The European Research Council (ERC) is a funding body for science in the European Union. A funding body is an organisation that provides funds in the form of Research grants or Scholarships Research Councils Research Councils The European Union ( EU) is a political and economic union of twenty-seven member states, located primarily in It is part of the Seventh Research Framework Programme (FP7), which succeeded FP6 in 2007. The Seventh Framework Programme for research and technological development ( FP7) is the European Union 's chief instrument for funding research over the period The Sixth Framework Programme (abbreviated FP6) was the Framework Programme for Research and Technological Development from 2002 till 2006 set up by the European Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. The European Research Council is similar to the United States' National Science Foundation. The National Science Foundation (NSF is a United States Government agency that supports fundamental Research and Education in all the non-medical
On 18 July 2005, the 22 founding members of the Scientific Council for the European Research Council were announced. Events 390 BC - Roman - Gaulish Wars Battle of the Allia - a Roman army is defeated by raiding Gauls, Year 2005 ( MMV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Currently Fotis Kafatos is the President, Helga Nowotny and Daniel Esteve are the both Vice-Presidends of the Scientific Councils. Fotis C Kafatos (born in Heraklion, Crete, Greece) is a prominent Greek Biologist. Helga Nowotny (born 1937 is Vice President of the European Research Council ERC and Professor emeritus of Social Studies of Science, ETH Zurich.
On 27 February 2007, the ERC was launched. Events 1560 - The Treaty of Berwick, which would expel the French from Scotland, is signed by England and the Congregation Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. It has been given a budget of €7. 5bn to 2013, and will focus solely on fundamental, or "blue skies", study. It is hoped the initiative can find the breakthrough thinking - and eventually new products and services - to keep the EU's economy globally competitive. The Council is envisioned as an independent, quality-driven funding body run by the scientists themselves.
Its creators expect it to stoke competition, and, by extension, drive up the quality of all scientific endeavour within Europe. "We have a collection of small scientific communities, and that means you have a tendency to select the best in small parts, rather than looking for what will survive in global competition," explains Professor Fotis Kafatos, the ERC's president. "The ERC is about pooling our efforts so that all of Europe can be a big player. We want to be the best in the world, not just the best in the local neighbourhood. "
The ERC was created in response to fears that Europe would lag behind in this area, due to its spending (in relation to GDP) on scientific research being less than the USA and Japan, and only just ahead of India and China. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Japan topics. India, officially the Republic of India (भारत गणराज्य inc-Latn Bhārat Gaṇarājya; see also other Indian languages) is a country China ( Wade-Giles ( Mandarin) Chung¹kuo² is a cultural region, an ancient Civilization, and depending on perspective a National
Earlier in 2007 a call for submission of research proposals was announced. The programme begun with the ERC Starting Grants (ERC-StG) scheme intended to award up to 2 million Euro for up to five years to independent researchers with no more than nine years of postdoctoral experience. For the evaluation in Stage 1, 9167 proposals were submitted, of which a mere 559 (6%) were selected to advance to a Stage 2. It is expected that around 250 grants will finally be awarded, representing a 3% overall success rate.