a local governing body, including (but not necessarily limited to cities, counties, Towns A city is an Urban area with a large Population and a particular Administrative, Legal, or Historical status Year 1872 ( MDCCCLXXII) was a Leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Leap year|
|County; State||Cook; Illinois|
|Mayor||Lorraine H. A county of the United States is a local level of government created as a subdivision of a state by the state government or by the federal or territorial government as a subdivision A US state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of the United States of America that share Sovereignty with the federal government Cook County is a county in the US state of Illinois. It is the second most populous county in the United States after Los Angeles The State of Illinois ( roughly ill-i-NOY is a state of the United States of America, the 21st to be admitted to the Union. A civil township is a widely used unit of Local government in the United States, subordinate to a county. Evanston Township is a Civil township located in Cook County, Illinois, coexistent with the city of Local governments are administrative offices that are smaller than a State. In the council-manager form of government an elected city council (typically between five and 11 people is responsible for making Policy, passing Ordinances voting Appropriations A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning "greater" is a modern title used in many countries for the highest ranking officer in a municipal government Morton|
|Population (2000)||74,239 (up 1. 37% from 1990)|
|Pop. density||3,698. In Mathematics, a percentage is a way of expressing a number as a Fraction of 100 ( per cent meaning "per hundred" Year 1990 ( MCMXC) was a Common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar) Population density (in agriculture standing stock and Standing crop) is a measurement of Population per unit area or unit volume 6/km² (9,584. Square Kilometre ( US spelling square kilometer) symbol km2, is a decimal multiple of the SI unit of 1/mi²)|
|ZIP code(s)||60201, 60202, 60203, 60204, 60208, 60209|
|Land area||20. The square mile is an imperial and US unit of Area equal the area of a square of one statute mile. The ZIP code is the system of Postal codes used by the United States Postal Service (USPS Both area code 847 and area code 224 are part of an Overlay plan that covers most of Lake County, the northern part of Cook County, the northern Area is a Quantity expressing the two- Dimensional size of a defined part of a Surface, typically a region bounded by a closed Curve. 0 km² (7. 8 mi²)|
|Income||Per capita: $33,645|
|Home value||Mean: $578,200 (2007)|
Median: $539,666 (2007)
Evanston, Illinois is a suburban Chicago municipality on Lake Michigan in Cook County, Illinois directly north of the City of Chicago, east of Skokie, and south of Wilmette. Chicago (ʃɪˈkɑːgoʊ is the largest City by population in the state of Illinois and the American Midwest of the United States. A municipality is an administrative entity composed of a clearly defined territory and its population and commonly denotes a City, Town, or Village, or Lake Michigan is one of the five Great Lakes of North America, and the only one located entirely within the United States. Cook County is a county in the US state of Illinois. It is the second most populous county in the United States after Los Angeles The State of Illinois ( roughly ill-i-NOY is a state of the United States of America, the 21st to be admitted to the Union. Skokie (formerly Niles Center is a Village in Cook County, Illinois, United States. Wilmette is a village in New Trier Township, Cook County, Illinois, United States. Evanston was first settled in 1836 and has a total population of 74,239. Year 1836 ( MDCCCXXXVI) was a Leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Leap  It is part of Chicago's affluent North Shore region. Historically the North Shore referred to the area serviced by the now defunct Chicago North Shore and Milwaukee Railroad, which ran along Lake Michigan's western Evanston is concurrently a city and township, according to state and municipal charters. A city is an Urban area with a large Population and a particular Administrative, Legal, or Historical status A township (or Municipality) is a settlement which has the status and powers of a unit of local government Evanston Township includes Evanston and a large portion of Skokie.
Evanston was created out of the larger geographic unit which was called "Grosse Pointe Territory" in the 1830s and retitled Ridgeville in 1850.  After being chosen as the home for Northwestern University, the city was incorporated in 1863, and named after John Evans, the University's founder. Year 1863 ( MDCCCLXIII) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common John Evans ( 9 March, 1814 &ndash 2 July, 1897) was a US Politician, Physician, Railroad promoter During the 1960s Northwestern University changed the city's shoreline with a 74 acre (300,000 m²) lake-fill.
In 1939, Evanston hosted the first NCAA basketball championship final at Northwestern University's Patten Gymnasium. The NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Championship is a single elimination Tournament held each spring featuring 65 College basketball teams in the 
Today, the city is home to Northwestern University and other educational institutions as well as headquarters of Alpha Phi International women's fraternity, Rotary International, the National Lekotek Center, the Sigma Alpha Epsilon fraternity, the Sigma Chi Fraternity and the Woman's Christian Temperance Union. Alpha Phi ( ΑΦ) is a fraternity for women founded at Syracuse University on September 18, 1872. Rotary International is an organization of Service clubs known as Rotary Clubs located all over the world Lekotek, Swedish for "play library" is an international program to lend Assistive Technology, toys and expertise to disabled children Sigma Alpha Epsilon (also known as SΑΕ) is a secret letter social college fraternity Sigma Chi ( ΣΧ) is one of the largest and oldest all-male college Greek-letter social fraternities and a Secret society.
Evanston is also the birthplace of Tinkertoys and (along with many other cities such as Ithaca, New York and Two Rivers, Wisconsin) claims to have invented the ice cream sundae. The Tinkertoy Construction Set was created in 1914&mdashone year after the A The City of Ithaca (named for the Greek island of Ithaca) sits on the southern shore of Cayuga Lake, in Central New York Two Rivers is a city in Manitowoc County, Wisconsin, United States. The sundae is an Ice cream dessert It typically consists of a scoop of ice cream topped with sauce or syrup (often Chocolate, Caramel, Butterscotch
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title) is the government agency that is responsible for the United States Census 8 square miles (20. The square mile is an imperial and US unit of Area equal the area of a square of one statute mile. 1 km²), of which, 7. Square Kilometre ( US spelling square kilometer) symbol km2, is a decimal multiple of the SI unit of 8 square miles (20. 0 km²) of it is land and 0. 04 square miles (0. 1 km²) of it (0. 26%) is water.
In August 2004 there was some confusion as to the size of Evanston. "MMIV" redirects here For the Modest Mouse album see " Baron von Bullshit Rides Again " Evanston is often locally listed as being 8. 4 sq mi, but this number appears to be incorrect. The square mile is an imperial and US unit of Area equal the area of a square of one statute mile. The 7. 8 sq mi listed by the United States Census Bureau is more accurate. The square mile is an imperial and US unit of Area equal the area of a square of one statute mile. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title) is the government agency that is responsible for the United States Census
Evanston has a council-manager system of government and is divided into nine wards, each of which is represented by an Alderman, or member of the Evanston City Council. In the council-manager form of government an elected city council (typically between five and 11 people is responsible for making Policy, passing Ordinances voting Appropriations Its current mayor is Lorraine H. Morton. Lorraine H Morton has been mayor of Evanston Illinois since 1993 The city government has often had a shaky relationship with Northwestern University, which is a not-for-profit institution and so does not pay property taxes to the city. In the founding charter of Northwestern University, signed in 1851, the state granted the school an exemption from paying property taxes, and unlike other well-off private universities with statutory exemptions, Northwestern does not make Payments in Lieu of Taxes for the real estate it removes from property tax rolls. The university does, however, provide its own police services.
Evanston has a history of supporting candidates affiliated with the Democratic party in elections on all levels of government. In the 2004 presidential election, Democratic candidate John Kerry won 82% of Evanston's vote. His Republican opponent, George W. Bush, only won 17% of the vote in Evanston.
A perennial debate in Evanston is the issue of Northwestern University's status as a tax-exempt institution. Northwestern's critics allege that it consumes far more from the city than it contributes. However, its backers fire back that the benefits of having an elite research institution are worth it, even if the university does occupy prime real estate tax-free. This controversy was revived in 2003 when the university purchased an eight-story office building downtown, removing it from the tax rolls. A referendum was put on the April elections ballot dubbed by supporters as a "Fair Share Initiative," but was ultimately rejected.
Beginning in the late 1990s, there has been considerable controversy over an explosion in high-rise development, especially in the downtown district. Detractors contend that the development has taken away what they call a "unique Evanston identity. " They cite a growing number of local businesses that have gone out of business to be replaced with chain stores as its worst offense. In contrast proponents claim that the high-rises have brought much-needed life to what was a dying suburban downtown, and much-needed revenues to chronically underfunded city coffers.
Recently (as of 2006) there was concern with Evanston's low-income population being able to find affordable housing. Evanston's west side, a formerly strong middle-class African American community, has been undergoing a redevelopment process, which has led to a steadily decreasing minority population in Evanston. African Americans or Black Americans are citizens or residents of the United States who have origins in any of the black populations of Africa The city's Mayor Lorraine H. Morton has tried to persuade builders to build less expensive medium sized homes under $350,000, but none of her attempts have been successful. Lorraine H Morton has been mayor of Evanston Illinois since 1993
Most of Evanston (and part of the village of Skokie) is within the boundaries of Evanston Township High School District 202. Skokie (formerly Niles Center is a Village in Cook County, Illinois, United States. The district has a single high school, Evanston Township High School (ETHS) with an enrollment of just over 3000, covering grades 9 through 12. School districts are a form of Special-purpose district which serves to operate the local public primary and secondary schools High school is the name used in some parts of the world (in particular Scotland, North America and Australia) to describe an institution Evanston Township High School, or ETHS, is a public four-year High school located in Evanston Illinois, a North Shore suburb of Chicago The school's mascot is the Wildkit (a diminutive of Northwestern's Wildcats) and the school's colors are orange and blue. Its biggest rival is New Trier High School in Winnetka. New Trier High School (also known as New Trier Township High School or NTHS) is a public four-year High school with its major campus located Winnetka is a Village located approximately 19 mi (30 km north of downtown Chicago in Cook County, Illinois. Its superintendent is Dr. Eric Witherspoon. A small part of Evanston which is undeveloped is served by New Trier High School in Winnetka.
Evanston-Skokie Community Consolidated School District 65, covering all of Evanston and part of Skokie, provides primary education from pre-kindergarten through grade 8. Evanston Illinois is an affluent suburban Chicago Municipality on Lake Michigan on the North Shore in Cook County, Illinois directly Primary education is the first stage of Compulsory education. ( German, literally means "children's garden" is a form of education for young children which serves as a transition from home to the commencement of more formal schooling The district has ten elementary schools (through fifth grade), three middle schools (grades 6 through 8), two magnet schools (K through 8) and three special schools or centers. Middle school or Junior High School serves as a "bridge" between the Elementary School and the High School A magnet school is a School which offers specialized courses or curricula. Total district enrollment in 2004 was 6,622 students.
The region of Skokie served by Evanston schools is referred to colloquially as Skevanston.
Special schools and centers
In addition to the public schools, Evanston offers a variety of other educational choices. Haven Middle School is located at 2417 Prairie Ave in Evanston Illinois. Martin Luther King Junior Laboratory School, or King Lab, is a K-8 magnet school located in Evanston Illinois. The term public school has two distinct (and virtually opposite meanings depending on the location of usage in the United States, Australia and Roycemore School (640 Lincoln Street) is an independent coeducational college preparatory day school providing a liberal arts education to students from junior kindergarten through grade 12. Roycemore School is an independent Nonsectarian Co-educational College preparatory school located in Evanston, Illinois serving grades Since the closing of St. George High School in 1969, there is no Catholic high school in Evanston, but many Evanston residents attend co-educational Loyola Academy in Wilmette, all-boys Notre Dame High School for Boys in Niles, all-girls St. Scholastica Academy in Chicago or Regina Dominican High School in Wilmette, and other area Catholic high schools. Mixed-sex education, (or just Mixed education) also known as Coeducation, is the integrated education to males and females at the same school facilities Loyola Academy is a private co-educational college preparatory high school located in Wilmette Illinois, a suburb of Chicago. Wilmette is a village in New Trier Township, Cook County, Illinois, United States. For schools of the same name see Notre Dame High School. Notre Dame High School for Boys is a male-only Roman Catholic secondary school founded Niles is a village in Cook County, Illinois, United States. The population was 28848 at the 2007 census St Scholastica Academy is a private, Roman Catholic, Benedictine all-girls High school in Chicago Illinois. Chicago (ʃɪˈkɑːgoʊ is the largest City by population in the state of Illinois and the American Midwest of the United States. Regina Dominican High School is a small (420-450 student all-girls Catholic High school in Wilmette, Illinois, USA. Wilmette is a village in New Trier Township, Cook County, Illinois, United States.
There are also a variety of non-public primary schools in or near Evanston:
The CTA's Purple Line, part of the Chicago 'El' system, runs through Evanston. Chicago Transit Authority, also known as CTA, is the operator of mass transit within the City of Chicago, Illinois. The Purple Line of the Chicago Transit Authority is a branch line on the northernmost section of the Chicago 'L' rapid transit network The 'L' (variously and sometimes, styled "L" El EL or L) is a Rapid transit system that serves the city of From its terminal at Howard in Chicago, the line heads north to the South Blvd, Main, Dempster, Davis, Foster, Noyes, and Central stations, before terminating at Linden in Wilmette. Bus Connections CTA Buses #22 Clark (Owl Service #97 Skokie #147 Outer Drive Express Bus Connections CTA Buses #205 Chicago/Golf #N201 Central/Sherman (Owl Service Bus & Rail Connections '''CTA Buses''' #200 Main Shuttle #N201 Central/Sherman (Owl Service Bus connections CTA Buses #N201 Central/Sherman (Owl Service Bus & Rail Connections '''CTA Buses''' #93 California/Dodge #201 Central/Ridge #N201 Bus Connections CTA Buses #N201 Central/Sherman (Owl Service Bus Connections CTA Buses #N201 Central/Sherman (Owl Service Bus Connections CTA Buses #201 Central/Ridge History The original station opened 1912 with a station house designed by Arthur Gerber added in 1913 Metra's Union Pacific/North Line also serves Evanston, with stations at Main Street, Davis Street and Central Street, the first two being adjacent to Purple Line stations. Metra (officially known as the Northeast Illinois Regional Commuter Railroad Corporation) is a Regional rail system that serves the city of Chicago Illinois The Union Pacific/North ( UP-N) is a Commuter rail line in the Chicago metropolitan area that runs between Chicago and Waukegan Illinois Evanston Main Street is the southernmost of the three commuter railroad stations in Evanston Illinois, USA. Evanston Davis Street is a commuter railroad station in downtown Evanston, Illinois, USA. Evanston Central Street is the northernmost of the three commuter railroad stations in Evanston, Illinois, USA. The CTA's Yellow Line also runs through the city, though it only stops at Howard. The Yellow Line (Skokie Swift Service, is part of the Chicago Transit Authority 's Chicago 'L' Heavy rail rapid transit system in Chicago Illinois Evanston also contains several I-GO cars. I-GO is a Chicago -based Not-for-profit Car sharing organization
Evanston is also served by four CTA bus routes as well as four Pace bus routes.
As of the census of 2000, there were 74,239 people, 29,651 households, and 15,952 families residing in the city. A census is the procedure of acquiring information about every member of a given population The population density was 9,584. Population density (in agriculture standing stock and Standing crop) is a measurement of Population per unit area or unit volume 1 people per square mile (3,698. 6/km²). There were 30,817 housing units at an average density of 3,978. 4/sq mi (1,535. 3/km²). The 2000 census showed that Evanston is ethnically mixed with the following breakdown in population: 62. 56% White, 22. 50% Black or African-American, 6. 11% Hispanic or Latino, 6. 09% Asian, and 2. 85% from other races.
There were 29,651 households out of which 25. 4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40. 4% were married couples living together, 10. NOTICE TO WOULD-BE ROMEOS ************** 9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 46. 2% were non-families. 36. 3% of all households were made up of individuals and 9. 0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2. 27 and the average family size was 3. 03.
In the city the population was spread out with 20. 2% under the age of 18, 16. 4% from 18 to 24, 32. 0% from 25 to 44, 20. 6% from 45 to 64, and 10. 8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 89. 0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85. 4 males.
According to a 2006 estimate, the median income for a household in the city was $62,138, and the median income for a family was $98,553.  Males had a median income of $51,726 versus $39,767 for females. The per capita income for the city was $33,645. Per capita income means how much each individual receives in monetary terms of the yearly income generated in the country About 5. 1% of families and 11. 1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8. The poverty threshold, or poverty line, is the minimum level of Income deemed necessary to achieve an adequate Standard of living in a given country 3% of those under age 18 and 7. 1% of those age 65 or over.
The following list includes notable people who were born or have lived in Evanston.