Ernest Francisco Fenollosa (February 18, 1853 - September 21, 1908) was an American professor of philosophy and political economy at Tokyo Imperial University. Events 3102 BC - Epoch (origin of the Kali Yuga. 1229 - The Sixth Crusade: Frederick II Holy Year 1853 ( MDCCCLIII) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Common Events 1217 - The Estonian tribal leader Lembitu of Lehola was killed in a battle against Teutonic Knights. Year 1908 ( MCMVIII) was a Leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Leap year Philosophy is the study of general problems concerning matters such as existence knowledge truth beauty justice validity mind and language Political economy originally was the term for studying production buying and selling and their relations with law custom and government The, abbreviated as, is a major Research university located in Tokyo, Japan. An important educator during the modernisation of the Meiji Era, Fenollosa was an enthusiastic orientalist who did much to preserve traditional Japanese art. The, or Meiji era, denotes the 45-year reign of the Meiji Emperor, running in the Gregorian calendar, from 23 October 1868 to 30 July Japanese art covers a wide range of art styles and media including ancient pottery sculpture in wood and bronze ink painting on silk and paper and a myriad of other types of works of
Fenollosa was the son of Manuel Francisco Ciriaco Fenollosa and Mary Silsbee (Fenollosa) and attended Hacker Grammar School in Salem, Massachusetts, and the Salem High School before graduating from Harvard College in the class of 1874. Salem is a city in Essex County, Massachusetts, United States. Harvard College is the undergraduate section and oldest school of Harvard University, a Private university in the United States founded in 1636 by the Massachusetts He then studied at Cambridge University in philosophy and divinity. The University of Cambridge (often Cambridge University) located in Cambridge, England, is the second-oldest university in the After a year at the art school at the Boston Museum of Fine Arts, during which time he married Lizzie Goodhue Millett, he traveled to Japan in 1878 at the invitation of American zoologist and Orientalist Edward S. Morse to teach political economy and philosophy at the Imperial University at Tokyo. The Museum of Fine Arts in Boston, Massachusetts, is one of the largest museums in the United States attracting over one million visitors a year Edward Sylvester Morse ( June 18, 1838 &ndash December 20, 1925) was an American Zoologist and Orientalist The, abbreviated as, is a major Research university located in Tokyo, Japan. There he studied ancient temples, shrines and art treasures with his assistant, Okakura Kakuzō. Okakura Kakuzō (岡倉覚三 February 14, 1862 - September 2, 1913; also known as 岡倉 天心 Okakura Tenshin) was a Japanese
During his time in Japan, Fenollosa helped revive the Nihonga (Japanese) style of painting with Japanese artists Kanō Hōgai (1828-1888) and Hashimoto Gahō (1835-1908). Kanō Hōgai (狩野芳崖(1828-1888 was a 19th century Japanese painter of the Kano school. Hashimoto Gahō (橋本雅邦 August 21, 1835 - January 13, 1908) was a Japanese painter, one of the last to paint in the After eight years at the University, he helped found the Tokyo Fine Arts Academy and the Imperial Museum, then acting as its director in 1888. In this period, he helped to draft the text of a law for the preservation of temples and shrines and their art treasures.  Fenollosa converted to Buddhism and changed his name to Tei-Shin, also adopting the name Kanō Yeitan Masanobu, suggesting that he had been admitted into the ancient Japanese art academy of the Kanō. Buddhism is a family of beliefs and practices While resident in Japan, Fenollosa's accomplishments included the first inventory of Japan's national treasures, leading to the discovery of ancient Chinese scrolls brought to Japan by traveling Zen monks centuries earlier. For these accomplishments, the Emperor of Japan decorated him with the orders of the Rising Sun and the Sacred Mirror.
In 1886, he sold his art collection to Boston physician Charles Goddard Weld (1857-1911) on the condition that it go to the Boston Museum of Fine Arts, and in 1890 he returned to Boston to be its curator of the department of Oriental Art. Charles Goddard Weld (1857-1911 was a Boston -area physician sailor philanthropist and art lover The Museum of Fine Arts in Boston, Massachusetts, is one of the largest museums in the United States attracting over one million visitors a year There Fenollosa was asked to choose Japanese art for exhibition at the 1893 World Columbian Exposition in Chicago. The World's Columbian Exposition (also called The Chicago World's Fair) a World's Fair, was held in Chicago in 1893 to celebrate the 400th anniversary Chicago (ʃɪˈkɑːgoʊ is the largest City by population in the state of Illinois and the American Midwest of the United States. He also organized Boston's first exhibition of Chinese painting in 1894. In 1896, he published Masters of Ukioye, a historical account of Japanese paintings and color prints exhibited at the New York Fine Arts Building. However, his public divorce and immediate remarriage in 1895 to the writer Mary McNeill Scott (1865-1954) outraged Boston society, leading to his dismissal from the Museum in 1896.
In 1897 he journeyed back to Japan to accept a position as Professor of English Literature at the Tokyo Higher Normal School at Tokyo. Lafcadio Hearn considered Fenollosa a friend; and Hearn almost believed that he visited the professor's home too often. Patrick Lafcadio Hearn ( June 27, 1850 - September 26, 1904) also known as after gaining Japanese citizenship was an author best known 
IN 1900, he returned to the United States to write and lecture on Asia. His 1912 work in two volumes concentrates on art before 1800 but offers Hokusai's prints as a window of beauty after Japanese art had become too modern for Fenollosa's taste: "Hokusai is a great designer, as Kipling and Whitman are great poets. was a Japanese Artist, Ukiyo-e painter and Printmaker of the Edo period. Joseph Rudyard Kipling (30 December 1865 – 18 January 1936 was an English Author and poet Walter Whitman (May 31 1819 &ndash March 26 1892 was an American poet, Essayist journalist, and humanist. He has been called the Dickens of Japan. "
After his death, Fenollosa's unpublished notes on Chinese poetry and Japanese Noh drama were confided by his widow to noted poet Ezra Pound who, with William Butler Yeats, used them to solidify the growing interest in Far Eastern literature among modernist writers. Ezra Weston Loomis Pound ( Hailey, Idaho Territory, United States October 30 1885 – Venice, Italy November 1 1972 was an American Expatriate Pound subsequently finished Fenollosa's work with the aid of Arthur Waley, the noted British sinologist. Arthur David Waley CH ( August 19, 1889 &ndash June 27, 1966) was a noted English Orientalist and Sinologist Sinology in general use is the study of China and things related to China but especially in the American academic context refers more strictly to the study of classical language