Escutcheon (also called scutcheon) is the term used in heraldry for the shield displayed in a coat of arms. In Heraldry, the background of the Shield is called the field. In Heraldry, supporters are figures usually placed on either side of the shield and depicted holding it up The word crest is often mistakenly applied to a Coat of arms. In Heraldry, the torse is a twisted roll of fabric wound around the top of the helm and crest to hold the mantle in place In Heraldry, mantling or lambrequin is drapery tied to the helmet above the shield A helmet is a form of Protective gear worn on the head to protect it from injuries a variation of the hat In Heraldry, a compartment is a design placed under the shield, usually rocks a grassy mount or some sort of other landscape upon which the Supporters In Heraldry and Vexillology, a charge is an image occupying the field on an escutcheon (or shield A motto (from the Italian word motto, meaning witticism sentence is a phrase meant to formally describe the general motivation or intention of a social group A coat of arms or armorial bearings (often just arms for short in European tradition is a design belonging to a particular person (or group of people Heraldry in its most general sense encompasses all matters relating to the duties and responsibilities of officers of arms. A shield is a protective device meant to intercept attacks The term often refers to a device that is held in the hand as opposed to Armour or a Bullet proof vest A coat of arms or armorial bearings (often just arms for short in European tradition is a design belonging to a particular person (or group of people An inescutcheon is a smaller escutcheon borne within a larger escutcheon. The term crest is often used incorrectly to designate this part of the coat of arms. The word crest is often mistakenly applied to a Coat of arms. A coat of arms or armorial bearings (often just arms for short in European tradition is a design belonging to a particular person (or group of people
The term "escutcheon" also refers to the shield-like shape on which arms are often borne. The escutcheon shape is based on the Medieval shields that were used by knights in combat. Knight is the English term for a social position originating in the Middle Ages. Since this shape has been regarded as a war-like device appropriate to men only, ladies customarily bear their arms upon a lozenge, or diamond-shape, while clergymen bear theirs on a cartouche, or oval. The lozenge in Heraldry is a diamond-shaped charge (an object that can be placed on the field of the shield usually somewhat narrower than it is tall A cartouche (also cartouch) is an Oval or oblong design with a slightly Convex surface typically edged with ornamental Scrollwork. Other shapes are possible, such as the roundel commonly used for arms granted to Aboriginal Canadians by the Canadian Heraldic Authority. A roundel in Heraldry is any circular shape in military use it is an Emblem of nationality employed on military aircraft and air force flags generally round and Aboriginal people in Canada, also known as Canadian aboriginal citizens, are people who belong to recognized indigenous groups in the Canadian Constitution Act The Canadian Heraldic Authority (Autorité héraldique du Canada is part of the Canadian honours system under the Governor General of Canada.
Derived from its meaning in heraldry, the term "escutcheon" can be used to represent a family and its honour. A family member who does something shameful can be described as a "blot on the escutcheon. "
In English Heraldry the husband of a heraldic heiress - a woman without any brothers - allows his wife to place her father's arms in an escutcheon of pretence in the centre of his own shield. The husband is 'pretending' to be the head of his wife's family. In the next generation the arms would then be quartered. Quartering in Heraldry is a method of joining several different coats of arms together in one shield by dividing the shield into equal parts and placing Baron and Feme describes another iteration of the escutcheon. Baron and Feme, in English law, is a phrase used for husband and wife in relation to each other who are accounted as one person