Esso (Eastern States Standard Oil) is an international trade name for ExxonMobil and its related companies. The Exxon Mobil Corporation, or ExxonMobil, is an American oil and gas Corporation and a direct descendant of John D Pronounced /ˈɛsoʊ/ ("S-O"), it is derived from the initials of the pre-1911 Standard Oil, and as such became the focus of much litigation and regulatory restriction in the United States; although other sources suggest that "Esso" is a spelt version of the pronunciation of the initials for Standard Oil. Standard Oil was a predominant American integrated oil producing transporting refining and marketing company Standard Oil was a predominant American integrated oil producing transporting refining and marketing company In 1973, it was largely replaced in the U. S. by the Exxon brand, while Esso remained widely used elsewhere. Exxon is a brand of fuel sold by ExxonMobil. History Exxon formally replaced the Esso, Enco, In most of the world, the Esso brand and the Mobil brand are the primary brand names of ExxonMobil, with the Exxon brand name still in use only in parts of the United States. Mobil Gas Station by David Shankbonejpg|thumb|Mobil gas station East Village section of New York City]] Mobil was a major American oil company
In 1911, Standard Oil was broken up into seven regional companies, each with the rights to the brand "Standard" in certain states (plus a number of other companies that had no territorial rights). Stabekk is a suburban centre in the municipality of Bærum, Norway. Standard Oil Co of New Jersey v United States, 221 US 1 (1911 was a case in which the Supreme Court of the United States found Standard Oil The Seven Sisters of the Petroleum industry is a term coined by an Italian entrepreneur Enrico Mattei, that refers to seven oil companies that dominated mid Standard Oil of New Jersey ("Jersey Standard") had the rights in that state, plus in Maryland, West Virginia, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and the District of Columbia. New Jersey ( is a state in the Mid-Atlantic and Northeastern regions of the United States. West Virginia ( is a state in the Appalachian Upland South, and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States, bordered by The Commonwealth of Virginia ( is an American state North Carolina ( is a state located on the Atlantic Seaboard in the southeastern United States South Carolina ( is a state in the southern region ( Deep South) of the United States of America. Washington DC ( formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington, the District, or simply D By 1941, it had also acquired the rights in Pennsylvania, Delaware, Arkansas, Tennessee, and Louisiana. The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania ( often colloquially referred to as PA (its abbreviation by natives and Northeasterners is a state located in the Northeastern Delaware ( is a state located on the Atlantic Coast in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States. Arkansas ( is a state located in the southern region of the United States. Tennessee ( is a state located in the Southern United States. The State of Louisiana ( or, État de Louisiane, pronounced) is a state located in the southern region of the United States of America In those states, it marketed its products under the brand "Esso", the phonetic pronunciation of the letters "S" and "O". It also used the Esso brand in New York and the six New England states, where the Standard Oil Company of New York (Mobil) had the rights, but did not object to the New Jersey company's use of the trademark (the two companies did not merge until 1998). New York ( is a state in the Mid-Atlantic and Northeastern regions of the United States and is the nation's third most populous History See also History of New England New England's earliest inhabitants were Algonquian -speaking Native Americans including the However, in the other states, the other Standard Oil companies objected and forced Jersey Standard to use other brand names. In most states the company used the trademark "Enco", and in a few "Humble". The other Standard companies likewise were "Standard" or some variant on that in their home states, and another brand name in other states.
This situation was confusing to travelers. In 1972, Standard Oil of New Jersey renamed itself as the Exxon Corporation, and adopted that trademark throughout the country. It however maintained the rights to "Standard" and "Esso" in the states where it held those rights, by a token effort, by selling "Esso Diesel" in those states at stations that sell diesel fuel, thus preventing the trademark from being declared abandoned. Diesel or Diesel fuel (ˈdiːzəl in general is any Fuel used in Diesel engines The most common is a specific fractional distillate of petroleum A trademark or trade mark, represented by the symbols ™ and ®, or mark is a distinctive sign or indicator used by an individual
Esso Blue was the brand name of Esso's paraffin oil (kerosene) for domestic heaters in countries such as the United Kingdom. Kerosene, sometimes spelled kerosine in scientific and industrial usage is a Combustible Hydrocarbon liquid The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located Their TV advertising song from the 1950s through to the 1970s was the famous "Bom, Bom, Bom, Bom, Esso Blue!" A later campaign used the well-known song tune of "Smoke Gets in Your Eyes" cleverly re-worded as "They asked me how I knew, it was Esso Blue . . . the non-smoking paraffin".
In the 1930s Esso acquired Cleveland, an independent company based in North East England. The name comes from the Cleveland Hills. The Cleveland Hills are a range of hills on the northern edge of the North York Moors in North Yorkshire, England, overlooking Cleveland and Cleveland's products included a benzole blend and an alcohol blend called Discol. In the United Kingdom, the word benzole means a Coal-tar product consisting mainly of Benzene and Toluene. Although Fossil fuels have become the dominant Energy resource for the modern world Alcohol has been used as a fuel throughout history Both the Esso and Cleveland names continued in use until 1973, when the Cleveland filling stations were re-branded as Esso.
In Canada, the Esso brand is used on stations operated by Imperial Oil, which is 69. Country to "Dominion of Canada" or "Canadian Federation" or anything else please read the Talk Page Imperial Oil Limited ( French: Compagnie Pétrolière Impériale Limitée) () is Canada 's largest Petroleum company 8% owned by ExxonMobil.
In February 2007, a combination of a fire at the Nanticoke refinery and a strike at CN resulted in a shortage of gasoline at Esso stations in Ontario, which also drove up prices and caused shortages in competitor's stations (both in Ontario and neighboring Quebec. The Esso Refinery in Haldimand County is where crude fossil fuel oil from Western Canada is refined and becomes Gasoline for every grade of Automobile Ontario (ɒnˈtɛrioʊ is a province located in the central part of Canada, the largest by population and second largest after Quebec Quebec (kwɨˈbɛk )