The term English garden or English park (French: Jardin anglais, Italian: Giardino all'inglese, German: Englischer Landschaftspark) is used in Continental Europe to refer to a type of garden with its origins on the English landscape gardens of the 18th century. French ( français,) is a Romance language spoken around the world by 118 million people as a native language and by about 180 to 260 million people Italian ( or lingua italiana) is a Romance language spoken by about 63 million people as a First language, primarily in Italy. The German language (de ''Deutsch'') is a West Germanic language and one of the world's major languages. Continental Europe, also referred to as mainland Europe or simply the Continent, is the Continent of Europe, explicitly excluding European A garden is a planned space usually outdoors set aside for the display cultivation and enjoyment of Plants and other forms of Nature. The term landscape garden is often used to describe the English garden design style characteristic of the eighteenth century particularly with the work of Lancelot The 18th century lasted from 1701 to 1800 in the Gregorian calendar, in accordance with the Anno Domini / Common Era numbering system The main ingredients of every garden are statues, water, and the surrounding land. The name differentiates it from the formal baroque design of the French formal garden. Baroque art redirects here Please disambiguate such links to Baroque painting, Baroque sculpture, etc A formal garden in the Western gardening tradition is a neat and ordered Garden laid out in carefully planned geometric and symmetric lines One of the best-known English gardens in Europe is the Englischer Garten in Munich, Germany. The Englischer Garten or "English Garden" is a large urban public park in the centre of Munich, Germany, stretching from the city centre to the northeastern Munich (München; Minga is the capital city of Bavaria, Germany. Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany ( ˈbʊndəsʁepuˌbliːk ˈdɔʏtʃlant is a Country in Central Europe.
In the United Kingdom the style is particularly associated with Capability Brown. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located The style was only dominant in English gardening for a relatively short period from the mid 18th century to the early 19th century, and the majority of most famous gardens in England are not in this style. The term English garden is not used in England, where (18th century) "landscape garden" takes its place. The term landscape garden is often used to describe the English garden design style characteristic of the eighteenth century particularly with the work of Lancelot
The canonical European English park contains a number of Romantic elements. Romanticism is a complex artistic literary and intellectual movement that originated in the second half of the 18th century in Western Europe, and gained strength during the Always present is a pond or small lake with a pier or bridge. A pond is a body of water smaller than a Lake, both being examples of Terrain features Although the term pond is universally used to describe waterbodies that A pier is a raised Walkway over water supported by widely spread Piles or pillars. A bridge is a Structure built to span a Gorge, Valley, Road, railroad track, River, Body of water Overlooking the pond is a round or hexagonal pavilion, often in the shape of a monopteros, a Roman temple. In Architecture a pavilion (from French, "pavillon" from Latin "papilio" has two main significations Fanum At the temples Romans prayed and made Ritual Worship Offerings of a small gift or Animal sacrifices to their Roman Sometimes the park also has a "Chinese" pavilion. Chinoiserie, a French term signifying "Chinese-esque" refers to a recurring theme in European artistic styles since the seventeenth century which reflecting Other elements include a grotto and imitation ruins. A grotto (Italian grotta) is any type of natural or artificial Cave that is associated with modern historic or prehistoric use by humans This article is about ruins in Architecture; for other meanings see Ruins (disambiguation.
Notable designers of English gardens include Stephen Switzer (1682-1745), William Kent (1685-1748), Charles Bridgeman, Capability Brown (1716-1783), John Vanbrugh (1664-1726), and Lucas Pieters Roodbaard. William Kent (born in Bridlington, Yorkshire, c 1685 &ndash 12 April 1748) was an eminent English Architect, Landscape Charles Bridgeman (1690-1738 was an English garden designer in the onset of the naturalistic landscape style Sir John Vanbrugh (pronounced "Van'-bru" (24 January 1664? – 26 March 1726 was an English Architect and Dramatist, perhaps best known
The Monopteros in the Englischer Garten in Munich
Ruins and a grotto in Dessau-Wörlitz
The pond in Sheffield Park Garden
The Chinese Tower in Englischer Garten